if father is a muslim, but has a non islamic surname (given by non muslim mum) does he have to give to his daughter his non islamic surname or any other muslim surname? please, quote some authentic sourses if possible.
This is not just the prophet (PBUH) time, this is still practiced today as i do. The western system however is different and you follow you father by his surname, unlike us who are like fulan bin/bint fulan.
It is reported in a Hadith that the Prophet -peace be upon him- said, "You will be called on the Day of Resurrection by your names and the names of your fathers, so have good names." (Sunan Abu Da'ud, Hadith 4297)
During the time of the Prophet -peace be upon him- when people used to accept Islam, he would not require all people to change their names. He used to change only those names that carried wrong meanings or un-Islamic ideas and concepts. The Prophet's wife 'A'ishah -may Allah be pleased with her- said about the Prophet, "He used to change bad names." (Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Hadith no. 2765)
'Umar had a daughter whose name was 'Asiyah (meaning Tough or Hard). The Prophet changed her name to Jamilah (the Beautiful, see Sunan Abu Da'ud, Hadith no. 4301)
Abu Da'ud has mentioned many names of people and places that the Prophet -peace be upon him- changed because they had bad meanings. (see Hadith no. 4305)
Imam Bukhari mentioned that Sa'id bin al-Musayyib said that his grandfather came to the Prophet -peace be upon him. The Prophet asked him his name. He said, "Hazn" (meaning Hard). The Prophet said, "You are Sahl." (meaning Soft, Easy). The man said, "I do not want to change the name that my father gave me." His grandson Sa'id used to regret and say afterwards that we still experience the hardness in our family. (see al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 5722).
One can only change one's own name. One cannot change the family name or name of one's parents, unless they are alive and accept the change. So the new Muslims should change their first names, if they contain wrong or bad meanings. As far as their last names are concerned they should not change last names, because it is also forbidden in Islam to take the name of someone other than one's own biological father. Allah says in the Qur'an, "Proclaim their real parentage. That will be more equitable in the sight of Allah. And if you do not know their fathers, then they are your brothers in the faith…" (Al-Ahzab 33:5)
Allah know best
^I understand. Somewhat. But I don't think any of the above was referring to surnames specifically. The hadiths you provided seems to mention first names and not the surnames. Hmm?
Proclaiming parentage isn't necessarily done by keeping the same surname as one's father, right?As far as their last names are concerned they should not change last names, because it is also forbidden in Islam to take the name of someone other than one's own biological father. Allah says in the Qur'an, "Proclaim their real parentage. That will be more equitable in the sight of Allah. And if you do not know their fathers, then they are your brothers in the faith…" (Al-Ahzab 33:5)
I'm asking questions, not to contradict you, but to understand and know. If it just so happens that one really needs to keep their father's surname( and that it's forbidden to change it), I'll be in trouble. And I'm not too keen to change my surname either. Tch.
I know where you are coming from, but its the same system as marriage i.e. a woman keep her surname and does not take her husband surname. like in the west.
Proclaiming parentage - how else would you achieve this? i suppose if your fathers name was Steve the (yusuf steve) is acceptable but As in the west the surname is taken to show the family/father then this would be the only way of keeping the parentage.
Allah know best
^Nope, there are birth certificates; I think it even says in my passport (unsure).
But, we can't deem having a different surname to your father as forbidden though, neh? Especially in a case where the different surname was given by the father himself.
This is the general rule, however i cannot / will not / unable to pass any fatwa. Your case i would say is different if not sure contact your local Masjid they may be able to advise. This is just to be on the safe side. Please note it is an important issue.
But like i say i dont know you situation therefore unable to comment.
is anyone of the view that islamic identity is important and should not be distorted, and the society must be able to clearly make out whether someone is a muslim by just hearing their name? i also thought a child will get more blessings from Allah if they have islamic name (when i say name i mean full name - forename - middle name if present - surname).
Surnames are a fairly recent development. As populations grow and areas became congested surnames came about as a further means of identifying families and individuals. At a time when there might only be one Ahmad in a village, Ahmad was sufficient.
Now the question that needs to be answered is in reference to changing sur names. the Ahadith mentioned above seem to point out that we must keep our connection with our family lines. In todays world the surname seems to be the only means of doing so.
If a father has non-islamic last name, can a child take on his name ?
Why not ?. I think Abdul Malik Brown or Hasan Yunus Taylor (for European) or Abdullah Syaiful Chen (for Chinese Muslim) are good names.
And about me ?. I am Indonesian and majority of ethnics in Indonesia doesn't have family name. Except few ethnic such as Batak and Maluku.
I'm from Java Island, and Javanese doesn't have family name, doesn't have Middle name or even have only fore name. Do you remember former president of Indonesia, Soekarno and Soeharto ? Their names just Soekarno and Soeharto.
I have two sons, and I gave them fore name, middle name and last name. Their last name are Adnan. That is my father fore name. And as muslims their fore name are Muhammad.
What do you mean by non-Islamic? Like a surname that was Christian or Christopher?
So a revert can change his first name but not his last name?
There is a christian family name common here In Lebanon: Abdul Massih (Slave of Jesus). Suppose someone with that last name reverts to islam, shouldn't he change his last name?