09-24-2005, 07:40 PM
Shaykh ‘Ubaid Ibn‘Abdullah Ibn Sulaiman Al Jabiree: Cassette recorded by Ibn Rajab, entitled: Reply
"Who are the ones fit to do Al-Jarh Wat-Ta’deel?"
Question: There are some people that don’t have anything better to do, except to make ‘Tajreeh’ (statements indicating untrustworthiness and unreliability) of certain scholars, and to make ‘Ta’deel’ (statements of praise and approval indicating the trustworthiness and reliability) of other scholars, so what do you say to them and what do you advise them with, may Allah reward you?
Answer: “That which I say concerning the position of Ahlus-Sunnah past and present is that the people in this affair are of two types:
Firstly) The first type: are the people of knowledge and experience who are well acquainted with the people and their conditions, and they are the ones who are fit to give the Hukm, the ruling upon them, and they are the scholars (‘العلماء المحققون Al ‘Ulemaa Al-Muhaqqiqoon’). So whomsoever they declare to be ‘Adl (trustworthy and reliable) then they are to be considered as trustworthy and reliable and whomsoever they criticize and disapprove of them, they are to be considered as ‘Majrooh’ (untrustworthy and unreliable) because they (the scholars) never criticize and make disparaging remarks except to the one who deserves them, and this could be with regards to his character, or the way he goes about his affairs, or in his dealings with people, or in his ‘Deen’.
And these scholars are (only) able to do this by way of what Allah the Most High and Exalted, has given them from (الفقه Fiqh (understanding) and (الخبرة Khibarah (experience) in the religion.
And they establish and provide the proofs and evidences for the reasons why they have declared an individual to be ‘Majrooh’ when needed.
And they (the scholars) are (العمدة) the Umdah (the ones who are relied upon) in Al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel (the science of critically analyzing people thus declaring some to be trustworthy and reliable and others to be abandoned or disapproved due to their being untrustworthy or unreliable).
2) The second category or type of people are the students of knowledge who do not possess the accuracy and precision or the correct actualization in this affair,
(ليس عندهم تحقيق في هدا الباب) so that which is ‘waajib’ (obligatory and binding) upon them is to accept the statements of scholars who have already preceded them in declaring someone to be reliable or unreliable because they (the students of knowledge) are reliant and dependant upon the first category of people (the scholars) in Al-Jarh wa-Ta’deel.
So do not go to extremes with regards to your brothers and I advise you about making general statements such as this because many people don’t understand these types of general statements. So be assured of that which I have mentioned to you just a short moment ago.
And this (the science of Jarh wa-Ta’deel) is from amongst the greatest of affairs in regards to defending the Sunnah and its people, and also driving away and rebuking the people of innovation and also in (purifying) ‘the path’ making the way for the spread of the Sunnah and strengthening its people.
For verily Ahlus-Sunnah are not people driven by anger or bent on taking revenge, rather their only concern is the protection of the Sunnah.
As a matter of fact Ahlus-Sunnah may refute a mistake even if it is not an innovation and this is in order that the Sunnah may be protected and safeguarded, in the areas that pertain to the aspects of the ‘aqeedah’, and also in the areas that pertain to the aspects of worship, likewise, that which relates to the way that people deal with one another and go about their affairs.
So you must realize and understand this, and likewise your brothers and sisters.”
Rest coming soon
Translated by: Abul Qayyim, Ismaa'eel ibn Yusuf.
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