thought i'll share this interesting information how islam grew in bangladesh(before it was known as india) esp in syhlet(backhome)....it will give u an insight how islam grew ..... can other members help me..how islam expanded in india inshalah... mayb theres a diff history how islam incresed in pakistan and india...am not sure...
the purpose of this thread is....can everybody give a overview of islam in their own country and how it came about (historical backround about ur country inshalah, where ur originally from)..e.g in spain, turkey, africa, indonesia and so on.....inshalah
Shah Jalal (R) a major sufi saint of Bengal. His full name was Shaikh Makhdum Jalal ad-Deen bin Mohammed, later affectionately renamed Shaikh-ul-Mashaikh Hazrat Shah Jalal al-Mujarrad. Shah Jalal (R) commands great respect of Muslims of the subcontinent. Shah Jalal's name is associated with the Muslim conquest of Sylhet, of which he is considered to be the main figure. He lies buried at Sylhet, Bangladesh
Early Life & Education
Shah Jalal's date and place of birth is unclear. Various traditions, folklore and hostorical documents suggest different ideas. A number of scholars claim that he was born in 1271 in Konya, Turkey, and later moved to Yemen, either as a child or adult, while others contest he was born in Yemen. He was the son of a Turkish Muslim cleric, who was a contemporary of the famous Persian poet and Sufi saint. He was educated and raised by his maternal uncle, Syed Ahmed Kabir, in Mecca. He excelled in his studies and became a Hafiz (one who has committed the Qur'an to memory) and was proficient in Islamic theology. He achieved Kamaliyat after 30 years of study and meditation.
Travel to India
According to legend, his uncle, Sheikh Kabir, one day his uncle gave him a handful of earth and asked him to travel to Hindustan with the instruction that whichever place in Hindustan matches this earth completely in smell and color, he should settle down there for preaching and establishing Islam.
Shah Jalal journeyed eastward and reached India in c. 1300, where he met with many great scholars and mystics. He arrived at Ajmer, where he met the great Sufi mystic and scholar, Pir Khawaja Gharibnawaz Muinuddin Hasan Chisty, who is credited with the spread of Islam in India. In Delhi, he met with Nizam Uddin Aulia, a prominent Sufi mystic and scholar.
Conquest of Sylhet
Tradition goes that a Hindu king named Gaur Govinda ruled the Sylhet area. Sheikh Burhanuddin, a Muslim who lived in the territory under his control once sacrificed a cow to celebrate the birth of his son. But a kite snatched a piece of flesh of the slaughtered cow and it fell from its beak on the house of a Brahmin. According to another tradition, the piece of flesh fell on the temple of the king himself, which he took as a great offence. At the order of the king, Burhanuddin's hands were said to have been cut off and his son killed. Burhanuddin went to the Sultan of Gaur, Shamsuddin Firuz Shah, to whom he submitted a prayer for justice. The Sultan accordingly sent an army under the command of his nephew Sikandar Khan Ghazi, who was however, defeated twice by Gaur Govinda. The Sultan then ordered his Sipahsalar (armed forces chief) Nasiruddin to lead the war.
At this time, Shah Jalal (R) was requested by Nizam Uddin to travel to Sylhet to rescue Sheikh Burhan Uddin. With his 360 followers, some of whom were with him from Yemen and others from Delhi, including his nephew Hazrat Shah Paran, he reached Bengal and joined the Muslim army in the Sylhet campaign.
Knowing that Shah Jalal was advancing towards Sylhet, Raja Gaur Govinda, the king, removed all ferry boats from the river Surma, thereby cutting off any means of crossing into Sylhet. Legend has it that Shah Jalal crossed the river Surma by sitting on a Jainamaz (prayer rug). Upon reaching the opposite bank, he ordered the azan (call to prayer) to be sounded, at which the magnificent palace of Gaur Govinda shattered. With Shah Jalal's help, the king was deafeated by the Muslim armies after a fierce battle, and the King subsequently fled.
According to legend, Shah Jalal found a match to the earth his uncle once gave him, and according to his uncle's wished, he settled down in Sylhet, near Choukidhiki. It is from here that he preached Islam and became a known Muslim figure in Bengal. He and his disciples travelled and settled as far as Mymensingh and Dhaka to spread the teachings of Islam, such as Shah Paran in Sylhet, Shah Malek Yemeni in Dhaka, Syed Ahmad Kolla Shahid in Comilla, Syed Nasiruddin in the region of Pargana Taraf, Haji Daria and Shaikh Ali Yemeni.
Shah Jalal's fame extended across the Muslim world. The Persian explorer, Ibn Battuta, came to Sylhet and met with Shah Jalal. The great Persian and Urdu Mughal poet, Hazrat Amir Khusrau gives an acccount of Shah Jalal's conquest of Sylhet in his book "Afdalul Hawaade". Even today in Hadramaut, Yemen, Sheikh Makhdum Jalaluddin's name is established in folklore.
The exact date of his death is unknown, but he is reported by Ibn Battuta to have died in 746 AH (1347 A.D). He left behind no descendents, as he remained a bachelor his entire life, hence the name "al-Mujarrad" ("the unmarried"). He is buried in Sylhet in his Dargah (tomb), which is located in a neighbourhood now known as Dargah Mohalla, named for his Dargah. His shrine is a siginificant place of interest in Sylhet, with many devotees visiting daily. At the Dargah is also located the largest mosque in Sylhet. (http://www.answers.com/topic/hazrat-shah-jalal
get posting inshalah...dnt wana it to be dead like the khutbah thread..:offended:
hope nobody has created it before....