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Mashura
03-09-2016, 06:18 AM
Poets of the Prophet Muhammad pbuh

Ka`b ibn Maalik ibn Abu Ka`b Al-Ansaari:

His name is `Amr ibn Al-Qayn ibn Ka`b ibn Sawaad ibn Ghunm ibn Salamah Al-Ansaari may Allah be pleased with him. There are different narrations regarding his nickname, some say it is Abu `Abdullaah others say it is Abu `Abdur-Rahmaan, while others say it is Abu Muhammad, and yet others say it is Abu Basheer Al-Madani Ash-Shaa`ir.

He may Allah be pleased with him was born in Madeenah about twenty five years before the migration of the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ). Allah The Almighty blessed him with Islam whilst in Madeenah and before attending the pledge of Al-`Aqabah. This gave him a headstart in the matters of religion and he would perform prayer in secret lest his people discover his acceptance of Islam.

He may Allah be pleased with him attended the second `Aqabah pledge and gave his allegiance to the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ), and attended all the battles with him, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ), except for the Battle of Tabook. However, there is a difference of opinion amongst historians regarding his participation in the Battle of Badr.

Ka`b ibn Maalik may Allah be pleased with him was one of those who used to defend the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ), against any harm. He may Allah be pleased with him was one of the Companions who recited the Quran accurately and in a pleasing voice and was well-known in the pre-Islamic era as a poet. Thus, when he embraced Islam he exploited all his abilities and talents to serve Islam and support and defend the Messenger, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ), with his poetry.

Ka`b ibn Maalik may Allah be pleased with him was one of those who stayed behind during the Battle of Tabook, but Allah The Almighty forgave him and the two other Companions may Allah be pleased with them. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {Allaah has already forgiven the Prophet and the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar who followed him in the hour of difficulty after the hearts of a party of them had almost inclined [to doubt], and then He forgave them. Indeed, He was to them Kind and Merciful. And [He also forgave] the three who were left behind [and regretted their error]} [Quran 9:118-119]

Ibn Sa`d may Allah have mercy upon him said, 'The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ) joined him (in the brotherhood bond) with Az-Zubayr or Talhah may Allah be pleased with them. He may Allah be pleased with him died in the year 51 A.H'. However, Al-Waaqidi may Allah have mercy upon him stated that he may Allah be pleased with him died during the year 50 A.H., and Ibn Hibbaan may Allah have mercy upon him said that he may Allah be pleased with him died when Ali may Allah be pleased with him was killed.

Hassaan Ibn Thaabit Al-Ansaari:

His name is Hassaan ibn Thaabit ibn Al-Munthir ibn Haraam may Allah be pleased with him from the tribe of Maalik ibn An-Najjaar. The tribes of An-Najjaar and Haashim ibn `Abd Manaaf were related to the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ), because Salma bint `Amr from the tribe An-Najjaar was the mother of `Abdul-Muttalib, the grandfather of the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ).

His nickname was Abu Al-Waleed, and he was born in Madeenah around seven to eight years before the birth of the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ), and he was from the tribe of Al-Khazraj. He embraced Islam after the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ), migrated to Madeenah.

He was famous for defending Islam and praising it, so much so that he was given the title "The Prophet's Poet". He did not participate in any of the battles with the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ). The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ), informed him that Allah The Almighty supports him (i.e. Hassaan may Allah be pleased with him) with Jibreel may Allah exalt his mention when he recited poems in defense and praise of Islam.

He may Allah be pleased with him lived around one hundred and twenty years, sixty years as a non-believer, and the next sixty years as a devout Muslim and he was considered the poet laureate of the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ).

Hassaan may Allah be pleased with him died during the era of Mu`aawiyah may Allah be pleased with him in the year 54 (or 55) A.H.

Abdullaah ibn Rawaahah Al-Ansaari:
His name is `Abdullaah ibn Rawaahah ibn Tha`labah ibn Umru` Al-Qays ibn `Amr ibn Maalik Al-Ansaari may Allaah be pleased with him from the tribe of Al-Khazraj.

He may Allaah be pleased with him was a great poet who was known for his brisk and nimble mind and for his intuition.

`Abdullaah ibn Rawaahah may Allaah be pleased with him embraced Islam during the `Aqabah pledge along some of his tribesmen. He may Allaah be pleased with him was the representative of the tribe of Al-Haarith ibn Al-Khazraj on the night of the`Aqabah pledge. The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), joined him in the brotherhood bond with Al-Miqdad may Allaah be pleased with him.
He may Allaah be pleased with him attended all the battles with the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), and was one of the commanders in the Battle of Mu`tah (8 A.H.) and was martyred during it.

During the Battle of Mu`tah, the Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), equipped an army of 3000 men under the command of Zayd ibn Haarithah may Allaah be pleased with him. He sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), designated a chain of command and responsibility. In the event of Zayd's death, the command of the army was to pass on to Ja`far ibn Abu Taalib may Allaah be pleased with him. If he too were to be killed, then the third general was to be `Abdullaah ibn Rawahah may Allaah be pleased with him. On the other hand, Heraclius had amassed two hundred thousand troops.
After the martyrdom of the first two leaders `Abdullaah ibn Rawaahah may Allaah be pleased with him proceeded to hold up the banner. He hesitated for a split second, but then using his talent in poetry, he addressed himself with beautiful verses saying:

I swear upon you O self, that you shall enter or shall be forced to do so,
The people have gathered and the cries are raised
What is the matter with you? I see that you do not wish for Paradise!
It has been too long for you to have been comforted
What are you (O self) but a tiny speck?
O self if you are not killed then you shall still die
These are the signs of death upon you
And it is your exact desire that you have been given
If you do their (the two other leaders’) action then you have been guided

Then he fought bravely on horseback while reciting these enthusiastic verses of poetry until he too was martyred.

Ka`b ibn Zuhayr ibn Abu Sulma:

Ka`b may Allaah be pleased with him took after his father who was very famous for his poetry. Ka`b may Allaah be pleased with him used his talent for composing poems to slander the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), before embracing Islam. He may Allaah be pleased with him embraced Islam late after the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), returned from the conquest of Makkah.

The story of his embracing Islam states that Ka`b may Allaah be pleased with him lampooned the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), and thus he, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), instructed the Companions may Allaah be pleased with them to kill him whenever they found him. After the conquest of Makkah he received the news of what the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), had told his Companions through an old friend who had embraced Islam and who advised him to embrace Islam as well.

Ka`b may Allaah be pleased with him was terrified and decided to embrace Islam. After he embraced Islam, he went to Madeenah as a Muslim and took refuge in his friend's house. The next day, after the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), concluded the Fajr (dawn)prayer, he may Allaah be pleased with him covered his face because he was afraid someone might kill him if he did not get the assurance of security from the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), before disclosing his identity. Therefore, he covered his face and walked up to the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), and said, "O Messenger of Allaah! Ka`b ibn Zuhayr is asking if he would be safe if he comes to you and announces himself a Muslim." The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), informed him that he would be safe and his Islam would be accepted, Thereupon, he uncovered his face and disclosed his identity. One of the Companions from the Ansaar, jumped up and asked the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), to allow him to kill the man because of his history of harming the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) with his poems but he, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), told him to refrain since the man had come after having repented and embraced Islam.

Once `Umar may Allaah be pleased with him described him to be the best poet, and when he was asked why, he may Allaah be pleased with him replied, 'He does not use any strange language and he would never praise a man with any quality which he does not possess."
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