View Full Version : Couple of questions

07-18-2013, 05:30 PM
As'salamu Alaikum my dear Muslim brothers and sisters,

I have a couple of questions to ask.

Firstly, can someone kindly tell how to make proper niyath before 5 times prayers (incl. a kalath prayer), a sunnah prayer, tharaweeh prayer (and the 2 rakaths and 1 rakath prayer after taraweeh prayer), the eid prayer, tasbeeh prayer etc..... This is something that has bothering me for quite some time because everytime I've finished performing salah, in my mind I'm thinking may be my salah won't be counted because I haven't made proper niyath. Please help me with this my dear brothers and sisters. I know niyath has to come from the heart but I just want to know how I should make it in my head too.

Secondly, I'd like to know how the tasbeeh prayer is performed (in full detail, please).

What kind of du'a should I make after every prayer (in general) besides my personal du'as.

I have many more questions but I just can't seem to remember them at this very moment. I'll post them everytime I come across an obstacle.

Jazakallah khair.

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07-18-2013, 05:34 PM
I'd also like to know when praying behind an imam, what are we supposed to recite when a surah is being recited like during a tarawee prayer or even a regular five time prayer?

Muslim Woman
07-19-2013, 07:54 AM

Ruling on uttering the intention (niyyah) in acts of worship

Should a Muslim utter the intention (niyyah) when he starts to do an act of worship, such as saying, “I intend to do wudoo’”, “I intend to pray”, “I intend to fast” and so on?


Praise be to Allaah.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah was asked about the intention when starting to do an act of worship such as praying etc., do we need to utter it verbally, such as saying, “I intend to pray, I intend to fast”?

He replied:

Praise be to Allaah.

The intention of purifying oneself by doing wudoo’ ghusl or tayammum, of praying, fasting, paying zakaah, offering kafaarah (expiation) and other acts of worship does not need to be uttered verbally, according to the consensus of the imaams of Islam. Rather the place of intention is the heart, according to the consensus among them. If a person utters something by mistake that goes against what is in his heart, then what counts is what he intended, not what he said.

No one has mentioned any difference of opinion concerning this matter, except that some of the later followers of al-Shaafa’i expressed approval of that, but some of the leaders of this madhhab said that this was wrong. But in the dispute among the scholars as to whether it is mustahabb to utter one’s intention, there are two points of view. Some of the companions of Abu Haneefah, al-Shaafa’i and Ahmad said that it is mustahabb to utter the intention so as to make it stronger.

Some of the companions of Maalik, Ahmad and others said that it is not mustahabb to utter it, because that is a bid’ah (innovation). It was not narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or his Sahaabah did it or that he commanded anyone among his ummah to utter the intention. That is not known from any of the Muslims. If that had been prescribed then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his companions would not have neglected it, as it has to do with worship which the ummah does every day and night.

This is the more correct view. Indeed, uttering the intention is a of irrational thinking and falling short in religious commitment. In terms of falling short in religious commitment, that is because it is bid’ah (an innovation). In terms of irrational thinking, that is because it is like a person who wants to eat some food saying, “I intend to put my hand in this vessel, take out a morsel of food, put it in my mouth and chew it, then swallow it, and eat until I have had my fill.” This is sheer foolishness and ignorance.

Intention is connected to knowledge. If a person knows what he is doing then he has obviously made an intention. It cannot be imagined, if he knows what he wants to do, that he has not formed an intention. The imaams are agreed that speaking the intention out loud and repeating it is not prescribed in Islam, rather the person who has made this a habit should be disciplined and told not to worship Allaah by following bid’ah and not to disturb others by raising his voice. And Allaah knows best.

Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, 1/214, 215



Muslim Woman
07-19-2013, 07:58 AM

The Tasbih Prayer

pl. visit the link ''



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Muslim Woman
07-19-2013, 08:00 AM

Root > Salaah (Prayer) > Congregational Salah > Following the Imam and related rulings

Fatwa No : 85326
How to perform prayer behind Imam
Fatwa Date : Shawwaal 11, 1423 / 17-12-2002

What is the correct way to pray the Salats of Zuhr and Asr behind Imam? Also, please, explain what is the correct way to perform third Rak'ahs of Maghrib and third and fourth Rak'ahs of Isha behind imam. Should a Muqtadi (person praying Jamaat behind Imam) recite Fatiha and Surah in the first two Rak'ahs of Asr and Zuhr and then recite Fatiha only in the last two Rak'ahs of Zuhr and Asr? Also should the Muqtadi recite Fatiha in the third Rak'ah of Maghrib and in third and fourth Rak'ah of Isha or should stay quite?


Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and may His blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.

The correct way of performing the first two Raka'hs of al-Fajr, al-Maghrib and al-Isha prayers behind the Imam is as follows:
1) To raise one's two hands and say Allah-u-Akbar after the Imam.
2) To recite al-Istiftaah supplication if it is possible before the Imam starts reciting al-Fatiha in aloud voice; otherwise, one should listen to the Imam since it is Sunnah (al-Istiftaah) while listening to the Imam is a must.
3) To recite al-Fatiha when the Imam completes its recitation even though he starts recitation of the additional portion after al-Fatiha, since - according the most correct opinion - it is obligatory to recite it.
4) To listen to the Imam after the completion of al-Fatiha.
5) To follow the Imam's movements while making Ruku' and to say: Subhana Rabiyal 'Azeem.
6) To return to the erect position after the Imam and to say: Rabbana Walaka-al-Hamd after the Imam's saying Sami'allahu Liman Hamdah.
7) To follow the Imam while making the Takbir of Sujud and to say in Sujud: Subhana Rabiyal 'Azeem.

8) To follow the Imam in the sitting position and pray saying: Rabbi Ighfirli.
9) To reprostrate himself after the Imam and make the supplication of Sujud as before.
10) To follow the Imam when he says Allah-u-Akbar to start the second Rak'ah, and to do as done in the first Rak'ah.
As for the first 2 Raka'hs of al-Zuhr and al-Asr, one has to recite al-Fatiha prayer in secret, and then, any portion of the Qur'an.

As for the 3rd Raka'h of al-Maghrib and the 3rd and fourth Rak'ah of al-Isha, one has to do as done in the 2nd Rak'ah and should recite only the Surah al-Fatiha in secret and without reciting any portion of Qur'an as stated by the majority of Muslim scholars.

Allah knows best.


07-19-2013, 12:49 PM

Niyyat (intention) is the action of the heart. You just have to intend in your heart to perform the prayer.

The Five Daily Prayers

For any of the five daily prayers, it is obligatory to intend a minimum of three things:

That one is praying; That this prayer is an obligation (Ar. fard); The specific prayer; e.g. fajr. For example, one would intend to pray the fard of fajr when praying it. The analogous intention has to be present for the other four prayers. These components of the intention have to be there whether the prayer is offered alone or in a group.

As for the timing of the intention, it should occur while saying Allahu Akbar. This simply means that while saying Allahu Akbar you should be conscious that you are praying fajr and that it is an obligation. You would substitute the actual prayer you are offering in place of fajr for the other prayers.

What About Intending Praying in Congregation?

A follower must intend congregation before following the imam’s movements. A follower intends following the imam (Ar. iqtida’) while the imam intends being an imam (Ar. imamah). It is also valid for either (or both) to intend congregation (Ar. jama’ah). Only after this intention is made does one start to get the reward of praying in congregation. Therefore, it’s ideal to make this intention during the opening Allahu Akbar along with the other components of the intention. If the imam forgets to intend the congregation for dhuhr and only does so in the second rak’ah, he gets the reward of praying three rak’ahs in congregation and one rak’ah alone. If the imam never intends congregation, he gets the reward of praying alone. Those who made the intention of following him get the reward of praying in congregation.

The Friday Prayer

Unlike the five daily prayers, it is not valid to offer the Friday prayer alone. Therefore, when offering the Friday prayer, one must intend four things:

That one is praying;
That this prayer is an obligation (Ar. fard);
That it is the Friday prayer;
That it is in congregation. (Alternatively, the imam can intend being an imam and the follower can intend being a follower.)
All four components must be present during the opening Allahu Akbar of the Friday prayer. So while saying Allahu Akbar you should be conscious that you are praying the obligatory Friday prayer in a group.

Allah the Exalted knows best.

Moustafa Elqabbany
Source: http://islamqa.org/shafii/qibla-shafii/33893

Niyyah (intention) is actually from the heart. It is not necessary to make a verbal intention before performing Salaat. However, if a person is in doubt and the verbal intention helps one to strengthen the intention in the heart, then one may make verbal intention before Salaat.

One should not regard verbal intention as necessary and a precondition for the validity of Salaat.

and Allah Ta'ala Knows Best
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Source: http://askimam.org/public/question_detail/13304.html

Regarding Salat At-Tasbeeh, please see: http://www.shafiifiqh.com/salat-al-tasbih/
and http://islamqa.org/hanafi/albalagh/22210

I'd also like to know when praying behind an imam, what are we supposed to recite when a surah is being recited like during a tarawee prayer or even a regular five time prayer?
For the Shafi'i madhhab,

As for one following an imam, he may be in one of two situations:

1) He is able to hear the imam‘s recitation, like when the prayer is audible, such as: subh, maghrib, and ‘isha.

2) He is unable to hear the imam‘s recitation, such as when the prayer is inaudible or one is unable to hear the imam’s recitation.

In the first situation, it is not recommended that a follower recite a surah, as our School considers it to be disliked. The follower (after reciting the Fatihah) should instead, listen attentively to the imam‘s recitation, taking heed to Allah’s injunction, “when the Quran is recited, listen closely to it.” (Surat al-’Araf 204)

In instances where one is unable to hear the imam‘s recitation, the follower is recommended to recite a surah after the Fatihah according to what is relied-upon (ar: al-asahh).

Not being able to hear the imam‘s recitation can be for a number of reasons, including: the prayer being inaudible (like as zuhr and asr), being far from the imam, being able to hear theimam‘s voice but unable to comprehend what he is reciting, etc.

Consequently, it is recommended for the follower to recite a surah after the Fatihah in inaudible prayers. Likewise, the follower may recite a surah in prayers that are normally audible, but due to being far from the imam one is unable hear his recition or when one can hear but is unable to make out what is being recited.

And, Allah knows best
Sidi Mahmud Adams
Source: http://www.shafiifiqh.com/reciting-a...dhuhr-and-asr/

And for the Hanafi people,

The Muqtadi (follower) Should Listen and Remain Silent.

However, if a person did recite behind the Imam, Salah will be complete.
Source: http://islamqa.org/hanafi/muftisays/10222

07-22-2013, 11:58 PM
JazakAllah khair to the two of you for clearing my doubts. Insha'Allah, I hope to make the best out of this Ramadan.

Anyone know where I can learn basic Arabic via online for free?

07-23-2013, 12:17 AM
Can someone please tell me the meaning of "Subhaanallaahi walhamdu lillaahi walaa ilaaha illallaahu wallaahu akbar" & "Rabbana aatina fid dunya hasanat wa fil akhirati hasanatan wakina azaban naar" ?


07-23-2013, 12:17 AM

Here's a couple of links to check out, and perhaps there are others too :ia::


07-23-2013, 12:29 AM
Also please state to me or link me to a site where I can learn of du'as I should be asking this month, du'as I that I can ask every night during this blessed month.

JazakAllah khair.

07-23-2013, 12:35 AM
Allah's Messenger :saws: said: The most beloved words to Allah are four:
128256 1 -

‘How perfect Allaah is, all praise is for Allaah. None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and Allaah is the greatest.’

…it does not matter which of them you start with.’

Reference: Muslim 3/1685.

The second phrase you mentioned is a du'a from the Qur'an:

..."Our Lord, give us in this world [that which is] good and in the Hereafter [that which is] good and protect us from the punishment of the Fire." [Al Baqarah 2:201]


07-23-2013, 12:51 AM
Originally Posted by agent47
Also please state to me or link me to a site where I can learn of du'as I should be asking this month, du'as I that I can ask every night during this blessed month.
These two resources are good for finding du'as from the Qur'an and Sunnah, some of which are to be said at particular times/situations:


Whilst it is good to use du'as from the Qur'an and Sunnah, you are also free to ask Allaah :swt: for whatever particular things you and your family/other Muslims need.

Also, one of the best du’aa’s that may be recited on Laylat al-Qadr is that which the Prophet :saws: taught to ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her). Al-Tirmidhi narrated, and classed the report as saheeh, that ‘Aa’ishah said: “I said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, if I know which night is Laylat al-Qadr, what should I say on that night?’ He said, ‘Say:
capture 1 -
Allaahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibb al-‘afwa fa’fu ‘anni
(O Allaah, You are forgiving and You love forgiveness, so forgive me).”

Lastly, remember that one of the preferred times for making du'a is at the time of Iftar:
The prophet :saws: declared, 'Three men whose dua is never rejected (by Allah) are: when a fasting person breaks fast (in another narration, the fasting person until he breaks his fast), the just ruler and the one who is oppressed.' [Ahmad, at-Tirmidhi]

Here are some links regarding etiquette of making du'a:

And Allaah :swt: knows best.

07-23-2013, 12:04 PM
The Nine Conditions of the Prayer: A condition is that which must be present before the prayer is performed in order for it to be acceptable.
1. One must be Muslim
2. He must be sane and conscious
3. He must be of the age of maturity
4. He must have wudoo (ablution) and have taken ghusl if necessary
5. There must be no impurities on his body, clothes or place of prayer
6. He must cover his ‘awrah.
7. It must be the right time for the prayer he is performing
8. His entire body must be facing the Qiblah.
9. He must have the intention for the prayer in his heart

The Fourteen Pillars of the Prayer: A pillar is that which must be performed during the prayer, and if left out, whether intentionally or unintentionally, makes the prayer invalid.
1. Standing, if one has the ability to do so
2. The opening Takbeer
3. Reciting Surah Al-Faatihah in every rak’ah
4. Bowing
5. Rising from Bowing
6. Prostrating on all seven limbs
7. Erecting oneself from it
8. Sitting between the two prostrations
9. Remaining tranquil (i.e. not rushing) during all of these pillars)
10. Maintaining the same Sequence
11. The final Tashahhud
12. Sitting during the Tashahhud
13. Sending Salaat on the Prophet
14. The (final) two Tasleems

The Eight Requirements of the Prayer: A requirement is that which must be performed in prayer. If left out intentionally, the prayer is invalid. If left out unintentionally, out of forgetfulness, one must make the two prostrations of forgetfulness (sujood as-sahw) at the end of the prayer.
1. All the takbeers except the opening one
2. Saying “Subhaana Rabby al-‘Adheem” when bowing
3. Saying “Sami’a Allaahu Liman Hamidahu” – This applies to the one leading the prayer and the one praying alone
4. Saying “Rabbanaa wa Lakal-Hamd” – this applies to everyone praying
5. Saying “Subhaana Rabby al-A’alaa” when prostrating
6. Saying “Rabb Ighfir Lee” while in between the two prostrations
7. The first Tashahhud
8. Sitting during the first Tashahhud.

The Ten Conditions of Wudoo:
1. One must be Muslim
2. He must be sane and conscious
3. He must have reached the age of maturity
4. He must have the Intention
5. He must intend to not stop until he completes his ritual purity
6. He must remove that which makes ritual purity mandatory
7. His private parts must be clean
8. He must use clean water that is permissible
9. He must remove all things that prevent the water from reaching his skin
10. It must be the proper time. This applies to those who have extended periods of ritual impurity, such as menstruating women

The Six Requirements of Wudoo:
1. He must wash his face, which is from ear to ear and forehead to chin, and which includes rinsing the mouth and inhaling water in the nose and blowing it out.
2. He must wash his hands up to (and including) the elbows
3. He must wipe his entire head, including the ears (with water)
4. He must wash his feet up to (and including) the ankles
5. He must maintain this sequence (i.e. 1 to 4)
6. Each of the above acts must be done without any pause in between them so as to let the previous part of the body that was washed become dry.

The Eight Nullifiers of Wudoo:
1. Whatever comes out from the two private parts
2. Any foul impure substance that comes out from the body
3. Loss of consciousness (i.e. sleep/insanity)
4. Touching a woman with sexual desire
5. Touching one’s private part with the hand, whether it is the penis or the anus
6. Eating the meat of camels
7. Bathing a deceased person
8. Apostating from Islaam, may Allaah protect us from that!

The above was taken from the following book: An Explanation of The Conditions Pillars & Requirements of Prayer of Muhammad Ibn Abdul (Explanation by Shaykh Muhammad Amaan al-Jaamee and Shaykh Abdul-Muhsin Al-Abaad).

About the Authors:
Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaamee [1416H] and Shaikh ‘Abdul-Muhsin Al-‘Abbaad are two of the well-known scholars of this century, based in Saudi Arabia, who are known for their sound knowledge, upright creed and firm methodology. Extensive biographies for each author can be found within this publication.

07-23-2013, 12:08 PM
I forgot to mention you can actually download a concise PDF version online insha Allah

Muslim Woman
07-23-2013, 05:19 PM

Originally Posted by agent47

Anyone know where I can learn basic Arabic via online for free?

browse and found the sites



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