Originally Posted by umie
There has been much speculation amongst scholars regarding the condition of animals although there is evidence pointing to accountability in Quran and ahadith.
1. The hoopie which was being held to full accountability by Sulaiman :as: depending upon culpability: slaughter, tough punishment, a valid reason for absence.
Chapter: The Prohibition Of Oppression
باب تَحْرِيمِ الظُّلْمِ
Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:
The claimants would get their claims on the Day of Resurrection so much so that the hornless sheep would get its claim from the horned sheep.
حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، وَقُتَيْبَةُ، وَابْنُ، حُجْرٍ قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، - يَعْنُونَ ابْنَ جَعْفَرٍ - عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ " لَتُؤَدُّنَّ الْحُقُوقَ إِلَى أَهْلِهَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ حَتَّى يُقَادَ لِلشَّاةِ الْجَلْحَاءِ مِنَ الشَّاةِ الْقَرْنَاءِ " .
Reference : Sahih Muslim 2582
In-book reference : Book 45, Hadith 78
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 32, Hadith 6252
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The reasoning which diminishes their responsibility is the fact that they did not reach human intellectual capacity.
(Personally i believe that some of them do unseen actions and sacrifice themselves for Allah's sake which elevates them to the status of shuhadaa.
And Allah :swt: knows best.