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madeenahsh
08-13-2005, 06:15 AM
Raghibat -ul-Fajr Voluntary Prayer

Ruling
Like the Witr Prayer,The Fajr Voluntary Prayers is an emphasized Sunnah.It is the first prayer of the day for the Muslim.While Witr is the last prayer of the night. The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alyhi wasallam) emphasized it by his regular practice of it, for he was regular in it without leaving it.He Sallallahu alyhi wasallam urged us to perform it as saying
"The two Rak'ahs of Fajr are better than the world and what it contains."( Muslim)
And his saying:

Do not leave the two Rak'ahs of Fajr even you are chased by horses (of enemies). (Ahmad and Abu Dawud)
Time
The time for the two Rak'ahs of Fajr is between dawn and the time of the Subh or morning prayers.If one oversleeps until sunurise, or he forgets to perform it, he should perform it when remembering it , unless it is the time of zenith since Messenger of Allah Sallallahu alyhi wasallam said:
"Whoever did not perform the two Rak'ahs of Fajr until sunrise, let him perform them" (Al Bayhaqi with good chain of naration)

Once the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alyhi wasallam) and his Companions, may Allah Subhanawatallah be pleased with them, Overslept until the sun rose.They traveled a short distance from their location, and the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alyhi wasallam) commanded Bilal,may Allah Subhanawatallah be pleased with him, to call the Athan. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alyhi wasallam) performed the two Rak'ahs for Fajr, then Bilal deliverd the Iqamah and the Messenger performed the Subh or the morning prayer.(Al Bukhari)
How to Perform it
The two Rak'ahs of Fajr are Brief. One should silently recite surat Al Kafirun(109) and Surat Al Ikhlas(112) after Al Fathiha for them.If one read Al Fatihah only it is also allowed.A'ishah may Allah be pleased with her said"The Messenger of( Allah Sallallhu Alyhi Wasalam) used to perform two Rak'ahs before the morning, they were so brief that I doubt whether he recited the opening of the Book (Al Fatihah)or not".
Malik and her saying:The Messenger of Allah( Sallallhu Alyhi Wasalam) used to recite O You who are disbelievers!(Al Kafirun(109) and say:He is Allah the One (Al Ikhlas)(112) for Fajr , and used to recite them silently".(Muslim)
Taken from Minhaj Al Muslim Abu Bakr Jabir Al Jaza'iry
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