Originally Posted by outspeakingsoul
You can really ask about anything in Islam. Allah does not forbid us from seeking knowledge. It is the manner
that we seek knowledge that may have some restrictions. Also, when it comes to conversation, there are certain things we shouldn't discuss or be open about. For example, our private sins should remain private; the intimate relationship between a husband and wife, should not be shared with others; speaking ill of someone else (backbiting) is haram; etc. If you are seeking advice, then you may be able to discuss some of those things with a trusting person who can properly advise you.
Now, there are cultural norms like you speak about, which have nothing to do with Islam. If there's something which you need to know about or discuss islamically, then you shouldn't feel restricted to ask about it or learn just because of culture. Islam is a way of life so literally everything you mentioned (politics, global issues, culture, etc.) has a part in or discussed in Islam. So to think that these things are separate from Islam is wrong on your part. You can be politically aware for example, and be a practicing Muslim, but you also have to remember that as practicing Muslims, our way of life is bound by Allah's law/Islamic law, not secular law.