Asalaam alaikum warahmatulahi wabarakatuh
. P.362-3. Syed Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi,
The number of his battles was 27
while he is reported to have sent out 46 forays and expeditions [Estimate by Ibn al Qayim in Za'ad al Ma'ad]
- although no fighting had taken place in many of them. (within a period of 10 years - the Medinan Period after alot of patience against torture in Makkah [torture lasted for around 13 years in Makkah].)
Never in the history of human conflict had any conqueror shed so little blood and was crowned with such a remarkable success. In all these battles, only 1018 persons, Muslims aswell as non-Muslims lost their lives. (Qazi Muhammad Sulaiman Mansurpuri gives this figure after a detailed study [Rahmatulil 'Alamin]... Such was the public tranquility and orderliness resulting from the Prophets campaigns
, that a rider would go from San'a to Hadramout [in Yemen where continuous tribal warfare was common] without fearing anyone, except Allah and the wolf who might trouble his sheep... [Bukhari Volume 9, Book 85 [ikrah - (saying something under compulsion)], Number 76.
Another report says that the women from Qadisiyya [in iraq] went alone on their camels for pilgrimage to Makkah without the least anxiety or fear.
[Ibn Hisham, Vol.2, p.581]
This was a country in which, from the time immemorial, fights and forays, battles between nomadic tribes and raids on one anothers flocks and property had been accepted unquestionably as a part of the desert life. Even the caravans of neighbouring powerful kingdoms [Byzantine Romans, Sassanid Persians] dared not cross the country (of Arabia) in pre-Islamic days without powerful escorts and guides...
And, how successful were these campaigns of the Prophet can be judged from the fact that within a brief period of ten years, more than a million square miles was won for Islam: the Islamic state expanded at an average rate of some 274 square miles daily at the cost of one martyr a month. [Brig. Gulzar Ahmed, The Battles of the Prophet of Allah, Karachi , p.28].
This respect for human blood is unequaled
in the annals of man [Prophet Muhammad brought the most benefit - with the least amount of casualties]
. The truth of this assertion is simply borne out if the losses of these campaigns are placed by the side of casualties in the last two world wars... yet none of these two blood-stained wars can be claimed to have done any good to the humanity nor did they solve any problem of the world. The Inquisitions established by the Roman catholic church in the Middle Ages for trial and punishment for heretics is reported to have taken a toll of 12 million lives. [John Devenport, Apology for Muhammad and Qur'an].