PDA

View Full Version : Qur'an and Abrogation



Earnie Aikens
01-24-2006, 12:44 PM
In my studies to gain an appreciation and understanding of Islam, I have recently encountered the issue of abrogation. It seems to be a subject of some debate within Islam. I am interested in the Forum's opinions on this subject.
Reply

Login/Register to hide ads. Scroll down for more posts
Ansar Al-'Adl
01-24-2006, 06:41 PM
Hello Earnie,
The concept is explained in this article. Here is a relevant excerpt:
With regards to abrogation (Ar. naskh), it is a confirmed Islamic doctrine in the Qur'an. Since the Qur'an was revealed gradually over a period of twenty-three years, the legal rulings were not imposed on its adherents all at once. Rather, it gave them time to grow in faith and become accustomed to Islam. As Shaykh Abu Ammaar Yasir Qadhi mentions:
Among the blessings of Allaah to the Companions is that He revealed to them the laws of Islaam gradually, and thus made it easier for them to adopt these laws. Initially, there were no specific laws of halaal and haraam. The Companions during the Makkan stage were being trained spiritually so that they could form the nucleus of the future Muslim state in Madeenah. Once they had passed this stage, Allaah then completed the revelation of the sharee'ah in gradual steps, so that they could adapt to the lifestyle of Islaam.(Qadhi, An Introduction to the Sciences of the Qur'aan, Al-Hidaayah Publishing and Distribution 1999, p. 86)
And as Makkee ibn Abee Taalib (d. 1035CE) mentioned regarding abrogation:
And this (meaning naskh) is from Allah, and is meant to be for the betterment of His worshippers. So, He commands them with a ruling at a specific time, since He knows that it will be for their betterment for that particular time, but He already knows that this command will be removed from them at a later time, since at this later time that particular ruling will not be for their benefit. (An-Nahaas, p. 116.)
Thus, abrogation does not imply any imperfection whatsoever on the part of God, as critics allege. It does not mean that God made a mistake or that he didn't foresee an event. Rather, God knew in advance, and intended to send temporary laws for the early Muslims that would later be abrogated once the Muslim society became established.
It is analogous to a Professor who asks his students to perform 30 minutes of studying everyday for the first week. During the second week, he 'abrogates' his initial command and asks his students to perform 1 hour of studying every day. The Professor did not make a mistake initially, nor did he react to an unforeseen event. Rather, he had always planned to give a lighter load the first week to his students, and then increase the workload the next week because he knew they would be ready for it. In fact, he had his plan for the entire course written down and recorded. So when he initially gave the order to perform 30 minutes of homework, he knew that he would later abrogate this command.
Similarly, Allah initially gave some rulings that were later abrogated, but He knew and intended for them to be abrogated as the condition of the Muslims changed. He also recorded all His decrees in the Preserved Tablet; everythign was planned in advance. One may ask why some narrations seem to imply that God's revelation was a reaction to an event. The answer is that God revealed the laws at the occurence of such events so that the Muslims could appreciate the practical application of the law, and the need for such a law.
For a more detailed analysis of the concept, please refer to this thread.

Regards
Reply

Earnie Aikens
01-25-2006, 02:50 AM
Thanks for the quick response. I did not consider abrogation an imperfection. Your explanation raises a question for me. If a command can be removed (in effect), is that the same as saying that a later command (chronologically) may override or replace (in meaning) an earlier command?
Reply

Ansar Al-'Adl
01-25-2006, 02:27 PM
The later command may 'override' the earlier command in the sense that the earlier one was temporal or time-specific, and the later one is the one to be followed after that.
Reply

Welcome, Guest!
Hey there! Looks like you're enjoying the discussion, but you're not signed up for an account.

When you create an account, you can participate in the discussions and share your thoughts. You also get notifications, here and via email, whenever new posts are made. And you can like posts and make new friends.
Sign Up
Earnie Aikens
02-01-2006, 03:03 PM
I have read the texts you recommended and I understand abrogation more fully now. There does seem to be some minor differences of opinion on the subject, but the differences do not seem important. Related to abrogation, is my curiosity in whether or not a text has ever been published on the revealed chronology of the Qur'an verses? It would be interesting to me to see the sequence that the verses were revealed. Does anyone have any information on this?
Reply

Ansar Al-'Adl
02-01-2006, 06:43 PM
Hi Earnie,
In any Qur'an you will notice that Surahs (chapters) have been labelled "Makki" if they were revealed before the hijrah (migration) or "Madani" if they were revealed after the hijrah. Many chapter introductions, such as Mawdudi's also clarify the historical context of a chapter's revelation. Please see the following link for some helpful resources:
http://www.islamicboard.com/educatio...resources.html
Reply

Hey there! Looks like you're enjoying the discussion, but you're not signed up for an account.

When you create an account, you can participate in the discussions and share your thoughts. You also get notifications, here and via email, whenever new posts are made. And you can like posts and make new friends.
Sign Up

Similar Threads

  1. Replies: 11
    Last Post: 09-03-2013, 04:53 PM
  2. Replies: 19
    Last Post: 02-10-2009, 08:03 AM
  3. Replies: 7
    Last Post: 11-22-2007, 09:54 AM
  4. Replies: 1
    Last Post: 09-09-2005, 01:21 AM
HeartHijab.com | Hijab Sale | Pound Shop | UK Wholesale Certified Face Masks, Hand Sanitiser & PPE

IslamicBoard

Experience a richer experience on our mobile app!