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Muwaahid
06-28-2012, 04:36 PM

What is Fisq? And When Does the Muslim Becomes a Faasiq?
Extracted from
Muhaadhiraat Fil Aqeedah wa Da’wah Pg. 382-383 By Sheikh Saalih Bin Fawzaan
Bin Abdillaah Al-Fawzaan



What is Fisq? And When Does the Muslim Becomes a Faasiq? Extracted from
Muhaadhiraat Fil Aqeedah wa Da’wah Pg. 382-383 By Sheikh Saalih Bin Fawzaan
Bin Abdillaah Al-Fawzaan

Al-Fisq: it is to depart from the
obedience of Allaah and it is classified into two categories. Fisqul Kufr
[1] and Fisq Maa Doona Kufr[2] - and Fisq Maa Doona Kufr does not cause one to
exit the Millah [deen] but it does cause ones’ imaan to diminish and in it is a
type of departing, but not a departing that causes one to depart from Islaam and
it does not make him a Faajir however it does make him a Faasiq [3]. So the
Muslim becomes a Faasiq when he perpetrates a major sin from amongst the major
sins, like Zinaa [fornication] and partaking in the drinking of intoxicants and
stealing and utilizing Ribaa and what is similar to that from amongst the major
sins when he does not consider it permissible to do so. Indeed he only
perpetrates these [major sins] being guided by his Hawaa [desires] and Shahawah
[lowly cravings]. Then verily he shall be counted as a Faasiq.

Ahlus
Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah rule upon him that he is indeed a believer deficient in his
Imaan or a believer in his Imaan disobedient due to his kabeerah [major sin] and
counted amongst the believers and from amongst the people of Tawheed when he
does not posses a quality from amongst the qualities of shirk which exits a
person from the Millah [deen] then that which remains with him in name is
Al-Imaan and Al-Islaam, so that he remains muslim except that he is deficient in
his Imaan. And this is what is called Fisq or Faasiq. And when he perpetrates a
major sin which necessitates the Hadd [punishment] then the Hadd is to be
established upon him however with this he is still to be counted amongst the
believers. And he is to be treated [and interacted with] as a believer is to be
interacted with and that is because if he wasn’t from amongst the believers then
the Hadd would not have been sufficient upon him, rather he would have been
definitely killed and that is because the apostate is to be killed as a result
of the statement [of the prophet] [sallallahu Alayhi wa salam] “Whoever changes
his deen then kill him” [collected by Bukharee from the hadeeth of Ibn Abaas]


So the [fact] that the Hadd is to be established upon him indicates that
he is from Ahlul Imaan
and he is to be interacted with as the interactions
of the believers and he is to be shown Walaa in accordance to what he
exemplifies of Imaan and he is to be hated in accordance to what he exemplifies
of disobedience and that is because he has not departed from the daa’iratul
Imaan [circle of Imaan] and this is the Madhhab of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah.”


[1]Fisqul Kufr: is a type of sin which is a departure from the obedience
of Allaah which causes the perpetrator of it to exit the fold of Islaam.


[2]Fisq Maa Doona Kufr: is a type of sin which is a departure from the
obedience of Allaah which does not cause the perpetrator of it to exit the fold
of Islaam which is similar to a minor sin.

[3] According to Ibn Mandhoor
[rahimahullaah] the compiler of Lisaanul Arab when he mentioned Fisq he defined
it as: disobedience and the abandonment of the command of Allaah Azza wa Jall
and a type of deprarting from the path of truth. 5/128
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