Insha Allah, the night of Saturday 21nd of May 2016 will be Laylatul Baraa'ah (15th Sha'baan).
Please note that the significance of this night is firmly established in our Deen. Please read the following articles from prominent Ulama regarding the significance of this great night:
Hazrat Mufti Taqi Uthmani Daamat Barakaatuhum
Shaikhul Hadeeth Hazrat Maulana Fazlur Rahmaan Azmi Daamat Barakaatuhum
Madrassah In'amiyyah Camperdown
Hazrat Maulana Haroon Abbas Umar Daamat Barakaatuhum
Don't remain in the dark regarding this auspicious night!
Virtue of the Night of 15th Shaba’an [Shab-e-Bar'aat] :
Hadith number – 1
Narration of Sayyiduna Mu'aadh ibn Jabal (Radhiallaahu Anhu) that
Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said ----- “Allah Ta'ala
turns to his entire creation on ...the fifteenth night of Sha'baan and
forgives all of them except one who ascribes partners to Him and one
who harbours enmity in his heart.”
• (This Hadith has been also recorded by Imaam Tabrani in his Mu'jamul
Awsat Hadith 6776 and Mu'jamul Kabeer vol.20 pg.108-109…)
• Imaam ibn Hibbaan (RA) has classified this narration as Sahih
(authentic) and has included it in his book – al-Saheeh. (see Sahih
ibn Hibbaan vol.12 pg.482; Hadith5665)
• Hafiz al-Haythami (RA) has mentioned that all the narrators of this
Hadith are reliable. (Majma-uz-zawaaid vol.8 pg.65)
• The great hadith scholar of the present time , Shaykah Shuayb
Al-Arna'uat ( Rh) and famous La-Mazhabi hadith scholar Nasiruddin
Albani, have also considered this Hadith as 'Sahih'. ( Ref: - Shuayb
Al-Arna'ut: Al-Ihsan fi Taqrib Sahih Ibn Hibban 12/481 #5665 &
Nasiruddin Al-Albani: Silsilah Al-Ahadith Al-Sahihah 3/135 #1144 )
Very early Hadith books such as the Mussanaf of Abdul Razzaq Ibn Humam
(R) (126-211 AH) ( Ref: Musannaf Abdur Razzaq 4/317) & the Musnad of
Ahmad Bin Hanbal (R) (164-241 AH) ( Ref: Musnad Ahmad 2/176 & 6/238)
contain Ahadith relating to the virtues of 15th Sha'ban.
Even within the famous Six Books of Hadith (al-Kutub al-Sittah)---
• Trimdhi ( Ref: Jami' Al-Trimidhi: Kitab Al-Sawm, Bab "Ma ja'a fi
Laylatin Nisfi min Sha.ban" #739 (Vol.3 p107))
• Ibn Majah (Sunan Ibn Majah: Kitab Al-Iqamah, Bab "Ma Ja'a Fi
Laylatun Nifsi min Sha'ban" #1388 (Vol. 1 p444)
have devoted a special chapter on "The Night of the Middle of Sha'ban"
in their Hadith collections.
In fact there are over a dozen Ahadith available which establish the
significance of the night of the 15th of Sha'ban. Here are a few more
Sahih (Authentic) Hadith on the merits on the Night of 15th of
Hadith number – 2
There is another identical Hadith related from the Companion Abdullah
b.'Amr (May Allaah be pleased with him) which says that the
Prophet(Sallalahu Alaihi Wassalam) said: "Allah looks at His creation
during the night of the 15th of Sha'ban and He forgives His servants
except two- one intent on hatred (mushanin) and a murderer (qatilu
( Ref : Musnad Ahmad 2/176 #6642. Al-Bazzar also related this Hadith
and he classified it as 'Hasan'. )
Note : ------
In his edition of Musnad Ahmed, Shaykh Ahmed Shakir has classified
this Hadith as 'Sahih' and Nasiruddin Al-Albany classified it is
( Al-Albani: Silsilah Al-Ahadith Al-Sahihah 3/136).
Hadith number – 3
A similar narration as above , but narrated by Abu Bakr Siddiq Rd .
It has been classified as sound by Haafiz al-Munzhiri (RA) in his
al-Targheeb (vol.3 pg.459). This narration is of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr
(Radhiallaahu Anhu) and is recorded by Imaam Bazzaar (RA) in his
Musnad. In fact, Hafiz ibn Hajar (RA) has also classified one of its
chains as Hasan (sound).
(Al-Amaalil mutlaqah pgs.119-120)
Besides the above, there are many other Sahaaba (Radhiallaahu Anhum)
that narrated Ahaadith regarding the merit of this night, such as: Abu
Hurayra (Musnad al-Bazzaar), Abu Tha'labha (Shu'ubul Imaan), Awf ibn
Maalik (Musnad al-Bazzaar), Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-Aas (Musnad Ahmad
Hadith6642), Abu Moosa al-Ash'ari (ibn Majah Hadith1390; Shu'ubul
Imaan Hadith3833) and others. The collective strength of these
narrations cannot be refuted.
Only Sahih Hadiths have been quoted above.
The weak hadith on this topic suffer only from minor weakness . There
is general consensus that weak hadiths may be acted upon for virtuous
acts, such as voluntary fasting and prayer, as long as the hadith is
not excessively weak, returns to a general basis in the Shariah, and
one is not convinced that the Prophet (Allah bless him & give him
peace) specifically prescribed it.
There are many other narrations from the Companions and early Muslims
confirming the merits of this night as mentioned by Ibn Rajab
al-Hanbali in his Lata’if al-Ma`arif, and others.
All the weak hadith which talks about the merits of 15th of Shaba’an,
have got only minor weakness in them. Going by the principle of
hadith, these weak hadiths also strengthen each other.
Some more Hadith
Hadith --- 1
Hadhrat Ali [radhiallaahu anhu] relates that Rasoeloullaah
[sallallaahu alayhi wasallam] said:----“When it is the fifteenth night
of Sha-baan then remain busy in Iebaadah during the night and fast for
the day, for indeed Allaah descends to the nether (lower) sky at the
setting of the sun and He proclaims: Is there anyone seeking my
forgiveness so that I may pardon him; is there anyone who seeks
livelihood from me, so I may sustain him; is there anyone who is in
distress that I may bless him with relief and safety; is there someone
in this condition; is there someone in that state? And so this
continues until the break of dawn”.
(Ibn Maajah, also Mieshkaat)
Hadith --- 2
Hadhrat Aa-ishah [radhiallaahu anhu], relates that I once did not know
the whereabouts of Rasoeloul-laah [sallallaahu alayhi wasallam]. Then
he was at the Jannatoel Baqie. Rasoeloul-laah then asked me: What, do
you fear that Allaah and his Rasool will forsake you? Hadhrut Aa-ishah
[radhiallaahu anhu] replied: `I thought you went to some other lady
from amongst your wives'. Then Rasoeloullaah [sallallaahu alayhi
wasallam] said: `Indeed Allaah Ta-aalaa descends to the nether (lower)
sky on the middle night of Sha-baan. Then He certainly forgives more
persons than the count of fibres upon a sheep of the Kalb tribe'.
Hadith --- 3
Hadhrat Aa-ishah [radhiallaahu anha] relates that the Nabi once
inquired from her: `Are you aware of the virtue of this night,
(meaning the middle night of Sha-baan)?' She asked: `What is the
significance O Rasool of Allaah?' He then said: `It is on this night
that each one of the sons of Aadam who shall be born is determined,
and each one of the sons of Aadam to die that year is fixed. It is on
this night that the deeds of every person is presented, and their
sustenance apportioned'. (Bai-huqiy, Mieshkaat)
What the Scholars have said about this Night:
• The general virtue of this night has been accepted by many great
Ulama of the past. From among many great scholars which have agreed to
the virtue of this night are: Umar ibn Abdul-Aziz, Imaam al-Shaafi’ee,
Imaam al-Awzaa’ie, Attaa ibn Yassaar, Imaam al-Majd ibn Taymiyah, Ibn
Rajab al-Hambaliy and Hafiz Zaynu-ddeen al-Iraaqiy (Rahmatullaahi
(Refer:Lataiful Ma’aarif of Hafiz ibn Rajab pgs.263-264 and Faydhul
Qadeer vol.2 pg.317)
• Ibn Taymiayh said
“ As for the middle night of Sha’baan, there are various narrations
that have been narrated regarding its significance and it has been
reported from a group of the Salaf (predecessors) that they performed
Salaat in it individually, hence, such a deed cannot be disputed.’
(Majmoo’ al-Fataawa ibn Taymiyah vol.23 pg.132)
• Imam Suyuti (Rh)says in his Haqiqat al-sunna wa al-bid`a:
“As for the night of mid-Sha`ban, it has great merit and it is
desirable (mustahabb) to spend part of it in supererogatory worship.”
( Ref: Suyuti, Haqiqat al-sunna wa al-bid`a aw al-amr bi al-ittiba` wa
al-nahi `an al-ibtida` (1405/1985 ed.) p. 58. He adds: "However, this
must be done alone, not in congregation.")
• Imam Nawawi ( Rh) mentioned in his Majmu`, where he also quoted Imam
al-Shafi`i from the latter’s al-Umm that it has reached him that there
are 5 nights when dua is answered, one of them being the night of the
15th of Sha`ban.
• Imam Haskafi ( Rh) said in his Durr al-Mukhtar, one of the primary
references in the Hanafi school:
"Among the recommended [prayers] are on. . . . the nights of the two
Eids, the middle of Sha`ban, the last ten of Ramadan, and the first
[ten] of Dhul-Hijjah”.
• Even Ibn Taymiayh considered the night of mid-Sha`ban "a night of superior merit" in his
Iqtida' al-sirat al-mustaqim:
[Some] said: There is no difference between this night (mid-Sha`ban)
and other nights of the year. However, the opinion of many of the
people of learning, and that of the majority of our companions (i.e.
the Hanbali school) and other than them is that it is a night of
superior merit, and this is what is indicated by the words of Ahmad
(ibn Hanbal), in view of the many ahadith which are transmitted
concerning it, and in view of what confirms this from the words and
deeds transmitted from the early generations (al-athar al-salafiyya).
Some of its merits have been narrated in the books of hadith of the
musnad and sunan types. This holds true even if other things have been
forged concerning it.
THE NIGHT OF BARA’AT AND THE QURAAN
Has the night of Bara'at been mentioned in the Quraan? The most correct opinion is that the night of Bara'at has not been mentioned in the Quraan.