Why Islam judges suicide as a grave sin
15 February 2008
The act of suicide is a grave sin in Islam. Allah Almighty says in the noble Quran:
"...And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is most merciful to you." (4:29)
People who contemplate suicide do so to escape the suffering and pain of this world. They mistakenly think that by ending their lives they will end all their sorrows. But what they don’t know, according to the Islamic belief, is that by committing suicide their troubles have only just begun.
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said,
"Whoever throws himself down from a mountain and kills himself will be in the fire of hell, throwing himself down therein for ever and ever. Whoever takes poison and kills himself, his poison will be in his hand and he will be sipping it in the fire of hell forever and ever. Whoever kills himself with a piece of iron, that piece of iron will be in his hand and he will be stabbing himself in the stomach with it in the fire of hell, for ever and ever." (Bukhari)
So not only will the person who commits suicide not find peace when they kill themselves but they will be tortured for eternity by their weapon of choice when they committed the initial deed. And they will never even hope to reach heaven.
Anyone who has ever read the noble Quran can see the simplicity of this world within its’ sacred text. This world is a testing ground to see who is the best in faith so that they may reap the rewards in the next life to come. This world is full of tragedy, pain and heartbreak. Depression and suicide are common maladies these days but killing oneself is never the answer. All humans must trust in Allah no matter what calamities befall them.
Muslims are supposed to be one unit, or Ummah, united under the banner of Islam. The Quran provides the utmost details for the implementation of a quality infrastructure within all Muslims nations to serve the needs of the community. For example, Allah commands us to give alms to the poor and all Muslims are commanded to give Zakat if they are able. These alms are meant to ensure that poor residents of Islamic nations do not face the hardships of poverty.
Further, the mosque itself, especially during the lifetime of Muhammad (pbuh), was the command centre of the community dealing with all the needs of the downtrodden. These days many Muslims lack the initiative to contact the Imam at the mosque in times of crises, but they should reach out for help if they need it. Moreover, Muslims must be proactive in looking for ways to help their community through donating poor alms. If you know someone who is suffering, extend a helping hand to relieve some of the stress and misery the afflicted person is dealing with.
Remind them to trust in Allah and you too will receive innumerable blessings. Insha’Allah.
Sumayyah Meehan is a Kuwait-based American writer who embraced Islam.