Alhamdulillahi rabbil aalameen. Was salaatu was salaamu ala
ashraful mursaleen sayyidina Muhammadi wa ala aali sayyidina Muhammadi wa ashaabihi ajma’een.
All praise is due to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the entire universe. And the peace and blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad (saw) his family and his companions .
Allah (swt) says in the Holy Quran: “Mathalul ladheena yunfiqoona amwaalahum fee sabeelillahi kamathali habbatin ambatat sab ’ a sanaabila fee kulli sumbulatin miatu habbah. Wallahu yudaa ’ ifu li man yashaa ’ . Wallahu waasi ’ un ‘ aleem - The metaphor of those who spend their wealth in the Way of Allah is that of a grain which produces seven ears; in every ear there are a hundred grains. Allah gives such multiplied increase to whomever He wills. Allah is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing.
In this ayah Allah (swt) describes the way in which the reward for giving Sadaqa is multiplied many times over, and this is the topic which I would like to touch on today – the giving of charity. He (swt) mentions that those things we give in charity is like a grain of corn which gives rise to seven ears, and in each one these there are a hundred grains. What this means is that whatever is given in charity, the reward for it will be seven hundred times more than what is given. This is the extreme bounty which Allah (swt) displays towards His servants. He is Dhul Fadlul ‘Azeem
, the Possessor of Great Bounty, and He gives generously from this bounty of His to those whom He pleases. And this multiplication of reward applies to all good deeds. In another ayah of the Quran it is mentioned that any good deed will be rewarded with ten times greater than it. So is the minimum, but in the ayah quoted here it specifically mentions that reward for charity may be multiplied as much as 700 times.
Another ayah states: “Alladheena yunfiqoona amwaalahum fee sabeelillahi thumma laa yutbi’una maa anfaqoo mannaw wa laa adhallahum ajruhum ‘inda rabbihim wa laa khawfun alaihim wa laa hum yahzanun - Those who spend their wealth in the Way of Allah, and then do not follow what they have spent by demands for gratitude or insulting words will have their reward with their Lord. They will feel no fear and will know no sorrow.” Here the reward for charity is once again emphasised, which is that the giver of charity will not fear or grieve in the Hereafter but will have his reward with Allah (swt). This ayah also raises another point, part of the adab of giving charity, which is that it should be done with a pure heart and with good intention. If you give sadaqa to someone then you shouldn ’ t thereafter remind that person of what you did. This would cause him embarrassment and shame. A person should also not expect anything in return for what he has given. To do any of these things is an indication that the person did not give the charity solely for the sake of Allah (swt), which is how it should be done. These acts can nullify the good deed of giving charity – there would no longer be any reward for it. This is mentioned in the Quran just two ayat after the one mentioned previously. It says: “Yaa ayyuhalladheena aamanoo laa tubtiloo sadaqatikum bil manni wal adhaa kalladhee yunfiqu maalahu ri’aa annaasi wa laa yu’minu billahi wal yawmil aakhir – O you who believe! Don’t nullify your sadaqa with demands for gratitude or insulting words, like the one who spends his wealth showing off to people and not having iman in Allah and the Last day.” A third way in which a person can destroy the good of his giving charity is discussed here
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