I am interested to know this as well.
I know that surah kahf should be recited fridays, and surah mulk nightly. Surah maryam when a woman is pregnant or had a baby.
Surahs iklas, falaq and naas at nighttime to protect you from shaytain
I also heard things about surah yusuf and surah rahman
Ayat al kursi has numerous benefit for protection from evils
Maybe someone can make a comprehensive list.
This is all I can remember at the moment.