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madeenahsh
05-31-2005, 04:31 PM
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Bismillaahir-RaHmaanir-RaHeem

You should know that all acts of disobedience are poison to the heart and cause its sickness and ruin. They result in its will running off course, against that of Allah, and so its sickness festers and increases. Ibn al-Mubarak said:

I have seen wrong actions killing hearts, And their degradation may lead to their becoming addicted to them. Turning away from wrong actions gives life to the hearts, And opposing your self is best for it.

Whoever is concerned with the health and life of his heart, must rid it of the effects of such poisons, and then protect it by avoiding new ones. If he takes any by mistake, then he should hasten to wipe out their effect by turning in repentance and seeking forgiveness from Allah, as well as by doing good deeds that will wipe out his wrong actions.

By the four poisons we mean unnecessary talking, unrestrained glances, too much food, and keeping bad company. Of all the poisons, these are the most widespread and have the greatest effect on a heart's well-being.

Unnecessary Talking

It is reported in al-Musnad, on the authority of Anas, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "The faith of a servant is not put right until his heart is put right, and his heart is not put right until his tongue is put right." 1 This shows that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam has made the purification of faith conditional on the purification of the heart, and the purification of the heart conditional on the purification of the tongue.

At-Tirmidhi relates in a hadith on the authority of Ibn Umar: "Do not talk excessively without remembering Allah, because such excessive talk without the mention of Allah causes the heart to harden, and the person furthest from Allah is a person with a hard heart." 2

Umar Ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, said: "A person who talks too much is a person who often makes mistakes, and someone who often makes mistakes, often has wrong actions. The Fire has a priority over such a frequent sinner." 3

In a hadith related on the authority of Mu'adh, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said, "Shall I not tell you how to control all that?" I said, "Yes do, O Messenger of Allah." So he held his tongue between his fingers, and then he said: "Restrain this." I said, "Oh Prophet of Allah, are we accountable for what we say?" He sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said, "May your mother be bereft by your loss! Is there anything more than the harvest of the tongues that throws people on their faces (or he said 'on their noses') into the Fire?" 4

What is meant here by 'the harvest of the tongues' is the punishment for saying forbidden things. A man, through his actions and words, sows the seeds of either good or evil. On the Day of Resurrection he harvests their fruits. Those who sow the seeds of good words and deeds harvest honour and blessings; those who sow the seeds of evil words and deeds reap only regret and remorse.

A hadith related by Abu Huraira says, "What mostly causes people to be sent to the Fire are the two openings: the mouth and the private parts." 5

Abu Huraira also related that the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said, "The servant speaks words, the consequences of which he does not realise, and for which he is sent down into the depths of the Fire further than the distance between the east and the west." 6

The same hadith was transmitted by at-Tirmidhi with slight variations: "The servant says something that he thinks is harmless, and for which he will be plunged into the depths of the Fire as far as seventy autumns." 7

Uqba ibn Amir said: "I said: "O Messenger of Allah, what is our best way of surviving?' He, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, replied: "Guard your tongue, make your house suffice for sheltering your privacy, and weep for your wrong actions." 8

It has been related on the authority of Sahl ibn Sa'd that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said, "Whoever can guarantee what is between his jaws and what is between his legs, I guarantee him the Garden." 9

It has also been related by Abu Huraira, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Let whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day either speak good or remain silent." 10

Thus talking can either be good, in which case it is commendable, or bad, in which case it is haram.

The Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "Everything the children of Adam say goes against them, except for their enjoining good and forbidding evil, and remembering Allah, Glorious and Might is He." This was reported by at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Ma'jah on the authority of Umm Habiba, may Allah be pleased with her. 11

Umar ibn al-Khattab visited Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with them, and found him pulling his tongue with his fingers. Umar said "Stop! may Allah forgive you!" Abu Bakr replied; "This tongue has brought me to dangerous places." 12

Abdullah ibn Mas'ud said: "By Allah, besides Whom no god exists, nothing deserves a long prison sentence more than my tongue." He also used to say: "O tongue, say good and you will profit; desist from saying evil things and you will be safe; otherwise you will find only regret."

Abu Huraira reported that Ibn al-Abbas said: "A person will not feel greater fury or anger for any part of his body on the Day of Judgement more than what he will feel for his tongue, unless he only used it for saying or enjoining good."

Al-Hassan said: "Whoever does not hold his tongue cannot understand his deen."

The least harmful of a tongue's faults is talking about whatever does not concern it. The following hadith of the Prohet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam is enough to indicate the harm of this fault: "One of the merits of a person's Islam is his abandoning what does not concern him." 13

Abu Ubaida related that al-Hassan said: "One of the signs of Allah's abandoning a servant is His making him preoccupied with what does not concern him."

Sahl said, "Whoever talks about what does not concern him is deprived of truthfulness."

As we have already mentioned above, this is the least harmful of the tongue's faults. There are far worse things, like backbiting, gossiping, obscene and misleading talk, two-faced and hypocritical talk, showing off, quarrelling, bickering, singing, lying, mockery, derision and falsehood; and there are many more faults which can affect a servant's tongue, ruining his heart and causing him to lose both his happiness and pleasure in this life, and his success and profit in the next life. Allah is the One to Whom we turn for assistance.

Unrestrained Glances

The unrestrained glance results in the one who looks becoming attracted to what he sees, and in the imprinting of an image of what he sees in his heart. This can result in several kinds of corruption in the heart of the servant. The following are a number of them:

It has been related that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam once said words to the effect: "The glance is a poisoned arrow of shaytan. Whoever lowers his gaze for Allah, He will bestow upon him a refreshing sweetness which he will find in his heart on the day that he meets Him." 14

Shaytan enters with the glance, for he travels with it, faster than the wind blowing through an empty place. He makes what is seen appear more beautiful than it really is, and transforms it into an idol for the heart to worship. Then he promises it false rewards, lights the fire of desires within it, and fuels it with the wood of forbidden actions, which the servant would not have committed had it not been for this distorted image.

This distracts the heart and makes it forget its more important concerns. It stands between it and them; and so the heart loses its straight path and falls into the pit of desire and ignorance. Allah, Mighty and Glorious is He, says:

"And do not obey anyone whose heart We have made forgetful in remembering Us- who follows his own desires, and whose affair has exceeded all bounds." (18:28)

The unrestrained gaze causes all three afflications.

It has been said that between the eye and the heart is an immediate connection; if the eyes are corrupted, then the heart follows. It becomes like a rubbish heap where all the dirt and filth and rottenness collect, and so there is no room for love for Allah, relating all matters to Him, awareness of being in His presence, and feeling joy at His proximity-only the opposite of these things can inhabit such a heart.

Staring and gazing without restraint is disobedience to Allah:

"Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that is more purifying for them. Surely Allah is aware of what they do." (24:30)

Only the one who obeys Allah's commands is content in this world, and only the servant who obeys Allah will survive in the next world.

Furthermore, letting the gaze roam free cloaks the heart with darkness, just as lowering the gaze for Allah clothes it in light. After the above ayah, Allah, the Glorious and Mighty, says in the same surah of the the Qur'an:

"Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth: the likeness of His light is as if there were a niche, and in the niche is a lamp, and in the lamp is a glass, and the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil is well nigh luminous, though fire scarce touched it. Light upon light. 'Allah guides whomever He wants to His Light. Allah strikes metaphors for man; and Allah knows all things." (24:35)

When the heart is a light, countless good comes to it from all directions. If it is dark, then clouds of evil and afflictions come from all directions to cover it up.

Letting the gaze run loose also makes the heart blind to distinguishing between truth and falsehood, between the sunnah and innovation; while lowering it for Allah, the Might and Exalted, gives it a penetrating, true and distinguishing insight.

A righteous man once said: "Whoever enriches his outward behaviour by following the sunnah, and makes his inward soul wealthy through contemplation, and averts his gaze away from looking at what is forbidden, and avoids anything of a doubtful nature, and feeds solely on what is halal-his inner sight will never falter."

Rewards for actions come in kind. Whoever lowers his gaze from what Allah has forbidden, Allah will give his inner sight abundant light.

Too Much Food

The consumption of small amounts of food guarantees tenderness of the heart, strength of the intellect, humility of the self, weakness of desires, and gentleness of temperament. Immoderate eating brings about the opposite of these praiseworthy qualities.

Al-Miqdam ibn Ma'd Yakrib said: "I heard the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam say: "The son of Adam fills no vessel more displeasing to Allah than his stomach. A few morsels should be enough for him to preserve his strength. If he must fill it, then he should allow a third for his food, a third for his drink and leave a third empty for easy breathing." 15

Excessive eating induces many kinds of harm. It makes the body incline towards disobedience to Allah and makes worship and obedience seem laborious-such evils are bad enough in themselves. A full stomach and excessive eating have caused many a wrong action and inhibited much worship. Whoever safeguards against the evils of overfilling his stomach has prevented great evil. It is easier for shaytan to control a person who has filled his stomach with food and drink, which is why it has often been said: "Restrict the pathways of shaytan by fasting." 16

It has been reported that when a group of young men from the Tribe of Israel were worshipping, and it was time for them to break their fast, a man stood up and said: "Do not eat too much, otherwise you will drink too much, and then you will end up sleeping too much, and then you will lose too much."

The Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam and his companions, may Allah be pleased with them, used to go hungry quite frequently. Although this was often due to a shortage of food, Allah decreed the best and most favourable conditions for His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. This is why Ibn Umar and his father before him-in spite of the abundance of food available to them-modeled their eating habits on those of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam. It has been reported that Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said: "From the time of their arrival in Madina up until his death sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, the family of Muhammad sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam never ate their fill of bread made from wheat three nights in a row." 17

Ibrahim ibn Adham said: "Any one who controls his stomach is in control of his deen, and anyone who controls his hunger is in control of good behaviour. Disobedience towards Allah is nearest to a person who is satiated with a full stomach, and furthest away from a person who is hungry."

Keeping Bad Company

Unnecessary companionship is a chronic disease that causes much harm. How often have the wrong kind of companionship and intermixing deprived people of Allah's generosity, planting discord in their hearts which even the passage of time-even if it were long enough for mountains to be worn away-has been unable to dispel. In keeping such company one can find the roots of loss, both in this life and in the next life.

A servant should benefit from companionship. In order to do so he should divide people into four categories, and be careful not to get them mixed up, for once one of them is mixed with another, then evil can find its way through to him:

The *FIRST* category are those people whose company is like food: it is indispensable, night or day. Once a servant has taken his need from it, he leaves it be until he requires it again, and so on. These are the people with knowledge of Allah-of His commands, of the scheming of His enemies, and of the diseases of the heart and their remedies- who wish well for Allah, His Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam and His servants. Associating with this type of person is an achievement in itself.

The *SECOND* category are those people whose company is like a medicine. They are only required when a disease sets in. When you are healthy, you have no need of them. However, mixing with them is sometimes necessary for your livelihood, businesses, consultation and the like. Once what you need from them has been fulfilled, mixing with them should be avoided.

The *THIRD* category are those people whose company is harmful. Mixing with this type of person is like a disease, in all its variety and degrees and strengths and weaknesses. Associating with one or some of them is like an incurable chronic disease. You will never profit either in this life or in the next life if you have them for company, and you will surely lose either one or both of your deen and your livelihood because of them. If their companionship has taken hold of you and is established, then it becomes a fatal, terrifying sickness.

Amongst such people are those who neither speak any good that might benefit you, nor listen closely to you so that they might benefit from you. They do not know their souls and consequently put their selves in their rightful place. If they speak, their words fall on their listeners' hearts like the lashes of a cane, while all the while they are full of admiration for and delight in their own words.

They cause distress to those in their company, while believing that they are the sweet scent of the gathering. If they are silent, they are heavier than a massive millstone-too heavy to carry or even drag across the floor. 18

All in all, mixing with anyone who is bad for the soul will not last, even if it is unavoidable. It can be one of the most distressing aspects of a servant's life that he is plagued by such person, with whom it may be necessary to associate. In such a relationship, a servant should cling to good behaviour, only presenting him with his outward appearance, while disguising his inner soul, until Allah offers him a way out of his affliction and the means of escape from this situation.

The *FOURTH* category are those people whose company is doom itself. It is like taking poison: its victim either finds an antidote or perishes. Many people belong to this category. They are the people of religious innovation and misguidance, those who abandon the sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam and advocate other beliefs. They call what is the sunnah a bid'a and vice-versa. A man with any intellect should not sit in their assemblies nor mix with them. The result of doing so will either be the death of his heart or, at the very best, its falling seriously ill.

What Gives the Heart Life and Sustenance

You should know that acts of obedience are essential to the well being of the servant's heart, just in the same way that food and drink are to that of the body. All wrong actions are the same as poisonous foods, and they inevitably harm the heart.

The servant feels the need to worship his Lord, Mighty and Glorious is He, for he is naturally in constant need of His help and assistance.

In order to maintain the well being of his body, the servant carefully follows a strict diet. He habitually and constantly eats good food at regular intervals, and is quick to free his stomach of harmful elements if he happens to eat bad food by mistake.

The well being of the servant's heart, however, is far more important than that of his body, for while the well being of his body enables him to lead a life that is free from illnesses in this world, that of the heart ensures him both a fortunate life in this world and eternal bliss in the next.

In the same way, while the death of the body cuts the servant off from this world, the death of the heart results in everlasting anguish. A righteous man once said, "How odd, that some people mourn for the one whose body has died, but never mourn for the one whose heart has died-and yet the death of the heart is far more serious!"

Thus acts of obedience are indispensable to the well being of the heart. It is worthwhile mentioning the following acts of obedience here, since they are very necessary and essential for the servant's heart:

Dhikr of Allah ta'ala, recitation of the Noble Qur'an, seeking Allah's forgiveness, making du'as, invoking Allah's blessings and peace on the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and praying at night.


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FOOTNOTES:

Da'if hadith, Al-Mundhari, 3/234; and al-Iraqi in al-Ihya, 8/1539.

Da'if hadith, at-Tirmdihi, Kitab az-Zuhud, 7/92, gharib; no one else has transmitted it other than Ibrahim ibn Abdullah ibn Hatib, whom ath-Thahabi mentions, 1/43, stating that this is one of the gharib hadith attributed to him.

Da'if hadith, Ibn Hibban and al-Baihaqi, and al-Iraqi in his edition of al-Ihya, 8/1541.

Sahih hadith, at-Tirmidhi, al-Hakim, ath-Thahabi.

Sahih hadith, at-Tirmidhi and Ahmad; also al-Hakum and ath-Thahabi.

Al-Bukhari in Kitab ar-Riqaq, and Muslim in Kitab az-Zuhud.

At-Tirmdihi, Kitab az-Zuhud; he said the hadith is hasan gharib.

At-Tirmdihi in Kitab az-Zuhud with a slightly different wording; he said the hadith is hasan. This wording is reported by Abu Na'im in al-Hilya.

Al-Buhhari, Kitab ar-Riqaq, 11/308 and Kitab al-Hudud, 12/113.

Al-Bukhari, Kitab ar-Riqaq, 11/308; Muslim, Kitab al-Iman, 2/18. The complete hadith is: "Let whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day either speak good or remain silent; and let whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day be generous to his neighbours; and let whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day be generous to his guest."

The hadith is hasan and is reported by at-Tirmdhi in Kitab az-Zuhud and by Ibn Majah in Kitab al-Fitan. At-Tirmidhi classifies it as hasan gharib. We have no report of it other than from Muhammad ibn Yazid ibn Khanis.

Hasan according to Abu Ya'la, Baihaqi and as-Suyuti. Musnad, 1/201; as-Sa'ati.

Sahih, at-Tirmdhi, Kitab az-Zuhud, 6/607; Ahmad, al-Musnad, 1/201; as-Sa'ati, al-Fath ar-Rabbani, 19/257; hadith number 12 in an-Nawawi's Forty Hadiths.

Da'if, at-Tabarani, 8/63; al-Hakim, al-Mustadrak, 4/314; Ahmad, al-Musnad, 5/264.

Sahih, Ahmad, al-Musnad, 4/132; as-Sa'ati, al-Fath ar-Rabbani, 17/88; at-Tirmidhi, Kitab az-Zuhud, 7/51.

Da'if; it does not appear in most of the sources of the sunnah, but is mentioned in al-Ghazzali's al-Ihya, 8/1488.

Al-Bukhari, Kitab al-At'ima, 9/549; and Muslim, Kitab az-Zuhud, 8/105.

Ash-Shafi', may Allah be pleased with him, is reported to have said, "Whenever a tedious person sits next to me, the side on which he is sitting feels lower down than the other side of me."
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Arwa
05-31-2005, 04:34 PM
assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatu

May Allah protect us from them all.
Reply

Khayal
05-31-2005, 08:10 PM
.
Assalamu Alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh

very good,

:w:
Reply

Ra`eesah
05-31-2005, 08:17 PM
Assalamu'Alaykum

Mashallah....very good reminder Allah yujzekal khair inshallah
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mizan_aliashraf
03-21-2006, 03:44 PM
Salam
A good read - Jazakillah Khayr
Wassalam
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MetSudaisTwice
03-21-2006, 03:44 PM
salam
mashallah great post
jazakallah for sharing sis
wasalam
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Khayal
03-21-2006, 05:11 PM
The Four Poisions of the Heart
Ch.5
(The Purification of the Soul)

-*-*-*-*

Bismillahir*RaHmanir*RaHeem




"And keep yourself (O Muhammad *saaws* patiently with those who
call on their Lord (your companions who remember their Lord with
glorification, praising in prayers, etc., and other righteous
deeds, etc.) morning and afternoon, seeking His Face, and let
not your eyes overlook them, desiring the pomp and glitter of
the life of the world; and obey not him whose heart We have made
heedless of Our Remembrance, one who follows his own lusts and
whose affair (deeds) has been lost."
Al-Quran: Surah 18: Al-Kahf ayat 28.

Five-The Four Poisons Of The Heart

Bismillaahir-RaHmaanir-RaHeem




:sl:

You should know that all acts of disobedience are poision to the
heart and cause its sickness and ruin. They result in its will
running off course, against that of Allah, and so its sickness
festers and increases. Ibn al-Mubarak said:
I have seen wrong actions killing hearts,
And their degradation may lead to
their bcoming addicted to them. Turning away
from wrong actions
gives life to the hearts, And opposing
your self is best for it.

Whoever is concerned with the health and life of his
heart, must rid it of the effects of such poisons, and
then protect it by avoiding new ones. If he takes any by
mistake, then he should hasten to wipe out their effect by
turning in repentance and seeking forgiveness from Allah, as
well as by doing good deeds that will wipe out his wrong
actions.

By the four poisions we mean unnecessary talking,
unrestrained glances, too much food, and keeping bad
company. Of all the poisons, these are the most widespread and
have the greatest effect on a heart's well-being.

Unnecessary Talking

It is reported in al-Musnad, on the authority of Anas,
that the Prophet *saaws* said: "The faith of a servant
is not put right until his heart is put right, and his heart is
not put right until his tongue is put right."1 This shows that
the Prophet *saaws* has made the purification of faith
conditional on the purification of the heart, and the
purification of the heart conditional on the purification of the
tongue.

At-Tirmidhi relates in a hadith on the authority of Ibn
Umar: "Do not talk excessively without remembering
Allah, because such excessive talk without the mention of Allah
causes the heart to harden, and the person furthest from Allah
is a person with a hard heart."2

Umar Ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him,
said: "A person who talks too much is a person who often
makes mistakes, and someone who often makes mistakes, often has
wrong actions. The Fire has a priority over such a freqent
sinner."3

In a hadith related on the authority of Mu'adh, the
Prophet *saaws* said, "Shall I not tell you how to
control all that?" I said, "Yes do, O Messenger of Allah." So
he held his tongue between his fingers, and then he said:
"Restrain this." I said, "Oh Prophet of Allah, are we
accountable for what we say?" He *saaws* said, "May your mother
be bereft by your loss! Is there anything more than the harvest
of the tongues that throws people on their faces (or he said 'on
their noses') into the Fire?"4

What is meant here by 'the harvest of the tongues' is
the punishment for saying forbidden things. A man,
through his actions and words, sows the seeds of either good or
evil. On the Day of Resurrection he harvests their fruits. Those
who sow the seeds of good words and deeds harvest honour and
blessings; those who sow the seeds of evil words and deeds reap
only regret and remorse.

A hadith related by Abu Huraira says, "What mostly
causes people to be sent to the Fire are the two
openings: the mouth and the private parts."5

Abu Huraira also related that the Messenger of Allah
*saaws* said, "The servant speaks words, the
consequences of which he does not realise, and for which he is
sent down into the depths of the Fire further than the distance
between the east and the west."6

The same hadith was transmitted by at-Tirmidhi with
slight variations: "The servant says something that he
thinks is harmless, and for which he will be plunged into the
depths of the Fire as far as seventy autumns."7

Uqba ibn Amir said: "I said: "O Messenger of Allah, what
is our best way of surviving?' He, may Allah bless him
and grant him peace, replied: "Guard your tongue, make your
house suffice for sheltering your privacy, and weep for your
wrong actions."8

It has been related on the authority of Sahl ibn Sa'd
that the Prophet *saaws* said, "Whoever can guarantee
what is between his jaws and what is between his legs, I
guarantee him the Garden."9

It has also been related by Abu Huraira, may Allah be
pleased with him, that the Prophet, may Allah bless him
and grant him peace, said, "Let whoever believes in Allah and
the Last Day either speak good or remain silent."10

Thus talking can either be good, in which case it is
commendable, or bad, in which case it is haram.

The Prophet *saaws* said: "Everything the children of
Adam say goes against them, except for their enjoining
good and forbidding evil, and remembering Allah, Glorius and
Might is He." This was reported by at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Ma'jah on
the authority of Umm Habiba, may Allah be pleased with her.11

Umar ibn al-Khattab visited Abu Bakr, may Allah be
pleased with them, and found him pulling his tongue with
his fingers. Umar said "Stop! may Allah forgive you!" Abu Bakr
replied; "This tongue has brought me to dangerous places."12

Abdullah ibn Mas'ud said: "By Allah, besides Whom no god
exists, nothing deserves a long prison sentence more
than my tongue." He also used to say: "O tongue, say good and
you will profit;desist from saying evil things and you will be
safe; otherwise you will find only regret."

Abu Huraira reported that Ibn al-Abbas said: "A person
will not feel greater fury or anger for any part of his
body on the Day of Judgement more than what he will feel for his
tongue, unless he only used it for saying or enjoining good."

Al-Hassan said: "Whoever does not hold his tongue cannot
understand his deen."

The least harmful of a tongue's faults is talking about
whatever does not concern it. The following hadith of
the Prohet *saaws* is enough to indicate the harm of this fault:
"One of the merits of a person's Islam is his abandoning what
does not concer him."13

Abu Ubaida related that al-Hassan said: "One of the
signs of Allah's abandoning a servant is His making him
preoccupied with what does not concern him."

Sahl said, "Whoever talks about what does not concern
him is deprived of truthfulness."

As we have already mentioned above, this is the least
harmful of the tongue's faults. There are far worse
things, like backbiting, gossipying, obscene and misleading
talk, two-faced and hypocritical talk, showing off, quarrelling,
bickering, singing, lying, mockery, derision and falsehood; and
there are many more faults which can affect a servant's tongue,
ruining his heart and causing him to lose both his happiness and
pleasure in this life, and his success and profit in the next
life. Allah is the One to Whom we turn for assistance.

Unrestrained Glances

The unrestrained glance results in the one who looks
becoming attracted to what he sees, and in the
imprinting of an image of what he sees in his heart. This can
result in several kinds of corruption in the heart of the
servant. The following are a number of them:::

It has been related that the Prophet *saaws* once said
words to the effect: "The glance is a poisoned arrow of
shaytan. Whoever lowers his gaze for Allah, He will bestow upon
him a refreshing sweetness which he will find in his heart on
the day that he meets Him."14

Shaytan enters with the glance, for he travels with it,
faster than the wind blowing through an empty place. He
makes what is seen appear more beautiful than it really is, and
transforms it into an idol for the heart to worship. Then he
promises it false rewards, lights the fire of desires within it,
and fuels it with the wood of forbidden actions, which the
servant would not have committed had it not been for this
distorted image.

This distracts the heart and makes it forget its more
important concerns. It stands between it and them; and
so the heart loses its straight path and falls into the pit of
desire and ignorance. Allah, Mighty and Glorious is He, says:

--*< And do not obey anyone whose heart WE have made
forgetful in remembering Us- who follows his own desires, and
whose affair has exceeded all bounds. (18:28)--<*

The unrestrained gaze causes all three afflications.

It has been said that between the eye and the heart is
an immediate connection; if the eyes are corrupted, then
the heart follows. It becomes like a rubbish heap where all the
dirt and filth and rottennes collect, and so there is no room
for love for Allah, relating all matters to Him, awareness of
being in His presence, and feeling joy at His proximity-only the
opposite of these things can inhabit such a heart.

Staring and gazing without restraint is disobedience to
Allah:

-*< Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and quard
their modesty; that is more purifying for them. Surely
Allah is aware of what they do. (24:30)--<*

Only the one who obeys Allah's commands is content in
this world, and only the servant who obeys Allah will
survive in the next world.

Furthermore, letting the gaze roam free cloaks the heart
with darkness, just as lowering the gaze for Allah
clothes it in light. After the above ayah, Allah, the Glorious
and Mighty, says in the same surah of the the Qur'an:

-*< Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth: the
likeness of His light is as if there were a niche, and
in the niche is a lamp, and in the lamp is a glass, and
the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a
blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east nor of the
west, whose oil is well nigh luminous, though fire
scarce touched it. Light upon light. 'Allah guides
whomever He wants to His Light. Allah strikes metaphors
for man; and Allah knows all things. (24:35)--<*

When the heart is a light, countless good comes to it
from all directions. If it is dark, then clouds of evil
and afflictions come from all directions to cover it up.

Letting the gaze run loose also makes the heart blind to
distinguishing between truth and falsehood, between the sunnah
and innovation; while lowering it for Allah, the Might and
Exalted, gives it a penetrating, true and distinguishing
insight.

A righteous man once said: "Whoever enriches his outward
behaviour by follwing the sunnah, and makes his inward
soul weathy thorugh contemplation, and averts his gaze away from
looking at what is forbidden, and avoids anything of a doubtful
nature, and feeds soley on what is halal-his inner sight will
never falter."

Rewards for actions come in kind. Whoever lowers his
gaze from what Allah has forbidden, Allah will give his
inner sight abundant light.

***Too much Food, Keeping Bad Company, and What Gives
the Heart Life and Sustence from this chapter, will be
sent tommorrow by the will of Allah***

Too Much Food

The consumption of small amounts of food guarantees
tenderness of the heart, strenght of the intellect,
humility of the self, weakness of desires, and gentleness of
temperament. Immoderate eating brings about the opposite of
these praiseworthy qualities.

Al-Miqdam ibn Ma'd Yakrib said: "I heard the Messenger
of Allah *saaws* say: "THe son of Adam fills no vessel
more displeasing to Allah than his stomach. A few morsels should
be enough for him to preserve his strength. If he must fil it,
then he should allow a third for his food, a third for his drink
and leave a third empty for easy breathing."15

Excessive eating induces many kinds of harm. It makes
the body incline towards disobedience to Allah and makes
worship and obedience seem laborious-such evils are bad enough
in themselves. A full stomach and excessive eating have caused
many a wrong action and inhibited much worship. Whoever
safeguards against the evils of overfilling his stomach has
prevented great evil. It is easier for shaytan to control a
person who has filled his stomach with food and drink, which is
why it has often been said: "Restrict the pathways of shaytan by
fasting."16

It has been reported that when a group of young men from
the Tribe of Israel were worshipping, and it was time
for them to break their fast, a man stood up and said: "Do not
eat too much, otherwise you will drink too much, and then you
will end up sleeping too much, and then you will lose too much."

The Prophet *saaws* and his companions, may Allah be
pleased with them, used to go hungry quite frequently.
Although this was often due to a shortage of food, Allah decreed
the best and most favourable conditions for His Messenger, may
Allah bless him and grant him peace. This is why Ibn Umar and
his father before him-in spite of the abundance of food
available to them-modelled their eating habits on those of the
Prophet *saaws*. It has been reported that Aisha, may Allah be
pleased with her, said: "From the time of their arrival in
Madina up until his death *saaws*, the family of Muhammed
*saaws* never ate their fill of bread made from wheat three
nights in a row."17

Ibrahim ibn Adham said: "Any one who controls his
stomach is in control of his deen, and anyone who
controls his hunger is in control of good behaviour.
Disobedience towards Allah is nearest to a person who is
satiated with a full stomach, and furthest away from a person
who is hungry."

Keeping Bad Company

Unnecessary companionship is a chronic disease that
causes much harm. How often have the wrong kind of
companionship and intermixing deprived people of Allah's
generosity, planting discord in their hearts which even the
passage of time-even if it were long enough for mountains to be
worn away-has been unable to dispel. In keeping such company
one can find the roots of loss, both in this life and in the
next life.

A servant should benefit from companionship. In order to
do so he should divide people into four categories, and
be careful not to get them mixed up, for once one of them is
mixed with another, then evil can find its way through to him:

The *FIRST* category are those people whose company is
like food: it is indispensable, night or day. Once a
servant has taken his need from it, he leaves it be until he
requires it again, and so on. These are the people with
knowledge of Allah-of His commands, of the scheming of His
enemies, and of the diseases of the heart and their remedies-
who wish well for Allah, His Prophet *saaws* and His servants.
Associating with this type of person is an achievement in
itself.

The *SECOND* category are those people whose company is
like a medicine. They are only required when a disease
sets in. When you are healthy, you have no need of them.
However, mixing with them is sometimes necessary for your
livelihood, businesses, consultation and the like. Once what
you need from them has been fulfilled, mixing with them should
be avoided.

The *THIRD* category are those people whose company is
harmful. Mixing with this type of person is like a
disease, in all its variety and degrees and strengths and
weaknesses. Associating with one or some of them is like an
incurable chronic disease. You will never profit either in this
life or in the next life if you have them for company, and you
will surely lose either one or both of your deen and your
livelihood because of them. If their companionship has taken
hold of you and is established, then it becomes a fatal,
terrifying sickness.

Amongst such people are those who neither speak any good
that might benefit you, nor listen cloesly to you so
that they might benefit from you. They do not know their souls
and consequently put their selves in their rightful place. If
they speak, their words fall on their listeners' hearts like the
lashes of a cane, while all the while they are full of
admiration for and delight in their own words.

They cause distress to those in their company, while
believing that they are the sweet scent of the
gathering. If they are silent, they are heavier than a massive
millstone-too heavy to carry or even drag across the floor. 18

All in all, mixing with anyone who is bad for the soul
will not last, even if it is unavoidable. It can be one
of the most distressing aspects of a servant's life that he is
plagued by such person, with whom it may be necessary to
associate. In such a relationship, a servant should cling to
good behaviour, only presenting him with his outward appearance,
while disguising his inner soul, until Allah offers him a way
out of his affliction and the means of escape from this
situation.

The *FOURTH* category are those people whose company is
doom itself. It is like taking poision: its victim
either finds an antidote or perishes. Many people belong to
this category. They are the people of religious innovation and
misguidance, those who abandon the sunnah of the Messenger of
Allah *saaws* and advocate other beliefs. They call what is the
sunnah a bid'a and vice-versa. A man with any intellect should
not sit in their assemblies nor mix with them. The result of
doing so will either be the death of his heart or, at the very
best, its falling seriously ill.






What Gives the Heart Life and Sustenance

You should know that acts of obedience are essential to
the well being of the servant's heart, just in the same
way that food and drink are to that of the body. All wrong
actions are the same as poisonous foods, and they inevitably
harm the heart.

The servant feels the need to worship his Lord, Mighty
and Glorious is He, for he is naturally in constant need
of His help and assistance.

In order to maintain the well being of his body, the
servant carefully follows a strict diet. He habitually
and constantly eats good food at regular intervals, and is quick
to free his stomach of harmful elements if he happens to eat bad
food by mistake.

The well being of the servant's heart, however, is far
more important than that of his body, for while the well
being of his body enables him to lead a life that is free from
illnesses in this world, that of the heart ensures him both a
fortunate life in this world and eternal bliss in the next.

In the same way, while the death of the body cuts the
servant off from this world, the death of the heart
results in everlasting anguish. A righteous man once said, "How
odd, that some people mourn for the one whose body has died, but
never mourn for the one whose heart has died-and yet the death
of the heart is far more serious!"

Thus acts of obedience are indispensable to the well
being of the heart. It is worthwhile mentioning the
following acts of obedience here, since they are very necessary
and essential for the servant's heart: ---Dhikr of Allah
ta'Ala, recitation of the Noble Qur'an, seeking Allah's
forgiveness, making du'as, invoking Allah's blessings and peace
on the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and
praying at night.*

Notes:

1. Da'if hadith, Al-Mundhari, 3/234; and al-Iraqi in al-Ihya,
8/1539. 2. Da'if hadith, at-Tirmdihi, Kitab az-Zuhud, 7/92,
gharib; no one else has transmitted it other than Ibrahim ibn
Abdullah ibn Hatib, whom ath-Thahabi mentions, 1/43, stating
that this is one of the gharib hadith attributed to him. 3.
Da'if hadith, Ibn Hibban and al-Baihaqi, and al-Iraqi in his
edition of al-Ihya, 8/1541. 4. Sahih hadith, at-Tirmidhi,
al-Hakim, ath-Thahabi. 5. Sahih hadith, at-Tirmidhi and Ahmad;
also al-Hakum and ath-Thahabi. 6. Al-Bukhari in Kitab ar-Riqaq,
and Muslim in Kitab az-Zuhud. 7. At-Tirmdihi, Kitab az-Zuhud;
he said the hadith is hasan gharib. 8. At-Tirmdihi in Kitab
az-Zuhud with a slightly different wording; he said the hadith
is hasan. This wording is reported by Abu Na'im in al-Hilya. 9.
Al-Buhhari, Kitab ar-Riqaq, 11/308 and Kitab al-Hudud, 12/113.
10. Al-Bukhari, Kitab ar-Riqaq, 11/308; Muslim, Kitab al-Iman,
2/18. The complete hadith is: "Let whoever believes in Allah and
the Last Day either speak good or remain silent; and let whoever
believes in Allah and the Last Day be generous to his neighbour;
and let whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day be generous
to his guest." 11. THe hadith is hasan and is reported by
at-Tirmdhi in Kitab az-Zuhud and by Ibn Majah in Kitab al-Fitan.
At-Tirmidhi classifies it as hasan gharib. We have no report of
it other than from Muhammad ibn Yazid ibn Khanis. 12. Hasan
according to Abu Ya'la, Baihaqi and as-Suyuti. Musnad, 1/201;
as-Sa'ati. 13. Sahih, at-Tirmdhi, Kitab az-Zuhud, 6/607; Ahmad,
al-Musnad, 1/201; as-Sa'ati, al-Fath ar-Rabbani, 19/257; hadith
number 12 in an-Nawawi's Forty Hadiths. 14. Da'if, at-Tabarani,
8/63; al-Hakim, al-Mustadrak, 4/314; Ahmad, al-Musnad, 5/264.
15. Sahih, Ahmad, al-Musnad, 4/132; as-Sa'ati, al-Fath
ar-Rabbani, 17/88; at-Tirmidhi, Kitab az-Zuhud, 7/51. 16.
Da'if; it does not appear in most of the sources of the sunnah,
but is mentioned in al-Ghazzali's al-Ihya, 8/1488. 17.
Al-Bukhari, Kitab al-At'ima, 9/549; and Muslim, Kitab az-Zuhud,
8/105. 18. Ash-Shafi', may Allah be pleased with him, is
reported to have said, "Whenever a tedious person sits next to
me, the side on which he is sitting feels lower down than the
other side of me."



=-The Purification of the Soul-=
from the works of Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbabli, Ibn Al-Qayyim
al-Jawziyaa, and Abu Hamid al-Ghazali

END





Reply

Sister_6038
04-08-2006, 08:30 PM
You should know that all acts of disobedience are poision to the heart and cause its sickness and ruin. They result in its will running off course, against that of Allah, and so its sickness festers and increases. Ibn al-Mubarak said:
I have seen wrong actions killing hearts, And their degradation may lead to their bcoming addicted to them. Turning away from wrong actions gives life to the hearts, And opposing your self is best for it.
Whoever is concerned with the health and life of his heart, must rid it of the effects of such poisons, and then protect it by avoiding new ones. If he takes any by mistake, then he should hasten to wipe out their effect by turning in repentance and seeking forgiveness from Allah, as well as by doing good deeds that will wipe out his wrong actions.

By the four poisons we mean unnecessary talking, unrestrained glances, too much food, and keeping bad company. Of all the poisons, these are the most widespread and have the greatest effect on a heart's well-being.


******************* Unnecessary Talking *******************

It is reported in al-Musnad, on the authority of Anas, that the Prophet *saaws* said: "The belief of a servant is not put right until his heart is put right, and his heart is not put right until his tongue is put right."1 This shows that the Prophet *saaws* has made the purification of belief conditional on the purification of the heart, and the purification of the heart conditional on the purification of the tongue.
At-Tirmidhi relates in a hadith on the authority of Ibn Umar: "Do not talk excessively without remembering Allah, because such excessive talk without the mention of Allah causes the heart to harden, and the person furthest from Allah is a person with a hard heart."2

Umar Ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, said: "A person who talks too much is a person who often makes mistakes, and someone who often makes mistakes, often has wrong actions. The Fire has a priority over such a freqent sinner."3

In a hadith related on the authority of Mu'adh, the Prophet *saaws* said, "Shall I not tell you how to control all that?" I said, "Yes do, O Messenger of Allah." So he held his tongue between his fingers, and then he said: "Restrain this." I said, "Oh Prophet of Allah, are we accountable for what we say?" He *saaws* said, "May your mother be bereft by your loss! Is there anything more than the harvest of the tongues that throws people on their faces (or he said 'on their noses') into the Fire?"4

What is meant here by 'the harvest of the tongues' is the punishment for saying forbidden things. A man, through his actions and words, sows the seeds of either good or evil. On the Day of Resurrection he harvests their fruits. Those who sow the seeds of good words and deeds harvest honour and blessings; those who sow the seeds of evil words and deeds reap only regret and remorse.

A hadith related by Abu Huraira says, "What mostly causes people to be sent to the Fire are the two openings: the mouth and the private parts."5

Abu Huraira also related that the Messenger of Allah *saaws* said, "The servant speaks words, the consequences of which he does not realise, and for which he is sent down into the depths of the Fire further than the distance between the east and the west."6

The same hadith was transmitted by at-Tirmidhi with slight variations: "The servant says something that he thinks is harmless, and for which he will be plunged into the depths of the Fire as far as seventy autumns."7

Uqba ibn Amir said: "I said: "O Messenger of Allah, what is our best way of surviving?' He, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, replied: "Guard your tongue, make your house suffice for sheltering your privacy, and weep for your wrong actions."8

It has been related on the authority of Sahl ibn Sa'd that the Prophet *saaws* said, "Whoever can guarantee what is between his jaws and what is between his legs, I guarantee him the Garden."9
It has also been related by Abu Huraira, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Let whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day either speak good or remain silent."10

Thus talking can either be good, in which case it is commendable, or bad, in which case it is haram.
The Prophet *saaws* said: "Everything the children of Adam say goes against them, except for their enjoining good and forbidding evil, and remembering Allah, Glorius and Might is He." This was reported by at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Ma'jah on the authority of Umm Habiba, may Allah be pleased with her.11
Umar ibn al-Khattab visited Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with them, and found him pulling his tongue with his fingers. Umar said "Stop! may Allah forgive you!" Abu Bakr replied; "This tongue has brought me to dangerous places."12

Abdullah ibn Mas'ud said: "By Allah, besides Whom no god exists, nothing deserves a long prison sentence more than my tongue." He also used to say: "O tongue, say good and you will profit;desist from saying evil things and you will be safe; otherwise you will find only regret."

Abu Huraira reported that Ibn al-Abbas said: "A person will not feel greater fury or anger for any part of his body on the Day of Judgement more than what he will feel for his tongue, unless he only used it for saying or enjoining good."

Al-Hassan said: "Whoever does not hold his tongue cannot understand his deen."
The least harmful of a tongue's faults is talking about whatever does not concern it. The following hadith of the Prohet *saaws* is enough to indicate the harm of this fault: "One of the merits of a person's Islam is his abandoning what does not concer him."13

Abu Ubaida related that al-Hassan said: "One of the signs of Allah's abandoning a servant is His making him preoccupied with what does not concern him."

Sahl said, "Whoever talks about what does not concern him is deprived of truthfulness."
As we have already mentioned above, this is the least harmful of the tongue's faults. There are far worse things, like backbiting, gossipying, obscene and misleading talk, two-faced and hypocritical talk, showing off, quarrelling, bickering, singing, lying, mockery, derision and falsehood; and there are many more faults which can affect a servant's tongue, ruining his heart and causing him to lose both his happiness and pleasure in this life, and his success and profit in the next life. Allah is the One to Whom we turn for assistance.


******************** Unrestrained Glances ********************

The unrestrained glance results in the one who looks becoming attracted to what he sees, and in the imprinting of an image of what he sees in his heart. This can result in several kinds of corruption in the heart of the servant.
The following are a number of them:::
It has been related that the Prophet *saaws* once said words to the effect: "The glance is a poisoned arrow of shaytan. Whoever lowers his gaze for Allah, He will bestow upon him a refreshing sweetness which he will find in his heart on the day that he meets Him."14

Shaytan enters with the glance, for he travels with it, faster than the wind blowing through an empty place. He makes what is seen appear more beautiful than it really is, and transforms it into an idol for the heart to worship. Then he promises it false rewards, lights the fire of desires within it, and fuels it with the wood of forbidden actions, which the servant would not have committed had it not been for this distorted image.

This distracts the heart and makes it forget its more important concerns. It stands between it and them; and so the heart loses its straight path and falls into the pit of desire and ignorance.

Allah, Mighty and Glorious is He, says:

--*< And do not obey anyone whose heart WE have made forgetful in remembering Us- who follows his own desires, and whose affair has exceeded all bounds. (18:28)--<*

The unrestrained gaze causes all three afflications.

It has been said that between the eye and the heart is an immediate connection; if the eyes are corrupted, then the heart follows. It becomes like a rubbish heap where all the dirt and filth and rottennes collect, and so there is no room for love for Allah, relating all matters to Him, awareness of being in His presence, and feeling joy at His proximity-only the opposite of these things can inhabit such a heart.

Staring and gazing without restraint is disobedience to Allah:

-*< Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and quard their modesty; that is more purifying for them. Surely Allah is aware of what they do. (24:30)--<*

Only the one who obeys Allah's commands is content in this world, and only the servant who obeys Allah will survive in the next world.

Furthermore, letting the gaze roam free cloaks the heart with darkness, just as lowering the gaze for Allah clothes it in light. After the above ayah, Allah, the Glorious and Mighty, says in the same surah of the the Qur'an:

-*< Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth: the likeness of His light is as if there were a niche, and in the niche is a lamp, and in the lamp is a glass, and the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil is well nigh luminous, though fire scarce touched it. Light upon light. 'Allah guides whomever He wants to His Light. Allah strikes metaphors for man; and Allah knows all things. (24:35)--<*

When the heart is a light, countless good comes to it from all directions. If it is dark, then clouds of evil and afflictions come from all directions to cover it up.

Letting the gaze run loose also makes the heart blind to distinguishing between truth and falsehood, between the sunnah and innovation; while lowering it for Allah, the Might and Exalted, gives it a penetrating, true and distinguishing insight.

A righteous man once said: "Whoever enriches his outward behaviour by following the sunnah, and makes his inward soul wealthy through contemplation, and averts his gaze away from looking at what is forbidden, and avoids anything of a doubtful nature, and feeds solely on what is halaal-his inner sight will never falter."

Rewards for actions come in kind. Whoever lowers his gaze from what Allah has forbidden, Allah will give his inner sight abundant light.

************* Too Much Food *************

The consumption of small amounts of food guarantees tenderness of the heart, strengh of the intellect, humility of the self, weakness of desires, and gentleness of temperament. Immoderate eating brings about the opposite of these praiseworthy qualities.

Al-Miqdam ibn Ma'd Yakrib said: "I heard the Messenger of Allah *saaws* say: "The son of Adam fills no vessel more displeasing to Allah than his stomach. A few morsels should be enough for him to preserve his strength. If he must fill it, then he should allow a third for his food, a third for his drink and leave a third empty for easy breathing."15

Excessive eating induces many kinds of harm. It makes the body incline towards disobedience to Allah and makes worship and obedience seem laborious-such evils are bad enough in themselves. A full stomach and excessive eating have caused many a wrong action and inhibited much worship. Whoever safeguards against the evils of overfilling his stomach has prevented great evil. It is easier for shaytan to control a person who has filled his stomach with food and drink, which is why it has often been said: "Restrict the pathways of shaytan by fasting."16

It has been reported that when a group of young men from the Tribe of Israel were worshipping, and it was time for them to break their fast, a man stood up and said: "Do not eat too much, otherwise you will drink too much, and then you will end up sleeping too much, and then you will lose too much."

The Prophet *saaws* and his companions, may Allah be pleased with them, used to go hungry quite frequently. Although this was often due to a shortage of food, Allah decreed the best and most favourable conditions for His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. This is why Ibn Umar and his father before him-in spite of the abundance of food available to them-modelled their eating habits on those of the Prophet *saaws*. It has been reported that Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said: "From the time of their arrival in Madina up until his death *saaws*, the family of Muhammed *saaws* never ate their fill of bread made from wheat three nights in a row."17

Ibrahim ibn Adham said: "Any one who controls his stomach is in control of his deen, and anyone who controls his hunger is in control of good behaviour. Disobedience towards Allah is nearest to a person who is satiated with a full stomach, and furthest away from a person who is hungry."


******************* Keeping Bad Company *******************

Unnecessary companionship is a chronic disease that causes much harm. How often have the wrong kind of companionship and intermixing deprived people of Allah's generosity, planting discord in their hearts which even the passage of time-even if it were long enough for mountains to be worn away-has been unable to dispel. In keeping such company one can find the roots of loss, both in this life and in the next life.

A servant should benefit from companionship. In order to do so he should divide people into four categories, and be careful not to get them mixed up, for once one of them is mixed with another, then evil can find its way through to him:

The *FIRST* category are those people whose company is like food: it is indispensable, night or day. Once a servant has taken his need from it, he leaves it be until he requires it again, and so on. These are the people with knowledge of Allah-of His commands, of the scheming of His enemies, and of the diseases of the heart and their remedies- who wish well for Allah, His Prophet *saaws* and His servants. Associating with this type of person is an achievement in itself.

The *SECOND* category are those people whose company is like a medicine. They are only required when a disease sets in. When you are healthy, you have no need of them. However, mixing with them is sometimes necessary for your livelihood, businesses, consultation and the like. Once what you need from them has been fulfilled, mixing with them should be avoided.

The *THIRD* category are those people whose company is harmful. Mixing with this type of person is like a disease, in all its variety and degrees and strengths and weaknesses. Associating with one or some of them is like an incurable chronic disease. You will never profit either in this life or in the next life if you have them for company, and you will surely lose either one or both of your deen and your livelihood because of them. If their companionship has taken hold of you and is established, then it becomes a fatal, terrifying sickness.

Amongst such people are those who neither speak any good that might benefit you, nor listen cloesly to you so that they might benefit from you. They do not know their souls and consequently put their selves in their rightful place. If they speak, their words fall on their listeners' hearts like the lashes of a cane, while all the while they are full of admiration for and delight in their own words.

They cause distress to those in their company, while believing that they are the sweet scent of the gathering. If they are silent, they are heavier than a massive millstone-too heavy to carry or even drag across the floor. 18

All in all, mixing with anyone who is bad for the soul will not last, even if it is unavoidable. It can be one of the most distressing aspects of a servant's life that he is plagued by such person, with whom it may be necessary to associate. In such a relationship, a servant should cling to good behaviour, only presenting him with his outward appearance, while disguising his inner soul, until Allah offers him a way out of his affliction and the means of escape from this situation.

The *FOURTH* category are those people whose company is doom itself. It is like taking poison: its victim either finds an antidote or perishes. Many people belong to this category. They are the people of religious innovation and misguidance, those who abandon the sunnah of the Messenger of Allah *saaws* and advocate other beliefs. They call what is the sunnah a bid'a and vice-versa. A man with any intellect should not sit in their assemblies nor mix with them. The result of doing so will either be the death of his heart or, at the very best, its falling seriously ill.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ What Gives the Heart Life and Sustenance ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

You should know that acts of obedience are essential to the well being of the servant's heart, just in the same way that food and drink are to that of the body. All wrong actions are the same as poisonous foods, and they inevitably harm the heart.

The servant feels the need to worship his Lord, Mighty and Glorious is He, for he is naturally in constant need of His help and assistance.

In order to maintain the well being of his body, the servant carefully follows a strict diet. He habitually and constantly eats good food at regular intervals, and is quick to free his stomach of harmful elements if he happens to eat bad food by mistake.

The well being of the servant's heart, however, is far more important than that of his body, for while the well being of his body enables him to lead a life that is free from illnesses in this world, that of the heart ensures him both a fortunate life in this world and eternal bliss in the next.

In the same way, while the death of the body cuts the servant off from this world, the death of the heart results in everlasting anguish. A righteous man once said, "How odd, that some people mourn for the one whose body has died, but never mourn for the one whose heart has died-and yet the death of the heart is far more serious!"

Thus acts of obedience are indispensable to the well being of the heart. It is worthwhile mentioning the following acts of obedience here, since they are very necessary and essential for the servant's heart: ---Dhikr of Allah ta'Ala, recitation of the Noble Qur'an, seeking Allah's forgiveness, making du'as, invoking Allah's blessings and peace on the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and praying at night.*
Reply

Maimunah
04-08-2006, 08:32 PM
mashaallah great post sis:)
may allah reward u
Reply

Sister_6038
04-08-2006, 08:39 PM
sis i read it and thought to pass it onto the LI brothers and sisters :D:D
Reply

Guli7
04-08-2006, 09:27 PM
thanks for posting. I do agree on those points, I believe everything should be in moderation.

I walk around campus with my gaze lowered and people think I am acting weird. I don't talk much and I am not close with even my relatives because of that. I have even passed by my cousins in the streets and they made fun of me for not seeing them across the street.

I am shy naturally and I have become timid in the end. I have restrained myself so much that I don't know how to act around people. I think way too much before I talk, to say the right thing, to not offend people. I therefore say simple statements and compliments.

All my life I am known as the "nice quiet girl" and people say that I have missed out.

but in the end this is all that should matter:

"Thus acts of obedience are indispensable to the well being of the heart. It is worthwhile mentioning the following acts of obedience here, since they are very necessary and essential for the servant's heart: ---Dhikr of Allah ta'Ala, recitation of the Noble Qur'an, seeking Allah's forgiveness, making du'as, invoking Allah's blessings and peace on the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and praying at night.*"

thanks again for posting!
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al-fateh
04-08-2006, 09:35 PM
thanks for sharing
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