Originally Posted by Aileen
Asalaamu Alaikum Wr Wb, Sheikh Farraz Rabbani states: There is a basic principle of sacred law (qa`ida fiqhiyya) that all people prone to misgivings in their worship should keep in mind, namely that:
Certainty is not lifted by a doubt .
[Ibn Nujaym, al-Ashbah wa’l Nadha’ir, andMajallat al-Ahkam al-`Adiliyya]
This means that if one is certain about something, such as the purity of the carpet, with purity being the basic assumption for all things, then we will keep assuming it pure until certain that it has become impure. Mere possibilities and likelihoods do not change this.
The important fiqh principles related to this matter include:
1. Certainty is not lifted by doubt;
2. Certainty is only lifted by another certainty;
3. The default assumption about a matter is akin to certainty;
4. The default assumption about all matters is validity and soundness;
5. Mere doubts and suppositions are of no legal consequence.
All surfaces are considered pure (tahir) until certainly established otherwise. [ Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; Ala' al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala'iyya ]
For it to be certainly established that the surface is impure, one has to either see the filth itself or its clear traces (namely, its color, smell, or taste).
As such, the floor of even a toilet is considered pure, even if it is wet. Walking on it will not render one's feet impure--and not affect one's wudu in any way.
This returns to the following legal principles:
(1) the basis of all things is purity; (2) the basis of anything is akin to operational certainty; (3) certainty is not lifted by doubt; rather, (4) certainty is only lifted by certainty; and (5) doubts and misgivings are ignored. [ibid, and Hamwi, Hashiyat al-Ashbah; and Khadimi/Birgivi, al-Bariqa al-Mahmudiyya Sharh al-Tariqa al-Muhammadiyya]
When there is "reasonable doubt,"
caution is recommended--if one isn't giving to excessive worrying or misgivings (in which case one ignores all doubts, until such misgivings cease in one's life).
Therefore my sister you should from now on wear slippers into the bathroom and also clean the toilet seat with a wet tissue just incase. Also you should move away from this non Muslim girl as soon as possible as she will always bring her filth into the house.
And Allah knows best in all matters