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Tutush, Kerbogha & the fall of the Great Seljuk Empire
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    Tutush, Kerbogha & the fall of the Great Seljuk Empire

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    Salaam

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    Re: Tutush, Kerbogha & the fall of the Great Seljuk Empire

    There are lots of great men of the Seljuks. This part of the Islamic history is generally unheeded by people but must be understood very well. Great Seljuk empire changed the history of Islam, Christianity and Turks as a people radically. It was the reason of Crusades. It also was the grandfather of the Ottoman empire.

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    Re: Tutush, Kerbogha & the fall of the Great Seljuk Empire

    Salaam

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    Blurb


    The Battle of Manzikert (Malazgirt, Manavazkert) of 1071 was fought between the Byzantine Empire and the new nomadic conquerors from Central Asia - the Seljuk Sultanate. This battle was decisive in changing the ethnic and the religious outlook of Anatolia, and probably was the reason Crusades from Western Europe began.

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    Re: Tutush, Kerbogha & the fall of the Great Seljuk Empire

    It was a Friday, 26th of august 1071. The khalif in Baghdad requested the ummah to make dua in all masjids for the victory. Alparslan, knowing that, spoke to his army after the Jumah prayer in Malazgirt, just before the battle. He said “ Today I am not standing as a sultan in front of you. Today I am as well a soldier just like you and will fight in the battle field side by you. Today here there is no Sultan other than Allah.” The result was a decisive Muslim victory against a Christian empire after hundreds of years.

    May Allah make us a generation worthy of our ancestors.
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    Re: Tutush, Kerbogha & the fall of the Great Seljuk Empire

    The annimation seems accurate regarding the stages of the battle. It first started with the infantry fights between each side then followed and finished by the Seljuk horse-archers.

    Advanced horsemanship and archery allowed Turks to reach until Vienna from Manzikert against the slow and heavy Byzantine and European infantry troops.

    Last edited by anatolian; 1 Week Ago at 04:33 PM.
    Tutush, Kerbogha & the fall of the Great Seljuk Empire

    Amantu billahi wa malaikatihi wa kutubihi wa rusulihi wal-yawmil-akhiri wa bil-qadari khayrihi wa sharrihi minallahi taala wal-ba’thu ba’dal-mawti haqqun ashhadu an la ilaha illallah wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu

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    Re: Tutush, Kerbogha & the fall of the Great Seljuk Empire

    Salaam

    Nice, always wanted to read, watch Turkish perspectives.

    Some books on the subject.

    Blurb

    Turks ruled the Middle East for a millennium and eastern Europe for many centuries and it is an undoubted fact that they moulded the lands under their dominion. It is therefore something of a paradox that the history of Turkey and aspects of the identity and role of the Turks, both as Muslims and as an ethnic group, still remain little known in the west and undervalued in the Arabic and Persian-speaking worlds. This book contributes to historical scholarship on Turkey by focusing on its key foundational myth, the battle of Manzikert in 1071 -- the Turkish equivalent of the battle of Hastings.

    Manzikert destroyed the hold of Christian Byzantium on eastern Turkey and opened the whole country to the spread of Islam, a process completed with the fall of Constantinople and Trebizond some four centuries later. Translations and a close analysis of all the extant Muslim sources -- both Arabic and Persian -- which deal with the battle of Manzikert are provided in the book. It also looks at these writings as literary works and vehicles of religious ideology and analyses the ongoing confrontation between the Muslim Turks and Christian Europe and the importance of Manzikert in the formation of the modern state of Turkey since 1923.




    Blurb

    On 26 August 1071 a large Byzantine army under Emperor Romanus IV met the Saljuq Turk forces of Sultan Alp Arslan near the town of Manzikert. The battle ended in a decisive defeat for the Byzantine forces, with the Byzantine emperor captured and much of his fabled Varangian guard killed. This battle is seen as the primary trigger of the Crusades, and as the moment when the power of the East Roman or Byzantine Empire was irreparably broken. The Saljuq victory opened up Anatolia to Turkish-Islamic conquest, which was eventually followed by the establishment of the Ottoman state.

    Nevertheless the battle itself was the culmination of a Christian Byzantine offensive, intended to strengthen the eastern frontiers of the empire and re-establish Byzantine domination over Armenia and northern Mesopotamia. Turkish Saljuq victory was in no sense inevitable and might, in fact, have come as something of a surprise to those who achieved it. It was not only the battle of Manzikert that had such profound and far-reaching consequences, many of these stemmed from the debilitating Byzantine civil war which followed and was a direct consequence of the defeat.



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