Originally Posted by Argamemnon
Allah -s.w.t.- says: "Let there arise out of you a band of people
inviting to all that is good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong: They are the ones to attain felicity. "[3:104]
DaAAwah is known to be a matter of Fard Kifaya (obligation of sufficiency). If enough number of people perform it, its obligation is removed off of everybody, but if it is not sufficiently performed then the responsibility is on everyone in that community.
Not only is it not possible that EVERYONE makes daAAwah correctly because of different levels of knowledge, but also because many people simply do not have the personal skill sets to deal with other people, explain, or approach others. Some will be making "Ribat" (camping in wait for any need of Jihad and military action) while some will be making daAAwah, while some are dedicated to seeking knowledge and leading masjid prayers. That is how a community functions.
He said something else that I found interesting. He claimed that 'Iqra' doesn't mean 'read', but 'invite/call to'.
Such self-interpretations by non-Arabs have been spreading for a while now, self-declarations of no essence or basis shoved down the lanes of an established science against the native Arab linguists of 1400 years. Subhan Allah.
Iqra means recite, read, proclaim, and yes it also can mean deliver a message. For example when Arabs say: "Give him peace" "أَقْرِئْ فلاناً السَّلامَ", but it is fundamentally in a completely different form than the one used in that verse this scholar is referring to, in that it is in transitive form and is spelled differently. Iqra' in the verse is spelled and expressed as non-transitive in positioning and grammatical placement, so that meaning doesn't apply. The Quran is an Arabic book, not akkadian or hebrew and Islamic rulings are not guessed by digging in for forgotten meanings in branch dialicts. The origin of Qara' can have so many meanings that it also means the time of menstruation for the woman! (check Al-Sahhah, قرأ)
More importantly, these verses and their meaning are confirmed by the very responses of the prophet -s.a.a.w.- when he said he was not a reader.
On top of all that, since when would spontaneous statements made specifically to the prophet -s.a.a.w.- become an obligation of something else on all of the muslim Ummah? Even if it was "deliver the message", it is still natural to expect as an order of Allah to his "messenger" after all.
Sunnah and hadiths confirm that daAAwah is Fard Kifaya and has pre-requisites before performing it, which means it is not required of everybody. The fact that we can all make "a sort" of daAAwah with good and kind behaviour or such is another matter, and if something is good, still does not give a single scholar the right to overturn established knowledge and make up personal rulings and announce global obligations with weak guesswork and unfounded superficial examination.