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    Post Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

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    Shaykh Abdul Baarie Ath-Thubaitie


    All praise is due to Allaah. May peace and blessings be upon the noble Prophet. his household and companions.


    Fellow Muslims! Speaking about great scholars is not an easy task, for however you try to grasp the life of any of them you will not be able to do so. Even you may miss the most important and the most impressive aspect of his life.


    The way of life of the earliest great Ulamaa is the exemplar par excellence and showing that is an encouragement to our youths in order to discourage them from imitating evil people who have either no positive role to play in this life nor any value in human history.

    Our speech about the scholars does not in any way mean being partisan to any one of them, for everybody can have his word accepted or rejected except the impeccable Prophet Muhammad, may peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him.


    Our man of today’s talk is that great Imaam who grew up in this city of Madinah, whose mention is elevated and whose knowledge has filled the earth. He taught people in the corners of this great Prophetic mosque and became so popular with this so much so that when it is said: “the scholar of Madinah” or “the Imaam of the city of Hijrah” no one would think of any other person.


    Maalik Ibn Anas was born in the Prophet’s city and grew up there as a lover and seeker of knowledge in spite of his poverty. His mother gave him good upbringing by telling him: “Go to Rabee’ah and learn from him manners before you learn knowledge”. This woman knew her role in life and her mission of educating and grooming the youth. She knew that manners are good companions of knowledge and that knowledge is valueless without manners. This woman molded a man and as such molded a nation.


    Mother’s role is not restricted to nurturing body and guarding it against physical diseases. Rather, she has greater mission to accomplish. Her mission includes strengthening the faith, building a strong personality, developing intellectual capability and encouraging children to aim high. All these can not be achieved except by first giving preference to meritorious act of upbringing over concerns for this world.


    This was what actually happened in the life of Maalik and that was what made him a school in manners from whom students learn and the whole Ummah benefits.


    Maalik once told a Quraishee youth: “O my nephew, learn manners before you learn knowledge”.


    Yahya ibn Yahya At-Tameemee said, “I stayed with Maalik after the completion of my learning knowledge from him for a year in order to learn manners and good qualities from him. And the qualities are the same as those of the companions of the Prophet and those who followed them.


    Brothers in faith! Modern educational methods sometimes appear like mere texts that are devoid of any moral content thereby making knowledge losing its splendor and impact. If knowledge were to be separated from manners – however much the knowledge may be – you will see a huge defect in its influence on people’s conduct and purity of their deeds. Therefore, there is no good in a knowledge that does not earn one good morals.

    Creating a gap between knowledge and manners breeds ill behaviors like attacking the Ulamaa, being rude to them, bad conduct, maltreatment of parents, blind imitation of unbelievers in matters of dressing and being hostile to teachers and educators either physically and verbally.

    The city of the Prophet had a significant impact on Maalik’s personality, for it has been flourishing with scholars. The first school in Islamic History was the Prophet’s mosque and there have always been classes there manned by competent scholars and these classes provided the Muslim children with good education that guaranteed for them religious and moral qualities that make man good-mannered.

    Brothers in faith! It goes without saying that bad environment only destroys and does not build …If not, what is the benefit of teaching a child Islamic values in the morning and in the evening he goes to bad companies who destroy what his parents has put in order? Or what is the benefit of teaching a child manners for years and then to be taken to corruption ridden environment by his very father?!


    Imaam Maalik sat to give fatwa (formal legal opinion) and did not do so until seventy scholars had attested to his worthiness of that. What a different between the one who praises and forward himself and the one who is praised and forwarded by the knowledgeable and distinguished people! Maalik said: “It is not every one who would like to sit in the mosque and teach the Hadeeth and give fatwa are worthy of that. Let the one who wants to sit for fatwa first seek for the advice of pious and distinguished people; if they see that he is fit for that, let him do that; for I did not sit to teach Hadeeth and give fatwa until seventy scholars attested to his worthiness of that.


    Imaam Maalik said: “I am only human, I make mistakes and I do give correct opinions. As for my opinions, examine them, if they are in accordance with Sunnah, take to them.” With this valuable statement, Maalik has established a moderate line between those who follow their leaders blindly and those who reject authentic evidences outright and reject the sayings of scholars and say, “They are men and we are also men.” What a difference between those men and these men! What a difference between dead men whom Allaah immortalizes their names for centuries and valueless men who though are living are counted among the dead! Mere mention of the formers’ names activates the heats while keeping the company of the latter deadens the hearts. Those scholars of high repute did not only possessed knowledge but were also leaders in morals, piety, self-abstinence and fear of Allaah.

    There are however some followers of these scholars who prefer only imitation and do not wish to exceed that in spite of their ability to differentiate between the truth and falsehood.

    It is also a mistake to look down upon other people’s works or to feel that one’s good deed is better than others’. This is because all these talents and capabilities are provisions from Allaah and not from any human being. This is a great concept that Maalik wanted to show people that serving Islaam is an obligation that should involve every Muslim in all professions without anyone revolting against others. Maalik wrote to one of the worshippers of his time, “Allaah has portioned out deeds as He has portioned out provisions. Many are endowed with energy and the will to pray (as many supererogatory prayers as possible) but are not endowed with (much of voluntary) fasting; others are endowed with giving charity but are not endowed with fasting; others are endowed with Jihaad and others with seeking for knowledge. Spreading knowledge is one of the best deeds and I am contented with Allaah has endowed one with and I do not think that what I do is less meritorious than what you do but hope that both of us are doing good and righteous deeds.


    Therefore charitable people, worshippers, those who spend their times in the cause of Allaah, the scholars, the propagators of Islaam and those serving Islaam in their various fields are all doing righteous deeds - if they are sincere in their intentions.


    Whenever Maalik was asked a question, he would tell the questioner, ‘Go now and let me think over it.’ When the questioner was gone, Maalik’s students would ask him the reason for what he said and he would answer. “I fear a Day with the Questioner (Allaah) and what a (terrible) Day!


    A man was sent by the people of Maghrib to ask Imaam Maalik about some issues. The man would ask Maalik a question and he would say, ‘I do not know, for we do not know of this issue in our land and we have not heard any of our scholars saying anything about it, but you can come back again!’ On the following day, the man went back to Maalik and Maalik told him: “ You asked me question but I do not know the answer!’ the man said: ‘ O Abu Abdullaah! I came from a people who think that there is none in the world who is more knowledgeable than you!’ Maalik answered: “ I am not perfect.


    He was also asked a question and he asked the questioner to give him time to make some research and the man said: ‘But the issue is very simple.' Maalik retorted, ‘There is nothing simple in knowledge! Don’t you hear the saying of Allaah:We shall send down to you a weighty word.” (Qur’aan 73:4)


    Maalik used to say, “The people of knowledge and understanding that I have met in our country, when one of them was asked a question on an issue, he would feel like the one about to die. But the people of our own time love giving Fatwaa (without hesitation). Had they know what they are going to face tomorrow (in the Day of Judgment) they would not have done that. Umar, Alee and ‘Alqamah are some of the best companions of the Prophet, yet when anyone of them was asked a question, he would consult his fellow companions before giving an answer to it. But it is unfortunate that Fatwaa has become the pride for the people of our time


    These are the erudite and sagacious scholars who filled the world with their knowledge and good deeds and yet used to say, “I do not know”. You will however be surprised to see some people who know next to nothing about Islamic Law and yet desecrating it by speaking about the allowed and forbidden things. Even, a topic on Islamic law may come forth in a meeting and the meeting will not end before all the attendants -irrespective if their different fields of knowledge - give their opinions saying for instance, ‘According to my view . . .’ ‘As far as I belief . . .’ etc. Subhaanallaah! When did the matter of legalizing and forbidding become a subject to ignorance and conjecture?!! If an engineer were to practice medicine and prescribe drugs, what are you going to say about him and what is going to be his fate?! What then about the one who dares to desecrate the Islamic law and speak about the lawful and forbidden things without knowledge particularly on special events that are so complicated that if Umar were to witness such events, he would have gathered all the companions who took part in the Battle of Badr to help solve the problem. But unfortunately fatwa in our age has become a spacious ground in which all those who wish to become popular or are seeking people’s pleasure at the risk of Allaah’s displeasure contest.

    Brothers in faith! Issues pertaining to Islamic belief are static ones over which no one is allowed to give his independent judgment. Likewise are issues that have evidences in the Qur’aan and Sunnah and issues on which scholars have consensus. It is incumbent on all Muslims to leave the say on matters of knowledge to whom they are due and not to enter into the issues of Halaam and Haraam on which they have no knowledge. Maalik said, “Whoever wants to give answer to a question should first assume himself standing between Paradise and Hell and ponder about how he is going to be saved in the Hereafter before he answers.

    Some people may be thinking that these Ulamaa are only well-versed in controversial issues and discussion of scholastic opinions and that their classes are devoid of admonishing Hadeeth that address the hearts and remind of Paradise and Hell. In order to show that their classes are resplendent in various kinds of sciences, let us hear what Maalik said to a brother of his admonishing him, “Remind yourself of the agonies of death, what you are going to experience and what is going to be your fate after death; your standing before Allaah, your reckoning, then your perpetual abode of either Paradise or Hell. Provide for that moment what will make things easy for you then, for when you see those who have earned the wrath of Allaah and the horror of their torment and you hear their cries in the Fire with their gloomy faces; unable to see and talk and exclaiming for destruction and greater than all this is Allaah’s turning away from them and their despair of His answer to their pleas and He will say: “Remain you in it with ignominy! And speak you not with Me.”(Al-Mu’minoon 23:108) if you know all this, nothing in this world will be too great for you to sacrifice if you want salvation.


    Imaam Maalik was sick for twenty two days and died at the age of eighty seven. Naafi’ (his famous student) said, “Maalik died at the age of eighty seven and lived in Al-Madienah as its Mufti for sixty years.


    May Allaah have mercy on Maalik, for he used to say: “I met some people in Al-Madienah who had no faults but they speak of other people’s faults, then people created fault’s for them. I also met other another group of people in al-Madienah, who had faults but kept away from speaking of other people’s faults and the people also keep off from speaking about their faults.

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    Re: Imam Malik bin Anas



    *Threads Merged*

    Maalik once told a Quraishee youth: “O my nephew, learn manners before you learn knowledge”.
    So true and wise.
    Maalik said, “Whoever wants to give answer to a question should first assume himself standing between Paradise and Hell and ponder about how he is going to be saved in the Hereafter before he answers.
    SubhanAllah...

    Jazakallah khair both of you. That was inspiring..
    Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    "...You are my Walî in this world and in the Hereafter. Cause me to die as a Muslim, and join me with the righteous." [Surah Yusuf 101]

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    Re: Imam Malik bin Anas

    Ibn `Uyaynah related a hadeeth of the Prophet, peace be on him:
    "People might travel to the farthest corners of the earth in search of knowledge, but they will not find anyone more knowledgeable than the learned man of Madinah."
    When asked who was alluded to in this hadeeth, Ibn Sufyaan said it was Maalik ibn Anas and added:
    He [Maalik] never reported any unreliable hadeeth; he never accepted any hadeeth from anyone whose trustworthiness and reliability were not beyond question. I have a feeling that Madinah will come to ruin after the death of Maalik ibn Anas.

    [Al Intiqaa']
    Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Do not argue with your Lord on behalf of your soul, rather argue with your soul on behalf of your Lord.” - Dhul-Nun

    "It is the very pursuit of happiness that thwarts happiness." - Victor Frankl

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    Re: Imam Malik bin Anas



    Abu Dawud al-Sijistani (d.275) said:
    "May Allah have mercy upon Malik, for he was an Imam. May Allah have mercy upon al-Shafi'i, for he was an Imam. May Allah have mercy upon Abu Hanifah, for he was an Imam."
    Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Do not argue with your Lord on behalf of your soul, rather argue with your soul on behalf of your Lord.” - Dhul-Nun

    "It is the very pursuit of happiness that thwarts happiness." - Victor Frankl

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Hazrat Yahya (rahimahullah) reports:

    We (the students of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah)) would gather at the door of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah). Once we had all gathered, a person would announce, “The people of Madinah Munawwarah should first enter.” After the people of Madinah Munawwarah would enter, this person would make an announcement for the other students to enter. Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) would thereafter enter and make salaam, after which he would remain silent. We would also remain silent in the presence of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) for some moments (before the lesson would commence).

    At times, when Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) would see the large crowd of students, he would say, “Be calm and dignified, as it will assist you (in acquiring the knowledge of Deen), and the juniors among you should recognize the right of their seniors.”

    (Tarteeb-ul-Madaarik 2/15)

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) had a doorkeeper who would announce when people would arrive and seek permission for them to enter. When people would gather at the door of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) (to learn the mubaarak Ahaadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)), Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) would instruct the doorkeeper to call them in. Permission would first be granted to certain special students of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) to enter. Thereafter, permission would be given for other people to enter.

    Once, Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) was criticized for teaching the special students before everyone else. Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) explained,

    “These special students of mine are the neighbors of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) (i.e. I show them special attention on account of them being residents of Madinah Munawwarah and the neighbors of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)).”

    (Ad-Deebaaj-ul-Muzahhab 1/108-109)

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) would say,

    “Arguing and quarrelling in the knowledge of Deen causes the noor of knowledge to be lost from the hearts of the servants.”

    Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) was once asked, “If a person has been blessed with the knowledge of the Sunnah, should he argue in defense of the Sunnah when he sees people opposing it?” Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) replied,

    “No! However, he should inform people of the Sunnah. If they accept what he says, then well and good, and if not, then he should remain silent (and refrain from arguing with them).”

    (Ad-Deebaaj-ul-Muzahhab 1/115)

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Ibn Abi Uwais (rahimahullah) mentions that he heard Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) say,

    “This knowledge is (your) Deen. Therefore, be cautious regarding those from whom you take your Deen. I found seventy people narrating the Ahaadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) at these pillars of the musjid.” Saying this, Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) gestured towards the pillars of Musjid Nabawi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) continued, “However, I did not narrate any Hadith from them, even though each of them was such that if he had to be entrusted with the Bayt-ul-Maal (public treasury), he would be completely honest and trustworthy. The reason that I did not narrate Hadith from them is that they were not sufficiently qualified in the field of Hadith.”

    Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) has also mentioned, “I saw Hazrat Ayyoob Sakhtiyaani (rahimahullah) in Makkah Mukarramah during two journeys of Haj, yet I did not narrate Hadith from him. During the third journey for Haj, I saw him seated in the vicinity of the Zam-Zam well. Whenever the blessed name of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was taken in his presence, he would cry so profusely that I would pity him. When I saw this to be his condition, I narrated Hadith from him.

    (Ad-Deebaaj-ul-Muzahhab 1/100-101)

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) once mentioned, “People’s memory and retention has become weak (that they cannot remember the Ahaadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and quote them accurately).

    I would go to Hazrat Sa‘eed bin Musayyib, Hazrat ‘Urwah, Hazrat Qaasim, Hazrat Abu Salamah, Hazrat Humaid, Hazrat Saalim (rahimahumullah) and many other Muhadditheen. I would go to them and listen to them narrate Ahaadith. I would hear each one of them narrate between fifty to a hundred Ahaadith at a time. I would then return from them while I had memorized all the Ahaadith they had narrated to me without mixing and confusing the Ahaadith of each Ustaaz.

    Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) also mentioned, “People’s memory has weakened (that after memorizing things, they forget it). I never memorized something and thereafter forgot it.”

    (Ad-Deebaaj-ul-Muzahhab 1/100)

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Hazrat Ja’far bin ‘Abdillah (rahimahullah) narrates the following:

    We were once with Imaam Maalik bin Anas (rahimahullah) when a man came to him and asked, “O Abu ‘Abdillah! The Qur’aan Majeed mentions:

    اَلرَّحۡمٰنُ عَلَی الۡعَرۡشِ اسۡتَوٰی ﴿۵﴾

    Rahmaan (Allah Ta‘ala) has positioned Himself on the throne
    How did Allah Ta‘ala position Himself on the throne?”

    Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) was greatly affected by the question. Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) looked at the ground and began to scratch at it with a stick in his hand, until his body was covered in perspiration (as this critical question related to the zaat of Allah Ta‘ala and one should be extremely cautious in wrongly attributing anything to Allah Ta‘ala).

    Eventually, Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) cast the stick aside and said, “This cannot be understood. The word ‘istiwaa’ (to settle) is not unknown (i.e. although we know the literal meaning of the word, we are unable to understand its intended meaning in relation to Allah Ta‘ala). To bring Imaan in it is necessary, and to ask this type of question is wrong and bid’ah. I thus regard you to be a person who wishes to commence and spread a bid’ah.”

    On account of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) perceiving this person to be a person of fitnah, he ordered for him to be taken away, due to which he was removed from the august presence of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah).

    (Hilyatul Awliyaa 6/355)

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Haafiz ibn ‘Abdil Barr (rahimahullah) narrates the following:

    ‘Abdullah Al-‘Umuri (rahimahullah), who was renowned for exerting himself in ‘ibaadah, once wrote a letter to Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) in which he exhorted Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) to go into seclusion and exert himself in ‘ibaadah. Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) wrote the following reply:

    Allah has indeed divided and distributed A’maal (righteous deeds and actions of worship) just as He has divided and distributed sustenance. Hence, how many a person is blessed to perform abundant Salaah, yet is not blessed to fast abundantly? Another person may be blessed to give abundant charity, yet is not blessed to fast abundantly, and there may be another person who is blessed to strive in Jihaad. The propagation of ‘Ilm (Deeni knowledge) is among the most virtuous of righteous actions, and I am happy and content that Allah has chosen this ‘ibaadah for me. Furthermore, I do not regard the ‘ibaadah that I am involved in to be any less virtuous or important than the ‘ibaadah that you are involved in. Rather, I hope that we are both on the path of righteousness and piety.

    (Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa’ 8/114)

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) was extremely cautious in passing Fatwa. He was once asked forty questions. Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) answered four of the questions and remarked regarding the remaining thirty six questions, “I do not know.”

    (Mirqaat vol. 1 pg. 528)

    Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) once mentioned, “I did not commence passing Fatwa until seventy ulamaa testified that I was capable of passing Fatwa.”

    (Hilyatul Awliyaa vol. 6 pg. 345)

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    When mention would be made, in the presence of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah), of people who were responsible for fabricating and innovating things in Deen, Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) would say the following, emphasizing the importance of holding onto the sunnah:

    Hazrat ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul ‘Azeez (rahimahullah) said, “Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and the righteous Khulafaa (Khulafaa-e-Raashideen and the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum)) after him showed us the mubaarak sunnah and the way of Deen. In order to follow the Qur’aan Majeed, it will be necessary for one to hold firmly to the mubaarak sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Practicing on the mubaarak sunnah is the only way to show complete obedience to Allah Ta‘ala and strengthen one’s Deen. After the mubaarak sunnah has been shown to us by Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), the righteous Khulafaa and the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum), it is not permissible for any person to change the mubaarak sunnah practices or to think of introducing anything new in Deen that opposes these sunnah practices. The one who follows the mubaarak sunnah will be rightly guided, and the one who seeks the divine assistance of Allah Ta‘ala through following the mubaarak sunnah will receive the divine assistance of Allah Ta‘ala. The one who abandons the way of the mubaarak sunnah will be treading a path which is not the path of the believers. Allah Ta‘ala will leave him in the path he has chosen and enter him into Jahannum, and how evil an abode it is!”

    When Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) would quote this statement of Hazrat ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul ‘Azeez (rahimahullah), he would become extremely happy.

    (Ad-Deebaaj-ul-Muzahhab 1/115-116)

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Ja’far bin Sulaimaan, the ruler of Madinah Munawwarah, had mercilessly beaten Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) on account of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) passing the fatwa that the divorce of a compelled man is invalid (as is the mazhab of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah).

    Later on, when the ruler, Mansoor, performed Haj (and came to Madinah Munawwarah), he offered to seek revenge for Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) from Ja’far bin Sulaimaan. However, Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) refused and said, “May Allah forbid! By Allah! Before the whip could lift from my body, I had already forgiven him, on account of him being related to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).”

    It has been mentioned in another narration that when Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) was beaten, he fell unconscious and was carried away in this state. When he regained consciousness and people came to see him, he addressed them saying, “I make you witness that I have forgiven the person who whipped me.”

    Daraawardi (rahimahullah) mentioned, “As Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) was being whipped, I heard him say, ‘O Allah! Forgive them for they do not know.’” (These were the exact words uttered by Rasululullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) on the occasion of Uhud when he was wounded by the kuffaar.)

    (Ad-Deebaaj-ul-Muzahhab 1/131)

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) once mentioned the following:

    I would come to the home of Hazrat Naafi’ (rahimahullah), the freed slave of Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma), at midday. The home of Hazrat Naafi’ (rahimahullah) was situated on the outskirts of Baqee’.

    I would remain outside his home in the heat, without anything to shade me from the sun, waiting for him to emerge. When he would emerge, I would make it seem as though I had not been waiting for him for a long time. After he would see me, I would go to him and respectfully greet him with salaam. I would then accompany him until he would enter Balaat (a place in Madinah Munawwarah). After he would enter Balaat, I would ask him various masaa’il saying, “What was the view of Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) in such-and-such a mas’alah?” Hazrat Naafi’ (rahimahullah) would reply, “His view was such-and-such.” After he had answered my questions, I would depart.
    At certain times, I would go to the home of Ibnu Hurmuz (rahimahullah) in the morning, and would remain with him until the evening, acquiring the knowledge of Deen, as he was among the great Fuqahaa.

    (Tazyeen-ul-Mamaalik pg. 24-25)

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Khalaf bin ‘Umar (rahimahullah) narrates the following:

    I once heard Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) mention, “I did not commence issuing fatwas until I consulted those ‘Ulamaa who were more knowledgeable than myself and sought their opinion. I asked them, ‘Do you regard me capable and worthy of issuing fatwas?’ I asked the great Imaams, Imaam Rabee‘ah (rahimahullah) and Imaam Yahya bin Sa‘eed (rahimahullah), if they felt me to be worthy of issuing fatwas, and they instructed me to serve in this deeni position.”

    I then asked Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah), “What would you have done had they prohibited you from issuing fatwas?” Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) replied, “If they prohibited me from issuing fatwas, I would have certainly refrained. It is not correct for a person to consider himself worthy of any position and engage in it before he first seeks the approval of those who have more knowledge than him.”

    (Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa 8/62)

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Bismillah. Let us look at the root of the family of knowledge and how it came to be that the family of Imam Malik became known as the family of the learned.

    Firstly, one must know that Imam Malik’s great grandfather was a scholar whose name was Malik ibn Abi ‘Amir al-Asbahi {May Allah have mercy upon him}. He is said to have died when Imam Malik was around 7 years of age.

    ^ He is known to have migrated from Yemen to Medina during the rule of Caliph ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab {May Allah be well pleased with him}, leaving his tribe the Asbahi, which is branched from the Sayyid tribe of Himyar.

    Imam Jalaludin as-Suyuti authenticates this in his book called Tanwir al-Hawalik ala Sharh Muwatta Malik, where he says:

    “ Imam Malik’s lineage goes back to Ya`rab ibn Yashjab ibn Qahtan… His family was originally from the al-Asbahi tribe of Yemen, however his great grandfather Abu ‘Amir made Hijrah with his family to the city of Medina al-Munawwarah, after reverting to Islam in 2 A.H.”

    In regard to his scholarship, he is known to have related many Hadith from the Sahaba including Caliph ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab, Umm al-Mu’minin ‘Aisha, Abu Hurayrah, Talha and Hassan ibn Thabit. May Allah be well pleased with them.

    Imam Malik’s grandfather, Malik ibn Anas, was also very important in society. He was a follower of the Companions being in close contact with Caliph Uthman ibn Affan. He was one of the ones who made copies of the Qur’an for Caliph Uthman.

    He also was rewarded by being allowed to be one of the 4 to carry the body of Caliph ‘Uthman to his grave. These are the honors given by Allah for those whom Allah pleases. Ma’ Sha’ Allah.

    “Those who listen to the Word, and follow the best of it: those are the ones who Allah has guided, and those are the ones endowed with understanding.” {Qur’an, 39:18}

    Imam Malik’s father is named Anas ibn Malik {May Allah have mercy upon him} and he was a businessman. He is known to love knowledge and to have supported his family by making arrows and Allah knows best.

    The mother {May Allah have mercy upon her} of Imam Malik whose full name is ‘Aliyah bint Sharik ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahman al-Azdiyah from the Banu Assad Tribe was also a seeker of knowledge and wanted her children to learn within the sacred precints of Medinatul’ Munawwarah. Thus, Imam Malik and his siblings received their education in Medina, which at the time, had the most important seat of Islamic learning, which was the Masjid of the Prophet Muhammad {Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him}.

    She was famously known within the community as Ghaaliyah, because of her pretty well off family at the time. She is also famously known as Umm Malik ~ the mother of Malik.

    She also had another son who loved knowledge and became very famous for his love of it. He was an-Nadr and it was known that he used to study at all time. Shaykh an-Nadr {May Allah have mercy upon him} listened very closely to his mother and teachers and became a scholar of Medina himself. Imagine, at one point Imam Malik was known as Akh an-Nadr ~ The Brother of an-Nadr.

    This wisdom of Umm Malik in how she interacted with her children is clear as day, she was an amazing woman indeed. May Allah have mercy upon her soul. With all of the encouragement from the whole family, Imam Malik had acquired a huge amount of knowledge.

    Imam Malik {May Allah have mercy upon him} said:

    “My mother would dress me up in the clothes of the scholars while I still was a young boy and she would tell me, ‘Go to the Masjid and seek knowledge from Imam ar-Rabia’, study his manners before you take from his knowledge.’”

    Imam Malik loved his mother dearly and did not want to see her upset. She would tell him when he was a child, that the entertainment world would use him and not care for him and thus seeking knowledge should be his trade. This was not an easy thing for Imam Malik, for he loved the arts and he was extremely fond of flying pigeons. He was a very active child and loved that way of life, however with the insistence of his mother and family he did go to Imam Rabia’ {May Allah have mercy upon him} to study and then became so addicted to knowledge, that at home he would study in the gardens of his families’ property as well. He would revise and memorize the entire Qur’an and a multitude of Ahadith.

    He was not the type of person to be arrogant with his own abilities and thus he would go to the teachers to make sure that his knowledge of a specific science was correct. He himself through proper example would tell his students, “You need to learn etiquette before you acquire knowledge.” and “ Knowledge does not consist in narrating much. Knowledge is but a light which Allah places within the heart.”

    For all of these teachings, Imam Malik need not travel, nor did he want to, for the bulk of the scholars of Medina would teach right in the Masjid of the Prophet Muhammad.
    Wa Sall’Allahu Ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa Ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Sallam.

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    Re: Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas

    Imam az-Zuhri was one of Imam Malik’s teachers and he would go over the Ahadith with the Imam to make sure he recited everything correctly. Kind of like, how Imam Malik would check his Quranic recitation with Imam Nafi.

    The Caliph ‘Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz used to say:


    “Take the Knowledge from Imam ibn Shihab az-Zuhri, for you will not find any one who knows about the previous year more than him.”

    “The first one to write down Hadith {as to preserve them} was Imam ibn Shihab az-Zuhri at the turn of the 1st century by the order of ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al ‘Aziz.”

    {Fath al-Bari ~ Explanation of Sahih Bukhari}

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