Bismillah Ir-Rahman, Ir-Raheem.
I begin with ALLAH's auspiciousness,whose Name is the Best among all the names. All Revences, All Sanctities and All Worships are due to ALLAH alone. Ashahadu An Laa illaaha illal llahu Wa Ash Hadu Anna Muhammadan Abdu Hu Wa Rasooluhu ''I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah who is without partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) is the Rasool.'' "O Allah, Shower Your Peace come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have brought peace to Ibrahim and his family.
Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious. O Allah, Shower your blessing upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious".
I am Satisfied with Allâh as My Rabb and Cherisher, I am Satisfied With Islam as My Din(religion) and I am satisfied with Muhammad as a Rasulallah (Messenger)sallallahu alaihi was salam)
I seek Protection with ALLAH! With the Glorious and Noble Face of ALLAH! With the Complete and Perfect words of ALLAH! With the Exalted Attributes of ALLAH! From the Punishment of Hell; From chastisement in the Grave; From the Trial of Life and Death; From the Mischief of the dajjal.
There is no power nor strength with (anyone) save Allah. ALLAH is Good and Only accept that which is Good. ALLAH is the Truth and only accept that which True. ALLAH is Pure and only accept that which is Pure. Ya ALLAH! ALL the praises are for You,You are the Holder of the Heavens and the Earth, And whatever is in them. Ya ALLAH! All praises are for You; You are are the Substaner of the Heavens and the Earth And whatever is in them.
Ya ALLAH! All the praises are for you;You have the Possession of the Heavens and the Earth and whatever is in them. Ya ALLAH! All the praises are for You; You are Light(Nur) of the Heavens and Earth And whatever is in them. Ya ALLAH! All praises are for You; You are the King of the Heavens and the Earth And whatever is in them. Ya ALLAH! All praises are for You; You are the Truth and Your Promise is the Truth, And Your word is the Truth and the Meeting with You is true, And Paradise is True And Hell is true and All the Prophets(peace be upon them) are true; And Muhammad Rasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam) is true,And the Day of Resurrection is True. Ya ALLAH! You have promise and Your promise is the truth,Ya ALLAH! You have promise and Your words is the truth, Ya ALLAH! You have promise and You are the Truth!.
33 Ways of Developing Khushoo’ in Salaah A2Youth.com Presents 33 WAYS OF DEVELOPING KHUSHOO’ IN SALAAH Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
Special Thanks to http://www.Islam-QA.com http://www.A2Youth.com
Table of Contents
1. The Authors Introduction-- 2. Concealment of Khushoo’-- 3. Rulings on Khushoo’-- 4. The Means of Developing Khushoo’ in Salaah--1. Striving to gain that which gives and strengthens khushoo’-- 2. Preparing oneself for prayer properly-- 3. Moving at a measured pace during prayer --4. Remembering death whilst praying--5. Thinking about the aayaat and adhkaar being recited during the prayer and interacting with them-- 6. Pausing at the end of each aayah-- 7. Reciting in slow, rhythmic tones (tarteel) and making one’s voice beautiful when reciting-- 8. Knowing that Allaah responds to prayers-- 9. Praying with a barrier (sutrah) in front of one and praying close to it--10. Placing the right hand on the left hand on the chest-- 11. Looking at the place of prostration-- 12. Moving the index finger --13. Varying the soorahs, aayaat, adhkaar and du’aa’s recited in prayer--14. Performing sujood al-tilaawah when reciting an aayah where this is required-- 15. Seeking refuge with Allaah from the Shaytaan--16. Thinking of how the salaf were when they prayed 5. Knowing the Advantages of Khushoo in Salaah-- 17. Striving to offer du’aa’ at the appropriate times during the prayer, especially in sujood-- 18. Adhkaar to be recited after prayer-- 6. Warding off Distractions and things that Adversely affect Khushoo’-- 19. Removing anything that may distract the worshipper-- 20. Not praying in a garment that has decorations, writing, bright colours or pictures that will distract the worshipper-- 21. Not praying when there is food prepared that one wants to eat-- 22. Not praying when one needs to answer the call of nature-- 23. Not praying when one feels sleepy--24. Not praying behind someone who is talking (or sleeping)-- 25. Not occupying oneself with smoothing the ground in front of one-- 26. Not disturbing others with one’s recitation-- 27. Not turning around during prayer-- 28. Not raising ones gaze to the heavens-- 29. Not spitting in front of one when praying-- 30. Trying not to yawn when praying 31. Not putting one’s hands on one’s hips when praying-- 32. Not letting one’s clothes hang down (sadl) during prayer-- 33. Not resembling animals
Praise be to Allah, Rabb of the Worlds, Who has said in His book (interpretation of the meaning), “…and stand before Allah with obedience” [al-Baqarah 2:238] and has said concerning the prayer (interpretation of the meaning): “… and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for al-khaashi‟oon…‟ [Al-Baqarah 2:45]; And peace and blessings be upon the leader of the pious, the chief of al-khaashi‟oon,Muhammad Rasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam), and on all his family and companions.--
As khushoo‟ will be the first thing to disappear from the earth, and we are living in the last times, the words of Hudhayfah (may Allah be pleased with him) are particularly pertinent to us: “The first thing of your religion that you will lose is khushoo‟, and the last thing that you will lose of your religion is Salaah. There may be a person praying who has no goodness in him, and soon you will enter the mosque and not find anyone who has khushoo‟.” (al-Madaarij, 1/521).---
Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Successful indeed are the believers, those who offer their salaah (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness.” [al-Mu‟minoon 23:1-2] – i.e., fearing Allah and in a calm manner. Khushoo‟ means calmness, serenity, tranquility, dignity and humility. What makes a person have this khushoo‟ is fear of Allah and the sense that He is always watching. (Tafseer Ibn Katheer, Daar al-Sha‟b edn., 6/414). Khushoo‟ means that the heart stands before the Rabb in humility and submission. (al-Madaarij, 1/520). --- “The khushoo‟ of true faith is when the heart feels aware and humble before The Greatness and Glory of ALLAH!, and is filled with awe, fear and shyness, so that the heart is utterly humbled before Allah and broken, as it were, with fear, shyness, love and the recognition of the blessings of Allah and its own sins.
So no doubt the khushoo‟ of the heart is followed by the khushoo‟ of the body. The person who truly feels khushoo‟ before Allah is a person who no long feels the flames of physical desire; his heart is pure and is filled with The Nur (The light) of the Greatness of ALLAH. His own selfish desires have died because of the fear and awe which have filled his heart to overflowing so that his physical faculties have calmed down, his heart has become dignified and feels secure with Allah in the remembrance of Him, and tranquillity descends upon him from his Rabb.--
The sign of this is that a person prostrates to his Rabb out of respect and humility, and never raises his head until he meets Him.-- “Khushoo‟ in prayer happens when a person empties his heart in(prayer), and focuses on it to the exclusion of all else, and prefers it to everything else. Only then does he find comfort and joy in prayer, as Rasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam) said: „… and my joy has been made in salaah.‟” (Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 5/456. The hadith is in Musnad Ahmad, 3/128 and Saheeh al-Jaami‟, 124).
Allah has mentioned al-khaashi‟eena wa‟l-khaashi‟aat (men and women who are humble (before their Rabb)), and described this quality as one of the qualities of those who are chosen. He tells us that He has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e., Paradise). [See al-Ahzaab 33:35]. One of the benefits of khushoo‟ is that it makes prayer easier for a person. Allah tells us (interpretation of the meaning): “And seek help in patience and al-salaah (the prayer), and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for al-khaashi‟oon [i.e., the true believers, those who obey Allah with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise and in His Warnings]” [al-Baqarah 2:45]. The meaning is that the burden of prayer is heavy indeed, except for those who have khushoo‟. (Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 1/125). Khushoo‟ is very important, but it is something that is easily lost and is rarely seen, especially in our own times, which are the last times.
Rasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam) said: “The first thing to be lifted up (taken away) from this ummah will be khushoo‟, until you will see no one who has khushoo‟.” (Al-Haythami said in al-Majma‟, 2/136: It was reported by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, and its isnaad is hasan. See also Saheeh al-Targheeb, no. 543. He said it is saheeh). ..................... According to the most correct view, khushoo‟ is obligatory. Shaykh al-Islam [Ibn Taymiyah], may Allah have mercy on him, said: “Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): „And seek help in patience and al-salaah (the prayer), and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for al-khaashi‟oon …‟ [al-Baqarah 2:45]. This implies condemnation of those who are not khaashi‟oon… Condemnation only applies when something obligatory is not done, or when something forbidden is done. If those who do not have khushoo‟ are to be condemned, this indicates that khushoo‟ is obligatory (waajib)… The fact that khushoo‟ is obligatory is also indicated by the aayaat (interpretation of the meaning): „Successful indeed are the believers, those who offer their salaah (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness… These are indeed the inheritors, who shall inherit the Firdaws (Paradise). They shall dwell therein forever.‟ [al-Mu‟minoon 23:1-2, 10-11] Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, tells us that these are the ones who will inherit Firdaws (Paradise), which implies that no-one else will do so… Khushoo‟ is obligatory in prayer, and this includes calmness and khushoo‟ [the original says „khushoo‟; perhaps what is meant is khudoo‟ meaning submission, humility]. Whoever pecks like a crow in his sujood (prostration) does not have khushoo‟, and whoever does not raise his head fully from rukoo‟ (bowing) and pause for a while before going down into sujood is not calm, because calmness implies doing things at a measured pace, so the person who does not do things at a measured pace is not calm. Whoever is not calm does not have khushoo‟ in his rukoo‟ or sujood, and whoever does not have khushoo‟ is a sinner…
Another indication that khushoo‟ in prayer is obligatory is the fact that Rasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam)--warned those who do not have khushoo‟, such as the one who lifts up his gaze to the sky (in prayer), because this movement and raising of the gaze goes against the idea of khushoo‟…” (Majma‟ al-Fataawa, 22/553-558). Concerning the virtues of khushoo‟ and as a warning to the one who neglects it, - Rasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam) said: “Five prayers which Allah has made obligatory. Whoever does wudoo‟ properly for them, prays them on time, does rukoo‟ properly and has perfect khushoo‟, it is a promise from Allah that he will be forgiven, but whoever does not do this, has no such promise – if Allah wishes, He will forgive him, and if He wishes, He will punish him.” (Reported by Abu Dawood, no. 425; Saheeh al-Jaami‟, 3242).
Concerning the virtues of khushoo‟,Rasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam) also said: “Whoever does wudoo‟ and does it well, then prays two rak‟ahs focusing on them completely [according to another report: and does not think of anything else], will be forgiven all his previous sins [according to another report: will be guaranteed Paradise].” (Al-Bukhari, al-Bagha edn., no. 158; al-Nisaa'i, 1/95; Saheeh al-Jaami‟, 6166).---- When we look at the things that help us to have khushoo‟ in prayer, we find that they may be divided into two types: things that help you to have and to strengthen khushoo‟, and warding off the things that reduce and weaken khushoo‟. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) explained the things that help us to have khushoo‟: “Two things help us to [develop khushoo‟]: a strong desire to do what is obligatory, and weakness of distractions. With regard to the first, the strong desire to do what is obligatory: [this means that] a person strives hard to focus on what he is saying and doing, pondering on the meanings of the Qur'an recitation, dhikr and du'aa's, and keeping in mind the fact that he is speaking to Allah as if he sees Him, for when he is standing in prayer, he is talking to his Rabb.
Ihsaan means „that you worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you cannot see Him, He can see you.‟ The more the slave tastes the sweetness of salaah, the more attracted he will be to it, and this has to do with the strength of his imaan.---- The means of strengthening imaan are many, and this is why Rasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam) used to say, "In your world, women and perfume have been made dear to me, and my joy is in prayer.‟ According to another hadith, he said,"Let us find comfort in prayer, O Bilaal‟ – he did not say, "Let us get it over and done with.‟
With regard to the second, weakness of distractions: This means striving to push away all distractions that make you think of something other than the prayer itself, and warding off thoughts that keep you mind off the purpose of the prayer. This is something which differs from one person to another, because the extent of waswaas has to do with the extent of one‟s doubts and desires and the heart‟s focus and dependence on what it loves, and its efforts to avoid what it dislikes.” (Majmoo‟ al-Fataawa, 22/606-607)
On the basis of this division, we will now discuss some of:- The means of developing Khushoo'
1 – Striving to gain that which gives and strengthens khushoo‟ This can be achieved in several ways, such as the following: Preparing oneself for prayer properly For example: By repeating the words of the adhaan after the muezzin; By pronouncing the du‟a‟ to be recited after the adhaan: “Allaahummah Rabba haadhihi‟l-da‟wati‟l-taammah wa‟-salaati‟l-qaa‟imah, aati Muhammadan il-waseelata wa‟l-fadeelah, wab‟ath-hu‟l-maqaam al-mahmood alladhi wa‟adtah (O Allah, Rabb of this perfect call and the prayer to be offered, grant MuhammadRasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam) the privilege (of interceding) and also the eminence, and resurrect him to the praised position that You have promised)”; Reciting du‟a‟ between the adhaan and the iqaamah;--
Doing wudoo‟ properly, saying Bismillaah before it and making dhikr and saying the du‟a‟ after it, “Ash-hadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allah wahdahu laa shareeka lah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan „abduhu wa rasooluhu (I bear witness that there is no god except Allah alone, with no partner or associate, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and messenger)” and “Allaahummaj‟alni min al-tawwaabeena waj‟alni min al-mutatahhireen (O Allah, make me of those who repent and make me of those who purify themselves)”; Using siwaak to cleanse and perfume the mouth that is going to recite Qur‟an in a short while, because Rasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam) said: “Purify your mouths for the Qur‟an.” (Reported by al-Bazzaar, who said: we do not have it with any better isnaad than this. Kashf al-Astaar, 1/242. Al-Haythami said: its men are thiqaat. 2/99. Al-Albaani said: its isnaad is jayyid. Al-Sahihah, 1213); Wearing one‟s best and cleanest clothes, because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes) while praying…” [Al-A‟raaf 7:31]. Allah is most deserving of seeing us “take our adornment” for Him. Clean, pleasant smelling clothes are also more comfortable and relaxing, unlike clothes for sleeping or working in.
We should also prepare ourselves by covering our „awrah properly, purifying the spot where we are going to pray, getting ready early and waiting for the prayer, and making the rows straight and solid, without any gaps, because the shayaateen come in through the gaps in the rows.-
Moving at a measured pace during prayer Rasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam) used to move at a measured pace during salaah, allowing every bone to return to its place. (Its isnaad is classed as saheeh in Sifat al-Salaat, p. 134, 11th edn. Ibn Khuzaymah also classed it as saheeh as mentioned by al-Haafiz in al-Fath, 2/308). He commanded those who were not doing their prayer properly to do this too. He said, “None of you has prayed properly until he does this.” (Reported by Abu Dawood, 1/536, no. 858).
Abu Qutaadah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: Rasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam) said: "The worst type of thief is the one who steals from his prayer.‟ He said, Ya Rasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam), how can a person steal from his prayer?‟ He said, "By not doing rukoo‟ and sujood properly.‟” (Reported by Ahmad and al-Haakim, 1/229; Saheeh al-Jaami‟, 997). Abu „Abd-Allaah al-Ash‟ari (may Allah be pleased with him) said: Rasulallah(sallallahu alayhi wa salam) said, „The one who does not do rukoo‟ properly, and pecks in sujood, is like a starving man who eats only one or two dates; it does not do him any good at all.‟” (Reported by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, 4/115. In Saheeh al-Jaami‟ it says, hasan).