Originally Posted by talibilm
it is allowed to leave the Sualaah in an emergency as long as the intention is to come back to it when safe - however in this situation, it appears that the imaam deemed it best to continue praying to Allah :swt: - also the words which he was praying with at the time of quaking were very exalted and difficult to leave.
95. Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and receive no hurt, and those who strive and fight in the cause of Allah with their goods and their persons. Allah hath granted a grade higher to those who strive and fight with their goods and persons than to those who sit (at home). Unto all (in Faith) Hath Allah promised good: But those who strive and fight Hath He distinguished above those who sit (at home) by a special reward,-
96. Ranks specially bestowed by Him, and Forgiveness and Mercy. For Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
97. When angels take the souls of those who die in sin against their souls, they say: "In what (plight) Were ye?" They reply: "Weak and oppressed Were we in the earth." They say: "Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to move yourselves away (From evil)?" Such men will find their abode in Hell,- What an evil refuge! -
98. Except those who are (really) weak and oppressed - men, women, and children - who have no means in their power, nor (a guide-post) to their way.
99. For these, there is hope that Allah will forgive: For Allah doth blot out (sins) and forgive again and again.
100. He who forsakes his home in the cause of Allah, finds in the earth Many a refuge, wide and spacious: Should he die as a refugee from home for Allah and His Messenger, His reward becomes due and sure with Allah. And Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
101. When ye travel through the earth, there is no blame on you if ye shorten your prayers, for fear the Unbelievers May attack you: For the Unbelievers are unto you open enemies.
102. When thou (O Messenger. art with them, and standest to lead them in prayer, Let one party of them stand up (in prayer) with thee, Taking their arms with them: When they finish their prostrations, let them Take their position in the rear. And let the other party come up which hath not yet prayed - and let them pray with thee, Taking all precaution, and bearing arms: the Unbelievers wish, if ye were negligent of your arms and your baggage, to assault you in a single rush. But there is no blame on you if ye put away your arms because of the inconvenience of rain or because ye are ill; but take (every) precaution for yourselves. For the Unbelievers Allah hath prepared a humiliating punishment.
103. When ye pass (Congregational) prayers, celebrate Allah.s praises, standing, sitting down, or lying down on your sides; but when ye are free from danger, set up Regular Prayers: For such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times.
From Quran, Chapter 4
Standing firm in salat after being hit by arrows
Four years after the Hijrah [emigration of the followers of Islam from Makkah to Medinah], in the city of Medinah, the Muslims were still in danger due to the Jewish tribe, the Banu an-Nadir, who broke their contract with the Prophet Muhammad [PBUH=May Allah bless him and grant him peace].
Then the community received news that some tribes from the desert of Najd were about to attack. So, the Prophet of Islam [PBUH] raised over four hundred Muslims in order to prevent them from attacking.
Arriving at Najd, they found that only women were present in the houses; the men had taken refuge in the hills.
Some of the Nadj tribes regrouped and prepared themselves for the fight. The time of 'Asr [the afternoon prayer] came, and the Muslims divided in two, as it was revealed, and each group prayed after the other. The ennemy, seeing the discipline among Muslims felt uneasiness and fear. They did not attack. So, the Muslims went back to Medinah.
The Prophet of Allah [PBUH] asked:
"Who will be our guard tonight?" Two men immediatly rose: Abbad ibn Bishr and Ammar ibn Yasir. Abbad saw that Ammar was tired and asked him: "What part of the night do you wish to sleep, the first or the second?" "The first part," said Ammar.
The night was serene. Everything seemed peaceful. Abbad decided to spend the night in Ibadah [acts of worship] while his companion was asleep, and began reciting the Qur'an. Abbad soon stood and faced the Qiblah in order to perform Salaat [voluntary prayer]. He began reciting Surah al-Kahf of one hundred and ten verses which explains the virtues of faith, truth and patience and the passing of time.
While he was absorbed in recitation and in thought, an ennemy came from the mountains of Najd and saw him vulnerable. The man drew his bow and thew an arrow towards Abbad. Calmly, Abbad pulled the arrow out and continued his meditation. The ennemy shot a second, then a third arrow. Abbad pulled them out one by one, and finished his recitation. Weak and in pain, at last, he stretched out his right hand during his prostration and awoke his companion Ammar. "Glory be to Allah! Why didn't you wake me up when the first arrow reached you?" "Reciting the verses of the Qur'an filled me with such wonders that I felt repugnance to cut it short. I would have preferred death rather than stopping right in the middle of it."
Abbad did not die this day; he died as a shahid [a martyr], at the battle of Yamamah. He fought so vehemently that his wounds made him almost not recognizable. He was a true believer.
ABBAD IBN BISHR
In 625 (4 years after hijra), Muhammad :swas: received news that the Najd tribes were planning to attack Medina. In preemption, he assembled a detachment of over four hundred men including Abbad ibn Bishr. Arriving at Najd, they found the men of the tribes had fled to the hills. When the time of salatul asr came, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) feared an ambush so he arranged the Muslims in ranks and divided them into two groups and performed salatul-khawf (the Prayer of Fear). Seeing their disciplined ranks, the hostile tribesmen became uneasy. After Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) made his presence known, he felt a conflict was unnecessary and decided to depart. On the way back to Medina, the Muslims pitched camp in a valley for a night. The responsibility of guarding the camp was assumed by Abbad ibn Bishr and Ammar bin Yasir, whom Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) had paired as brothers following his arrival in Medina.
After reaching the mouth of the valley, Abbad noticed that his brother was tired and volunteered to keep watch for the first half of the night and allow him to rest. Since there appeared to be no imposing threats, Abbad stood up for prayer. While absorbed in recitation, a stranger stalked the outskirts of the valley in search of Muhammad and his followers. He was among those who had planned to attack Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), but fled into the mountains.
From a distance, the man saw the figure of Abbad and knew the Muslim force must be inside the valley. Silently he drew his bow, and fired an arrow which embedded itself in Abbad’s flesh. Calmly, Abbad removed the arrow and went on with his recitation, still absorbed in his Salat. The attacker shot two more arrows, which also found their mark. Abbad pulled them out and finished his recitation. Weak and in pain, he stretched out his hand while still in prostration and shook his sleeping companion. Abbad continued the prayer to its end and then said: “Get up and stand guard in my place. I have been wounded.”
Ammar stood up, and seeing them both, the attacker fled into the darkness. Ammar turned to Abbad, blood flowing from his wounds, and asked “Why didn’t you wake me when you were hit by the first arrow?”
Abbad replied “I was reciting verses of the Qur’an which filled my soul with awe and I did not want to cut short the recitation. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) had commanded me to commit this surah to memory. Death would have been dearer to me than that the recitation of this surah should be interrupted.”
Also notice that there is a curtain in the mosque apparently as a facility for the mothers, sisters, wives, and daughters.
And that he recited Bislimillahi ar rahmaan ar raheem aloud as part of faatihah - indicating that he's a continuous seeker knowledge implementing what he believes to be true.
(Some see it as one of the seven verses, whilst some see it as an intro - and the last part as consisting of two verses - and there is no significant contention on either opinion alhamdu li Allah).