Originally Posted by chalks75
Attributes is probably the better word. There are several attributes of God which help us understand who He is.
God absolute One
. He isunique, nothing is like Him (He is not a man as some people might wronglyimagine), He is The Creator and Lord of everything (every, human, animal,plant, organism, star, galaxy; in fact the entire universe), and everythingelse other than Him is His creation. Everything in the universe belongs to Him.
God is The First andThe Last.
Cosmologists and scientists who stillwonder how this universe all started can be briefed that the Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God beupon him, said,:
"First of all, there was nothing but God (then He created His throne). His throne wasover the water, and He …. created the heavens and the earth."
The Big Bang theory on how the universeoriginated fits the description of the creation of the universe in the Quran.GodAlmighty is The First and nothing was before Him and is The Last and nothingwill come after Him. God created space, matter, time, light and darkness; allis under His plan.
God is above all.
God Almighty is physically above the universe raisedabove His Throne in a way that suits His Majesty. He is above all. Everythingis below Him. No man can imagine or comprehend how God looks like; it is beyondour ability to do so. No man has ever seen God and only in Paradise will thebelievers be granted the greatest bliss which is when God Almighty will revealHis Face and the believers will be able to see Him.
God does not sleep,rest or eat.
Unlike humans the Almighty is praised fromany weakness or imperfection, such as the need to sleep, rest or eat. Instead,He grants the blessing of sleep and feeds mankind in the hope that they will bethankful and acknowledge their need for Him.
God knows, sees andhears everything.
Consider how far anyhuman can see with his/her eyes at a given time; and now consider (Praise be toGod) that God Almighty sees all what 7 billion people can see; and He sees,hears and knows every large and tiny event that occurs in the universe.Furthermore, God, and only God knows, the future. Is there anyone like God? Isthere any one worthy of worship other than Him?
God is TheAll-Strong, The All-Powerful and is capable of everything.
When Prophet Moses asked God that he wanted to see TheAlmighty, God told Moses to look at a mountain and if the mountain stayed inplace he would see Him; and when The Almighty revealed Himself to the mountainit got totally obliterated and Moses was knocked out unconscious.
Natural occurrences such as hurricanes,volcanoes, earthquakes, supernovas in outer space are all signs of how strong,powerful and magnificent God is. An intriguing fact is that the known universe(to man) is approximately 93 billion light years in diameter, i.e. is adistance of 550 billion trillion miles. Which means a spaceship, travelling at20,000 mph, would take approximately 3139 trillion years to travel thediameter of the "known" universe.
Now read what God says:
"They made not a just estimate of God such as is due toHim. And on the Day of Resurrection the whole of the earth will be grasped byHis Hand and the heavens will be rolled upin His Right Hand. Glorified be He, and High be He above all that theyassociate as partners with Him." (Quran 39:67)
On the Day of Judgment the entire knownuniverse will be held in the Right Hand of God Almighty. Is there anyone like God? Is there any one worthy ofworship other than Him?
God is The MostMerciful.
The Most Merciful is One of God’sNames. Some of His other Names are TheAll-Compassionate, The Creator, The Only One, The Light, The Magnificent, TheGenerous, The Glorious, The Most Sacred, The Sustainer, The Majestic One, TheSource of Peace, The Giver of Life, The Taker of Life, The Loving One, TheForgiving, The Ever-Acceptor of repentance, The Wise One, The Just, and TheAvenger. It is of extreme benefit when asking God for anything to call Him byHis Beautiful Names. When asking for wealth one can say "Oh God, TheGenerous" and when asking for forgiveness one can say "Oh God, TheForgiving, The Ever-Acceptor ofrepentance".
From the Lord’s Mercy is that:
"He restrains the sky from falling upon the earth,unless by His permission. Indeed God, to the people, is Kind andMerciful." (Quran 22:65)
TheProphet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, once saw a nursing mother desperatelylooking for her lost infant, and when she found her child the Prophet said: "Do you think that this lady can throw her son in the fire?" Wereplied, "No, if she has the power not to throw it (in the fire)."The Prophet then said, "God is more merciful to His slaves than this lady to her son."
God is The EternallyLiving One, The Self-Existing One.
Theseare another two of God’s Beautiful Names. Everything that exists needs God forsurvival and God need’s no one. Every human will perish, while The Lord ofMajesty and Honor (also one of His Beautiful Names) is ever-living;immortal.
"Indeed, yourLord is God, Who… covers the night with the day, [another night] chasing itrapidly; and [He created] the sun, the moon, and the stars, subjected by Hiscommand. Unquestionably, His is the creation and the command; blessed is God,Lord of the worlds." (Quran7:54)
Everything that happens in this world is not by itself or bycoincidence, but it is The Almighty who is controlling everything. Dayand night, summer and winter, rainfall and drought, every cell function in thebody (of which there are trillions of), the germination of seeds into plants,cell multiplications that form an embryo then a child, and people dying; alloccur by the command of God.
These are just a few attributes I tried to describe briefly. Quran has described 99 attributes of Allah so that we can understand who Allah is. See link below for the attributes of Allah mentioned in Quran: