View Full Version : The Name of Angel of Death

01-08-2012, 03:50 AM
Assalamualaikum Brothers and Sisters.. I have a simple question, Is the name of Angel of Death (malaikat maut) really Izrail? can anybody verify it for me please? because i heard from a lecture that there is no verse from the Quran or hadeeth that says his name is Izrail.. only refers to the "malaikat maut"

JazakaAllah Khair

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~ Sabr ~
01-09-2012, 11:26 AM


We always talk about Azrael as being the angel of death, but some days ago I read in a place that Azrael’s name has no mention in hadith or the Qur’an, and I checked out the information and it was true. The name Azrael apparently came to Islam when a Jewish man reverted to Islam and he introduced the name Azrael to the deen. Can you clarify this issue regarding Azrael (as) name’s origin?


wa `alaykum salam,
Qadi Iyad toward the very end of al-Shifa (IV, 3, fi hukm man sabba sa’ir anbiya’ Allah wa-mala’ikatah), cites “the common knowledge and agreement by categorical consensus” of the Ummah that the name of the angel of death is `Izra’eel (or `Azra’eel, both vocalizations being used: see Taj al-’Arus s.v. ‘-z-r), which al-Qurtubi glosses as meaning “the slave of Allah” (Tafsir, sub 32:11).

This name is found in several early hadith compilations such as the books of Imams al-Tabarani, Ibn Abi al-Dunya, Abu al-Shaykh al-Asfahani’s al-’Azama, Ibn Abi Hatim’s Tafsir, and Abu Nu’aym’s Hilya among others).

The arch-master of hadith, Ibn Hajar, was specifically asked about this issue and replied: “The collected weight of the reports indicates that there is an established basis to the name `Izra’eel for the Angel of Death” (al-Imta‘ p. 108).

He is identified thus in many Qur’an commentaries on Q 32:11, including those of Muqatil, Ibn al-Kalbi, al-Tha’labi, al-Baghawi, Ibn Juzayy, al-Qurtubi, Ibn Kathir—the latter stating, “This is well-known, and it was related by Qatada and others” (such as Wahb b. Munabbih)—al-Khazin and al-Shawkani who both categorically asserted it, The Javanese mufassir Nawawi al-Jawi, and al-Suyuti in his angelology al-Haba’ik fi Akhbar al-Mala’ik, his Hawi lil-Fatawa, his Itqan fi ‘Ulum al-Qur’an, his Durr al-Manthur, his commentaries on Muslim and al-Nasa’i, etc., as well as in al-Jalalayn.

Hajj Gibril Haddad

Source: http://eshaykh.com/hadith/azrael/

01-09-2012, 12:08 PM

When I was a child we were taught in school that the name of the angel of death was Izrail.
I didn't know until around two years ago that Izrail is not found in Qur'an or in any shahih/hasan hadith. In Qur'an it is only said as malaikat al maut:

Say, "The angel of death will take you who has been entrusted with you. Then to your Lord you will be returned." (QS. 32:11)

I don't know how the name Izrael was taught to us.

01-13-2012, 06:43 AM
JazakaAllah khair, Thank you for the answer :statisfie

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