Surah ar-Rahman- the Abundantly Merciful.
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The Abundantly Merciful
Allah made the Qur'an in aayaat/signs. Each ayah might be commonly translated as a 'verse'.
But in surah ar-Rahman, Allah mentioned 'ar-Rahman' in ayah 1 alone. This is in of itself a source of reflection.
So we have to reflect for ourselves, How is Allah 'ar-Rahman' to me
We should count the different ways Allah is ar-Rahman to us.
Allah is ar-Rahman, not just RahEEm (CONSTANTLY Merciful).
Rahman is a Mubalaghah/maximized form/hyperbola form
[it is Ism Faa'il = someone doing something right now.]
i.e. Rahman =Allah being Abundantly -Most- Merciful right now presently.
In this surah, Allah will explain alot of His Mercies through Him being ar-Rahman = Abundantly Merciful right now to all of us.
Of all the Mercies that Allah tells us in this surah, He tells us the priorities of His Mercy.
What was the first thing He is Abundantly Merciful to us for? What did He do?
'Al-lama al Qur'an -
He taught the Qur'an.
Allah mentioned this first - showing that Him teaching the Qur'an is even more of a Mercy than Him creating the human being. (since the human is just a misguided animal without the guidance of the Qur'an).
So Allah teaching the Qur'an is a bigger mercy for us than our own lives.
'Al-lama - Taught
Allah did not mention who He taught the Qur'an to. This is a Mercy, because it isn't limited to Allah teaching the Messenger, or a certain group of people.
No - Allah left it open to show humans that He is teaching it to anyone who is willing to learn it. This is an extreme Mercy too.
وَلَقَدْ يَسَّرْنَا الْقُرْآنَ لِلذِّكْرِ فَهَلْ مِن مُّدَّكِرٍ
- and we have certainly made the Qur'an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember? (Qamar 54:17)
People pay extra money to go to the high education schools because their teachers are of a higher standard.
In this surah, Allah is telling us that He is teaching us the Qur'an. The best teacher - He is our teacher - the Most Merciful (ar-Rahman).
Allah taught it to angel Jibreel who taught it to Prophet Muhammad (sal Allah alayhi wasalam), who taught it to companions, who taught it to later generations, and it was preserved in the books.
If you appreciate Allah's book - you will be a student of it.
'Al-lama al Qur'an - Taught the Qur'an.
Allah teaches the Qur'an to continuous generations - so long as they are sincere and with good intent - seeking for His Mercy.
He guides them through the teachings of the Qur'an at a practical level. This is the mercy of ar-Rahman.
Qur'an - maQru'
[mubalaghah/maximum/hyperbola]- something which is Read/Recited alot.
When someone Recites the Qur'an alot, that is a proof that they love it. It has to be Read/Recited and applied alot.
This is even done in Salaah, you recite Qur'an.
Allah tells us the Qur'an is a cure and a Mercy;
وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ مَا هُوَ شِفَاءٌوَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
ۙ وَلَا يَزِيدُ الظَّالِمِينَ إِلَّا خَسَارًا
And We send down of the Qur'an that which is healing and Mercy (Rahmah) for the believers
, but it does not increase the wrongdoers except in loss.
[al Isra' 17:82
Khalaq al Insaan -
Created the Human being.
1 - Nasiya - to Forget.
Forgetful human (=Insaan).
We humans took an Oath with Allah before we came into this world, that Allah is our God (and we will take Him as our God). [alA'raf 7:172
We forget this Oath when we are in the world, except the sincere ones.
So Allah taught this Qur'an to humans who would constantly forget the promise they made to Allah.
2- Uns - seeking Affection and Love.
: Wahsh - Loner (Beast), no Affection or love.]
So if 'Uns' is being referred to - humans want a message from Allah which has Affection, love and compassion. This Book which is from ar-Rahman - the Abundantly Merciful is the Qur'an.
'Al-lama hu al Bayaan -
Taught him the Beautiful Conveyance of Speech.
To make the human capable of understanding the Qur'an, Allah gave us the ability to speak in eloquence and to understand such speech.
For teaching the Qur'an
, Allah said; 'Al-lama (Taught).
For teachingBayaan/Eloquent speech
- Allah also said; 'Al-lama (Taught).
This shows us that Allah taught us both the Qur'an, and also all Languages.
Allah taught Adam the name of all things
وَعَلَّمَ آدَمَ الْأَسْمَاءَ كُلَّهَا
And taught Adam the names of all [things].. [alBaqarah 2:31
Which shows that the honour of humans speaking -while knowing what they are saying- is an honour which belongs to Allah. So humans should be thankful to ar-Rahman (the Abundantly Merciful) because He has given us humans what no other animal has the ability to achieve [- to speak/communicate eloquently with understanding of what we are saying].
This shows that this honour of speech should be used for good and beautiful speech, and for reciting the Qur'an. Not for insults, swears and dirty language - since that is a sign of being ungrateful of Allah's favours.
Of all of the languages Allah taught; Allah honored the language in which He sent His final message; the Qur'an in Arabic speech.
إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ قُرْآنًا عَرَبِيًّا لَّ
We have surely revealed it in an Arabic Qur'an
that perhaps you might understand. [surah Yusuf 12:2
We see a Recurring Theme in these aayaat of Extreme and Magnificent Blessings of Allah
: the Abundantly Merciful.
: the greatest manifestation of that Mercy = the Qur'an.
: the Greatest creation of Allah = Insaan (humankind).
: The Ability for us to Speak and Communicate with each other in Language.
Even Modern Philosophers are saying; the Root of all knowledge is language - that is the key. Just as Allah already told us.
One of the signs of being the best is to have speech, then to reach the best of the best is to become a student of the best speech - the Qur'an.
As soon as these passages are done, Allah starts describing something other than the human being.
The sun, the moon, the skies, the stars, the trees...
الشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ بِحُسْبَانٍ
ash-Shamsu wa-'l Qamaru bi husbaan
The sun and the moon [move] by precise calculation,
Allah created many other things around us too. These things (i.e. the sun and moon) will do just as they are told to do by Allah in detailed precision - to the extent that we humans can make calendars from their calculated/precise movements. So when you see the Sun and Moon - you should remember them as Disciplined creations of Allah.
:وَالنَّجْمُ وَالشَّجَرُ يَسْجُدَانِ
wan-najmu wash-Shajru yaSjudaan
And the stars and trees both prostrate.
Some scholars comment;
When the shooting stars fall - they may be 'falling down' in prostration/sajdah to Allah.
When trees have an extended shadow - they are in prostration. Or when their fruits have grown and become heavy, the branches lean forward as though they are in prostration/sajdah.
By looking at all these creations - we should feel embarrassed.
Allah is telling us that we are human beings, the best of creation - yet there are other creations of His which are more dutiful to Him than we are. So shouldn't we rise up to our standard of being obedient creations of Allah, the Abundantly Merciful?
You were the high ranked human who Allah honored;
وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آدَمَ وَحَمَلْنَاهُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ وَرَزَقْنَاهُم مِّنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَفَضَّلْنَاهُمْ عَلَىٰ كَثِيرٍ مِّمَّنْ خَلَقْنَا تَفْضِيلًا -
And We have certainly honored the children of Adam and carried them on the land and sea and provided for them of the good things and preferred them over much of what We have created, with [definite] preference. [alIsra' 17:70
You were even taught the best of speech! Yet you still are less obedient than the other creations?
When even the best of creation (Prophet Muhammad)has practically shown you the best way to live and follow the best speech (the Qur'an)?
وَكَيْفَ تَكْفُرُونَ وَأَنتُمْ تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْكُمْ آيَاتُ اللَّهِ وَفِيكُمْ رَسُولُهُ ۗ وَمَن يَعْتَصِم بِاللَّهِ فَقَدْ هُدِيَ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ
And how could you disbelieve while to you are being recited the verses of Allah and among you is His Messenger? And whoever holds firmly to Allah has [indeed] been guided to a straight path. [surah aal Imran 3:101]
Mercy upon Mercy upon Mercy..
1 - Allah
is ar-Rahman - the Abundantly Merciful. [ar-Rahman 55:1]
2 - His Speech [the Qur'an]
is the best speech and a Mercy. [al Isra' 17:82
3 - The Messenger
is a Mercy:
وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَالَمِينَ
And we did not send you except as a Mercy
for al-'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). [Anbiya 21:107]
& Ayah 9
وَالسَّمَاءَ رَفَعَهَا وَوَضَعَ الْمِيزَانَ.أَلَّا تَطْغَوْا فِي الْمِيزَانِ.وَأَقِيمُوا الْوَزْنَ بِالْقِسْطِ وَلَا تُخْسِرُوا الْمِيزَانَ
was-samaa'a rafa'ahaa wawaDa'a-'l meezaan. al-Laa taTghaw fi-'l meezaan. wa aqeemu-'l wazna bi-'l QisTi wa Laa tuKhsiru-'l Meezaan
And the heaven He raised and imposed the balance. That you not transgress within the balance.
And establish weight in justice and do not make deficient the balance.
He set a balance of scale in the sky. That you do not break and rebel the scale/balance.
Allah is telling us that there is a balance in the sky, and we should look to that and not break the limits.
Just look at the busy sky and the world around us - that is in of itself working in harmony with each other in precision, order and obedience (even though there are so many seemingly different things taking place at similar times).
Yet when we see oppression on Earth, we see it is only due to disobedient humans wronging each other - that is why there is corruption, harm and evil in this world.
If we humans followed the example of the sun, moon, stars
etc. - by being obedient slaves of Allah - their would also be harmony on this Earth, just like it is in the skies.
However, us humans have to be sincere to the Abundantly Merciful (ar-Rahman), be students of His Merciful Qur'an, and follow the way of His Merciful Messenger, Muhammad (sal Allah alayhi wasalam.)
[We also learn from this surah that if we are sincere to Allah, He will make it easy for us to understand His Qur'an in the Arabic language.]