Originally Posted by doodlebug
let me sum up the points :
Muslims pray regarding Quran & Sunnah.
Perform AsSalat (Iqamat-as-Salat) from mid-day till the darkness of the night (i.e. the Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha prayers), and recite the Quran
in the early dawn (i.e. the morning prayer).
Verily, the recitation of the Quran
in the early dawn is ever witnessed (attended by the angels in charge of mankind of the day and the night).
Al-Isra, Chapter #17, Verse #78
• ...Obey Allah and His Apostle (Muhammad)..." (Sura 3:32).
• "Ye have indeed in the Apostle of Allah (Muhammad) a beautiful pattern of (conduct) for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Final Day." (Sura 33:21).
Surah 73. The Enshrouded One, Bundled Up
1. O thou folded in garments!
2. Stand (to prayer) by night, but not all night,-
3. Half of it,- or a little less,
4. Or a little more; and recite the Qur'an in slow,
measured rhythmic tones.
Thy Lord doth know that thou standest forth (to prayer) nigh two-thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and so doth a party of those with thee.
But Allah doth appoint night and day in due measure He knoweth that ye are unable to keep count thereof.
So He hath turned to you (in mercy): read ye, therefore, of the Qur'an as much as may be easy for you…..73:20
Therefore be patient with what
and celebrate ( constantly)
The praises of thy Lord,
Before the rising of the sun.
And before its setting;
Yea, celebrate them
For part of the hours
Of the night,
and at the sides
Of the day: that thou
May be pleased.”
The prayer before sunrise is clearly Fajr;
that before sunset is Asr;
part of the hours of the night would indicate Magrib
( early night, just after sunset );
and Isha , fore going to bed.
There is left Zuhr, which is in the indefinite side of middle of the day.
( Commentary from Holy Quran, published from KSA )
Prophet (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:
Perform your prayer in the same manner as you had seen me doing.
Hadeeth explains the timings of the five daily prayers.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
When you pray Fajr, its time is until the first horn of the sun appears
(i.e., until it begins to appear over the horizon).
When you pray Zuhr, its time is until ‘Asr comes.
When you pray ‘Asr, its time is until the sun becomes yellow.
When you pray Maghrib, its time is until the reddish glow disappears.
When you pray ‘Isha’, its time is until midnight.”
(Saheeh Muslim, 5/109; Fatawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 6/121)
Why Must Muslims Pray in Arabic?
Supposing an Englishman goes to China and knows not a word of its language, and supposing he hears in the street something like "chen chu chih shan", evidently he would not understand what is meant by that;
and if it is the regional translation of the well-known call to prayer, the Allahu Akbar, he would fail to perceive it and would miss the weekly prayer on Friday, or the congregational prayer of the moment.
Similarly a Chinese Muslim, traveling through other countries, would find nothing in common with his co-religionists if these others said their congregational worship in their local tongues.
So a universal religion requires certain basic things to be common to all the faithful.
..Of course, there are provisions for exceptional cases, such as the needs of a new convert: immediately on his embracing Islam, he has to commence to perform the five daily services in which it is necessary to recite by heart the prescribed formulae. Until such time as he learns these formulae by heart, he may use their sense in any other language he can. For this we have the very high precedent of Salman al-Farisi, who sent the translation of al-Fatiha to some Persian converts, with the authorization of the Prophet Muhammad (p)himself and they used it until their tongue got familiarized with the Arabic text.
So, for some hours or some days, the new converts may use validly the translation.”
….Allah Almighty knows best.
An Index to the Qur'an
Prayer, 2:45, 9:103, 51:18, 70:22-23, 75:31, 96:10, 108:2
beautify (adorn) yourselves for, 7:31
content, 2:285-286, 3:8-9, 3:16,
3:147, 3:191-194, 17:80-81, 17:111, 23:118, 59:10, 66:8
day of congregation (Friday), 62:9
for the right reasons, 107:4-6
of Abraham, 2:126-129, 9:114,
of Joseph, 12:101
of Moses, 20:25-35
of Noah, 23:26, 26:117-118, 71:26, 71:28
of Solomon, 38:35
of Zachariah, 19:8, 19:10
not while drunk, 4:43
prostration, 3:113, 7:206, 9:112, 15:98, 16:48, 16:49, 22:18, 22:26, 22:77, 25:60, 25:64, 26:219, 32:15, 39:9, 41:37, 48:29, 50:40, 53:62, 76:26, 96:19
restrains one from loathesome deeds, 29:45
sacred duty linked to time of day, 4:103
style of, 2:238, 17:110
times of day of, 11:114, 17:78, 17:79, 20:130, 24:36, 24:58, 30:17-18, 32:16, 38:18, 50:39-40, 51:17, 52:48-49, 73:2-4, 76:25-26
while in danger, 2:239, 4:101-102