View Full Version : "...Truly, they were young men who believed in their Lord..." - Points From Al-Kahf

05-01-2020, 06:16 PM

السلام عليكم

Four Points From Soorah Al-Kahf

After reading ‘al-Kahf’ today, I decided to skim through Ibn Katheer’s commentary on it. Here are a few nice points I came across:

Verse 13:
{“We narrate unto you their story with truth. Truly, they were young men who believed in their Lord , and We increased them in guidance.”}

Here and in the verse before it, Allaah begins telling the story of a group of men who decided to believe in Him and worship Him alone, and then escaped to a cave on the outskirts of their city to save themselves from the persecution and wrongdoing of their disbelieving folk. Ibn Katheer commented on their age:

“Allaah mentioned that they were young men, i.e. youths. And they are more accepting of the truth and better guided than the older men who had mired and drowned in a lifestyle of falsehood. This is why most of those who answered the call of Allaah and His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) were youths. As for the older men of Quraysh, most of them remained upon their old way of life, and none became Muslim except a few. Likewise, it’s pointed out here that the inhabitants of this cave were a group of youths.”

Verse 18: {“And you would have thought them awake while they were asleep. And We turned them on their right and on their left sides, with their dog stretching forth his two forelegs at the entrance…”}

As these young men slept inside the cave for a miraculous length of time, their dog was stretched out at its entrance. With all the heavy subjects addressed in the Qur’aan, why would Allaah dedicate this verse and others to mentioning this dog?

“Their dog got a share of their blessing. So, he was granted the same sleep that they were granted in these circumstances. And this is the benefit in accompanying righteous people, as this is why this dog was mentioned and given such status.”

Verses 80-81: {“”And as for the boy, his parents were believers, and we feared lest he should oppress them by rebellion and disbelief. So, we intended that their Lord should exchange him for them for one better in righteousness and closer to mercy.””}

Here, al-Khidr is explaining to Prophet Moosa why he killed a boy, and this is because he would have grown up to be full of kufr and rebellion against Allaah and his parents. Ibn Katheer said:

“Qataadah said that this boy’s father was happy when he was born and was sad when he died, and he would have devastated his parents had he lived on. So, one should be content with what Allaah has Ordained for him, because for Allaah to Ordain what the believer dislikes is better than Him Ordaining what he likes. And it is authentically reported in a hadith that “Allaah does not Ordain anything for the believer except that it is better for him.”
…and Ibn Juraayj said that when al-Khidr killed him, his mother was pregnant with a Muslim boy.”

Verse 109: {“If the sea were ink for writing the Words of my Lord, surely, the sea would be exhausted before the Words of my Lord would be finished, even if we brought another sea like it.”}

Ibn Katheer made a beautiful comment on this verse:

“If the water of all the oceans and seas were ink for a pen to write the Words of Allaah and His judgments and signs that all point to Him…and all of the trees were made into pens for this, the pens would break, the water of the oceans would be used up, and the Words of Allaah would remain and would not disappear. This is because nobody can appreciate His Ability or praise Him as He deserves except when He praises Himself. Our Lord is as He Says He is, and is even better than He Says He is. The comparison of the pleasures of this world from its beginning to its end to the pleasures of the Hereafter is like that of a mustard seed compared to the entire Earth.”

[‘Tafseer al-Qur’aan al-‘Adheem’; 3/101, 104, 133, and 145]

Source: iskandrani.wordpress.com


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