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  1. #1
    Array mmc's Avatar
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    Cool The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History (OP)


    In 1978, Michael H. Hart published a book called The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History. His book was a ranking of the 100 people who he felt had had the most impact on human history. His book was hotly debated and his book concept was widely copied. It is important to note that Dr. Hart is not ranking the greatest people. His criterion is influence.

    The book was reprinted in 1992 with several noticeable revisions made to the original list of 100 people and their associated rankings. Chief among these revisions was the demotion of figures associated with Communism like Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin, and the introduction of Mikhail Gorbachev. Hart took sides in the Shakespearean authorship issue and substituted Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford for William Shakespeare. Hart also substituted Niels Bohr and Henri Becquerel with Ernest Rutherford, thus correcting an error in the first edition. Henry Ford was also promoted from the "Honorary Mentions" list, replacing Pablo Picasso. Finally, some of the rankings were re-ordered.


    Hart's list
    Rank
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Name
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Influence
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    1 Muhammad Prophet of Islam;
    2 Isaac Newton physicist, theory of universal gravitation, laws of motion, major developments in mathematics, optics
    3 Jesus of Nazareth founder of Christianity
    4 Gautama Buddha founder of Buddhism
    5 Confucius founder of Confucianism
    6 St. Paul proselytizer of Christianity
    7 Cai Lun inventor of paper
    8 Johann Gutenberg developed movable type and made great advances in printing
    9 Christopher Columbus explorer, led Europe to Americas
    10 Albert Einstein physicist, relativity, Einsteinian physics
    11 Louis Pasteur scientist, pasteurization, Germ Theory
    12 Galileo Galilei astronomer, accurately described heliocentric solar system, led way to Newton's work
    13 Aristotle influential Greek philosopher
    14 Euclid of Alexandria mathematician, Euclidean geometry, author of a very influential study book
    15 Moses major prophet of Judaism
    16 Charles Robert Darwin biologist, described evolution
    17 Qin Shi Huang emperor who united China
    18 Caesar Augustus first Roman Emperor, changed the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire
    19 Nicolaus Copernicus astronomer, taught heliocentricity
    20 Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier father of modern chemistry, philosopher, economist
    21 Constantine the Great Roman emperor who made Christianity the state religion
    22 James Watt developed steam engine
    23 Michael Faraday physicist, chemist, discovery of Electromagnetic induction
    24 James Clerk Maxwell physicist, electromagnetic spectrum
    25 Martin Luther founder of Protestantism and Lutheranism
    26 George Washington first president of the United States, general during American Revolution
    27 Karl Heinrich Marx founder of Communism
    28 Orville and Wilbur Wright inventors of the airplane
    29 Genghis Khan Mongol conqueror
    30 Adam Smith economist, expositor of capitalism
    31 Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford Possibly wrote works attributed to William Shakespeare
    32 John Dalton chemist, physicist, atomic theory, law of partial pressures (Dalton's law)
    33 Alexander the Great Macedonian conqueror
    34 Napoleon Bonaparte French conqueror
    35 Thomas Alva Edison inventor of light bulb, phonograph, etc.
    36 Antony van Leeuwenhoek microscopes, studied microscopic life
    37 William Thomas Green Morton pioneer in anesthesiology
    38 Guglielmo Marconi inventor of radio
    39 Adolf Hitler conqueror, led Axis Powers in WWII
    40 Plato founder of Platonism
    41 Oliver Cromwell English political and military leader
    42 Alexander Graham Bell inventor of telephone
    43 Alexander Fleming penicillin, advances in bacteriology, immunology and chemotherapy
    44 John Locke philosopher and liberal theologian
    45 Ludwig van Beethoven composer
    46 Werner Karl Heisenberg Codified the uncertainty principle
    47 Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre an inventor/pioneer of photography
    48 Simon Bolivar National hero of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia
    49 René Descartes Rationalist philosopher and mathematician
    50 Michelangelo painter, sculptor, architect
    51 Pope Urban II called for First Crusade
    52 Umar ibn al-Khattab Second Caliph, expanded Muslim empire
    53 Ashoka king of India who converted to and spread Buddhism
    54 Saint Augustine Early Christian theologian
    55 William Harvey discovered the circulation of blood
    56 Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson physicist, pioneer of Nuclear physics and the orbital theory of the atom
    57 John Calvin Protestant reformer, founder of Calvinism
    58 Gregor Johann Mendel Mendelian genetics
    59 Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck physicist, quantum mechanics
    60 Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister principal discoverer of antiseptics which greatly reduced surgical mortality
    61 Nikolaus August Otto built first four-stroke internal combustion engine
    62 Francisco Pizarro Spanish conqueror in South America, brought down Tahuantinsuyu (Inca empire).
    63 Hernando Cortes conquered Mexico for Spain
    64 Thomas Jefferson 3rd President of the United States, central author of the Declaration of Independence
    65 Isabella of Castile united Spain, patron of Christopher Columbus
    66 Joseph Stalin revolutionary and ruler of the USSR
    67 Gaius Julius Caesar Roman general and politician
    68 William the Conqueror laid foundation of modern England
    69 Sigmund Freud founder of Freudian school of psychology, psychoanalysis
    70 Edward Jenner discoverer of the vaccination for smallpox
    71 Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen discovered X-rays
    72 Johann Sebastian Bach composer
    73 Lao Tzu founder of Taoism
    74 Voltaire writer and philosopher
    75 Johannes Kepler astronomer, planetary motions
    76 Enrico Fermi initiated the atomic age, father of atomic bomb
    77 Leonhard Euler physicist, mathematician, differential and integral calculus and algebra
    78 Jean-Jacques Rousseau French deistic philosopher and author
    79 Niccolò Machiavelli author of The Prince (influential political treatise)
    80 Thomas Robert Malthus economist, wrote Essay on the Principle of Population
    81 John Fitzgerald Kennedy president of the United States, guiding force behind the US Space/Moon Program
    82 Gregory Goodwin Pincus endocrinologist, developed birth control pill
    83 Mani founder of Manicheanism
    84 Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Russian revolutionary and ruler
    85 Emperor Wen of Sui China Unified China, founder of the Sui dynasty
    86 Vasco da Gama navigator, discovered route from Europe to India
    87 Cyrus the Great founder of Persian empire
    88 Peter the Great forged Russia into a great European nation
    89 Mao Zedong founder of Maoism, Chinese form of Communism
    90 Francis Bacon philosopher, delineated inductive scientific method
    91 Henry Ford developed modern assembly line
    92 Mencius philosopher, founder of a school of Confucianism
    93 Zoroaster founder of Zoroastrianism
    94 Queen Elizabeth I British monarch, restored Church of England to power after Queen Mary
    95 Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev Russian premier who was instrumental to the collapse of Communism in the USSR and Eastern Europe
    96 Menes unified Upper and Lower Egypt
    97 Charlemagne Holy Roman Empire created with his baptism in 800 AD
    98 Homer epic poet
    99 Justinian I Roman emperor, reconquered Mediterranean empire, made great advances in law
    100 Mahavira founder of Jainism


    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_100

  2. #21
    kwolney01's Avatar
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    Re: The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History

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    I've heard about this and was surprised that a non Muslim picked Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) as number 1! Alhamdullilah
    Last edited by kwolney01; 04-03-2009 at 02:57 AM. Reason: typo
    The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History

    ~Proud to be a Muslimah~


    ~Love for others what you love for yourself!~

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  4. #22
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    Re: The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History

    Quote Originally Posted by mmc View Post
    Finally, some of the rankings were re-ordered.
    Hart's list
    Rank
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Name
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Influence
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    3 Jesus of Nazareth founder of Christianity


    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_100
    Alhumdulillah and as muslims we could of told him that long long time ago.
    I think he should also adjusted the Jesus PBUH ranking to state, "Jesus Son Of Mary" Because he wasn't the founder of christianity and never claimed to be christian himself, So I regard that as an Error.
    Last edited by coddles76; 04-05-2009 at 01:50 PM.
    The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History

    "And do not Die unless you are in the state of Islam (Submission)"

  5. #23
    Bint-Al-Islam's Avatar
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    Re: The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History

    Alhamdulillah No suprise.. Our beloved Prophet(saw) will always be #1!!
    The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History

    ☆⌒ღVictory Comes With Patienceღ⌒☆



  6. #24
    saba muslimah's Avatar
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    Re: The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History

    Quote Originally Posted by Bint-Al-Islam View Post
    Alhamdulillah No suprise.. Our beloved Prophet(saw) will always be #1!!
    Alhumdolilah...!

    But some of names in Hart's List I never Listen about....
    Ah..& num 2; is ISAAC Newton ....Isn't it strange???


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