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*!* The Friday Congregational Prayer *!*

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    Arrow *!* The Friday Congregational Prayer *!*

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    The Friday Congregational Prayer
    http://islaam.net/



    Quraanic Ayah
    In the Name of Allah Most Gracious Most Merciful

    ...and Obey Allaah and His Messenger, if you are believers. ...and Obey Allaah and the Messenger, so that you may be shown mercy.


    O you who believe! When the call is proclaimed for prayer on the day of Jumu'ah, then hasten to the remembrance of Allaah, and leave off all trade: that is better for you, if only you knew. And when the Prayer has been offered, then you may disperse through the land, and seek of Allaah's bounty; but remember Allaah often, that you may prosper. But when they see a bargain or amusement, they disperse headlong to it, and leave you (O Muhammad) standing! Say: What Allaah has is better than any amusement or bargain, and Allaah is the best of providers. (Al-Qur'aan, surah al-Jumu'ah, 62:9-11)



    Ghusl (washing the whole body), cleaning the teeth, applying perfume & hair oil, coming to the Prayer as early as possible, & remaining silent while the Imaam gives the khutbah (sermon)

    'Abdullaah bin 'Umar narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (may Allaah bless him & grant him peace) said,
    "Any one of you attending the Friday Prayer should take ghusl. "
    (BS) Abu Sa 'eed al-Khudri narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (may Allaah bless him & grant him peace) said, "The ghusl on Friday is incumbent on every male adult, and also the cleaning of his teeth, and the use of perfume if it is available. " (BS)
    Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (may Allaah bless him & grant him peace) said,
    "Had I not found it difficult for my followers, I would have ordered them to use Siwaak (the tooth-stick) with every prayer. " (BS)
    Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (may Allaah bless him & grant him peace) said,
    "Anyone who takes ghusl on Friday like the ghusl of Janaabah, and then goes for the prayer (in the first hour), it is as if he had sacrificed a camel (in Allaah's cause); one who goes in the second hour, it is as if he had sacrificed a cow; one who goes in the third hour, it is as if he had sacrificed a horned ram; one who goes in the fourth hour, it is as if he had sacrificed a hen; and one who goes in the fifth hour, it is as if he had offered an egg. When the Imaam comes out, the angels settle down, listening to the remembrance. " (BS, MM)
    Salmaan al-Farsi narrated that the Prophet (may Allaah bless him & grant him peace) said,
    "Whoever takes ghusl on Friday and purifies himself as much possible, then uses his (hair) oil or perfumes himself with his household scent, then proceeds (for the Prayer) and does not separate two people sitting together (in the mosque), then prays as much as is decreed for him, and then remains silent while the Imaam is delivering the sermon, his sins between that and the previous Friday will be forgiven. " (BS)
    Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (may Allaah bless him & grant him peace) said,
    "When the Imaam is delivering the Khutbah, and you ask your companion to keep quiet and listen, then no doubt you have spoken wrongly. " (BS)


    Regarding the Adhaan (call to prayer) on Friday

    As-Saaيib bin Yazeed narrated that in the lifetime of the Prophet (may Allaah bless him & grant him peace), Abu Bakr and 'Umar (Allaah be pleased with them), the adhaan for the Friday prayer used to be pronounced when the Imaam sat on the pulpit. But during the Caliphate of 'Uthmaan (Allaah be pleased with him), when the Muslims increased in number, a third adhaan at Az-Zawraaي was added. Abu 'Abdullaah said, "Az-Zawraaي is a place in the market of Madeenah. " (BS)

    Permissibility of not attending the Jumu 'ah prayer if it is raining, & what the muيadhdhin says

    Muhammad bin Seereen narrated: Ibn 'Abbaas said to his muيadhdhin on a rainy day, "After saying Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasoolullaah (I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah), do not say, Hayya 'ala-s-Salaah (Come for the Prayer), but say, Salloo fee buyootikum (Pray in your houses). (The man did so.) But the people disliked it, so Ibn 'Abbaas said, "This was done by one who was much better than me (i.e. the Prophet, may Allaah bless him & grant him peace). Undoubtedly, the Jumu 'ah prayer is compulsory, but I dislike to put you to task by bringing you out walking in mud and slush. " (BS)

    Regarding the Khutbah (sermon)

    Anas (Allaah be pleased with him) said,
    "The Prophet (may Allaah bless him & grant him peace) delivered the Khutbah on the pulpit. " Ibn 'Umar (Allaah be pleased with him) narrated: "The Prophet (may Allaah bless him & grant him peace) used to deliver the Khutbah while standing, then he would sit, then stand again, as you do nowadays. " (BS)

    Jaabir bin 'Abdullaah narrated that a man entered the mosque while the Prophet (may Allaah bless him & grant him peace) was delivering the Khutbah on a Friday, so he asked him, "Have you prayed ? " The man replied, "No. " So he said, "Get up, and pray two rak'ahs. " (BS) Yahyaa related from Maalik ... that 'Uthmaan bin 'Affaan (Allaah be pleased with him) used to say the following in khutbahs, and he would seldom omit it if he was giving the khutbah:

    "When the Imaam stands delivering the khutbah on the day of Jumu'ah, listen and pay attention, for there is the same reward for someone who pays attention but cannot hear as for someone who pays attention and hears. And when the iqaamah of the prayer is called, straighten your rows and make your shoulders adjacent to each other, because the straightening of the rows is part of the completion of the prayer. "

    Then he would not say the takbeer until some men who had been entrusted with straightening the rows came and told him that they were straight. Then he would say the takbeer. (MM)

    Recitation in the Friday Prayer

    The Messenger of Allaah (may Allaah bless him & grant him peace) use to recite in the jumu'ah prayer, Surah al-Jumu'ah (62) & Surah al-Ghaashiyah (88), or Surah al-Munaafiqoon (63) in the second rak 'ah instead of the latter, or he would recite Surahs al-Ghaashiyah (88) and al-A'laa (89) in the two rak'ahs. (MS, MM)

    The sermon should be short, while the Prayer should be long

    The Messenger of Allaah (may Allaah bless him & grant him peace) said,
    "It is part of a man's understanding that he shortens his sermon and lengthens his prayer. " (MS)
    Yahyaa related from Maalik from Yahyaa bin Sa'eed that 'Abdullaah bin Mas'ood said to a certain man,
    "You are in a time when men of understanding are many but Qur'aan-reciters are few; when the limits of behaviour defined in the Qur'aan are guarded but its letters lost; when few people ask, but many give; when they make the prayer long and the khutbah short, and put their actions before their desires. A time will come upon men when their men of understanding are few but their Qur'aan-reciters are many; when the letters of the Qurيaan are guarded but its limits are lost; when many ask, but few give; when they make their khutbah long and the prayer short, and put their desires before their actions." (MM)





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    Re: *!* The Friday Congregational Prayer *!*

    Thread Approved

    JazakAllah Khayr sis'

    *!* The Friday Congregational Prayer *!*

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    Re: *!* The Friday Congregational Prayer *!*

    Just came back 1 hr ago from Friday prayer... Alhamdulillah
    *!* The Friday Congregational Prayer *!*

    Assalamualaykum... I am back!!
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    Re: *!* The Friday Congregational Prayer *!*



    The sermon should be short, while the Prayer should be long
    In our masjid, it's the other way round :X

    aka

    time will come upon men when their men of understanding are few but their Qur'aan-reciters are many; when the letters of the Qurيaan are guarded but its limits are lost; when many ask, but few give; when they make their khutbah long and the prayer short, and put their desires before their actions."
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    Re: *!* The Friday Congregational Prayer *!*

    Assalamu Alaikum

    Jaabir bin 'Abdullaah narrated that a man entered the mosque while the Prophet (may Allaah bless him & grant him peace) was delivering the Khutbah on a Friday, so he asked him, "Have you prayed ? " The man replied, "No. " So he said, "Get up, and pray two rak'ahs. " (BS)

    ^ i looked into this as i never pray during khutbah...:








    Imaam Shafie and Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal (R.A), are of the opinion that it is mustahab (preferable) for one who arrives after the imaam has commenced his sermon to perform his Tahiyyatul-musjid. (Sharh-Muslim- Nawawi p.g 287) They have based their view on the strength of an incident that occurred with Hazrat Sulaik Al-Ghatfani (R.A).

    Hazrat Jabir R.A narrates that Sulaik Al - Ghatfani entered whilst Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihia -wasallam was delivering the Friday sermon and sat down. Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam enquired of him if he had performed his salaat.When he replied in the negative, Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam then ordered him with the following:

    a) to stand up

    b) perform 2 rakaats( nafl-salaat)

    c) keep the salaat brief Kitaabul-Jumuah - Sahih Muslim P.g 287, Vol-1)

    The majority of the scholars who do not hold the same view as Imaam Shafie & Ahmad bin Hanbal (R.A ), explain the above hadith to be a special case concerning Hazrat Sulaik (R.A.) only.

    This line of reasoning has been supported by a narration of Hazrat Abu Saeed Al-Khudri R.A that Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam had ordered him to offer his 2 rakaats of salaat. He (Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam) encouraged the sahaaba to be charitable towards him, upon seeing his down-trodden condition. ( Kitaabul- Jumua, Nasaai -Pg.208, vol 1) Hence the deduction of these scholars indicates that the reason for Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam's ordering him to perform his salaat was for the sahaaba to notice his pitiable, poor and downtrodden condition. In this way Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam encouraged charity towards him.

    Notwithstanding the above incident, Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam never commanded any other latecomer to stand up and perform his tahiyyatul-musjid, as he commanded Hazrat Sulaik (R.A). There are many incidents which substantiate this view, where a late comer was not commanded by Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam to offer his salaat. To the contrary he was instructed to sit down and not cause any inconvenience to others. (Nasaai- p.g 207 )

    Some narrations also mention that Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam stopped his sermon, waited for Hazrat Sulaik (R.A) and resumed his sermon after he had completed his salaat.( Musannaf ibn Abi Shaiba-pg.20-vol2) This clearly indicates that Hazrat Sulaik (R.A) did not perform his 2 rakaats during the sermon. Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam had also asked him to make his salaat brief (whilst he waited for him).This also emphasizes the importance of listening to the sermon.

    Infact Rasulullah Sallallaahu-alaihi wasallam prohibited any other activity during the sermon, so that one listens to the advices of the sermon. Even commanding someone with good during the sermon was prohibited, although it is normally wajib act. Hence, if a wajib act was not permitted, then how will a nafl act be given preference over it? (Al bahruraaiq p.g 271 vol 2)

    From the above, it can be concluded that it is advisable for the latecomer to sit down and listen to the Friday Sermon and not to engage in any nafl salaat. This viewpoint is strongly supported by the majority of the eminent and pious predecessors.Even, great scholars like Imaam Shafie & Imaam Ahmad bin Hambal are of the opinion that at the most, it is sunnat (and not compulsory) for the latecomer to perform the tahiyyatul-musjid , during the sermon. (Alfiqhul-Islaami wa adillatuhu - p.g 297 vol,2 )
    *!* The Friday Congregational Prayer *!*

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    My tears testify that i have a heart
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    Re: *!* The Friday Congregational Prayer *!*




    Alahamdulilah...i jus came back from jumah Prayer..it was great!!!!!


    Thanks for posting this,i knew somewhat of this already but dtailed like this.i even sent a txt msg out informing those who usually go,thanks.

    may ALLAH (SWA) accept our Salats and netr us into jannah-al Fordose
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