Asalaam alaikum warahmatulah wabarakatuh
Surah at-Teen  Ayah 4:
لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ
Laqad khalaqna al-insana fee ahsanitaqweem
We have certainly created man in the best of stature;
la- a pronoun for emphasis - for sure
qad - already (Allah had already honored the human when he was being created in the womb [karamna bani Adam - quote quran])
khalaqNa - We created (Allah made/designed the human being)
al Insan - the human being (insan - nasiya = forgetful [human being])
fee - in
ahsan - husn / hasan-na - beauty
baheej (also in quran for beauty) - delightful, pleasing to the eye. [see Hajj 22:5 and Qaf 50:7]
ahsan - beautiful on the outside and inside.
taqweem - qaama (to stand) - to make something stand up straight/upright.
Qawwama - used to straighten a spear which has become bent in battle.
taqweem - to get multiple parts/components and to balance them together so they are straight.
It also means to design something perfectly in the way you intended to make it.
(i.e. A car which is made how you wanted it perfectly placed / made / balanced.)
A Perfect Balance.
Humans are the only ones who walk completely upright; physically, aswell as morally.
A perfect balance of body and soul.
A fitrah Allah has placed within us (see tafseer surah Shams), so our self/nafs desires a balance between worldly sustenance and spiritual sustenance.
We've been given what no other other species has been given. Allah refutes those who say humans have no moral self honour.
Not only did the human forget Allah, they disgraced themselves due to that. Forgetting Allah brings about the human's disgrace, and remembering Him brings about honour and morality.
When people forget Allah/God, they think they are living a life of intellectualism and freedom. Whereas they have really become slaves to their desires (which they can't quit due to addiction). The suicide rate is the highest now than in history. Strange and demented crimes against children, and others are at a new level. Corruption and Crime is at a peak around the world. All because they forgot Allah.
ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ
Thumma radadnahu asfala safileen
Then We returnhim to the lowest of the low,
This ayah is the heart of the Surah.
then we rejected him and lowered him to the lowest of the low.
This is negative, so why did He mention Himself?
Allah tells us that He created the human in the best fashion, and then - due to the evil of that human's actions - We (still showing Allah's Majesty) - lowered him to the lowest of the low.
So it is not a flaw in Allah's creation that this human slave went to the lowest of the low. Rather, Allah made him low because of his distancing from Allah.
Allah purposelly mentioned Himself lowering this human, because if He never - people might think that Allah's creation was not really in perfect form.
So Allah purposely says that He himself lowered this forgetful [of Allah] human (insan).
What does Lowest of the Low - (Asfala as-Safileen) Mean
The context of this Surah is the Ethical and Moral concept of the Soul:
Radad = to return / reject / lower. Rejected him and lower him.
Other words meaning 'to turn' are;
aqlama - change something completely.
Sarafa - to turn something away.
Wal-laa - turn face away
lafat-ta - tilt slightly towards something.
There are many words in the Arabic language to mean to turn away.
So why is Rad used
- reject something on the basis that it is unacceptable.
Allah created him in the best form, but he did bad things - so Allah rejected him.
Asfal as-Safileen - The Lowest of the Low:
[the antonym] - highest
وَجَعَلَ كَلِمَةَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا السُّفْلَىٰ ۗ وَكَلِمَةُ اللَّهِ هِيَ الْعُلْيَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ
..and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowest, while the word of Allah - that is the highest. And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.
Sifla - also refers to; dirty / wretched / bad people
Allah created the human above everyone else.
وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آدَمَ وَحَمَلْنَاهُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ وَرَزَقْنَاهُم مِّنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَفَضَّلْنَاهُمْ عَلَىٰ كَثِيرٍ مِّمَّنْ خَلَقْنَا تَفْضِيلًا
And We have certainly honored the children of Adam and carried them on the land and sea and provided for them of the good things and preferred them over much of what We have created, with [definite] preference. [Israa' 17:70]
هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ لَكُم مَّا فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا
It is He who created for you all of that which is on the earth... [Baqarah 2:29]
With all these Favours - what does the Human do
Everything on Earth - Allah created for the human. (i.e. The cat, dog, car etc.) The angels were told to prostrate to the human. Yet the human can go lower than the other things on Earth - even lower than beasts and animals - if he forgets Allah, because he has not fulfilled his role as a noble human in service to Allah, his Master.
We humans were supposed to worship Allah the Most High, yet those who worship other than Him
lower themselves infront of a tree, or stone idol, or another human etc. So they are humiliating themselves by humbling themselves to something lower than themselves.
They are returned to the lowest of the low.
Animals will usually only attack other animals when they are hungry or in danger etc.
However, humans attack others even when they are full, with the intent of wanting more and more and more wealth.
So again, the human can be returned to the lowest of the low.
Animals will not do crimes like humans do
; genocide, mass rape etc.
If the animal is low, then the human has become the lowest of the low.
وَلَقَدْ ذَرَأْنَا لِجَهَنَّمَ كَثِيرًا مِّنَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنسِ ۖ لَهُمْ قُلُوبٌ لَّا يَفْقَهُونَ بِهَا وَلَهُمْ أَعْيُنٌ لَّا يُبْصِرُونَ بِهَا وَلَهُمْ آذَانٌ لَّا يَسْمَعُونَ بِهَا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ كَالْأَنْعَامِ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْغَافِلُونَ
And We have certainly created for Hell many of the jinn and mankind. They have hearts with which they do not understand, they have eyes with which they do not see, and they have ears with which they do not hear. Those are like livestock; rather, they are more astray. It is they who are the heedless.