Originally Posted by Fi_Sabilillah
Sorry, but as an old retired psychologist I always get upset over the common misunderstandings of what is meant by negative reinfocement.
Reinforcement is anything that will elicit a response
Punishment is anything that will cause a response to cease
Positive reinforcement is the addition of something that will ellicit the response.
Negative reinfocement is the removal of something that will elicit the response
Positive punishment is the addition of something that will cause a response to cease
Negative punishment is the removal of something that will cause the response to cease.
When I was running rats in experimental psych the best example of negative reinfocement was to train a rat to go to a specific corner of the cage. This was done by electrifying the bottom of the cage so the rat was constantly shocked. When the rat approached the desired corner, the current would be turned off. The rat was trained to go to that same corner all the time through negative reinforcement. The negative part was the removal of the shock. the action being reinforced was the going to the specific corner.
I apologise for the intrusion on the thread. But, the old Psychologist, just could not let that misconception go on.