Originally Posted by Ansar Al-'Adl
Hi Ansar Al-'Adl
I know this is an old post of yours, however I trust you will find my thoughts some additional value to what sinner has already mentioned.
Jesus as the High Priest.
Dose Jesus Christ fulfil the legal requirement to be our High Priest? A Christian would say absolutely while a Muslim would argue no. Not been a Muslim and understanding the dynamics of one’s personal bias to their faith I would like to bring to your attention some important points in seeking the truth with regards to the topic.
there can be only one High Priest, it would be ludicrous to claim there was atonement for the Jews via Caiaphas the Temple High priest and Jesus Christ atonement for man’s sins. Mathew 26:62-65 tells us that Caiaphas put Jesus under oath and asked Him “Tell us you are the Christ (Messiah), Son of God. Jesus reply “It is as you say” and Caiaphas tears his cloths, say He has blasphemed.
The tear of ones cloths in the Jewish tradition is associated with mourning, grief, and loss. Here Caiaphas shows his grief from his view of a mere man claim to be God. Two examples of this are seen in Genesis 37:29. “When Reuben returned to the cistern and saw that Joseph was not there, he tore his clothes” A short time later in Genesis 37:34, “Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and mourned for his son many days” when he thought that Joseph had been killed.
It is interesting that the high priest was not allowed to tear his clothes: Leviticus 21:10 “The high priest, the one among his brothers who has had the anointing oil poured on his head and who has been ordained to wear the priestly garments, must not . . . tear his clothes”. The special nature of the high priestly office dictated a separation from some of the common customs, including that of mourning. Thus Caiaphas defiled himself and removed himself as the High Priest for the Jews. The concertation of High Priest took seven day see Leviticus 8:33 and thus with few days before Passover it would be impossible for a new high Priest to be Consecrated as per the law.
as with a number of covenants in the bible there is the sheading of blood. The most important of these is the Abrahamic covenant of circumcision and the most detailed in the bible as seen in Genesis 17. Here again in the consecration of the High Priest life blood of an animal is shed as an indication of the seriousness of the promises.
The New Covenant (or New Testament) is the promise that God makes with humanity that He will forgive sin and restore fellowship with those whose hearts are turned toward Him. Jesus Christ is the mediator of the New Covenant, and His death on the cross is the basis of the promise Luke 22:20 “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.
Take note this fulfils prophesies of the New Covenant predicted while the Old Covenant
was still in effect—the prophets Moses, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel all allude to the New Covenant.
Fourthly Jesus came to fulfil the law see Matthew 5:17-18. This is the fulfilling of the sacrificial laws as well as what I view as the Jewish leaders biggest sin, that they did not promote their faith with the world they kept it to themselves. See Genesis 9:12-17
how does Jesus become High Priest and does he fulfil the legal requirements? Let us look at the law.
Leviticus 8 - The Consecration of Priests
Exodus 29 records the command God gave to Moses to carry out this consecration ceremony. The stated the purpose for the ceremony: To hallow them for ministering to Me as priests
. That is, it was to set the priests aside for God’s purpose and will.
Already the Israelites through the Abrahamic covenant of circumcision have been set aside for Gods purpose and will. Moses as an Adult male of 80 years old was circumcised when he began his ministry. No doubt Jesus was also circumcised under Jewish law after birth. Thus Jesus fulfils the Abrahamic covenant and is separated to do God purpose and will.
The washing of the priests Leviticus 8:6
The process of consecration began with cleansing. All priestly ministries began with cleansing, and a cleansing that was received. Moses washed Aaron and his sons and was done publicly. Some Jewish interpreters have maintained that the washing of Aaron and his sons was by immersion, as was required of the high priest on the day of atonement (Leviticus 16:4).
The fulfilment of this can be seen in John 1:19:28 when John the Baptist baptises Jesus at the beginning of His ministry.
Six days before the crucifixion Jesus feet are washed by Marth’s sister Marry, John 12:1-3
Note the significance of this:- Leviticus 8:33 tells us the priestly consecration takes seven day. Thus the Passover was on the seventh day, which in turn Jesus fulfilling the Passover sacrifice as recorded in Exodus 12 and Isaiah 53:5-12.
For Christians the significance is seen in Revelation 1:5 by the cleansing work accomplished by the death of Jesus for our sins.
The clothing of the priests in priestly garments. Leviticus 8:7-9
I draw your attention to two items, robe and the turban. Referencing Mathew 27:27-31 the Roman soldiers mock Jesus by stripping him of his cloths, put a scarlet robe on Him and a crown of thorns (turban), place a read in his hand and kneel before Him mocking say King of the Jews. Take note scarlet was highly prised and a symbol of wealth and position. 2 Samuel 1:24
Thus Jesus fulfils the second requirement of a High Priest consecration.
The anointing of the priests. Leviticus 8:10-13
Moses took the anointing oil and poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron's head and anointed him, to consecrate him. Priests also had to be anointed. The oil was poured over their heads, indicating that it was given in great measure, not in small measure see Psalm 133:2 Things were sprinkled, but upon people the oil was out-poured. Jesus is anointed on the head with a flask of costly oil of spikenard two day before Passover see Mark 14:1-9
The sacrifice and the blood. Leviticus 8:22-24
To express the idea of consecration, blood from the ram was placed on the ear, thumb, and toe of the priest. It was blood from the ram - not the wool, not the fat. God wanted the life
of the sacrificial victim to mark His consecrated priests. Leviticus 17:11 is one of many passages that expresses this principle: For the life of the flesh is in the blood
. God wanted the life
of the sacrificial victim to be evident in the body
of the priest.
After the beating Jesus incurred by the Roman solders is would be prudent for anyone to deny that the blood of the sacrificial victim, Jesus was not present.
Blood is sprinkled on the priestly garments. Leviticus 8:30
Then Moses took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood which was on the altar, and sprinkled it on Aaron, on his garments, on his sons, and on the garments of his sons with him; and he consecrated Aaron, his garments, his sons, and the garments of his sons with him. See John 19
After Christ beating by the Roman soldiers they place a scarlet robe on him, in doing this fulfilled the above law, sprinkling of blood on the priestly garments. See Mathew 15:16-20
A fellowship meal with God. Leviticus 8:31-32
The remaining meat portions of this ram were given to Aaron and the other priests, after those portions were presented to God as a wave offering. It was then cooked and eaten by the priests during the days of their consecration ceremony.
The eating speaks of the continuing relationship of the priest with God.
In this way, eating is a good picture of a healthy, continuing relationship with Jesus. Fellowship over a meal is a worldwide practice, Jesus did this with his disciples in the upper room known as the last supper. See Mathew 26:17-30. I must also draw your attention to Revelation 3:20 Here I am! I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in and eat with that person, and they with me.
Tearing of the Holy of Holies Veil. Mathew 27:51
As Jesus died on the cross the veil of the Holy of Holies in the Jewish Temple was torn from top to bottom. The holy temple in Jerusalem was the centre of Jewish religious life. Hebrews 9:1-9 tells us that in the temple a veil separated the Holy of Holies—the earthly dwelling place of God’s presence—from the rest of the temple where men dwelt. This signified that man was separated from God by sin, Isaiah 59:1-2. Only the high priest was permitted to pass beyond this veil once each year, Exodus 30:10; Hebrews 9:7, to enter into God's presence for all of Israel and make atonement for their sins Leviticus 16.
What significance does this torn veil have for us today? Above all, the tearing of the veil at the moment of Jesus' death dramatically symbolized that His sacrifice, the shedding of His own blood, was a sufficient atonement for sins. It signified that now the way into the Holy of Holies was open for all people, for all time, both Jew and Gentile.
Please note Solomon's temple was 30 cubits high, 1 Kings 6:2, but Herod had increased the height to 40 cubits, according to the writings of Josephus, a first century Jewish historian. There is uncertainty as to the exact measurement of a cubit, but it is safe to assume that this veil was somewhere near 60ft (18m) high. An early Jewish tradition says that the veil was about four inches thick (100mm), but the Bible does not confirm that measurement. The book of Exodus teaches that this thick veil was fashioned from blue, purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen. Not an average veil to tear.
The sacrifice of the sin offering. Leviticus 8:14-17
Thus in the crucifixion becomes the new covenant with God for all His people through the offering of Jesus Christ as our King and High priest in the order of Melchizedek.
Dealing with the Goat Leviticus 16:9-10
Then Aaron shall offer the goat on which the lot for the LORD fell, and make it a sin offering. But the goat on which the lot for the scapegoat fell shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make atonement upon it, to send it into the wilderness as the scapegoat.
Thus the scapegoat is seen in Jesus as a person who has taken the blame for our sins. The fulfilment of the Day of Atonement, were a priest would confess all the sins of the Israelites over the head of a goat and then drive it into the wilderness, symbolically bearing their sins away.
Dealing with the forbidden rule of human sacrifice.
The Bible makes it quite clear that God hates human sacrifice. The pagan nations that surrounded the Israelites practiced human sacrifice as part of the worship of false gods. God declared that such “worship” was detestable to Him and that He hates it, Deuteronomy 12:31; 18:10. Furthermore, human sacrifice is associated in the Old Testament with evil practices such as sorcery and divination, which are also detestable to God 2 Kings 21:6.
So, if God hates human sacrifice, why did He sacrifice Christ on the cross and how could that sacrifice be the payment for our sins?
There is no doubt that a sacrifice for sin was necessary if people are to have any hope of eternal life. God established the necessity of the shedding of blood to cover sin. In fact, God Himself performed the very first animal sacrifice to cover, temporarily, the sin of Adam and Eve. After He pronounced curses upon the first couple, He killed an animal, shedding its blood, and made from it a covering for Adam and Eve Genesis 3:21, thereby instituting the principle of animal sacrifice for sin. This was to continue until Christ came to offer the ultimate, perfect sacrifice, which made animal sacrifice no longer necessary.
There are several reasons why the sacrifice of Christ on the cross does not violate the prohibition against human sacrifice.
Firstly, Jesus wasn’t merely human. If He were, then His sacrifice would have also been a temporary one because one human life couldn’t possibly cover the sins of the multitudes who ever existed. Neither could one finite human life atone for sin against an infinite God. The only viable sacrifice must be an infinite one, which means only God Himself could atone for the sins of mankind. Only God Himself, an infinite Being, could pay the penalty owed to Himself. This is why God had to become a Man and dwell among men, John 1:14. No other sacrifice would suffice.
Secondly, God didn’t sacrifice Jesus. Rather, Jesus, as God incarnate, sacrificed Himself. No one forced Him. He laid down His life willingly, as He made clear speaking about His life: “No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again” John 10:18.
God the Son sacrificed Himself to God the Father and thereby fulfilled all the requirements of the Law. Unlike the temporary sacrifices, Jesus’ once-for-all-time sacrifice was followed by His resurrection. He laid down His life and took it up again, thereby providing eternal life for all who would ever believe in Him and accept His sacrifice for their sins. He did this out of love for the Father and for all those the Father has given Him John 6:37–40.
Dealing with a sacrifice without blemishes.
The concept of the unblemished sacrifice is be free from imperfections. The sacrifice is for human sin, thus for a Jesus to be the unblemished sacrifice should be free from sin, in other words a pure and clean heart.
Thus the question is not about defect but rather is Jesus without sin. Mathew 4 tell us how Satan tempted Jesus in three way, “the lust of the eyes, the lust of the flesh, and the pride of life” Examine the temptation and sin of Eve, as well as the temptation of Jesus, and you will find that the temptations for each came from these three categories. Jesus was tempted in every way and in every area that we are, but remained perfectly holy. 1ohn 2:16 says, For all that is
in the world—the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life—is not of the Father but is of the world.
Further the bible is clear that Jesus was free from sin see, Hebrews 4:15, 2 Corinthians 5:21, 1 Peter 2:22.