The Women who took the Pledge of Aqabah.
This was a historic occasion when leaders of Yathrib/Madinah came to the Prophet (saw) in Makkah, where he and his followers were being persecuted, and pledged allegiance to him. They sent one small party first, then the larger party which is the better known; both pledges took place under cover of darkness (i believe), without cognizance of the Makkan chieftans. Both the First and Second Pledges of Aqabah have political as well as spiritual implications. That is, those who pledged were not only declaring their faith in Islam, but promising political support and, if necessary, military protection, to the Prophet. Here is the relevant passage from the compendium on the Companions by Ibn Hajar al Aqalani, Al Isaba fi Tamyiz al Sahaba.
Naseeba (often called Nusaiba) bint Ka'b bin 'Amr al Ansariya al Najjariya Um Amara, who is as well-known by her kunya Um Amara as she is by her name.
Ibn Ishaq mentions, narrations from multiple sources, that in the Second Pledge of Aqabah there were from the Madinan tribe of Bani Khazraj sixty-two men and two women, and the narrators claim that the women pledged... [Note here the incredulity of the historian Ibn Ishaq and his reluctance, writing as he was in a period well after the time of the early Muslims, to believe that the women really participated! Despite the verification of this fact by more than one narrator! In the historian's time, women were already pushed out of most forms of public political participation.] ... claim that the women pledged the Prophet peace and prayers be upon him, and he did not used to shake hands with women; rather, he used to put them to the question, and if they agreed, he said, "You may go." The two women were from the family of Bani Mazin bin al-Najjar, Naseeba and her sister, both the daughters of Ka'b. Naseeba had her husband, Zaid bin 'Asim, there with her, and her son by him, Habib, the one who was later killed by Musailama [a claimant to prophethood after the death of Muhammad]. She also had Abdullah, who later narrated a hadith about wudu.
[the following is an abridgement]
When she heard the news that Musailama had killed her son Habib, she swore an oath to God that she would kill Musailama or die trying, and she participated in combat in the battle of Yamamah (waged against Musailama). She sustained twelve wounds in that battle and her hand was lopped off. [Musailama was killed in the battle.]
She also participated in combat at the Battle of Uhud (much earlier), and was party to the Pledge of Ridwan as well.
1. Busra bint Safwan bin Nawfal al Qurashiya al Asdiya. She was the niece of Waraqa bin Nawfal (the man whom Khadija consulted about Muhammad's prophethood after the earliest revelation). Ibn al Athir ays her mother was Salima bint Umayah al Silmiya. Busra was the wife of Al Mughirah bin Abi al As, and she had a daughter Aisha with him. Then Marwan b. al Hakam married her and according to one (dubious) source, she had a son Abd al Malik with him. Other's say the mother of Marwan's son Abd al Malik was the daughter of "Muawiya brother of Mughira."
Busra narrated [hadith] from the Prophet, peace and prayers be upon him, and Marwan b. al Hakam narrated on her authority as did Urwa b. al Zubair, Sa'eed b. al Musayyib, and other prominent persons of the generation following the Companions.* Al Shafii says Busra was an early Muslim and made the Hijrah. Mus'ab says she was one of the women who took the Pledge. Amr b. Shuaib said, She was my maternal aunt; she narrates a hadith about [what happens to wudu in the case of] touching one's member, and she was a hairdresser who used to coiff the women in Makkah.
[Commentary: ok, this may be dry, folks, but we can still learn from it. Note the care taken by the chroniclers to establish not only paternity of children, but correct maternal line as well. Note the serial marriages, which were common among the women as well as men of the time, as you will notice after having read many of these entries. Note the characteristics which the chroniclers attempt to determine about the companions: at what stage of the development of the community did they enter the faith? did they enter early enough to make Hijrah, a central dating mechanism? Note how the women's descendents report on them, and take pride in having a woman narrator in their ancestry (despite the arab cultural emphasis on the male line). And of course, note that although she comes from a noble family, she was a hairdresser, contrary to assertions that some people might make that only low-status women worked.]
2. Busra bint Uzwan.Abu Hurairah worked for her and they later married. She was the sister of Utbah bin Uzwan al-Mazini, the famous companion, the governor of Basra (in Iraq). The story of Abu Huraira is true according to this author; she hired him and he was her employee during the time of the Prophet, and she married him later, after Marwan succeeded him [as administrator] over Madinah.
Source: Al Isaba fi Tamyiz al Sahaba, by Ibn Hajar al Asqalani, ca. 1500 C.E.