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faithandpeace
08-23-2013, 06:19 AM
Assalamu alaikum,

I have a question as a new Muslimah. To make up the fast days I had to miss during Ramadaan I understand there are some prohibitions. I cannot fast on either of the two Eid days (one has passed and I believe one is coming up in a couple of months) and I cannot select only Friday as a fast day by itself. Are there any other restrictions? I wanted to pick a Monday and Thursday as days to make them up as I believe that is what the Prophet (saw) recommended for Sunnah fasts. However, in this case I will do it with the intent of making up a missed fard fast. Is my thinking correct here? Anything else I need to know about? Or am I just worrying too much? :statisfie
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Muslim Woman
08-23-2013, 08:48 AM
:sl:

I wanted to pick a Monday and Thursday as days to make them up

that's fine .
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Muslim Woman
08-23-2013, 08:50 AM
:sl:


I will do it with the intent of making up a missed fard fast
there is one opinion that if u want to do 6 fasting of Shawal , u can have double intention.
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Muslim Woman
08-23-2013, 09:00 AM
:sl:


Sahih-Al-Bukhari Hadith--Fasting forbidden on Eid?



Fasting on the two days of `Eid is haram (forbidden), as indicated by the hadith of Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) forbade fasting on the day of Al-Fitr and [the day of] An-Nahr [Sacrifice]” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim). The scholars are unanimously agreed that fasting on these two days is haram.

It is also haram to fast on the Days of Tashreeq, which are the three days after `Eid Al-Adha (11, 12 and 13 Dhul-Hijjah) because the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “The Days of Tashreeq are days of eating, drinking, and remembering Allah” (Muslim).

Abu Dawud narrated from Abu Murrah, the freed slave of Umm Hani, that he entered with `Abdullah ibn `Amr upon his father, `Amr ibn Al-`Aas. He offered them food and said, “Eat.” He [Abu Murrah] said, “I am fasting.” `Amr said, “Eat, for these are the days on which the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) would tell us not to fast and forbade us to fast, and these are the Days of Tashreeq” (Abu Dawud).

But it is permissible for a pilgrim who does not have a hadi (sacrificial animal) to fast on the Days of Tashreeq. It was narrated that `A’ishah and Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) said: No one was allowed to fast on the Days of Tashreeq except one who could not find a hadi (Al-Bukhari).


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Signor
08-23-2013, 09:12 AM
:wa:

format_quote Originally Posted by faithandpeace
To make up the fast days I had to miss during Ramadaan I understand there are some prohibitions. I cannot fast on either of the two Eid days (one has passed and I believe one is coming up in a couple of months) and I cannot select only Friday as a fast day by itself. Are there any other restrictions?
Amr al-'Ashari reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah (saws) say: "Verily, Friday is a day of Eid for you, so do not fast on it unless you fast the day before or after it."
Related by al-Bazzar.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 3.120a
Hadrat Umar (r.a.) said: "The Messenger of Allah (saws) has forbidden fasting on the two days of Eid (Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Adha). Concerning the Eid of breaking the fast, it is for you to break your fast [of Ramadan]; and on the Eid of sacrifice, you should eat from what you sacrifice."
Related by Ahmad, an-Nasa'i, atTirmidhi, Abu Dawud, and Ibn Majah.

Abu Hurairah reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) sent 'Abdullah ibn Hudhaqah to announce at Mina: "You are not to fast the days of ‘tashreeq’ (the three days after the Eid ul-Adha). They are days of eating, and drinking, and remembering Allah."
Related by Ahmad.

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 4.629 Narrated by Abdullah bin Amr
Allah's Messenger (saws) was informed that I have said: "By Allah, I will fast all the days and pray all the nights as long as I live." On that, Allah's Messenger (saws) asked me: "Are you the one who says: 'I will fast all the days and pray all the nights as long as I live?' " I said, "Yes, I have said it." He (saws) said, "You cannot do that! So fast (sometimes) and do not fast (sometimes). Pray and sleep. Fast for three days a month, for the reward of a good deed is multiplied by ten times, and so the fasting of three days a month equals the fasting of a year." I said, "O Allah's Messenger (saws)! I can do (fast) more than this." He (saws) said, "Fast on every third day." I said: "I can do (fast) more than that." He (saws) said: "Fast on alternate days and this was the fasting of Prophet Dawood (a.s.) which is the most moderate sort of fasting." I said, "O Allah's Messenger (saws)! I can do (fast) more than that." He (saws) said, "There is nothing better than that!"

In light of the above guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws), the believers must abstain from fasting on:

  1. Fridays, for the day of Friday is a day of Eid for the believers.
  2. The days of the Eid-ul-Fitr and the Eid-ul-Adha.
  3. The three days of ‘tashreeq’ after the Eid-ul-Adha (when performing the Hajj pilgrimage)
  4. It is not permissible for a believer to keep continuous fasts.

Source

format_quote Originally Posted by faithandpeace
I wanted to pick a Monday and Thursday as days to make them up as I believe that is what the Prophet (saw) recommended for Sunnah fasts. However, in this case I will do it with the intent of making up a missed fard fast. Is my thinking correct here?
I guess this falls in combining two acts of worship and according to the below fatwa,it seems to be correct(since you are making up your fardh Ramadhan fast on days prescribed by Sunnah)

Combining acts of worship is of two types:

One type is not correct, which is in the case of acts of worship which are independent or are part of another. In these cases, intentions cannot be combined. For example, if a man misses the Sunnah of Fajr, and the sun comes up and the time for Salaat al-Duhaa comes, the Sunnah of Fajr cannot take the place of Salaat al-Duhaa, or vice-versa. They cannot be combined, because the Sunnah of Fajr is independent, and Salaat al-Duhaa is independent, and neither of them can take the place of the other.

The same applies if an act is connected to the one that comes before it – they cannot be combined. So if a man says, “I want to have the intention of praying both fard and sunnah when I pray Fajr,” we would tell him that this is not correct, because the Sunnah (of Fajr) is directly connected to the Fard, and cannot take its place.


The second type is where what is intended is not a specific act of worship. In this case, intentions may be combined. For example: a man enters the mosque where the people are praying Salaat al-Fajr. It is known that when a man enters the mosque, he should not sit down until he prays two rak’ahs, so if he joins the imaam in that prayer, this is good enough. Why? Because the point is that he should pray two rak’ahs when he enters the mosque. Similarly, if a man enters the mosque at the time of Salaat al-Duhaa and prays two rak’ahs with the intention of praying Salaat al-Duhaa, he does not have to pray Tahiyyat al-Masjid as well, but if he has the intention of both, that is better. This is the guideline for combining acts of worship.
Source

Read more

http://islamqa.info/en/69781
http://islamqa.info/en/7863

And Allah Knows Best
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faithandpeace
08-24-2013, 07:11 AM
Jazakallah khair! This information is very helpful. :D
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AabiruSabeel
08-24-2013, 11:10 AM
format_quote Originally Posted by Muslim Woman
:sl:

I will do it with the intent of making up a missed fard fast
there is one opinion that if u want to do 6 fasting of Shawal , u can have double intention.
:sl:


Combining Make-up (Qadha) Fasts with the Six Days Fasts of Shawwal

Question #: 5550
Date Posted: 16-10-2008



<QUESTION>
Is it permissible to make an intention of Qadha for fasts that were missed in Ramadhan and also for the 6 Sunna fasts of Shawwal?

<ANSWER>
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

Sayyiduna Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (may Allah be pleased with him) relates that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: “Whoever fasts Ramadhan, then follows it with six days from Shawwal, it is like they fasted the entire year.” (Sahih Muslim no: 1164)

Based on this and other Hadiths, the majority of the jurists (fuqaha), including the Hanafi, Shafi’i and Hanbali Schools, hold that it is recommended to fast six days of the month of Shawwal. (See: Radd al-Muhtar, Mughni al-Muhtaj and Kashshaf al-Qina’)

As for combining two intentions, i.e. making-up missed Ramadhan fasts (qadha) and the six fasts of Shawwal, one should principally make an intention of Qadha. Thereafter, as a ‘secondary’ intention, one may also keep in mind that it is the month of Shawwal. By doing so, it is hoped from the mercy of Allah that along with the missed fasts being made-up, one will receive the reward of fasting in Shawwal. But, it is important that the main and predominant intention is of making-up the missed fasts.

However, it is better that one makes up for the missed fasts separately from fasting the six days of Shawwal, since some scholars are of the view that one does not receive the reward of optional (nafl) fasting when combined with make-up (qadha) fasts. (See: Fatawa Darul Uloom Deoband 6/495)

One of the explanations given for fasting the six days of Shawwal being equivalent to fasting the entire year is that a good deed is multiplied by ten, and as such, fasting the whole of Ramadhan would count as fasting ten months, and fasting the six days of Shawwal, multiplied by ten, would equal to two months. Hence, it would be as though one has fasted the entire year. (See: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali’s Lata’if al-Ma’arif 272)

In fact, this has been clearly mentioned in a Hadith related by Thawban (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: “Fasting Ramadhan is like fasting ten months, and fasting the six days is like fasting two months, so that amounts to fasting the entire year.” (Recorded by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad, Ibn Hibban in his Sahih and Imam Nasa’i in his Sunan, taken from Ibn Rajab’s Lata’if 272)

So, in order to receive this specific reward of fasting the entire year, one would have to fast the whole month of Ramadhan (regardless of whether it consists of 29 or 30 days), and then follow it up with fasting the six days of Shawwal. For this reason, we see in the Hadith recorded by Muslim (quoted in the beginning of this answer) that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: “Whoever fasts Ramadhan, then follows it with...” i.e. one would need to first complete the fasts of Ramadhan before fasting the six days of Shawwal to attain this particular reward.

As such, in conclusion, it is without doubt better to make-up for the missed Ramadhan fasts first and then observe the six fasts of Shawwal in order to obtain maximum rewards and the specific reward of fasting the entire year. However, it is permitted to combine make-up fasts with the six fasts of Shawwal provided the principle intention (niyya) is of Qadha fasts.


And Allah knows best

[Mufti] Muhammad ibn Adam
Darul Iftaa
Leicester , UK

Source: http://daruliftaa.com/node/5550?txt_QuestionID=

(Emphasis mine)
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