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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:30 AM
:salamext:


وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلى خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ
And verily, you (O Muhammad) are on an exalted standard of character. (Al-Qalam 68:4)

The Messenger of Allah p - used to say:
The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character.
(Related by al-Bukhari)

This thread is a summarised serialisation of "The Book of Manners" by Sheikh Fuad Ash-Shulhoob.

For comments please refer to: COMMENTS: A Summarised Guide to Good Manners in Islam" Thread

Contents:
1. Etiquettes of reciting the Quran and related issues
2. Etiquettes of greetings
3. Etiquettes of asking permission to enter someone's house
4. Etiquettes of meeting another Muslim
5. Etiquettes of visiting a Muslim
6. Etiquettes on being a host and guest
7. Etiquettes of gatherings
8. Etiquettes of speech
9. Etiquettes of eating and drinking
10. Etiquettes of going to the bathroom
11. Etiquettes of attending mosques
12. Etiquettes of sleeping
13. Etiquettes of travelling
14. Etiquettes of visiting the sick
15. Etiquettes of clothing and appearance
16. Etiquettes of walking and riding
17. Etiquettes on the road
18. Etiquettes as a neighbour
19. Etiquettes of sneezing and yawning
20. Etiquettes of interacting with other Muslims
21. Etiquettes with interacting with one's spouse
22. Etiquettes of supplication
Asking Allah, the Most High, that He makes this sincerely for His Face, to put it our scale of good deeds and to be a means for rectifying our souls for a day when wealth nor children will be of avail except one who comes with a sound heart, we begin...

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:31 AM
1. Etiquettes of reciting the Quran and related issues

1.1. Strive to be sincere when you learn and recite the Quran

Abu Hurayra narrated that the Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - said: The first man to be judged on the Day of Resurrection...is a man who learnt knowledge and taught it as well as recite the Quran. He will be brought forward, and acquainted with his blessings and he will recognise them. He will say, "What did you do for them?" The man will say, "I learnt knowledge and taught it as well as recite the Quran for Your sake." He will say, "You lie, rather you learnt knowledge so it would be said, 'A scholar!' and you recited the Quran so it would be said, 'He is a recitor!' and it has already been said." Then an order will be given and he will be dragged upon his face until he is thrown into the Fire..." (Related by Muslim)


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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:31 AM
1.2. Apply the teachings of the Quran

Deem lawful what the Quran deems lawful, and deem illicit what the Quran deems illicit. Obey its commands and avoids its prohibitions.

In the long narration the Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - said: We came upon a man who was lying down on his back, and another man who was standing over him with a rock or stone and was breaking his head with it. Whenever he would strike him, the rock would roll away. Whenever he went to retrieve the rock, he would no sooner return than the other man's head would heal and return to its previous state. Then the man would keep on striking him. I asked, "Who is this?" [The Prophet then explained the meaning of what he saw]: As for the one whose head would be constantly broken, he is a man whom Allah taught the Quran, but who would the sleep from it at night and not apply it during the day. That will be done to him until the Day of Resurrection. (Related by al-Bukhari)

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:32 AM
1.3. Consistently recite and study the Quran

Constant recitation and study ensures frequent revision and that one does not forget what one has memorised.

Ibn 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with father and son) reported that the Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - said: The example of the companion of the Quran is that of an owner of a tied camel: if he is vigilant over it, he will hold onto his camel; if he releases it, it will go away. (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Abu Musa (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophetwwwislamicboardcom - said: Maintain the Quran, for by the One in whose hand is my soul, it goes more intensely than do camels from their hobbles. (Related by al-Bukhari)

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:32 AM
1.4. One should not say regarding his memorisation "I forget" rather say "I was made to forget

Saying "I forgot" implies neglect of the Quran and the reprimand is for the one who allows such a situation through negligence.

The Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - said: Wretched is it for one of them to say, "I forgot such and sych verse." Rather he was made to forget it. (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - said when he heard a man reciting a chapter of the Quran: May Allah have mercy on him for he has indeed reminded me of such and such verse which I was made to forget from such and such chapter. (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:32 AM
1.5. Obligation to contemplate the Quran

كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ إِلَيْكَ مُبَارَكٌ لِّيَدَّبَّرُوا آيَاتِهِ وَلِيَتَذَكَّرَ أُوْلُوا الْأَلْبَابِ
(This is) a Book(the Qur'ân) which We have sent down to you, full of blessings that they may ponder over its Verses, and that men of understandingmay remember. (Sad 38:29)

One should reflect on its teachings, aims and wisdoms. Through this one learns about one's Lord, how to worhip him and how to distinguish between the righteous and the misguided. The more one reflects on the Quran, the more his knowledge, foresight and practical application of Islam will increase.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:32 AM
1.6. Permissability of reciting the Quran whilst one is standing, walking, riding, sitting or lying down

الَّذِينَ يَذْكُرُونَ اللّهَ قِيَامًا وَقُعُودًا وَعَلَىَ جُنُوبِهِمْ
Those who remember Allâh standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides... (Aali Imran 3:191)

لِتَسْتَوُوا عَلَى ظُهُورِهِ ثُمَّ تَذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ رَبِّكُمْ إِذَا اسْتَوَيْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ وَتَقُولُوا سُبْحانَ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ لَنَا هَذَا وَمَا كُنَّا لَهُ مُقْرِنِينَ
وَإِنَّا إِلَى رَبِّنَا لَمُنقَلِبُونَ
In order that you may mount firmly on their backs, and then may remember the Favour of your Lord when you mount thereon, and say: "Glory to Him who has subjected this to us, and we could never have it (by our efforts). And verily, to Our Lord we indeed are to return! " (Az-Zukhruf 43:13-14)

'Abd Allaah ibn Mughaffal (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I saw the Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - reciting Soorah al-Fath while he was riding his camel. (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

'Aa`ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: While I would be menstruating the Prophetwwwislamicboardcom - would recline in my lap and recite the Quran.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:33 AM
1.7. Requirement for ritual purity to touch the Quran

لَّا يَمَسُّهُ إِلَّا الْمُطَهَّرُونَ
Which none can touch but the purified (Al-Waqi'ah 56:79)

The Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - sent a letter to 'Amr Ibn Hazm, governor of Yemen, which contained various legal rulings including: And none can touch the Quran except the purified. (Related in al-Muwatta)

One may hold the Quran via a barrier because in doing so one is not physically touching the Quran. It is permissable to carry the Quran in one's pocket but one cannot enter the toilet with it unless one fears by leaving it outside it will be stolen.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:33 AM
1.8. Permissability of reciting Quran from memory whilst in state of minor ritual impurity

It is caterogically forbidden to recite the Quran from memory or from a copy whilst in a state of major ritual impurity (such as after sexual relations or a wet dream). It is permissable to recite the Quran from memory but not from a copy whilst in a state of minor ritual impurity (such as after having answered the call of nature and so on). It is better and more complete to recite the Quran when in a complete state of purity but no criticism is due to the one who does so in a state of minor ritual impurity.

The scholars differ which one is better: to recite from memory or directly from the Quran? The majority opine the latter as there is greater precision and blessings of seeing the Quran. A third group say the matter depends on which will give greater humility and presence of heart in the circumstances and if the state is equal for both, then reading directly from the Quran is better as explained above. Imam al-Nawawi after discussing the issue says the sayings and actions of the pious predecessors confirm the detailed opinion.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:33 AM
1.9. Permissability of reciting Quran for menstruating women and those experienceing post-natal bleeding.

There is no authentic proof which establishes that these two catergories of women may not recite the Quran although they are forbidden from touching it.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:34 AM
1.10. Recommendation to clean mouth with siwaak (tooth stick) before reciting Quran

From good manners and veneration of the speech of Allah is to clean one's mouth and give it a good smell with a siwaak (tooth stick) before recitation.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:34 AM
1.11. Sunnah of isti'aadhah (seeking refuge in Allah from Satan) and the basmala before reading the Quran

فَإِذَا قَرَأْتَ الْقُرْآنَ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
So when you want to recite the Qur'ân, seek refuge with Allâh from Satan, the outcast . (An-Nahl 16:98)

There are three affirmed ways of making isti'aadhah from the reliable sources which are recommended to alternate in usage:-
1.أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم
a'oodhu billaahi minash-shaytaanir-rajeem
I seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the outcast.

2.أعوذ بالله السميع العليم من الشيطان الرجيم من همزه ونفخه ونفثه
a'oodhu billaahis-samee'il-'aleemi minash-shaytaanir-rajeem min hamzihi wa nafkhihi wa nafthih
I seek refuge in Allah, the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing, from Satan, the outcast - from his pride, his poetry and his madness.

3.أعوذ بالسميع العليم من الشيطان الرجيم
a'oodhu bis-samee'il-'aleemi minash-shaytaanir-rajeem
I seek refuge the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing, from Satan, the outcast.

The isti'aadhahkeeps Satan at a distance so that one's heart can be better focussed on reflecting upon the Quran.

It is also an established Sunnah to recite the basmala before reciting the Quran to.

There is no authentic evidence to habitually end the recitation of the Quran with sadaqallaahul-'azeem ("Allah, the Almighty, has spoken the truth").

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:35 AM
1.12. Recommendation to recite Quran clearly and slowly and dislike to recite it quickly and carelessly

أَوْ زِدْعَلَيْهِ وَرَتِّلِ الْقُرْآنَ تَرْتِيلًا
Or a little more; and recite the Qur'ân in a clear and slow style. (Al-Muzzammil 73:4)

Reciting Quran slowly and clearly giving each letter its due according to the rules of recitation allows for greater contemplation which is not achieved with hastiness. However to read quickly without compromise and negligence allowing greater amounts to be read can be deemed better in the way the former is like giving a single large jewel in charity whilst the latter is like giving many small jewels. The value of both is indeterminable. And Allah knows best.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:35 AM
1.13. Recommendation to prolong certain vowels when recititing the Quran

When asked about the recitation of Prophet wwwislamicboardcom - , Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: "It was prolonged." And to demonstrate he read, Bismillaahir-rahmaanir-raheem; he prolonged Bismillaah; he prolonged Ar-Rahmaan; and he prolonged Ar-Raheem. (Related in al-Bukhari)

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:35 AM
1.14. Recommendation to beautify one's voice during recitation and prohibition to recite it in manner resembling singing

In the narration of al-Baraa` Ibn 'Aazib (may Allah be pleased with him) the Prophet wwwislamicboardcom - said: Adorn your voices with the Quran. (Related in Abu Dawud. Authenticated by Al-Albaanee)

Imam Ahmad said, "The reciter should beautify his voice with the Quran and recite it with a sense of sadness and contemplation."

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said, "Reciting the Quran in a melodious way whereby it resembles the melody of a song is disliked and is an innovation, a ruling clearly mentioned by Malik, al-Shafi'i, Ahmad bin Hanbal and other imams as well."

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:36 AM
1.15. Crying when reciting or listening to the Quran

'Abd Allaah Ibn Ash-Shukhayr (may Allah be pleased with him) said: "I went to the Prophet wwwislamicboardcom - when he was praying and from his breast emerged a crying sound like the sound of a container in which water is boiling." (Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, an-Nasa`i with a strong chain of narration)

The Messenger of Allah once said to Ibn Mas'odd (may Allah be pleased with him): "Recite to me." Ibn Mas'ood answered: "I recite the Quran to you, and to you it was revealed?" The Prophet said, "Yes." Ibn Mas'ood recited the Chapter of the Women until he reached, How then when We bring from each nation a witness and We bring you as a witness against these people? [4:41] Then the Prophet said, "That is enough for you now." Ibn Mas'ood later related, "I then tuned to him and saw tears flowing from his eyes." (Related by al-Bukhari)

The author of the book says: "Yet it is amazing to see that people are prone to affectation, crying rivers of tears when they hear the imam make supplication in al-Qunoot (the collective supplication done in prayer after the final bowing on occasions). To such people we point out that the most complete of people are those whom Allah describes thus in His Book:

اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابًا مُّتَشَابِهًا مَّثَانِيَ تَقْشَعِرُّ مِنْهُ جُلُودُ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلِينُ جُلُودُهُمْ وَقُلُوبُهُمْ إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ
Allah has sent down the best statement, a Book, its parts resembling each other in goodness and truth, oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it. Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah. (Az-Zumar 39:23)"

With regards to the narrations of a number of the Taabi'een (Successors) fainting or dying when listening to the Quran, then this is due to their comprehension of the power of the Quran whilst their hearts couldn't bear it. This is a high-ranking state and they were genuine so they can be excused but this was not known to have occured to the Companions and their state is more complete and better. They had similiar emotions but remained strong and firm and this was the case for the vast majority of the pious predecessors.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:36 AM
1.16. Recommendation to recite aloud on condition others are not disturbed

Abu Sa'eed (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - spent the night in the mosque and heard people reciting aloud. He removed the barrier that separated him from them and said: Lo! Each one of you is privately conversing with his Lord, so do not inflict harm upon one another. Let not some of you raise his voice in recitation over the voices of others. (Related in Abu Dawud. Authenticated by Al-Albaanee)

Reciting aloud is better because it requires more effort, benefits others, repels sleep, stimulates mental activity and so on. Reciting silently is better for the one fearing ostentatiousness. In both cases one must enuniciate the letters and words with tongue and lips, even if audible only to oneself, to receive the reward specified for recitation of the Quran otherwise silent reading for contemplation is still permissable.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:37 AM
1.17. Recommended period to finish the recitation of the entire Quran

The scholars have differed on the recommended period to finish the recitation of the entire Quran: two months, one month, ten days, seven days or three days.

The most correct opinion seems to be that there is no set limit but differs according to the strength of each individual since 'Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him) would finish reading it in one single night. This opinion has been related from Imam Ahmad and others.

Those involved in works of public benefit such as spreading knowledge or judging between litigants shouuld read that amount which allows him enough time to fulfill his other duties. Others should read as much as possible without casuing boredom or imprecise recitation from lack of concentration. Those who are blessed with insight and understanding should read at at a pace that achieves maximum comprehension. This is what has been mentioned by Imam an-Nawawi.

There is no authentic supplication specific to completing the Quran outside of the prayers although it has been related from a number of the pious predecessor including Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) that they would make general supplications after finishing the Quran and it is regarded from those times when one's supplications are answered as Imam Ibn al-Qayyim has mentioned. Similarly there is no authentic evidence for specifying supplications for having finished the Quran during prayers such as occurs in Ramadan.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:37 AM
1.18. Prophetic guidance to refrain from reciting Quran when sleepy

'Aa`ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated that the Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - said: If one of you becomes sleepy during prayer then let him sleep (or rest) until his sleepiness goes away because if one of you prays while he is sleepy, he might try to ask for forgiveness but curses himself instead. (Related in Muslim)

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:37 AM
1.19. Recommendation to recite Quran continously without unnecessary interruptions

Naafi' (may Allah have mercy upon him) narrated: When Ibn 'Umar would recite the Quran, he would not speak until he finished his recitation. But I was with him one day when he was reciting the Chapter of the Cow. He continued until he reached a certain point and then said, "Do you know what this was revealed about?" I said, "No." He said it was revealed about such-and-such matter and then he continued his recitation. (Related in al-Bukhari)

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:38 AM
1.20. Prophetic practice to glorify (to say: subhaanallaah) Allah at verses of glorification, seeking refuge at verses mentioning punishment and asking at verses of mercy

Hudhaifah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates regarding his prayer with the Messenger of Allah wwwislamicboardcom - : He then began the Chapter on the Family of Imraan. He proceeded slowly with his recitation. When he came across a verse of glorifying Allah, he would glorify. When he came across a verse of invocation, he would invoke. And when he came across a verse wherein refuge is sought, he would seek refuge. (Related by Muslim)

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:38 AM
1.21. Prophetic practice to prostrate at relevant verses

It is highly recommended that the recitor and the one intently listening prostrates at the fifteen marked out verses in the Quran and say subhaana rabbiyal-'Alaa` then one of the related invocations for it (along with any personal supplications) e.g.

02150 1 -
My face fell prostrate before He who created it and brought forth its faculties of hearing and seeing by His might and power. << So Blessed is Allaah, the best of creators.>> (Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, an-Nasa`i and al-Tirmidhi with a strong chain of narration)


02151 1 -
O Allaah, record for me a reward for this, and remove from me a sin. Save it for me and accept it from me just as You had accepted it from Your servant David. (Related by al-Tirmidhi)

It is highly recommended to be in a state of ritual purity and to stand for it.


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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:39 AM
1.22. Dislike of kissing the Quran and placing it between one's eyes

There is no authentic proof for this practice.

'Aa`ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated that the Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - said: Whoever introduces into this matter of ours that which is not from it, it is rejected. (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:40 AM
1.23. Dislike to hang Quranic verses on walls

The scholars forbid this practice as it is contrary to the purpose of recitation and reflection that the Quran was revealed for. It has no precedence from the early Muslims and is a means to possible desecration and other blameworthy actions.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:41 AM

2. Etiquettes of Greetings
2.1. Prophetic practice to initiate salutations and obligation to respond

The Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - said: You will not enter paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I guide you to something which if you do it will make you love one another? Spread greetings of peace among yourself (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

وَإِذَا حُيِّيْتُم بِتَحِيَّةٍ فَحَيُّواْ بِأَحْسَنَ مِنْهَا أَوْ رُدُّوهَا إِنَّ اللّهَ كَانَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَسِيبًا
When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or return it equally. Certainly, Allâh is Ever a Careful Account Taker of all things. (An-Nisa 4:86)

It is sufficient for an individual in a group to respond to greetings given to all, although it is better to respond collectively.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:43 AM
2.2.Three types of giving greetings

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates a man passed by the Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - who was seated in a gathering and said: 'as-salaamu 'alakum. ("Peace be upon you")' The Prophet said: Ten good deeds. Another man passed by and said: 'as-salaamu 'alakum wa rahmatullaah ("Peace and the Mercy of Allah be upon you").'The Prophet said: Twenty good deeds. Then another man passed by and said: 'as-salaamu 'alakum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh ("Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be upon you")The Prophet said: Thirty good deeds. (Related by al-Tirmidhi)

One should always use the plural pronoun i.e. 'alaykum as-salaam instead of 'alayka as-salaam.

It is disliked to add anything further to wa barakaatuh.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:43 AM
2.3. Dislike to initiate with reversed word order 'alaykas-salaam

Jaabir ibn Saleem al-Hujaimee said: I went to the Prophetwwwislamicboardcom - and said, 'Alaykas-salaam to which he responded: Do not say 'alaykas-salaam but say as-salaamu 'alayk (Related by al-Tirmidhi)

In another narration:
Do not say 'alaykas-salaam for 'alaykas-salaam is the greeting of the dead (Related by Abu Dawud)

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:44 AM
2.4. Recommendation to repeat greetings three times for large gatherings or doubt of being heard

One should repeat greetings three times when there are many peple in the gathering such that those who didn't hear the first will hear the second or third. One does the same if one thinks the other person did not hear and should not go beyond three times. This is based upon an-Nawawi's and Ibn Hajr's comments on the narration of Anas that the Prophet wwwislamicboardcom - would repeat important statements three times.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:44 AM
2.5. Prophetic practice to initiate greetings and to respond loudly

Thaabit bin 'Ubayd said, "I went to a gathering wherein 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar was present, and he said, 'When you give greetings of peace, then let others hear you, for it is a blessed and good greeting.'" (Related in al-Adab al-Mufrad)

Al-Nawawi rules that at the very least one should return greetings, if not out loud, then at least in an audible tone, otherwise he has not fulfilled the compulsory duty of responding to the Islamic greeting.

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:45 AM
2.6. Prophetic practice to be inclusive of everyone with one's greetings and not to acquaintances only

Ibn Mas'ood (may Allah be pleased with him) related that the Messenger of Allah wwwislamicboardcom - said: Verily from the signs of the Hour is when greetings will be for acquaintances (only) (Related by Ahmad)

A man asked the Prophetwwwislamicboardcom - , "Which Islam is the best?" The Prophet said: Feeding others food and saying salaam both to those you know and those you do not know. (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:45 AM
2.7. Recommendation for the one arriving to initiate greetings

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates a man passed by the Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - who was seated in a gathering and said: 'as-salaamu 'alakum. ("Peace be upon you")' The Prophet said: Ten good deeds. Another man passed by and said: 'as-salaamu 'alakum wa rahmatullaah ("Peace and the Mercy of Allah be upon you").'The Prophet said: Twenty good deeds. Then another man passed by and said: 'as-salaamu 'alakum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh ("Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be upon you")The Prophet said: Thirty good deeds. (Related by al-Tirmidhi)

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:46 AM
2.8. Prophetic practice for rider to greet pedestrian; the pedestrian to greet the sedent; the few to greet the many; and the junior to greet the senior

The Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - said: The rider greets the pedestrian. The pedestrian greets the sedent and the few greet the many. (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

And in another narration: The young one greets the old. The passer-by greets the one who is seated and the few greets the many. (Related by al-Bukhari)

Failure to follow order of precedence is not sinning but neglect of the recommended. If all circumstances are similar the one to initiate greetings is the better.

One should also renew greetings when temporarily separated.

The Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - said: When one of you meets his brother let him give the Islamic greetings. If they become separated by a tree or wall or rock then he should greet him when they meet again. (Related by Abu Dawud)

islamicpatterns0ua -
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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:46 AM
2.9. Permissibility to greet the old unrelated woman not the young

Imam Ahmad's son, Saleh said: "I asked my father may one greet a woman?"
He said: "As for the older woman, then no problem; but a young woman should not be prompted to speak."

islamicpatterns51xs -
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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:46 AM
2.10. Recommendation to greet young children

Anas ibn Malik reported that when he used to walk with the Prophet wwwislamicboardcom - and they would pass a group of children, the Prophet wwwislamicboardcom - would extend greetings of peace upon them. (Related by al-Bukhari)

This is to enourage good manners amongst the young as well as to accustom oneself with humbleness and gentleness. A child who has not reached puberty is not obliged to respond to greetings, but according to the majority of scholars an adult is obligated to respond to the greetings of a child.

arabesquetiles0pe -
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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:46 AM
2.11. Etiquette of greeting people amongst those sleeping

Al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad reported that when the Prophet wwwislamicboardcom - would come at night, he would give a greeting that would not arouse the one in slumber but would be audible to one who was awake. (Related by Muslim)

mwtile6pq -
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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:47 AM
2.12. Prohibition to initiate Islamic greetings to the People of the Book

The Prophet wwwislamicboardcom - said: Do not initiate Islamic greetings to the Jews and Christians and if if you meet one of them on the road, let them take the narrowest part.

One may greet them with other expressions such as 'Good morning' and the like.

d326rp -
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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:47 AM
2.13. How to answer the greetings of the People of the Book

Anas ibn Malik narrates that the Messenger of Allah wwwislamicboardcom - said: When the People of the Book greet you with peace say, wa 'alaykum ("And upon you too") (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Some scholars opine that one can give the full response of wa 'alaykum as-salaam if one is certain that the greeting is not the similiar sounding "Death upon you" as was said by some of the Jews at the time of Prophet wwwislamicboardcom - .

mughal20hangingai8 -
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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:49 AM
2.14. Initiating Islamic greetings to a mixed group of Muslims and non-Muslims

It was said to Imam Ahmad, "We have dealings with the Jews and Christians and we go to their homes. When we go to them, they sometimes have a group of Muslims with them. Should we give them Islamic greetings?" He said, "Yes, but you should intend your Islamic greetings for the Muslims."

da08cbe3 -
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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:49 AM
2.15. Impermissability to greet with gestures unless with a valid excuse

Jabir narrates that the Messenger of Allah wwwislamicboardcom - said: Do not greet with the greeting of the Jews. Their greeting is with their heads, their hands and with a gesture. (Related by al-Nasa`i)

Asma bint Yazeed said: The Prophet wwwislamicboardcom - sent salutations to the women with his hand. (Related by al-Tirmidhi)

Hafiz Ibn Hajar said: "The prohibition of greeting with a gesture is specific to those that have the ability, both practically and according to the Shariah to utter the greeting. If one is busy or unable to utter the greeting - for example, one is busy with prayer, one is too far away from the other person, one is a mute or the person is deaf - then it is legislated for him to extend the greeting with a gesture instead."

pattern2fq3 -
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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:50 AM
2.16. Permissibility to greet the one praying and to respond with a gesture

Suhaib narrates, "I passed by the Messenger of Allahwwwislamicboardcom - while he was praying and I gave him the Islamic salutations and he returned the greeting with a gesture." (Related by Abu Dawud)

The gesture can take place with a finger, hand or nod of the head as has come in other narrations.

flowertilesxj6 -
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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:50 AM
2.17. Permissibility to greet someone who is reciting the Quran.

There is no authentic proof in the Shariah that indicates it is forbidden to greet a person who is busy reciting the Quran.
It is permissible to initiate greetings of peace to one who is reciting the Quran, and the reciter must return the greeting.
pattern11je0 -
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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:50 AM
2.18. Dislike to greet someone who is relieving himself

Al-Muhaajir ibn Qunfudh related that he went to the Prophet wwwislamicboardcom - , who at the time was urinating. Al-Muhaajir greeted him, but the Prophet wwwislamicboardcom - did not respond until he performed ablution.
The Messenger of Allah wwwislamicboardcom - then excused himself, saying, “I indeed disliked that I should remember Allah ‘Azza wa Jall (The Most Mighty And Exalted) except while being in a state of purity.” (Related by Abu Dawud)



turkishtileslr2 -

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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 10:55 AM
:salamext:


This thread, which is originally from IslamNetwork stopped being updated because the brother was imprisoned in Belmarsh, may Allaah hasten his, and the ummahs' release. ameen.
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- Qatada -
06-05-2007, 11:07 AM
:salamext:


You can comment on this thread here inshaa Allaah:

http://www.islamicboard.com/islamic-...ers-islam.html
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