The “Ghazwah”  of Ûhud : Glad Tidings of Victory
Sheikh Saalih Aal Taalib
29 Safar 1434 ~ 11 January 2013
Verily, praise be to Allah! We thank Him, ask Him for assistance and forgiveness, and
seek refuge with Him from the evils of our inner selves and the mischievous nature of our
deeds. Whoever is guided by Allah nobody shall lead him astray, but whoever Allah
dooms to misguidance shall never benefit from any guidance elsewhere. I bear witness
that there is no deity except Allah, with no partner, and bear witness that Muhammad ()
is His Servant and Messenger. O Allah! Send Your Salat (Graces, Honors, and Mercy)
and Peace on him, his Companions, and the tab'în (the contemporaries of the
Companions of the Prophet  after his death), and on all those who follow them
righteously till the Day of Judgment.
To start with: Fear (Taqwa) Allah () as He should be feared and hold fast to the firm
bond of Islam: O you who believe [in Mûsâ (Moses) (i.e. Jews) and ‘Îsâ
(Jesus) (i.e. Christians)]! Fear Allâh, and believe in His Messenger
(Muhammad صلى لله علیھ وسلم ), He will give you a double portion of His
Mercy, and He will give you a light by which you shall walk (straight).
And He will forgive you. And Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful
28 [Al-Ĥadeed: 28].
The world is witnessing today major events, a colossal historical metamorphosis, and
massive backbreaking and depressing hardships. The whole globe is experiencing a wave
of accelerated ordeals and shifts in regimes and beliefs ‒which renders the forbearing
person confused. They are ordeals like a pitch-dark night. None can escape Allah’s preordained
predicament except he who shall receive Allah’s grace. We are a nation (ûmmah) with a (revealed) religion and followers of a (divine) Message; we have at our disposal a Holy Book and the Prophet’s Sunnah.
The eternal miracle of the Qur’ān is that although it was revealed fourteen centuries
ago and it engaged this nation in an enormous battle which transformed not only its
history but also the history of humanity altogether, yet it (the Qur’ān) continues to
accommodate itself to contemporary life conditions as if it were still in the course of
being revealed so as to orientate Muslims in their current circumstances and in their
struggle with the events taking place around them.
Many similar ways (and mishaps of life) were faced by nations
(believers and disbelievers) that have passed away before you (as you
have faced in the battle of Uhud), so travel through the earth, and see
what was the end of those who disbelieved (in the Oneness of Allâh,
and disobeyed Him and His Messengers. 137 This (the Qur’ân) is a
plain statement for mankind, a guidance and instruction to those who
are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious). [Âl-‘Imrân: 137-138]. The Holy Qur’ān does
establish a link between the present instant of this Ûmmah (nation) and its past, tracing by
the same token its future perspective.
O servants of Allah!
The aforementioned Qur’ānic verses were revealed on the occasion of the Ûȟud
Ghazwah, which took place during the 10th of Shawwal (3rd Hijri year), when the
polytheists of Quraish decided to take revenge on Muslims for having defeated them in
the prior Ghazwah of Badr. So, they mobilized their troops by gathering three thousand
warriors to be stationed at the outskirts of Madinah. After consulting his Companions, of
whom many insisted on the military encounter outside Medinah, Prophet Muhammad ()
‒who was initially inclined to stay at Madinah and use it as a stronghold‒ eventually left
Madinah accompanied by seven hundred of his Companions after the leader of the
hypocrites had already dissuaded people (from enlisting in the Muslim forces) and
managed to persuade one third of the (Muslim) army to retreat back to Madinah.
Afterwards, the Prophet camped at the mountain of Ûȟud with the remaining soldiers and
ordered the archers to be stationed up there, commanding them not to leave their
The fight was sparked off on the battlefield. The Muslims initially won the battle and,
as a result, the polytheists fled and their banner fell down. Reckoning that the battle war
over, some archers swiftly left their positions up the mountain. Then, the polytheists
gathered around the Muslims and attacked them from behind. Consequently, they killed
seventy among the best Companions, fractured the Prophet’s skull, broke his premolar
tooth, and spread the rumor that they killed the Prophet (). This grieved the believers
deeply, caused them great pain, and a strong feeling of a humiliating defeat.
Later, the polytheists circulated the rumor that they were heading to Madinah. So the
Prophet () called up the injured and the extremely exhausted among his followers, who
promptly responded to his call despite their grave wounds. They immediately rushed to
fight their enemy in all courage, paying no attention to those who let them down.
Meanwhile, historic statements, eloquent speeches, exceptional attitudes, acts of
heroism, regressions and rebukes were made. This historic event was recorded in the
Holy Qur’ān to be recited until the Day of Judgment. Sixty verses in Âl-‘Imrân (chapter 3
in the Holy Qur’ān) were revealed on this issue. They were not a sheer record of a
historical event that took place in the remote past. On the contrary, the reader of those
verses experiences those events and projects them onto the conditions of (today’s)
Muslims and sees them surrounded by their enemies, who are lying in ambush for them,
constantly conspiring against them, harboring envious thoughts about them, spreading
lies and suspicion amongst them, bearing mutual rancor against them, rallying against
them, meeting them on the battlefield, fleeing them, then they return to sow dissension
among them. History is repeating itself, indeed.
If a wound (and killing) has touched you, be sure a similar wound
(and killing) has touched the others. And so are the days (good and
not so good), We give to men by turns, that Allâh may test those who
believe, and that He may take martyrs from among you. And Allâh
likes not the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers). 140 And that
Allâh may test (or purify) the believers (from sins) and destroy the disbelievers. 141 [Âl-‘Imrân: 140-141]. This alternation of human conditions
between adversity and delight reveals the real nature of individuals, their true character,
the extent of their panic and patience, and the extent of their faith or loss of hope in
It is indeed beneficial to the nation to experience violent shocks in order to purge evil
from it. Divine wisdom ordained this purification to take place during the Ûȟud
Ghazwah: Allâh will not leave the believers in the state in which you
are now, until He distinguishes the wicked from the good. Nor will
Allâh disclose to you the secrets of the Ghaib (unseen) … [Âl-‘Imrân:
The alternation of days and of adversity and delight are an infallible criterion and a
In the battle of Ûȟud, the flaws of the hypocrites were uncovered. Their effect, as it
has always been, is to exploit periods of weakness to rock the hearts, break the ranks,
propagate debility, arouse schisms and suspicions to destroy the structure of the Muslim
society, starting with its faith and values in order to facilitate its surrender to mighty
The repercussions of the battle contributed to the purification of the souls and the
distinction between the camps of the believers and the hypocrites whose hidden traits
were made clear. Those repercussions contributed to the liberation from attenuated
morals and reluctant feelings.
Although Îbn Obey (leader of the hypocrites) succeeded in convincing one third of the
people to return to Madinah and abandon the support of the Prophet (), there was still a
pure elite (of Companions) who were steadfast, who assumed their responsibilities of
spreading religion, spending money to support fighters, fighting relentlessly on the
battlefield, and holding fast to the value of patience and perseverance: Among the
believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allâh [i.e.
they have gone out for Jihâd (holy fighting), and showed not their
backs to the disbelievers]; of them some have fulfilled their obligations
(i.e. have been martyred); and some of them are still waiting, but they have never changed [i.e. they never proved treacherous to their
covenant which they concluded with Allâh] in the least. [Al-Aȟzeb: 23].
It was thanks to their perseverance and sacrifice that Allah protected the destiny of
Islam in the early period of its history. Again, it is with such heroic deeds, persevering
spirit, and strong patience that Allah will continue to preserve the existence of Islam in
the remaining human history.
Allah () was indeed able to support His Prophet, His religion, and His servants from
the first instant, and destroy the enemies of the believers without any hard work or effort
from the latter. But Allah () wanted to educate the believers and put them to the test so
that they could qualify for a rational leadership of humanity, despite the vulnerability of
humans to whims, caprices, and devious conduct. Such leadership requires unshakable
faith, unswerving attachment to the value of truth, and strong patience in times of
hardship: …But (He lets you fight) in order to test some of you with
others. But those who are killed in the Way of Allâh, He will never let
their deeds be lost. [Muhammad: 4]. This is Allah’s law: trial before granting
(Muslims) access to power.
Servants of Allah!
Before those Qur’ānic verses  unfold the scenes and attitudes related to the Ûȟud
Ghazwah, Allah reminds the believers of the battle in which they were victorious, the
Great Battle of Badr. This juxtaposition is meant to make each battle act as foil to the
other, as Muslims are supposed to assume their full responsibility for defeat and victory
alike: "Yes, if you hold on to patience and piety, and the enemy comes rushing at you; your Lord will help you with five thousand angels
having marks (of distinction)." [Âl-‘Imrân: 125].
Consider these divine words: "Yes, if you hold on to patience and
piety…”. It is indeed patience and taqwa (fear of Allah), with all meanings and
nuances, that are the secret of victory.
In the course of divine directives and hints expressed in the verses of Sûrat Âl-‘Imrân,
Allah warns against the conspiracies of the People of the Scripture, knowing that there
were only Jews who used to live with Muslims in Madinah at that time. Allah warns
Muslims not to incline towards the infidels or obey them. As to the first half of the Sûrat,
it depicts one of the facets of the conflict between Islamic faith and devious beliefs. Allah
engages the People of the Scripture in a debate, arguing with them and rebutting the
unwarranted doubts (they raise about religion).
It is not an abstract argument; it is rather one realistic facet of the huge battle opposing
Muslims to their enemies who lie in ambush for them, gather force to assail them, and ‒
when waging war against them‒ use all sorts of weaponry, conspiracies, and evil means.
The most prominent of such means is to shake the Muslims’ faith. Indeed, the same battle
is still going on up to the present moment between Muslims and their enemies.
Embedded in those Qur’ānic verses is Allah’s warning against usury, as well as His
command for believers to observe taqwa (fear of Allah), seek paradise, purify their souls,
strengthen their faith, control their caprices and whims, adhere to charity and forgiveness,
and spread love, tolerance, and righteousness: Those who spend (in Allâh’s
Cause) in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who
pardon men; verily, Allâh loves Al-Muhsinûn (the good-doers). [Âl-
The human being can never win in wars unless he/she wins in prior contests: those of
values and principles. Those who turned back on the day the two hosts met at the battle of
Uhud, it was Satan who caused them to run away from the battlefield because of some
sins they had earned. (Cf Âl-‘Imrân, verse 155) . However, those who won the battles of faith behind their prophets had already started the battle by asking Allah for forgiveness
from their sins, seeking refuge with Him and purifying themselves from wrongdoings.
Perhaps, the consequence of the archers’ disobedience of the prophet’s orders in the
Ûȟud Ghazwah may serve as a useful lesson from which Muslims can learn to appreciate
the value of obedience in every confrontation. A community which is not governed by a
single source of command, and whose individuals and groups (sects) are dominated by
personal conflicts, will not win a battle or succeed in a confrontation as long as its
members do not agree on just a single aspiration and a single destination, and as long as
they do not suppress all types of dissidence among their ranks.
When Muslims felt extremely shocked by the disaster which reversed their lives and
turned everything upside down, Allah said to them, (What is the matter with
you?) When a single disaster smites you, although you smote (your
enemies) with one twice as great, you say: "From where does this
come to us?" Say (to them), "It is from yourselves (because of your evil
deeds)." And Allâh has power over all things. [Âl-‘Imrân: 165]
O servants of Allah!
Despite the gravity of the ordeal inflicted on Muslims while struggling in defense of
Allah’s cause, they never sever their relationship with Allah; nor do they lose confidence
in the truthfulness of Allah’s promise to grant His soldiers victory sooner or later. They
never renounce faith in His vow not to let them down; on the contrary, they believe that
He will lead them to victory, support them, place them in a superior position to that of
their enemies, and grant them supremacy.
The Ûȟud Ghazwah left deep scars on the Prophet’s () psychological state, as he
was physically hurt, for his tooth was broken, his faced was wounded, and his skull was
fractured. His pure blood kept running on his virtuous face until a piece of a mat was
burnt and stuck on it (as remedy to stop the bleeding). Thirst exhausted him so much that
he kept falling on his knees. He also suffered from human casualties among his
followers; in fact, he lost at the foot of Mount Uhud seventy among his dearest
Companions and closest to his heart. He said, “I swear by Allah, I wish I were among
my companions who departed this life at the foot of the mountain.”
He also suffered from loss of lives among his family members. When he was informed
that his paternal uncle Ĥamza was killed, he stood by his corpse and saw his abdomen
ripped open, his nose amputated, and his whole corpse maimed. So, he did not want to look at him in that state and said, “I have never been placed in a position of suffering
from injustice more than this time.”
Nevertheless, the total submission to Allah’s will soon wiped off ephemeral sorrows.
The Prophet () resumed his inspection tour of the site, asking about his Companions,
relieving their suffering, and inspiring them with his strong faith in order to alleviate their
pain and incite them to accept their divine trial with a spirit of surrender to Allah’s
Rifa'a Az-Zuraqi () said, "On Uhud day when the polytheists retreated, Allah's
Messenger () said to his Companions: “Straighten up so that I thank my Lord”, ‘and
when they queued up behind him, he said’: “O Allah! All Praise is due unto You. O
Allah! none can seize what You have rescued, neither can anyone rescue what You
have seized; and none can guide whom You have misguided, neither can anyone
misguide whom You have guided; and none can deliver what You have deterred,
neither can anyone deter what You have given; and none can make near that which
You have made far, neither can anyone distance what You made near; O Allah!
Rescue us by Your Blessings, and by Your Mercy; and by Your Grace; and by Your
[ordained] Sustenance; O Allah! I ask You for steady bliss, that neither withers nor
evades; O Allah! I ask You for bliss on the day of dreadfulness; and for tranquility on
the day of fear; O Allah! I take refuge with You from the evil of what You sent our way
[as fate], and the evil of what you didn’t send; O Allah! Endear to us iimaan (faith)
and adorn our hearts with it; and make us hate kufr (disbelief), and sinfulness, and
defiance; and make us from the well-guided ones; O Allah! Grant us death as
Muslims; and keep us alive as Muslims; and join us among the righteous, without [us
falling into] ill-repute and disenfranchisement [in Your court]; O Allah! Kill the kafirs
– the people who contravene Your Prophets and avert Your [commanded] path; and
unleash on them Your punishment and torment; O Allah, the True God! Kill the kafirs
who were given the book (i.e., people of the book)”. [Reported by Imam Ahmad and
O servants of Allah!
The Holy Qur’ān was gentle in addressing the believers after what befell them at
Uhud so that their defeat in the battlefield would not turn into despair that might weaken
their forces and a regret that might paralyze their productivity. Allah () says: So do
not become weak (against your enemy), nor be sad, and you will be
superior (in victory) if you are indeed (true) believers. If a wound (and killing) has touched you, be sure a similar wound (and killing) has
touched the others. And so are the days (good and not so good), We
give to men by turns, that Allâh may test those who believe, and that
He may take martyrs from among you. And Allâh likes not the
Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers). [Al Imran: 139-140]
In addressing them, Allah () combined encouraging them, strengthening their souls
and reviving their determination and mettle. He showed the good consolation and
mentioned the brilliant wisdom that required granting the disbelievers victory over them.
Allah consoled His Prophet and His Auliyâ’  for those who were killed in His Way with
the best and kindest consolation and the most conducive to accept what He decreed for
them. He also told them about what they had got of His reward and esteem in order to
compete with them about it and not to grieve for their death. He told them that the
disaster is due to their own selves (because of their evil deeds) so that they should be on
the lookout. He also told them that it took place according to His decree and destiny so
that they keep to the Oneness of Allah, put their trust in Him and not to fear anyone other
than Him. He consoled them with what He had given them that was worthier and more
serious than the victory and spoils that they had missed.
The outcome of the Uhud Ghazwah and the Qur’ānic guidance preceding the events
were greater than the outcome of victory and spoils. The believers learnt that when defeat
happens, it follows Allah’s law due to slackness and negligence and that it achieves
outcomes which Allah predestines by His wisdom and knowledege in order to scrutinize
souls, distinguish camps, clarify facts, adopt values, establish the measures and make the
laws clear to shrewd people.
Victory depends on nothing but the support of the Lord of al-'ālamîn (the worlds) for
whomever Allah () helps, none can overcome him and his betrayal by others shall not
I seek refuge with Allah from the outcast Shaitân (devil): If Allâh helps you,
none can overcome you; and if He forsakes you, who is there after
Him that can help you? And in Allâh (Alone) let believers put their trust [Al Imran: 160]. And in all of this there are lessons for Muslims these days in
every land and under every sky.
May Allah bless you and me by the Qur'ān and Sunnah and benefit us with their
verses and wisdom! Having said this, I ask Allah, be He exalted, to forgive me and you!
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful and the
Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of
Resurrection)! I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allah, the King,
and the Manifest Truth. I also bear witness that Muhammad () is His servant and
Messenger, the honest and the faithful. May Allah send His Salat (Graces, Honours, and
Mercy), Peace and Blessing on him, his family and all his Companions!
While early Muslims needed only dozens of men and a few months to regain their
strength and excel in subsequent battles, Muslims these days drained millions of their
souls and decades of their ages but their conditions have not changed and the difference
between them and their predecessors is in learning lessons from others and inspiring
themselves with preachments.
While early Muslims used to return to their religion after each defeat, resort to their
Lord (Allah) and stick around their Prophet (), Muslims these days are being driven
away from their religion, alienated from their Sharia and kept from all means of victory
and its supplies.
You can look around at the situation of many Muslim countries during the last century
after they had been colonized and lost their power. Even today, they have tried all ways,
knocked all doors, got their share from the modern sciences, acquired weapons and
military equipment, and the treasures of the world and the springs of its fuel have flowed
under their feet. However, these days, the blood that is being shed is theirs; the lands that
are being invaded are theirs, and the people who are being subdued are theirs. Even in
their own countries, their fate is controlled by the minorities.
The flame of disasters is driving you back to your religion, the whips of destiny are
pushing you to resort to your Creator, and the calamities of ad-dahr (time) are calling you: come to that with which your predecessors were powerful and proud and to that
which gave them strength.
Reassess yourselves, as the space is full of media and channels which do not belong to
a conservative past nor do they care about a painful reality. Furthermore, people are
unmindful, and their wounds are bleeding in every valley.
How come that there is extravagance and lavishness while among Muslims there is
suffering and people who are hungry? Have you not seen that days are taken by turns and
that time is fickle?
O our people in Syria! Allah is on your side and no one but Him! The whole world has
abandoned you so that you become more attached to Allah. The East has condemned
your liberation so that your attachment to your religion becomes stronger. They have
prevented you from getting assistance so that you humbly seek it from Allah. Seek
help in Allâh and be patient. Verily, the earth is Allâh’s. He gives it as
a heritage to whom He wills of His slaves; and the (blessed) end is for
the Muttaqûn. [Al-A‘râf: 128]
The tyrant of Syria has exceeded all limits in slaughtering his people, and he has
shown enmity to his own country which no other enemy has ever shown before. His link
with Allah is cut off but it is attached with the defeated on earth. What he has recently
shown of arrogance, empowerment (from his supporters), and carelessness for what is
happening in Syria is but the awakening before death. This is a sign that the glad tidings
of an imminent victory from Allah will soon manifest itself in Syria. The sun of salvation
will rise up; the birds whose migration has been long, will return. The believers shall
rejoice with Allah’s victory. Bravery is but an hour of patience!
O Allah! You are the Compeller! You are the Avenger! Hasten the demise of the
oppressive people! O Allah! Hasten the demise of the oppressive people! Have mercy on
the oppressed among your servants and heal the hearts of the believing people!
Muslims, before all other people, have to rush to the relief of their brothers in Syria as
their misery is increasing with cold weather, bitter snow and sweeping floods. May Allah
O Allah! Send Your Salat (Graces, Honors, and Mercy), Peace and Blessing on Your
Servant and Messenger, Muhammad, and on his good and pure family! O Allah! Be pleased with all of Your Messenger’s Companions and those who followed them in
righteousness until the Day of Judgement!
O Allah! Grant glory to Islam and Muslims and fail tyrants, infidels and corruptors! O
Allah! Grant glory to Your Religion, Your Book and the sunnah of Your Prophet and
Your believing servants!
O Allah! Foreordain for this nation (the nation of Islam) a matter (an affair) of
rationality (guidance) whereby the people of piety are honored and sinful people are
guided, and whereby al-ma’roof (good deeds) is promoted and al-munkar (evil deeds) is
prevented! O Lord of the worlds!
O Allah! Make preoccupied with their own evil those who wish to harm Islam and
Muslims! Turn their plots and their cunning against them and make that the cause of their
own destruction! O Lord of the worlds!
O Allah! Grant victory to the Mujahideen in Your cause in Palestine, in the Levant
and wherever they may be, O Lord of the worlds! O Allah! Lift the siege around them,
improve their conditions, and suppress their enemy!
O Allah! Liberate Al-Aqsa Mosque from the oppressors’ injustice and the occupiers’
O Allah! Improve the conditions of Muslims everywhere! O Allah! Improve their
conditions and group them around Your Truth and Guidance! O Allah! Spare their blood,
safeguard their tranquility, bring them close together, feed their hungry, protect their
honor, grant them boldness, strength and victory against their oppressors!
O Allah! Guide our leader, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, to do whatever
you love and accept. O Allah! Guide him to piety and righteousness! O Allah! Impart to
him health and well-being! O Allah! Impart to him well-being! O Allah! Bring him full
recovery and keep him in good health! O Allah! Grant him, his Crown Prince, their
brothers and assistants success to do what is good for the people and the country!
O Allah! Grant success to all the leaders of Muslims in order to govern by Your
Sharia and follow the sunnah of Your Prophet ()! O Allah! Make them merciful to
Your true servants!
O Allah! Make safe and prosperous our country and all Muslim countries around the
world! Protect us against the evil of wrongdoers and the maliciousness of the lecherous!
Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the
Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the
Fire! [Al Baqarah: 201], Our Lord! Forgive us our sins and our
transgressions (in keeping our duties to You), establish our feet firmly,
and give us victory over the disbelieving folk. [Al Omran: 147]
O Allah! Forgive our sins, cover our flaws, make easy our affairs and fulfill our
wishes in what pleases You! O Allah! Forgive our sins, those of our parents, our
grandparents, our wives and children! You are indeed All-Hearing!
O Allah! We ask You to be pleased with us and grant us Your Paradise! We seek
refuge in You against Your wrath and hell fire!
O Allah! You are Allah, and there is no deity worthy of worship but You! You are the
Self-Sufficient while we (humans) are destitute! Do send down rain on us and save us
from despair! O Allah! Send rain down on us! Bestow upon us expedient rain; a blissful,
flowing, widespread, useful, and harmless rain: one that would rejuvenate the land,
quench the people’s thirst and reach the rural and the urban lands!
O Allah! Send down upon us rain of mercy, not rain of torment, disaster, destruction,
O Allah! Answer our prayers, for You are indeed the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing!
And forgive us! You are indeed Most Forgiving, Most Merciful!
Glorified be Your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power! You are free from what they
attribute unto You! May peace be upon all the Messengers! And all praise be to Allah,
the Lord of the worlds!
1. Ghazwah is a battle in which Prophet Muhammad () took part. It is mainly a defensive military
expedition to defend the Islamic creed against the attacks and conspiracies of the infidels and the
2. Uhud ( أحد ) is a mount near Madinah where this famous Ghazwah took place.
3. During wars in ancient times, the banner used to be hoisted manually by one of the warriors, and its fall
4. Here is the beginning of the verse that was only partially quoted by the Sheikh:
So, when you meet (in fight - Jihâd in Allâh’s Cause) those who disbelieve, smite (their) necks till
when you have killed and wounded many of them, then bind a bond firmly (on them, i.e. take them as
captives). Thereafter (is the time) either for generosity (i.e. free them without ransom), or ransom
(according to what benefits Islâm), until the war lays down its burden. Thus [you are ordered by Allâh
to continue in carrying out Jihâd against the disbelievers till they embrace Islâm and are saved from the
punishment in the Hell-fire or at least come under your protection], but if it had been Allâh’s Will, He
Himself could certainly have punished them (without you)… [Muhammad: 4]
5. The Sheikh is referring here to Sûrat Âl-‘Imrân (repeatedly cited throughout the Khutbah).
6. This sentence is somewhat a paraphrase of verse number 155 of surat Âl-‘Imrân.
7. The Auliyâ’ of Allah are those who believe in the Oneness of Allâh and fear Him much (i.e. abstain from
all kinds of sins and evil deeds which he has forbidden), and love Him much (i.e. perform all kinds of good
deeds which He has ordained).