12-21-2015, 04:20 PM
Our Shaykh Sulaymân Ibn Nâsir al-‘Alwân was asked about the rule: “Whoever does not perform Takfîr upon the kâfir, then he is a kâfir.” So he responded:Reply
There is a detailed explanation regarding this, (and) there are seven categories regarding it:
The first category: The one who does not declare Takfîr upon the Jews, the Christians, and the polytheists: whether it is regarding their general category or their individuals. Then this one is a kâfir due to his denial of something that there is no doubt about.
The second category: The one who does not declare Takfîr upon the one who changes to anther religion such as a Muslim man who converts to Judaism, to Christianity or to Zoroastrianism, and he does not declare Takfîr upon him. Then this one is a kâfir because he is a denier of something about which there is no doubt.
The third category: The one who falls into a nullification about which there is a consensus, and the proof has been made known to him and the misconceptions have been removed from him, and a man does not perform Takfîr upon him; not because of a misconception that he has, nor due to a misinterpretation, rather only due to desire or not caring. Then this one has also disbelieved along with those who do not make Takfîr of a kâfir then he himself is a kâfir.
The fourth category: The one who does not perform Takfîr of one who falls into a nullification, due to a misconception that he has, such as him believing that the proofs have not been made known to him, or because the conditions (of Takfîr) have not been fulfilled in his regard; then this one does not disbelieve, according to consensus.
The fifth category: The one who does not perform Takfîr upon the kâfir due to a Bid’ah that he has – like the Murji’î who limits the nullifications of Islâm to beliefs, rejection or permitting (something that is prohibited), so he does not perform Takfîr upon the kâfir due to the misconception of this Bid’ah which he has. So this one does not disbelieve according to agreement, because if this one was to have Takfîr declared upon him, then all of the groups of Bid’ah, such as the Murji’ah, the Ashâ’irah, the Karrâmiyyah, the Sâlimiyyah and all of these groups, would have Takfîr declared upon them, and no one holds this opinion.
The sixth category: The one who does not perform Takfîr upon one about whom there is a dispute, whether in category or individual, such as the one who abandons the Salât, the sorcerer and the like. And this one has two situations:
The first – That he does not perform Takfîr upon him because it (i.e. the nullification) is an action – and this is the opinion of the people of innovation; he does not disbelieve (and there is) only one opinion regarding this.
The second situation – That he does not declare Takfîr due to judging based upon measuring the Evidence. So this one does not disbelieve according to agreement. And because had he disbelieved, then the four Imâms would have disbelieved, and major Imâms of the Salaf would have disbelieved, such as Az-Zuhrî and others. And no one says this.
And from the likes of this is the Imâms of the Salaf disputing regarding Takfîr of the Khawârij; the Imâms of the Salaf disputing regarding Takfîr of individuals, such as Al-Hajjâj, for example. And none would perform Takfîr upon the other, rather, they didn’t declare Tabdî’ upon each other. (This is) because this was a result of interpretation and a result of juristic deduction.
So those Sahâbah disputed concerning the disbelief of the Khawârij, yet the ones who declared them to be disbelievers did not say to the ones who did not declare them disbelievers: “You are Murji’ah.” Nor did the one who did not declare them disbelievers say to those who declared them disbelievers: “You are Khawârij.” And Al-Hasan al-Basrî, ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abdil-‘Azîz and Mujâhid used to declare Takfîr upon Al-Hajjâj Ibn Yûsuf and view him as an apostate; yet Muhammad Ibn Sîrîn and a group did not view his disbelief (as confirmed). Yet despite that, none declared the other to be misguided, nor did they declare each other disbelievers.
(This is) because this is scholarly deduction and because each believes “Have the conditions which would necessitate him disbelieving been met?” And the other says: (words missing), then they disputed. Yet none of them declared the other to be a disbeliever, rather none of them declared the other to be upon Bid’ah, rather none of them boycotted the other. Let alone declaring them to be upon Bid’ah, let alone declaring them disbelievers.
The seventh category: That it is regarding the groups about which there is an agreement (that they are disbelievers) then an person disputes regarding their individual members, not about their general category. Meaning, he says: “I agree with declaring Takfîr upon the general category, but I do not agree with Takfîr of the individual”, while a consensus has been formed concerning the general category but it has not been formed concerning the individual. Then this one does not disbelieve either, because he has not denied something about which there is no doubt.
And from the conditions of Takfîr is that the person denies something about which there is no doubt, and (here) what there is no doubt about is the general category, not the individual.
However, if he were to deny something about which there is no doubt, even if it is regarding an individual, as has passed in the second category and has has passed in the third category, then he would disbelieve, because that is something about which there is no doubt, while this (i.e. what we are discussing now) is not something about which there is no doubt.
So these are seven categories regarding the issue of “Whoever does not perform Takfîr upon the kâfir, then he is a kâfir.”
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