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Nitro Zeus
07-21-2019, 11:36 AM
Assalamu alaikum,

I want to pray Tahajjud prayer, but I don't know when is the last third of night.

Is it true that Tahajjud prayer begins at 2AM? Or when?
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HabibUrrehman
07-21-2019, 12:56 PM
Originally Posted by Nitro Zeus
Assalamu alaikum,

I want to pray Tahajjud prayer, but I don't know when is the last third of night.

Is it true that Tahajjud prayer begins at 2AM? Or when?
If one could divide ones night hours into three equal parts, then the absolute best time to offer one's voluntary tahajjud prayer would be the time of the two of three portion. Let's say if time for Isha prayer starts at 9:30 PM and time for Fajr starts at 4:30 then we have 7 hours between Isha and Fajr. The best time for Tahajjud in this case would be 2-2.5 hours before Fajr. If one is unable to offertheir tahajjud prayers at this best and most opportune time for any reason,the absolute majority of the scholars and jurists in Islam are of the opinionthat if one strives to offer their tahajjud prayers at any time between theend of the isha prayers and before the call of the fajr prayers, they wouldreceive their appropriate and due reward from their Lord for their striving.

Now most beloved action to Allah are those which are done on consistent basis even if they are small. So make sure if you are planning to pray tahajjud then don't go to extreme right away. This will burn you out and you may end up giving up after few months. My advice is that start building your habit slowly. May be wake up 30-45 minutes before Fajr time, offer may be just 2 rakah and witr. Quality is better than quantity. If you can pray 2 rakah with full concentration that is better than 8 rakahs. Once you can do this consistently may be for 2 months then slowly start waking up 10-15 minutes early and keep on increasing the rakahs. If you are working then make sure do what is easy for you.

May Allah make it easy for you and all Muslims to benefit from tahajjud prayer. Ameen!

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SZ- Shaikh
07-21-2019, 01:09 PM
The Arabic Lexicon, al-Misbah al-Munir, defines night as the time from sunset until the entry of the dawn prayer (fajr). So in order to work out the last third of the night, one calculates the time between the sunset prayer (maghrib) and the dawn prayer (fajr), then deducts two thirds from that time.
For example, if maghrib was at seven o’clock and fajr at four o’clock, one calculates the time between the two prayers, which is nine hours. Then, one deducts two thirds from the nine hours, which is six hours. Therefore, the last third of the night would begin three hours prior to fajr, at one o’clock.
And Allah knows best
(Source : Islamqa)
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Saira Khan
07-22-2019, 03:01 AM
Originally Posted by Nitro Zeus
Assalamu alaikum,

I want to pray Tahajjud prayer, but I don't know when is the last third of night.

Is it true that Tahajjud prayer begins at 2AM? Or when?

السلام علیکم ورحمتہ اللہ

First of all, it is not necessary to pray tahajjud in the last third of the night, though better, but you can pray tahajjud any time in the night after Isha prayer till time for morning prayer.
"And Allah estimates the night and the day. He knows that you cannot count the (night), then He turned towards you with His mercy, now recite from Quran as much as is easy for you" [Surah Muzammil, Ayah 20]

As for as the last third of the night is concerned, there is a little difference of opinion among the scholars as you can see from above two comments. Some calculate from Isha prayer till morning (fajr) prayer, while others calculate it from Maghrib prayer till morning prayer. Both are fine, none is incorrect, but lets see what is meant by "Night", for if we could define the night, it becomes easy to calculate the last third of night as well.

In surah Al baqara, ayah number 187, Allah SWT says, ثُمَّ اَتِمُّوا الصِّيَامَ اِلَى الَّيۡلِ​ۚ "......and then complete your fast untill the night." which means that night begins as soon as the sun sets because the fast is broken at sun set (Maghrib time). rather than the common notion that night begins when it gets complete darkness. In Arabic the word "Layl" is used for night.

Also the hadith further explains it:

“When the night enters from here [ie. the darkness of night on the Eastern horizon], and the day leaves from there [ie. on the Western horizon] and the sun has set, then one fasting should break his fast.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]

Another reason to calculate the night from Maghrib is that the very timing for Isha Prayer (Night Prayer) is calculated from Maghrib (As First third of the night).
So the definition of night as mentioned by @SZ- Shaikh "al-Misbah al-Munir, defines night as the time from sunset until the entry of the dawn prayer (fajr)", seems more accurate.

And Allah knows best.
Stay blessed.
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Nitro Zeus
07-22-2019, 08:05 AM
Originally Posted by Saira Khan
السلام علیکم ورحمتہ اللہ

First of all, it is not necessary to pray tahajjud in the last third of the night, though better, but you can pray tahajjud any time in the night after Isha prayer till time for morning prayer.
"And Allah estimates the night and the day. He knows that you cannot count the (night), then He turned towards you with His mercy, now recite from Quran as much as is easy for you" [Surah Muzammil, Ayah 20]

As for as the last third of the night is concerned, there is a little difference of opinion among the scholars as you can see from above two comments. Some calculate from Isha prayer till morning (fajr) prayer, while others calculate it from Maghrib prayer till morning prayer. Both are fine, none is incorrect, but lets see what is meant by "Night", for if we could define the night, it becomes easy to calculate the last third of night as well.

In surah Al baqara, ayah number 187, Allah SWT says, ثُمَّ اَتِمُّوا الصِّيَامَ اِلَى الَّيۡلِ​ۚ "......and then complete your fast untill the night." which means that night begins as soon as the sun sets because the fast is broken at sun set (Maghrib time). rather than the common notion that night begins when it gets complete darkness. In Arabic the word "Layl" is used for night.

Also the hadith further explains it:

“When the night enters from here [ie. the darkness of night on the Eastern horizon], and the day leaves from there [ie. on the Western horizon] and the sun has set, then one fasting should break his fast.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]

Another reason to calculate the night from Maghrib is that the very timing for Isha Prayer (Night Prayer) is calculated from Maghrib (As First third of the night).
So the definition of night as mentioned by @SZ- Shaikh "al-Misbah al-Munir, defines night as the time from sunset until the entry of the dawn prayer (fajr)", seems more accurate.

And Allah knows best.
Stay blessed.
I understand that it is not necessary, but I choose at last third of night because, it is the best time to make Dua.
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