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    Exhortations of Imaam Ash-Shaafi'ee

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    Seeking Forgiveness before Death

    The following account is a poem by Imam Ash-Shaafi`ee. Al-Muzni who is Aboo lbraaheem Isma`eel ibn Yahya said: "I entered upon ash-Shaafi'ee during his illness which resulted in his death, so I said to him: 'What is your condition?' He replied: "I am journeying from this world, and departing from my brothers, drinking from the cup of death, and upon Allaah - Exalted is His remembrance - arriving. And no! By Allaah, I do not know if my soul is travelling towards Paradise or the Fire!" Then he started to weep, and he said:

    إلَيكَ إلـهُ الخَلْـق أرْفَــعُ رَغبَتِي *** و‘نْ كُنتُ يَا ذا المَنّ والجُودِ مُجْرِما

    ‘To You, the Creator, I raise my longing,
    And even if I am, O possessor of kindness and generosity, an evildoer, a criminal

    ولمَّا قَسَـا قلبي وضَـاقت مَذاهِبي *** جَعَلتُ الرَجـا مِني لِعَفوكَ سَلِمــا

    When my heart became constricted and my paths became narrow,
    I took my hope in Your pardon and forgiveness as an opening and an escape

    تعَاظَمَنـي ذنبـي فلمَّـا قرِنتـُـهُ *** بعَفوكَ ربِّي كَانَ عَـفْوكَ أعْظَمــا

    My sins seemed very great to me but when I compared them to Your forgiveness,
    I found Your forgiveness to be much greater

    فمَا زِلتَ ذا عفو عَن الذنْبِ لَمْ تَزُلْ *** تَـجُـود وتعـفو منةً وتَكَرُّمـــا

    You are and still remain the only One who can forgive sins,
    You grant and forgive out of Your benevolence and generosity

    فلولاكَ لَـمْ يَصْمُـدْ لإبلـيسِ عَابدٌ *** فكَيفَ وقدْ أغْوَى صَفْيَك آدِمـــا

    Were it not for You, then a servant could never defy Iblis
    And how can that be when he mislead Your friend Adam

    فيَاليْتَ شَعْــرِي هَل أصَيرُ لِجنة *** أهنـــا؟ وأمَّـا للسَّعِير فأنْدَمــا

    If only I knew! Will I arrive at Paradise that I may take delight
    Or at Hellfire, that I may regret?

    فللّهِ دَر العَـــارِفُ الـنـدبُ إنَّه *** تَفيض لفرْطِ الوَجْد أجفانُه دَمَّـــا

    How capable is Allah! For the one acquainted with lament,
    blood almost flows from his eyelids due to the excess of his emotions (lament)

    يَقيـمُ إذا مَـا الليلُ مَدَّ ظَلامَــه *** على نَفسِهِ مِن شدَّةِ الخَوفِ مَأتمـا

    He stands when the night extends out its darkness
    Stands against himself out of extreme fear, sinful

    فصِيحاً إذا ما كـانَ في ذكْـرِ رَبِّه *** وفيما سِوَاهُ في الوَرى كان أعْجَمـا

    Eloquent when he makes mention of his Lord
    And in the mention of others than Him, he is speechless

    ويَذكُرُ أيَّامـاً مَضَـتْ مِن شَبَابـه *** وما كان فيها بالجَهَـالة أجْرَمـــا

    He remembers days gone by of his youth
    And what was in it of ignorance, he was a criminal

    فصَارَ قَرينُ الهمِّ طُولَ نهَـــارِه *** أخا السَّهدِ والنجوى إذا الليل أظلمـا

    And so for the whole of his day, the companion of grief has become
    the brother of sleeplessness and secret conversation when the night darkens

    يقول: حَبيبي أنـتَ سُؤلِي وبَغيتي *** كفى بكَ للرَّاجـيـنَ سُؤلاً ومغنمـا

    He says, ‘My beloved, You are what I request and desire
    You are enough of a longing and benefit for those who have hope

    ألـسْتَ الذي غذيْتني وهَــدَيْتني *** ولا زلتَ مَنـَّانـا عليّ ومُنعِـمــا

    Are You not the One who has provided for me and guided me
    And You have not ceased being gracious to me and full of favours

    عسَى مَنْ لَـهُ الإحْسَانَ يَغفِرُ زَلتِي *** ويَسْترُ أوْزارِي ومـا قـدْ تقدَّمــا

    Perhaps the Beneficent One will forgive my mistakes
    And cover up my crime and what has gone forth

    تعاظمَني ذنبـي فأقبلتُ خاشِعــاً *** وَلوْلا الرِّضَـا ما كنتُ يَاربِّ مُنعَمـا

    My sins seemed very great to me, so I turned (to You) in humility
    Were it not for my contentment in you, I wouldn’t, O my Lord, have seen any comfort at all

    فإنْ تعْفُ عَني تعْفُ عَـنْ مُتمَرِّد *** ظلوم غشــوم لا يَـزايَـلَ مأتمـا

    So if You forgive me, You would have forgiven a sinner,
    A rebellious, oppressive tyrant still sinning

    فإن تنتـقـِمْ مِني فلستُ بآيـسٍ *** ولو أدخلوا نفسي بجـُـرْم جَهَنَّمـا

    So if You were to seek revenge from me, I would not despair
    Even if they entered my soul into Jahannum, due to the sins

    فجُرْمِي عَظيم مِن قديم وحـَـادِث *** وعفوكَ يَأتي العَبْـدَ أعْلى وأجْسَمــا

    For my crimes are great, past and present
    But Your forgiveness comes to the servant, more exalted and more great

    حوالي َّ فضلُ الله مِن كلِّ جَانِـب *** ونورٌ مِن الرَّحمـَن يُفترش السَّمــا

    The bounty of Allaah surrounds me from all sides
    And Light from the Most Merciful has spread in the sky

    وفي القلبِ إشراقُ المحب بوَصْلِه *** إذا قارب البُـشرَى وجَازَ إلى الحمى

    And in the heart is the radiance of the beloved when he is reunited
    And when glad tidings draw close, it becomes feverish

    حوالي إينــاس مِن الله وَحْـدَه *** يُطالعَني فِي ظلـمـةِ القبرأنجَمــا

    Exhilaration surrounds me, only for Allaah
    It overlooks me in the darkness of the grave, apparent and clear

    أصُونُ وَدادي أن يُدنّسـه الهَوَى *** وأحفظُ عـَهْدِ الـحُبِّ أن يَتثلمــا

    I protect my love, lest my desires should pollute it
    And I preserve the contract of love, lest it be defiled

    ففي يَقظتِي شَوْقٌ وفي غَفوَتِي منى *** تلاحـِقُ خُـطوَى نـشوَةً وترنمـا

    In my wakefulness is yearning and in my slumber is destiny
    That’s pursuing my footsteps in ecstasy

    ومَن يَعْتصِمْ بالله يُسَلم مِن الوَرَى *** ومَن يَرْجه هَـيْهَاتُ أنْ يَتندُمـــا

    Whoever holds fast to Allaah, he is protected from men
    And whoever hopes for Him, then never will he regret

    Knowledge & Sincerity

    العلم ما نفع

    قال الشافعي رحمه الله:

    العِلْمُ مَا نَفَعَ لَيْسَ مَا حُفِظَ.

    Knowledge is what benefits

    Ash-Shaafi’ee (rahimahullaah) said:

    “Knowledge is that which benefits not that which is memorised”



    قال الشافعي رحمه الله

    لَوْ اجْتَهَدَ أحَدُكُمْ كُلَ الجُهْدِ عَلى أنْ يَرضِيَ الناسَ كُلًّهُمُ عَنْهُ فَلا سَبِيلَ لَهُ

    فَلْيُخلِصِ العَبدُ عَمَلَهُ بَيْنَهُ وبَيْنَ اللهُ تعالى


    Ash-Shaafi’ee (rahimahullaah) said:

    “If one of you were to strive with utmost striving to make all the people pleased with him then there is no way for him (i.e. he’ll never be able to do that).

    So let the servant purify his actions which are between him and Allaah Ta’aala.”


    وقال أيْضاً:

    لا يَعْرِفُ الرِّيَاءُ الا المُخلِصُونَ.

    And he also said,

    “No-one knows Riyaa (showing-off, insincerity etc) except the sincere ones.”

    Silence, Love and Honour

    مُرَاقَبَةُ اللِّسَانِ

    سُئِلَ الشَّافِعِي رَحِمَهُ اللهُ عَنْ مَسْأَلَةٍ

    فَقِيلَ لَه: ألا تَجِيب رَحِمَكَ اللهُ

    فَقالَ: لا, حَتى أدْرِيَ الفَضْلَ فِي سُكُوتِي أو فِي جَوابِي

    Muraaqabah of the Tongue

    Ash-Shaafi’ee (rahimahullaah) was asked regarding an issue (mas’alah).

    It was said to him: “Will you not answer, may Allaah have mercy on you!

    He said: “(No), Until I know the benefit and virtue in either my silence or in my answer.”


    حب و حب

    قال الشافعي رحمه الله

    مَن أدْعَى أنه جَمَعَ بَيْنَ حُبِّ الدُّنيا وَ حُبِّ خالِقِهَا فِي قلبِهِ فَقدْ كَذبَ

    Love and Love

    Ash-Shaafi’ee (rahimahullaah) said:

    “Whoever claims to have gathered in his heart the love of this world and the love of its Creator (Allaah), has indeed lied.”


    عِز التقوَى

    قال الشافعي رحمه الله

    مَن لمْ يَعِزُّهُ التقوَى فَلا عِزَّ لَه

    Ash-Shaafi’ee (rahimahullaah) said:

    “Whoever is not honoured by Taqwa, then there is no honour for him.”

    Nobility & Salvation

    احذر مودة الناس

    كُنْ سَاكِناً فِي ذا الزمانِ بِسَيئرِهِ *** وعن الورى كُنْ رَاهِباً في دَيرِه

    واغسِل يدَيكَ مِن الزمانِ وأهْله *** واحْذِرْ مَوَدَّتهـم تنِل مِن خَيـره

    إني اطلعتُ فلم أجدْ لِي صاحِباً *** أصحبه في الدهْرِ ولا في غَيْره

    فترَكْتُ أسْفَلَهـم لِكَثرَةِ شَـرّه *** وتركت أعْلاهم لِـقلَّة خَيــره

    Beware of the love of people

    “Be silent in that era as it moves along
    And regarding the mortals, flee from their monastery
    And wash your hands from the occasion and its people
    And be cautious of their love whereby you reach their goodness
    I explored but did not find a companion
    To befriend through life and befriend no-one but he
    So I abandoned the lowest of them due to the excess of his evil
    And I abandoned the loftiest of them due the shortage of his goodness.”

    الظالم لنفسه

    قال الشافعي رحمه الله

    أظلم الظالمين لنفسه

    مَن تَوَاضَعَ لِمَن لا يُكرمَه

    ورَغَبَ فِي مَودّة مَن لا يَنفعُه

    وقبل مَدْح مَن لا يَعرِفه

    Oppressor of his own self

    Ash-Shaafi’ee (rahimahullaah) said:

    “The one who oppresses himself the most is:

    The one who humbles himself for one who does not honour him
    And strives in the friendship of one who does not benefit him
    And accepts praise from one who does not know him”

    صاحب الهوى

    قال الشافعي رحمه الله

    لو رَأيتُ صَاحِبَ هَوَى يَمْشِي عَلى المَاءِ مَا قبلتُه

    Companion of desires

    “If I saw a companion of his own desires even walk on water, I would not accept him.”

    مع أهل الطاعة

    قال الشافعي رحمه الله

    مَا أحَدُ إلا وَلَه مُحبّ ومُبْغِض, فَإنْ كَان لابُدّ مِن ذلك, فلْيَكُنِ المرءُ مَع أهْلِ طَاعَةِ اللهِ عَزّ وجَلّ

    With the people of obedience

    “There is no-one except that he has a lover and a hater. So if that must be the case, then let a person be with the people of obedience to Allaah, ‘azza wa jall.”

    Arts of ‘Ilm

    فضل أصحاب الحديث

    قال الشافعي رحمه الله

    اذا رأيت رجلا من أصحاب الحديث

    فكأني رأيت رجلا من أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم

    جزاهم الله خيرا, هم حفظوا لنا الأصل فلهم علينا الفضل

    وقال - عليكم بأصحاب الحديث فانهم أكثر الناس صوابا

    The virtues of the people of Hadeeth

    Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee (rahimahullaah) said:

    “If I saw a man from the people of hadeeth, then it’s as if I saw a man from the Companions of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam). May Allaah reward them, they preserved for us the foundation so they have a right of virtue upon us.”

    He said: “Upon you is (to accompany) the people of hadeeth for they are the most correct from amongst the people.”

    الخير في خمسة

    قال الشافعي رحمه الله

    الخير في خمسة

    غنى النفس

    وكف الأذى

    وكسب الحلال


    والثقة بالله

    Goodness is in five

    He (rahimahullaah) said:

    Goodness is in 5 matters:

    - Richness of the soul
    - Desisting from harm
    - Earning halaal
    - Taqwa
    - And trust in Allaah

    رضا الناس

    قال الشافعي رحمه الله

    رضا الناس غاية لا تدرك

    وليس الى السلامة من ألسنة الناس سبيل

    فعليك بما ينفعك فالزمه

    Pleasure of the people

    Seeking the pleasure of people is an objective that can never be obtained
    And there is no way to safety from the tongues of people
    So upon you is to adhere to only that which benefits you.

    الاخلاص في العلم

    قال الشافعي رحمه اللهمن أراد الآخرة فعليه بالاخلاص في العلم

    Sincerity in Knowledge

    Whoever desires the Hereafter then upon him is sincerity in knowledge

    فنون العلم

    قال الشافعي رحمه الله

    من تعلم القرآن عظمت قيمته

    ومن تكلم في الفقه نما قدره

    ومن كتب الحديث قويت حجته

    ومن نظر في اللغة رقّ طبعه

    ومن نظر في الحساب جزل رأيه

    ومن لم يصن نفسه لم ينفعه علمه

    The Arts of knowledge

    Whoever learns Qur’aan, then his value becomes great
    Whoever speaks in Fiqh (learns it), his capacity grows
    Whoever writes ahadeeth, his evidence strengthens
    Whoever examines into language, his nature softens
    Whoever contemplates the reckoning, his opinion becomes sound
    And whoever does not protect himself, his knowledge does not benefit him


    قال الشافعي رحمه الله

    من نمّ لك نمّ عليك,

    ومن نقل اليك نقل عنك

    The Slanderer

    Whoever slanders to you about others, will slander about you
    And whoever reports to you, will soon report about you

    Source: http://www.kalamullah.com/ash-shaafiee.html
    Exhortations of Imaam Ash-Shaafi'ee

    And verily for everything that a slave loses there is a substitute, but the one who loses Allah will never find anything to replace Him.”
    [Related by Ibn al-Qayyim in ad-Dâ' wad-Dawâ Fasl 49]

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    Re: Exhortations of Imaam Ash-Shaafi'ee

    Exhortations of Imaam Ash-Shaafi'ee

    And verily for everything that a slave loses there is a substitute, but the one who loses Allah will never find anything to replace Him.”
    [Related by Ibn al-Qayyim in ad-Dâ' wad-Dawâ Fasl 49]

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