10-02-2005, 09:04 PM
RAMADAN PREPARATION Reply
Ash Shaykh Al ‘Alaamah Saalih ibn Fawzaan Al Fawzaan (may Allah preserve him)
There are things that are impermissible for the one fasting [to do] even though they do not nullify his fast. They are called "Mufattiraat Ma'nawiyyah" (figurative nullifiers). They include: Gheebah which is to mention your brother in a manner that he dislikes and Nameemah which is to spread slander between people. It also includes insulting, abusing and cursing [people] and other than that from prohibited speech. All of these affairs are impermissible for the Muslim whether he is fasting or not. However, it is more severe [in prohibition] as it relates to the one fasting. That is because it may remove the reward of his fast, thus leaving him with no benefit [at all]. The only thing that he would gain is fatigue, thirst and hunger.
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:
((Whoever does not leave off false statements (all prohibited speech) and acting according to them, Allaah is not in need of his abstaining from his food and drink.)) 
These affairs are prohibited always and forever; however they are more severe [in prohibition] as it relates to the one fasting, because they either eliminate the reward of one's fast or decrease it and puncture it.
This is because fasting - as the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said - is a shield (i.e. a protection). So if the shield is punctured, it does not benefit its possessor nor does it guard him from the enemy's arrows. But if the shield is strong and solid, he can use it to protect him from the enemy's weapon.
Likewise, if the Siyaam is correct (i.e. performed in accordance to the Sharee'ah) and free from Gheebah, Nameemah, false speech and insults then indeed it shields him from Allaah's punishment. But if it is a feeble fast, uncured with Gheebah, Nameemah, insults, false speech and abuse then it is a fast that will neither prevent him from sin nor from punishment.
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