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    Imam Abu Haneefah on Tawheed

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    I'tiqaad al-A'immatil-Arba'ah - Abi Haneefah wa Maalik wash-Shafi'ee wa Ahmad
    Dr. Muhammad bin Abdur-Rahmaan al-Khumayis - p8-14.


    The Imam on Tawassul (seeking nearness to Allah):

    * It is not correct for anyone to call upon Allah except through Him and the permitted supplications that have been ordered as in the saying of Allah, the Most High:

    "And to Allah belong the Most Beautiful Names, so call upon Him by them. And shun those who distort His Names, they will soon be requited for what they used to do." (al-A'raaf 7:180)
    [ad-Dur al-Mukhtaar Ma'a Haashiya Rad al-MuHtaar 6/396-7]

    * It is hated for the one who supplicates to say, "I ask You on the behalf of so and so, or on the behalf of Your Prophets and Your Messengers or on the behalf of the sacred house or on the behalf of al-Mash'ar al-Haraam (i.e. al-Muzdalifa - Ibn Katheer).
    [SharH 'Aqeeda aT-TaHaawiyah p.234, SharH al-Fiqh al-Akbar by al-Qaari' p.198]

    * It is not correct for anyone to supplicate to Allah except by Him and I hate it to be said 'on behalf of Ma'aaqid (junctions) al-'Izz (of Might) Min 'Arshik (of Your Throne), or on the behalf of Your creation.
    [at-Tawussul wal-Waseelah p.72, see SharH al-Fiqh al-Akbar p.198]

    The Imam on the Names and the Attributes of Allah:

    * Allah the Most High is not described with the attributes of the creation. His Anger and His Pleasure are two attributes from His attributes without Kaif (asking the nature of the attributes), and it is the statement of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah. He becomes Angry and becomes Pleased, and it is not said that His Anger is His punishment and His Pleasure is His reward. We describe Him as He has described Himself: One, Samad (A self-sufficient master who is not in need of anything, yet everyone is in need of Him) who does not beget nor is He begotten, and there is none like unto Him. (He is) the Living, all-Able, all-Hearing, all-Seeing and all-Knowing. The Hand of Allah is over their hands, but not like the hands of His creation. His Face is not like the Face of His creation.
    [al-Fiqh al-Absat p.56]

    * He (Allah) has a Hand, a Face and a Self, as Allah the Most High mentioned in the Qur'an. So whatever Allah the Most High mentioned in the Qur'an concerning the Face, and Hand and the Self, then they are His Attributes without Kaif (asking the nature of the attributes), and it is not said that His Hand means His power or bounty, for this is the denial of His Attribute, and this is the statement of the people of al-Qadr (those who deny the predestination - al-Qadariyah) and al-I'tizaal (the rationalists - al-Mu'tazilah).
    [al-Fiqh al-Akbar p.302]

    * It is not correct for anyone to say anything about the Dhaat (person) of Allah. Rather he should describe Him as He has described Himself. He must not say of his own opinion anything about Him; Exalted the Most High is the Lord of the Worlds.
    [SharH al-'Aqeeda aT-TaHaawiyah 2/427]

    * When the Imam was asked about the descent of Allah, he replied, "He descends without Kaif (asking the nature of the attributes)"
    [al-Asmaa' was-Sifaat by al-Bayhaqi p.456 SharH al-Fiqh al-Akbar by al-Qaari' p.60]

    * Allah the Most High is called upon upward (i.e. towards the direction of the heavens) and not downward (i.e. towards the direction of the earth). Because the downward (direction) has nothing to do with the attributes of His Lordship or Worship.
    [al-Fiqh al-Absat p.51]

    * He becomes Angry and Pleased, and it is not said that His Anger is His punishment and His Pleasure is His reward.
    [al-Fiqh al-Absat p.56]

    * He does not resemble anything from the things from His creation, nor does anything resemble Him. He always was and will be with His Names and Attributes.
    [al-Fiqh al-Akbar p.301]

    * His Attributes are different from the attributes of the creation. He Knows but not like our knowledge. He has the Ability but not like our ability. He Sees but not like our seeing. He Hears but not like our hearing and He Speaks but not like our Speech.
    [al-Fiqh al-Akbar p.302]

    * Allah is not described by the attributes of the creation.
    [al-Fiqh al-Absat 56]

    * Whoever describes Allah with a quality from the qualities of a human, has disbelieved.
    [al-Aqeeda aT-TaHaawiyah with the commentary by al-Albaani p.25]

    * His Attributes (are to do with His) Person (Dhaatiyah) and His Actions (Fi'liyah). As for the Personal Attributes (then they are) the Life, the Ability (or Power), the Knowledge, the Speech, the Hearing, the Seeing and the Intent. As for the Actions (then they are) the (act of) Creating, (the act of) Providing, (the act of) Producing, (the act of) Innovating, (the act of) Making and others besides, are from the Attributes of Actions. He always was and will be with His Names and Attributes.
    [al-Fiqh al-Akbar p.301]

    * He never ceases to be the performer of His Actions, and His Action is an Attribute in eternity. The performer is Allah the Most High and the Action is an Attribute in eternity, and the subject (whom the action is being done on) is the creation, and the Action of Allah the Most High is not a creation.
    [al-Fiqh al-Akbar p.301]

    * One who says I do not know whether my Lord is above the heavens or above the earth has disbelieved! And likewise the one who says that He is above His Throne but I do not know whether the Throne is above the heavens or above the earth.
    [al-Fiqh al-Absat p.46, al-'Uloo by adh-Dhahabi p.101-2, al-'Uloo by Ibn Qudaama p.116, and Ibn Abil-'Izz in SharH at-TaHaawiyah p.301]

    * Upon being question by a woman who asked, "Where is your God that you worship", the Imam replied, "Indeed Allah, the Glorified, the Most High is above the heavens and not the earth". So a man said to him, "Have you not seen the statement of Allah the Most High:

    "And He is with you" (al-Hadeed 57:4)?"

    He replied, "Its like when you write to a man 'Indeed I am with you and you are absent from him'"
    [al-Asmaa' was-Sifaat p.429]

    * His Hand is over their hands, not like the hands of His creation [al-Fiqh al-Absat p.56]

    * The Imam said, "Indeed Allah is in the Heavens and not in the earth". So a man said to him, "Have you not seen the statement of Allah the Most High:

    "And He is with you" (al-Hadeed 57:4)?"

    He replied, "Its like when you write to a man 'Indeed I am with you and you are absent from him'"
    [al-Asmaa' was-Sifaat p.429]

    * He was Speaking (to Musa) and Musa was never speaking to Him.
    [al-Fiqh al-Akbar p.302]

    * He Speaks with His Speech, and His Speech is an eternal Attribute.
    [al-Fiqh al-Akbar p.301]

    * He Speaks not like our speech.
    [al-Fiqh al-Akbar p.302]


    * Musa AS heard the Speech of Allah the Most High, as Allah the Most High has said:

    "And Allah spoke to Musa directly" (an-Nisa' 4:164)

    Allah the Most High was Speaking and it was never Musa AS who spoke (to Him).
    [al-Fiqh al-Akbar p.302]

    * al-Qur'an is the Speech of Allah written in the copies (of the Qur'an), preserved in the hearts, recited upon the tongues and upon the Prophet SAW it was revealed.
    [al-Fiqh al-Akbar p.301]

    * al-Qur'an is not a creation.

    [al-Fiqh al-Akbar]

    http://www.islamicawakening.com/view...articleID=806&


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    Ibn Abi Ahmed's Avatar
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    Re: Imam Abu Haneefah on Tawheed



    Jazakallah Khayr, excellent thread.
    Imam Abu Haneefah on Tawheed

    Do not argue with your Lord on behalf of your soul, rather argue with your soul on behalf of your Lord.” - Dhul-Nun

    "It is the very pursuit of happiness that thwarts happiness." - Victor Frankl

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    Re: Imam Abu Haneefah on Tawheed




    Jazaak Allaah khayr sister.


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