I was raised in Catholic Church Latin, which is the equivalent on the Christian side of Classical Quranic Quraish Arabic on the Muslim side.
In music, counterpoint is the relationship between voices that are harmonically interdependent (polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour. The term originates from the Latin punctus contra punctum meaning "point against point". Counterpoint generally involves musical lines with strongly independent identities. Species counterpoint generally offers less freedom to the composer than other types of counterpoint and therefore is called a "strict" counterpoint.
Note that counterpoint is actually an arbitrary mathematical scheme
full of restrictions on what is allowed in terms of harmonics. It is possible to create an unlimited number of such schemes.
Considerations for all species. The following rules apply to melodic writing in each species, for each part:
1. The final must be approached by step. If the final is approached from below, then the leading tone must be raised in a minor key (Dorian, Hypodorian, Aeolian, Hypoaeolian), but not in Phrygian or Hypophrygian mode. Thus, in the Dorian mode on D, a C♯ is necessary at the cadence.
2. Permitted melodic intervals are the perfect fourth, fifth, and octave, as well as the major and minor second, major and minor third, and ascending minor sixth. The ascending minor sixth must be immediately followed by motion downwards.
The following example is a "strict" counterpoint in four voice groups: two female ones and two male ones. The theme is the Last Day
, i.e. the anger of the Judge, the most Merciful God.
- voice group A: only women
- voice group B: only women
- voice group C: only men
- voice group D: only men
The sound is meant to inspire fear. Cuncta stricta discussurus
. Everything will be discussed very strictly.
Pull out your paperwork and explain what you have been doing during your short term on earth, because it could easily go wrong.