Originally Posted by Huzaifah ibn Adam
Jazaaka Allah for your input brother, i would like to clarify some points you raised:
The limiting of jihaad to struggle on the battlefield has confused many into wondering why Mujaahideen fee sabeel Allah fight against munaafiqs and murtads, whereas understanding the term in it's wider inner and outer aspects including jihaad an nafs makes it clear and helps people to keep check of themselves during battle with the sword. It decreases irrational spite and increases taqwa of Allah from shaytaan on a wider scale - personal and social.
A good example would be the situation of the people who governed Andalusia after Taariq ibn Jabal under the banner of Islaam, i would say that they misinterpreted "jihaad" and confused it with "qitaal", and fell apart themselves.
Today, Allah has given the kuffaar military strength, therefore jihaad fee sabeel Allah in all it's aspects usually takes precedence over the isolated term qitaal, although qitaal within jihaad sometimes becomes necessary in order to deter corruption and injustice. Qitaal without jihaad fi sabeel Allah is illogical bloodshed and only makes Shaytaan smile whereas Jihaad fee sabeel Allah which envelops Qitaal fee sabeel Allah when and where necessary is stable and positive.
Allah also tells us to strive (jaahid) in the way of Allah with the Quran with great jihaad (jihaadan kabeera) in order to make the way of Allah uppermost, therefore i understand the term to widely encompass all kinds of struggle in Allah's way, whereas "Qitaal fee sabeel Allah" is more near to explicitly describing jihaad against kuffar on the battlefield.
Allah also tells us to obey Him and beware of parents who strive (jaahadooka) to make us associate others with Allah, however, again, the wider meaning is generally struggle in Allah's way even if the term "fee sabeel Allah" is not used.
With the above stated however - an argument that people should be Kaafirs just because Allah tells us in surah al Baqarah that whoever does kufr of those who seek to mislead and drag from Allah's way (fa man yakfur bi at-taaghoot) and believes in Allah (wa yu-min bi Allah) has grasped the most durable handhold that never breaks (after the verse of The Throne), therefore Allah must somehow love kuffaar since they are the true believers would be confusing, since the Quranic term "kaafir" when used on it's own prevalently and dominantly refers to the ungrateful rejecters of Allah.
If i made truthful sense - it is from Allah, if not, please clarify with input if you have time.
such debates, if conducted with truth, goodwill, sincerity and humility to Allah with a desire to learn and teach, are constructive and positive.