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sussana
09-16-2009, 07:45 AM
Islam elevates the acquisition of new knowledge. Modern science was first developed in the Muslim world, all the wealth of knowledge in the world has actually emanated from Muslim civilization, and what people call "the scientific method", is actually "the Islamic method. Muslims started the concept of learning and established islamic schools where children could learn.
In the Muslim world today, most of the focus on the relation between Islam and science involves scientific interpretations of the Quran (and sometimes the Sunna) that claim to show these sources make prescient statements about the nature of the universe, biological development and other phenomena later confirmed by scientific research, and proof of the divine origin of the Qur'an.
In the history of science, Islamic science refers to the science developed under Islamic civilization between the 8th and 16th centuries, during what is known as the Islamic Golden Age. It is also known as Arabic science since the majority of texts during this period were written in Arabic, the lingua franca of Islamic civilization. Despite these terms, not all scientists during this period were Muslim or Arab, as there were a number of notable non-Arab scientists (most notably Persians), as well as some non-Muslim scientists, who contributed to scientific studies in the Islamic world.
What Muslims are required to do has some sort of benefits, whether it is regarding health or any othermatter. Quran Recitation broadens the mind, offering prayer five times a day keeps one fit, Wadhu keeps one neat and clean, Fasting is necessary for stomach etc.
The belief that Qur'an had prophesied scientific theories and discoveries has become a strong and widespread belief in the contemporary Islamic world; these prophecies are often provided as a proof of the divine origin of the Qur'an.
The scientific facts claimed to be in the Qur'an exist in different subjects, including creation, astronomy, the animal and vegetables kingdom, and human reproduction.
Jabir Ibn Haiyan, prepared the most important industrail chemical Sulphuric Acid . Khawarizmi was one of the greatest mathematician who in the words of Phillip Hitti, author of "The History of Arabs", influenced mathematical thought to a greater extent than any other medieval writer. Avicenna or Ibn Sina was a great medical scientist who penned down the historical "Canon of Medicine which in the words of Dr. William Osler, has remained "a medical bible for a longer time than any other work".Alhazen or Ibn Al Haytham discussed the density of the atmosphere and developed a relation between it and the height. He also studied atmospheric refraction. In his writing, one can see a clear development of the scientific methods as developed and applied by the Muslims and comprising the systematic observation of physical phenomena and their linking together into a scientific theory.
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Hugo
09-16-2009, 09:21 AM
Originally Posted by sussana
Islam elevates the acquisition of new knowledge. Modern science was first developed in the Muslim world, all the wealth of knowledge in the world has actually emanated from Muslim civilization, and what people call "the scientific method", is actually "the Islamic method. Muslims started the concept of learning and established ...
This article has been largely copied from Wikepeadia but has been edited carefully and so as far as I can see misrepresents the true position. I just state the first part of the entry to show this: (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_and_science)

The relationship between true science and Islam is a matter of extreme controversy. In the Muslim world, many believe that modern science was first developed in the Muslim world rather than in Europe and Western countries, that "all the wealth of knowledge in the world has actually emanated from Muslim civilization," and what people call "the scientific method", is actually "the Islamic method....

As you can see the article is essentially sceptical. One only has to consider that the Summarians invented writing for example some 25 centuries before Islam existed, that the idea of learning was embedded in the Greek culture, there was a huge an impressive library in Alexandria before Islam, Many mathematical ideas came from India etc

I don't think anyone rationally would deny the huge contribution of Islamic scholars and scientists in early Islam but knowledge, understanding and practice never were, are not and never will belong to just one kind of philosophy and sadly it damages ones openness to new ideas to think it does.
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sussana
09-16-2009, 10:22 AM
so what? :ooh: :ooh: :ooh:
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