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View Poll Results: I'm curious, which one holds the most merit to you? Please explain why.

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  • Theistic Evolution

    9 52.94%
  • Evolution

    4 23.53%
  • Creationism.

    4 23.53%
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  1. #1
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    Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution (OP)


    I'm curious as to which of these you believe hold the most merit.

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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

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    Today I learned that before darwin talked about evolution, there was Al Jahiz(a muslim) about 1000 years earlier.

    -------------
    Al-Jāhiz was one of the first Muslim biologists to develop a theory on evolution.

    He wrote on the effects of the environment on the likelihood of an animal to survive, and he first described the struggle for existence. Al-Jāḥiẓ was also the first to discuss food chains, and was also an early adherent of environmental determinism, arguing that the environment can determine the physical characteristics of the inhabitants of a certain community and that the origins of different human skin colors is the result of the environment.[5][6] His Book of Animals states,


    Animals engage in a struggle for existence; for resources, to avoid being eaten and to breed. Environmental factors influence organisms to develop new characteristics to ensure survival, thus transforming into new species. Animals that survive to breed can pass on their successful characteristics to offspring.[7][8]

    According to physicist Jim Al-Khalili, his book was a major influence on Arab scholars of the 11th to 14th centuries, and the Latin translations of their work in turn became known toLinnaeus, Buffon and Lamarck.[7]

    The historian Dr. Mehmet Bayrakdar testifies: "Indeed, Darwin and his precursors took up the theory of Al Jahiz as the base for the essentiality of their evolutionary theories and they formulated it in a more scientific way in the context of eighteenth and nineteenth centuries development of science". The German Orientalist and historian Friedrich Dieterici in his "Der Darwinismus im X und XIX Jahhundert", together with E. Wiedemann in his "Darwinistishes bei Gahiz" and other European thinkers have proved even before that that there is a great similarity between Charles Darwin and Al Jahiz, except that Al Jahiz does not reject creationism, and treats evolution in a highly delicate manner that proves his theological views, that God is the causer of causes, and He changes things in the manner He wishes.

    Al Jahiz also rejects the idea that humans are descendants of other species, the fact which would leave us with the hypothesis proposed by Belhamidi Hadjer, that the fossils dating back to before Neolithic period, or the creation of Homo sapiens sapiens probably belonged to the species of human beings before they had the human mind, and that Homo sapiens sapiens are the newly created humans after having been created with the mind.

    --------------
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Jahi...y_of_Evolution

    Last edited by Hulk; 05-28-2013 at 08:23 AM.
    Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution


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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    i believe that man kind has been created by God.


    Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: "Most certainly, people from my Ummah will consume liquor which they will describe with some other name. Over their heads will be playing musical instruments and singing girls. Allah will cause the earth to swallow them, and from among them He will transform into apes and pigs." (Ibn Maajah)

    im not saying thus is where apes came from but it wouldnt surprise me tbh


    baaically i believe whatever i find in quran and sunnah without hesitation
    Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

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  5. #23
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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    Quote Originally Posted by Hulk View Post
    Today I learned that before darwin talked about evolution, there was Al Jahiz(a muslim) about 1000 years earlier.

    -------------
    Al-Jāhiz was one of the first Muslim biologists to develop a theory on evolution.

    He wrote on the effects of the environment on the likelihood of an animal to survive, and he first described the struggle for existence. Al-Jāḥiẓ was also the first to discuss food chains, and was also an early adherent of environmental determinism, arguing that the environment can determine the physical characteristics of the inhabitants of a certain community and that the origins of different human skin colors is the result of the environment.[5][6] His Book of Animals states,


    Animals engage in a struggle for existence; for resources, to avoid being eaten and to breed. Environmental factors influence organisms to develop new characteristics to ensure survival, thus transforming into new species. Animals that survive to breed can pass on their successful characteristics to offspring.[7][8]

    According to physicist Jim Al-Khalili, his book was a major influence on Arab scholars of the 11th to 14th centuries, and the Latin translations of their work in turn became known toLinnaeus, Buffon and Lamarck.[7]

    --------------
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Jahi...y_of_Evolution

    Assalam alaikum

    wiki's source is jim & the quote is fake. This is the page jim is talking about
    http://archive.org/stream/hdhkitbala.../n132/mode/2up

    The source of this confusion was someone who wrote an article online & had a thought:
    "I think al-Maskh is a kind of ape; see Vol. IV, p. 24."

    (wiki is wiki )
    Last edited by Good brother; 05-28-2013 at 09:59 PM.

  6. #24
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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    Quote Originally Posted by IbnAbdulHakim View Post
    i believe that man kind has been created by God.


    Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: "Most certainly, people from my Ummah will consume liquor which they will describe with some other name. Over their heads will be playing musical instruments and singing girls. Allah will cause the earth to swallow them, and from among them He will transform into apes and pigs." (Ibn Maajah)

    im not saying thus is where apes came from but it wouldnt surprise me tbh


    baaically i believe whatever i find in quran and sunnah without hesitation
    Assalam alaikum

    Sufyan Ath-Thawri narrated that Ibn Mas`ud said, "Allah's Messenger was asked if the current monkeys and swine were those whom Allah transformed. He said

    ,قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَمْ يُهْلِكْ قَوْمًا أَوْ يُعَذِّبْ قَوْمًا فَيَجْعَلَ لَهُمْ نَسْلاً وَإِنَّ الْقِرَدَةَ وَالْخَنَازِيرَ كَانُوا قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ ‏"


    (Allah never destroyed a people by transforming them and letting them making offspring or descendants for them. The monkeys and swine existed before that.)''
    http://sunnah.com/urn/264400

    Which means: Allah hath cursed some humans and transformed them into apes and swine.
    But, They didn't have Offsprings.
    | Likes IbnAbdulHakim liked this post

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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    ^ jazakAllah khair bro
    Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

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  9. #26
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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    I suppose I am a conservative. For eons of time people believed in Gods or God created everything and then just recently "evolution" came along and all sorts of other theories like Cataclysmic mutation, Micro and Macro Cosmos and all sorts of other dreamed up stuff like the seeds of life drift through space like how coconuts can drift in the ocean and when they land on a beach a tree will grow. All sorts of mysteries out there that we will probably never know. Once I believed in utter chaos, but after years of deep thought I could see the puzzles and order of things. An order that cannot be explained by "evolution". The complexities of life the universe and everything could never evolve from the chaos as far as I can reason.
    | Likes MustafaMc, جوري liked this post

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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    Quote Originally Posted by Good brother View Post
    Assalam alaikum

    wiki's source is jim & the quote is fake. This is the page jim is talking about
    http://archive.org/stream/hdhkitbala.../n132/mode/2up

    The source of this confusion was someone who wrote an article online & had a thought:
    "I think al-Maskh is a kind of ape; see Vol. IV, p. 24."

    (wiki is wiki )
    Wa alaykumsalaam, it appears there is much more than what the citations on wiki has to offer. I will find out more when time permits inshaaAllah, thank you good brother

    Also I think it's worth reflecting how apes are considered "related" to human beings and how certain pig organs can be transplanted into humans and still function.
    Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution


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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    Quote Originally Posted by Holly3278 View Post
    I believe in Theistic Evolution. I simply believe that God used the process of evolution to create all living creatures, including man.
    What is your perspective on evolution being undirected with natural selection acting on random genetic variation vs. it being directed and controlled by God?

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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    Quote Originally Posted by Hulk View Post
    I hope you understand what I'm trying to express.
    I don't. Anyway...

    I find these topics confusing. I mean I'm no scientist. I'm not very knowledge in science so it's very hard for lay people to decide.
    Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    I was looking at myself talking to myself and I realized this conversation...I was having with myself looking at myself was a conversation with myself that I needed to have with myself.

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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    Quote Originally Posted by Hulk View Post
    Wa alaykumsalaam, it appears there is much more than what the citations on wiki has to offer. I will find out more when time permits inshaaAllah, thank you good brother

    Also I think it's worth reflecting how apes are considered "related" to human beings and how certain pig organs can be transplanted into humans and still function.
    All life is "related" on this planet, the genetic blueprint starts with a single cell and it's DNA. To simplify it is like all life is made from a Leggo set. All shapes and sizes can be made but the fundamental building blocks are the same. Hydrogen, Carbon, Nitrogen and Oxygen. All life if heated enough goes back to it's Carbon base. We are made from what is common on this planet with a little bit that is not so common. As mammals we are genetically closer to apes and pigs than non mammals spiders etc.
    | Likes جوري liked this post

  15. #31
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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    Quote Originally Posted by MustafaMc View Post
    What is your perspective on evolution being undirected with natural selection acting on random genetic variation vs. it being directed and controlled by God?
    If I may, surely one's perspective on that is solely determined by whether you believe in God or not? If there is a God, any evolution that occurs must be directed and controlled by Him as He must have initiated the process (or the processes which led to the process), and having perfect knowledge nothing could be 'random'. Evolution is not 'random' at all (any more than spinning a roulette wheel is), it just appears that way because there are so many interrelating factors involved it's practically impossible to even observe them, let alone track them back millions of years through time. The only being who could, and must necessarily have, that capacity is God.

    I don't believe in God, of course, but I never could understand a preference for 'Creationism' over 'Theistic Evolution' by those who do. Creationism makes no sense at all to me even from that perspective.

    I ask you, what could be more elegant than a process lasting over billions of years that, once started with perfect knowledge of where it will end up (which is exactly where God would want it to end up) can just be left alone to get on with it? Isn't that far more likely than God having to constantly intervene from time to time to make a few species extinct here, create a few new ones there? That just makes no sense at all, unless God has a habitual need to keep busy. The only intervention that is consistent is that which introduces something completely ontologically different - the obvious (and only) example being a non-material substance that simply falls outside the scope of biological evolution. That would appear perfectly consistent with a view that God created man, as doing so involved equipping him with a non-material consciousness and/or soul, without indulging in the frequent intervention in biological evolution required by Creationism.

    I would be good to distinguish 'theistic evolution' from 'intelligent design'. The first is a perfectly respectable position in religious philosophy. The second is totally discredited pseudo-scientific twaddle. They are most certainly not the same thing. ID is actually even more philosophically incoherent than Creationism, with 'intervention' being replaced by tinkering instead. Nothing as impressive as new species, but instead a bacterial flagellum here or the odd coagulation cascade there.. why?! The necessary implication is that God couldn't design an evolutionary system that worked without further intervention, necessitating a less perfect solution. Which is, of course, incompatible with God's omnipotence.
    Last edited by Trumble; 06-04-2013 at 02:54 AM.
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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    Quote Originally Posted by Trumble View Post
    Evolution is not 'random' at all (any more than spinning a roulette wheel is), it just appears that way because there are so many interrelating factors involved it's practically impossible to even observe them, let alone track them back millions of years through time.
    For evolution to not be random would mean that it was pre-programmed toward a certain result and programming implies a Programmer who can be equated with the Creator. My understanding is that evolution is a naturalistic process that does not allow for the involvement of an external, unobservable element that is ultimately in control which is the primary conflict with ID which does although ID does not require that the 'intelligent designer' be a supernatural 'God' or look to religious texts for explanation. Evolution relies upon the generation of genetic variation through random mutations, reproductive isolation and natural selection for the development of higher, more complex organisms from more basic 'Common Ancestors'. ToE adherents don't acknowledge that genetic mutation is a destructive process, yet they rely upon it as the most basic source for genetic variation for natural selection to act upon to 'build' new species. It is like using a RPG to transform a log cabin into the Petronas Towers.
    The only being who could, and must necessarily have, that capacity is God.
    I don't believe in God, of course, but I never could understand a preference for 'Creationism' over 'Theistic Evolution' by those who do.
    I don't have a preference of one over the other, but I see 'Theistic Evolution' as a possibility that the details of our origins could have been through what appears from the outside as 'evolutionary'. The caveat is that from my understanding of biological processes and genetics is that these changes would NEVER have come about without the intimate and precise involvement of a Creator which by default gets us back the 'Creationism' albeit from another route. Neither do I deny that the existing and extinct species of life could have been miraculously formed and life breathed into the seminal parents of each species. Of a necessity I believe that God created ALL species of life and not by creating the process of evolution which I see as woefully inadequate. Rather than to use an inadequate theory, I prefer to not speculate as to the mechanism of our emergence as a species, but rather go back to religious texts for explanation of things metaphysical such as where we came from and where we are going.
    | Likes جوري, Eric H liked this post

  17. #33
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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    Asalamu Alaikum

    Theistic evolution, but without the monkey to homo sapien bit, and with a high degree of scepticism. That's my stance.
    | Likes Eric H liked this post

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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    I support (not believe) in theistic evolution.
    Sounds confusing right? let me explain.

    1) I believe (and know) in Creationism. Allah has created every living creature himself. It did not develop nor evolved on its own by chance.

    2) modern science point more and more in the direction of evolution. this does not yet make evolution a fact, but it makes it highly plausible.

    So, considering 1) and 2), Theistic evolution is a good possibility...but as long as the evidence for it is yet missing, I can only support it...I cannot believe it to be true.

    If you try to explain some unknown phenomenon, you try to think out theories how that may be possible. you do not neccessarily believe those theories to be true...but it just might explain this strange occurence. so you test and investigate. if it fails, then the theory was false and you will start over looking for another explanation.


    So "believing" in this context is "knowing it is true / exists" I believe in Allah
    not like, "I believe I saw your keys on your desk yesterday" (with a certain amount of uncertainty)
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  20. #35
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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    Greetings,

    Evolution, obviously. All the evidence points towards it and none points towards the alternatives.

    Peace

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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    I believe that Allah has created evolution. Because of all scientific evidencies, I can´t deny the existence of evolution and because Allah has created the whole universe, evolution is just part of His miracles.
    Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

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  22. #37
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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    Evolution is just the best explanation we have about apparent and phenomenal world - in the field of Biology.

    Islam is about the existential, moral and eschatological truth which is based on revelation and the prophets of God.
    Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

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    Re: Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

    Greetings and peace be with you Zafran;
    Evolution is just the best explanation we have about apparent and phenomenal world - in the field of Biology.
    Evolution is a very good theory that explains how life adapts to changes. But I strongly disagree that you can use the ToE to extrapolate back 3.5 to 4 billion years, to show how the complexities of life evolved from single cells. The prophet Adam did not share or have any other species as a common ancestor.

    Quote Originally Posted by Zafran View Post
    Islam is about the existential, moral and eschatological truth which is based on revelation and the prophets of God.
    Amen.

    Blessings,
    Eric
    Creationism vs Theistic Evolution vs Evolution

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