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View Full Version : Justice to all Mankind, Even Those Who Make an Enemy of Islam

medlink student
05-28-2008, 10:33 AM

Source: [islaam.ca]

The saying of Allaah the Exalted:

"O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allaah as just witnesses; and let not the enmity and hatred of others allow you to avoid justice. Be just: that is closer to piety; and fear Allaah. Indeed, Allaah is Well-Acquainted with what you do."
[Soorah Al-Maa'idah 5:8]

Ibn Katheer explains:

“Do not let your hatred of a people cause you to be unjust to them, rather you must be just to everyone, friends or enemies, this is why Allaah said: 'Be just: that is closer to piety' Meaning being just is closer to piety than being unjust.”

At Tabari, a renowned scholar of the 8th century comments:

“Do not let enmity between you and others cause you to be unjust in your dealings and rulings with them such that you oppress them due to the enmity that is between you... It has been stated that this verse was revealed when the Jews plotted to murder the Prophet.”

Al Qurtubi, a scholar from the 12th century states:

“This verse also proves that the disbelief of non-Muslims must not prevent us from being just to them...and it is not permissible for us to retaliate in the same manner, even if they kill our women and children and cause sorrow to befall us, it is not permissible for us to act likewise with the intention of making them feel grief and sorrow.”

Allaah the Elevated says:

"Verily, Allaah enjoins justice, beneficence, giving (help) to kith and kin, and forbids all forms of evil and Al-Munkar (i.e. all that is prohibited by Islamic law and oppression). He admonishes you, that you may take heed.)."
[Soorah An-Nahl 16:90]

Ibn Katheer states:

“Allaah orders his servants with justice, which is fairness and equity, and encourages them to be beneficent.”

Allaah the Mighty says:

"Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance (justice) that mankind may keep up justice."
[Soorah Al-Hadeed 57:25]

At Tabari comments:

“Meaning: So that people may interact amongst each other with justice.”

Allaah the Merciful says:

"That no burdened person (with sins) shall bear the burden (sins) of another."
[Soorah An-Najm 53:38]

Ibn Katheer comments:

“Meaning: Anybody who has oppressed himself by disbelief or sins will be responsible for those sins, nobody else will carry the burden.”

As Sa`di, a scholar of the 19th century explains:

“…and no one shall bear the sin of another.”

The noble scholar; `Abdul-Azeez Aal Ash-Shaykh, current Mufti of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia comments:

“Allaah judged that no person shall bear the burden of another person’s sin due to His absolute justness.”

The Messenger of Allaah, may peace be upon him, informed us that Allaah said:

“O My Servants, indeed I have prohibited injustice for myself, and I have prohibited it amongst you.”

The noble scholar; `Abdul-`Azeez Aal Ash-Shaykh comments:

“This is general to all mankind, whether they are Muslim or not, it is not permissible for any one person to oppress another even if they were enemies or harbored hatred for one another. Enmity and hatred do not authorize anyone in the legislation of Islam to be unjust or practice oppression.”

The former Mufti of Saudi Arabia, Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Ibn Baaz states:

“It is not permissible for Muslims to transgress upon non-Muslims, not in their person, their wealth or their reputations if they are formal residents in a Muslim country, have a treaty with Muslims or are under Muslim protection, rather they must be given their rights. Muslims must not transgress upon non-Muslims by stealing from, betraying or cheating them with regards to their wealth. Likewise they mustn’t physically transgress upon them by hitting them and so on. The fact that they are residents, under treaty or protection secures them from that.”

The noble scholar; Saalih al Luhaydan, chairman of the higher judiciary council of Saudi Arabia states:

“During battles, the Messenger of Allaah would advice the army:

“Do not kill women, children, the elderly and those devoted to worship in their religious centers.”

This means that Islam does not permit killing anyone except those who kill, wage war or oppress Muslims.”

An Nawawi, a distinguished scholar from the 12th century states:

“There is a consensus amongst the scholars that killing women and children is prohibited in battle except if they themselves engage in battle.”


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05-29-2008, 05:51 AM
Thank you for this informative and encouraging post, o.elmais. :)

Eric H
05-29-2008, 06:57 AM
Greetings and peace be with you o.elmais; and thanks for starting this thread.

Justice seems served in a greater way when we apply it to people we might perceive as enemies.

If we search for justice in a greater way for family and friends then justice suffers.

But what of God and justice, he has planted the seeds of Islam in the hearts of some, Christianity in some, Hinduism in others.

How can God be fair and just to all these people?

In the spirit of searching for a just and merciful God,


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