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  1. #1
    manaal's Avatar
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    Influence of Arabic on world languages

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    I'm very interested to know how many Arabic words have found their way into English vocabulary and other languages as well. I got intrested in this when I discovered that a condiment called "tamarind", comes from "tamer hind", which means "indian date"! I imagined Arab merchants sailing east along the silk route in search of exotic spices. They return home with a black sweet and sour fruit. When the people back home asked them what it was, the merchants would have replied, "these are Indian dates". They do not resemble actual dates in any way, but in colour. But it would have been the best way to explain to the locals, given their limited experiences!

    Also, English "cup" = Arabic "coob"

    Similarly I found these words in other languages:

    In Tamil, "Asal" means original. In Arabic it is "asli" (right?)

    In Sinhalese (Sri Lankan language - Arab merchants traveled here too) "kadadhasi" means paper. In Arabic "Qurthasi" means stationary. Also "one pound" (in weight) means "raththala", I think it is the same in Arabic.

    So, let's make a whole glossary shall we?
    Influence of Arabic on world languages

    “Invite (all) to the Way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious. " (16:125)

    Rasulullah said, “Anyone who conceals (the defects of) a Muslim, Allah will conceal them (their defects) in this world and in the Hereafter.”

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    Caller الداعي's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    next :
    cave : Kahf
    Influence of Arabic on world languages



    IB Arabic Writing Contest prize signature !! !!

  4. #3
    ژاله's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    seems chemistry is derived from alkemia
    alkali is also arabic derived though i dont know its root.
    there are countless arabic words in languages related to it like urdu and persian.
    some are used as they are, whereas some with variations that adapt them to the local dialect.
    Last edited by ژاله; 09-06-2010 at 01:17 PM.

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    Beardo's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    Algebra / Al Jabbar?

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    ardianto's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    Quote Originally Posted by manaal View Post


    In Tamil, "Asal" means original. In Arabic it is "asli" (right?)



    In Indonesian language :
    Asli = Original.
    Example : Ini asli, bukan tiruan (This is original, not imitation).

    Asal = Origin.
    Example : Asal saya dari Indonesia (My origin is Indonesian).

    Asal = Source
    Example : Kertas ber-asal dari kayu (paper is sourced from wood)


    Day names in Indonesian language :
    Sunday = Ahad (later becomes Minggu). From Ahad.
    Monday = Senin. From Isnaini.
    Tuesday = Selasa. From Salasa.
    Wednesday = Rabu. From Arba'a.
    Thursday = Kamis. From Khomsa.
    Friday = Jum'at. From Jumu'ah.
    Saturday = Sabtu. From Sab'atun


    There are many words that sourced from Arabic in Indonesian and Malaysian language.

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    ardianto's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    Quote Originally Posted by Rashad View Post
    Algebra / Al Jabbar?
    Not Al Jabbar, but Aljabar.

    Al-Jabbar is one of 99 names of Allah.

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    ژاله's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    ^its al-jabr actually...from khwarizmi's book, al-jabr wal muqabalah, the first ever text on algebra.

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    ardianto's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    Quote Originally Posted by Malaak View Post
    ^its al-jabr actually...from khwarizmi's book, al-jabr wal muqabalah, the first ever text on algebra.
    Yes, you're right. That's al-jabr.
    Aljabar is Indonesian word for algebra.

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    ~Raindrop~'s Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    We have quite a few Arabic words in Hinko. I remember in Arabic A2 class, I'd come across certain words that we use in Hinko and think they sounded familiar.

    Hardly surprising, really. It seems as though Hinko is actually a mixture of many languages.

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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    Do you mean Hindko language ?.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindko_language

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    ~Raindrop~'s Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    Quote Originally Posted by ardianto View Post
    Do you mean Hindko language ?.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindko_language
    Yup, the very same. It's spelled either Hinko or Hindko- the d isn't pronounced.

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    أحمد's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages



    Quote Originally Posted by Aisha View Post


    Yup, the very same. It's spelled either Hinko or Hindko- the d isn't pronounced.
    Many of us do pronounce the "D", maybe it varies.


  16. #13
    Banu_Hashim's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    I was reading (in wikipedia) about the difference between Turkish during the time of the Ottomans and Turkish nowadays. The Turkish language language then was heavily influenced by Arabic. The linguistics of spoken language in the Islamic Empire is fascinating, subhanAllah.
    Influence of Arabic on world languages

    ‘Say: If the ocean were ink wherewith to write out the words of my Lord, sooner would the ocean be exhausted, even if We added another ocean like it.’~Al Qu'raan (18:109)


  17. #14
    abdussattar's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    The name for malyalam language comes from arabic.

    Some merchants were travelling from kerala. There they met some malayalam people, and they said

    "maa lam y3 lam"

    and hence the name malayalam.
    Influence of Arabic on world languages


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    manaal's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    ^seriously?????
    Influence of Arabic on world languages

    “Invite (all) to the Way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious. " (16:125)

    Rasulullah said, “Anyone who conceals (the defects of) a Muslim, Allah will conceal them (their defects) in this world and in the Hereafter.”

  20. #16
    أحمد's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages



    Quote Originally Posted by abdussattar View Post
    The name for malyalam language comes from arabic.

    Some merchants were travelling from kerala. There they met some malayalam people, and they said

    "maa lam y3 lam"

    and hence the name malayalam.
    Possibly, but I have seen an alternative explanation.

    The word /malayALam/ originally meant mountainous country) (/mala/- mountain + /aLam/-place).

  21. #17
    abdussattar's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    Hmm .. I didnt know that.. I just wrote what I know, I may be wrong..
    Influence of Arabic on world languages


  22. #18
    marwen's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    I think the english word EARTH is derived from the arabic word "ARDH" (ا رض), but I need to check if this is correct in language references.

    The same with the latin word "Terra" meaning earth/soil/dust, is derived from the arabic word "Thera" (ثرى ) which means soil/earth.
    Influence of Arabic on world languages


    "O you who believe! Fear ALLAH as He should be feared" [aal 'Imraan, 102]

    يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِۦ آل عِمرَان - 102




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    GreyKode's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    Quote Originally Posted by marwen View Post
    I think the english word EARTH is derived from the arabic word "ARDH" (ا رض), but I need to check if this is correct in language references.

    The same with the latin word "Terra" meaning earth/soil/dust, is derived from the arabic word "Thera" (ثرى ) which means soil/earth.
    "Cheque" in English came from the word "صك"in arabic.
    "Azimuth" --> "السمت"
    "Alcohol" --> "كحل"
    "Assasins" --> "حشاشين"

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    Al-Indunisiy's Avatar
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    Re: Influence of Arabic on world languages

    Actually, both English 'earth' and Latin 'terra' are native words in origin.
    Earth from Anglo-Saxon 'eorthe' from Proto-Germanic 'ertho' from Proto Indo-European 'er-'
    Terra from Proto Indo-European 'ters-'

    But, this can be an evidence of the relations between Indo-European and Semitic. An interresting case: the number 7.
    Influence of Arabic on world languages

    Nihil deus nisi Allah, Muchammad est Nuntius Allahi.

    Timeo quod: mea voluntas pro pace inter hominibus possit ferre me a Gehennam.


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