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View Full Version : 'Abdullaah Ibn al-Mubarak al-Khorasanee.

- Qatada -
06-03-2007, 05:26 PM

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

This is the brief Sirah of the Imaam, al-Mujaahid and Zaahid,

'Abdullaah Ibn al-Mubarak al-Khorasanee.

[Taken from at-Tarteeb al-Madarik of Qadhi Iyad al-Andalousi]

Who he was

He was the client of the Banu Tameem, then the Banu Hanifa. His kunya was Abu 'Abdur-Rahman.

He listened to Ibn Abi Layla, Hisham ibn 'Urwa, al-A'mash, Sulayman at-Tamimi, Humayd at-Tawil, Yahya ibn Sa'id, Ibn 'Awn, Musa ibn 'Uqba, the two Sufyans, al-Awza'i, Ibn Abi Dhib, Malik, Ma'mar, Shu'ba, and Haywa ibn Shurayh, and he studied with Abu 'Amr ibn al-'Ala', al-Layth and others.

Ibn Mahdi, 'Abdu'r-Razzaq, Yahya ibn al-Qattan, Ibn Wahb and others related from him.

Ibn Wahb said, "Ibn al-Mubarak listened to all our shaykhs except 'Amr ibn al-Harith."

Ash-Shirazi said, "He learned fiqh with Malik and ath-Thawri, and he was the first of Abu Hanifa's companions. Then he left him and abandoned his madhhab."

Ibn Waddah said, "In the end, he avoided mentioning Abu Hanifa in his books, and he did not read his work to people."

Concerning his position in knowledge and praise of him

Abu Ishaq al-Fazzari said, "Ibn al-Mubarak was the Imam of the Muslims." Al-Fazzari used to sit in front of him and ask him questions."


Ibn Mahdi said, "I met four fuqaha': Malik, Shu'ba, Sufyan and Ibn al-Mubarak. (One of them had 'Hammad' in place of Shu'ba.) I did not see anyone with better counsel for the community than Ibn al-Mubarak. If Ibn al-Mubarak did not acknowledge a hadith, we would not acknowlege it."


Ibn Mahdi was asked about him and and ath-Thawri and which of them was better. He said, "Ibn al-Mubarak."

He was asked, "And if the people disagree with you?" He replied, "The people have not made any tests. I have not see the like of Ibn al-Mubarak."

He said, "Ibn al-Mubarak related to us, and he was unique."


When Sufyan ibn 'Uyayna was told that Ibn al-Mubarak had died, he said, "May Allah have mercy on him. He was a man of fiqh, knowledge, worship, asceticism, and generosity. He was courageous and a poet."

He also said, "No one has come to us like Ibn al-Mubarak and Ibn Abi Ziyada."

Muhammad ibn al-Mu'tamir said, "When ath-Thawri died, I asked my father, 'Who is the faqih of the Arabs?" He replied, "Ibn al-Mubarak."


Al-Awza'i said to Abu 'Uthman al-Kalbi about him, "If I had seen him, I would have been delighted."

An-Nasa'i said, "There was not known in the time of Ibn al-Mubarak anyone more glorious or excellent than him nor anyone who had more virtues than he possessed."

Salam ibn Muti' said, "No one like him came in the east afterwards. I prefer Ibn al-Mubarak to ath-Thawri."

Ibn Waddah said, "I listened to a group of the people of knowledge relate, 'Knowledge, taqwa, hadith, recognition of the men, poetry, generosity, worship and scrupulousness were comibined in Ibn al-Mubarak.

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- Qatada -
06-03-2007, 05:26 PM
The Beginning of his quest, the reason for his asceticism and the sum of his virtues and knowledge

Qadi Abu'l-Fadl said that as-Sadafi mentioned, "When Ibn al-Mubarak came of age, his father sent him 50,000 to use for commerce. He sought after knowledge until he had spent the money. When it was gone, his father met him and said, 'What have you bought?' He brought out his books for him and said, 'This is my trade.' His father went into the house and gave him 30,000 dirhams more and said, 'Take this and follow your trade with them,' and he spent them."


Ibn al-Mubarak said, "I studied adab for thirty years and I studied knowledge for twenty years."


Ibn Hanbal said, "In the time of Ibn al-Mubarak, there was no one who sought after knowledge more than him. He went to the Yemen, Egypt, Syria, the Hijaz, Basra and Kufa, and whoever related knowledge and was worthy of it. He wrote from young men and old men. He omitted what was rare. He gave hadiths from books."


Ibn Waddah said, "Ibn al-Mubarak related about 25,000 hadiths. He was asked, 'Up until when did you study knowledge?' He said, 'I hope that you will find me doing that until I die."


Yahya ibn Yahya al-Laythi said, "A man with good deportment came one day to Malik. I used to see Malik say to him, 'Come here.' Then he made room for him in his assembly, and I did not see Malik make room for anyone else. He sat Ibn al-Mubarak near him. Sometimes Malik was asked about a question and he answered it. Then he would lean over to the man and say to him, 'What do your companions say about it?' The man would reply softly so we could not hear or understand. I saw him do that for some days, and I admired the adab of the man. I did not see him ask about anything until he departed. He was content with what he heard and Malik told us, 'This is Ibn al-Mubarak, the faqih of Khorasan.'"


One day Ibn al-Mubarak prayed at the side of Abu Hanifa. Ibn al-Mubarak began to lift his hands in each takbir. Abu Hanifa said to him, 'Do you want to fly?' He replied, 'If I had wanted to, I would have flown in the first one.'"


He said, "The ascetic is the one who is not happy when he gets this world and is not sad if he lacks it."


Ibn Shahin said, "Ibn al-Mubarak was with Hammad ibn Zayd and greeted him. The people of hadith went to Hammad to ask Ibn al-Mubarak to give them hadith. Ibn al-Mubarak said, 'Glory be to Allah! Shall I give hadith while you are present?' He said, 'I beg you to do it,' or words to that effect. He said, 'Abu Isma'il Hammad ibn Zayd related to us,' and did not give any hadith except from him."


Ibn al-Mubarak used to say, "The beginning of knowledge is the intention, then listening, then understanding, then action, then preservation, and then spreading it."


It was said, "He went on hajj one year and raiding the next year. Whenever he came to Madina, he said to its shaykhs among the people of knowledge and decrease. Whoever wants to go on hajj, come out with me. Their provision is enough for them. He did the same when he went on raids."


Al-Fasawi the worshipper said, "I was with Ibn al-Mubarak raiding on a cold, rainy night. He wept and I said, 'Are you weeping for the like of this?' He said, 'I am weeping for the previous nights which did not have the like of this hardship so that we could be rewarded for them.'"


Ibn al-Musayyab said, "Ibn al-Mubarak sent 70,000 dirhams to Abu Bakr ibn 'Ayyash and said, 'Use it to stop the lack of censure of you.'"


Nu'aym ibn Hammad said, "Ibn al-Mubarak used to stay in his house a lot. He was asked, 'Are you isolating yourself?' He said, 'How can I isolate myself when I am with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions?'"


He related that Iblis came to Ibn al-Mubarak when he was doing wudu' and said, "You did not wipe.'" He said, "I did wipe." He said, "You did not wipe." He said, 'You are a claimant, so present your proof.'"


Ibn al-Mubarak said to one of his companions, "Do not neglect a day which Allah has mentioned in 63 places in His Book."


A man said to Ibn al-Mubarak, "Yesterday I read the entire Qur'an in a single rak'at." Ibn al-Mubarak said, "But I know a man who did not cease to recite 'Rivalry' (102) yesterday until the Subh prayer. He could not get past it," i.e. himself.


He and another man mentioned that Ibn al-Mubarak was asked about the beginning of his quest for knowledge. He said, "I was a young man who drank nabidh-wine, loved wealth and rejoiced in those foul things. I invited some brothers of mine to a garden when the apples and other fruits were ripe, and we ate and drank until we were overcome by drunkenness and sleep. I woke up at the end of the period before dawn. I took up the lute which I played and composed:

Is it not time that you had mercy on us

and defied the critics and censors?

"Then I could not make it rhyme as I wished. When I repeated it to it, the lute spoke to me as a man speaks, 'Is it not time that the hearts of those who believe should be humbled to the remembrance of Allah?' (57:15) I said, 'Yes, Lord.' I broke the lute and spilled out the nabidh, and repentance came by Allah's favour with its realities, and I turned to knowledge and worship."


He related that 'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak entered Kufa when he was intending to go on the hajj. There was a woman sitting on a rubbish-heap plucking a duck. It occurred to him that it was carrion. He stopped on his mule and said to her, 'Women! Is this duck carrion or sacrificed?' She said, 'Carrion.' He said, 'Then why are you plucking it?' She said, 'So that my family and I can eat it.' He said, 'Woman! Allah Almighty has forbidden you carrion while you are in a land like this!' She said, 'Man, go away.' They continued to exchange words until he said to her,'Where in Kufa do you live?' She said, 'In the quarter of the Banu so-and-so.' He said, 'By what is your house known?' She said, 'The Banu so-and-so.' He left her and went to the inn. Then he asked about the tribe and they directed him to it. He said to a man, 'You have a dirham if you come with me to the place.'

"He went until he came to the tribe which the woman had mentioned. He said to the man, 'Go.' Then he went to the door and knocked on the door with a stick that he had. The old woman said, 'Who is it?' He said to her, 'Open the door.' She opened it part way. He said, 'Open it all the way.' Then he got off his mule and hit it with the stick and the mule went into the house. Then he said to the woman, 'This mule and the provision, money and clothes on it is yours, and you will have what is halal from it in this world and the Next.'

"Then Ibn al-Mubarak remained hidden until the people returned from the hajj. Some of the people of his land came to him to greet him and congratualate him on the hajj. He turned to say to them, 'I had an illness and did not go on hajj this year.'
"One of them said, 'Glory be to Allah! Did I not leave you my goods with you while we were at Mina and we were going to 'Arafat?' Another said, 'Did you not buy for me in the same way?' He turned to say, 'I do not know what you are saying. As for myself, I did not go on hajj this year.'

"He dreamt of someone saying in the night to him, ''Abdullah, rejoice! Allah accepted your sadaqa and He sent an angel in your form who performed the hajj for you.'"

- Qatada -
06-03-2007, 05:26 PM
Some of His Wisdoms, Poetry and Wit

He said:

Fight your tongue. The tongue is quick to kill a man.

The tongue is the posting of the heart. It shows man his intellect.
He said:

I see that some people are content with the least of the deen, but I do not see them pleased with meagerness in this life.

Be rich with Allah, independent of the world of the kings as the kings are free of the deen with their worldly things.
He said:

People's enjoyment of worship and taqwa is the sweetest bliss,
not the pleasure of the wine.

Their sources enjoy it for all their lives, and they, by Allah,
have provision until they reach the graves.

In a moment they obtain might and taqwa.
Does not the enjoyment of life lie in piety and steadfastness?

He said:

I see every life as unhappy and miserable
except for planting the spear in the shade of the horse

And standing in the dark nights, vigilant,
guarding the people in the furthest outpost.
A man came to Ibn al-Mubarak and said to him: "May Allah be pleased with you! Describe for me those who are wild and distracted by love of Allah. He replied: "They are as I will tell you:

Alert, on mounts as if they were a caravan desiring to pass,
that is how they are moved.

Their limbs are restrained from every foul action.
Truthfulness is their school, as well as zuhd and fear.

Another person asked him to describe the fearful. He said:

When the night is darkest, they endure it,
and it travels from them while they are still bowing.

Fear dispelled their sleep, so they stood alert while the people of security
in this world were sleeping peacefully.

While they are prostrating under the cloak the darkness,
their groan pierces their ribs.

They are mute in the day by the length of their silence.
They have tranquillity from their humility.
He also composed:

Seize the two rak'ats of nearness if you are free and at rest.

When you desire to speak about the false, put glorification in its place.

Seizing silence is better than plunging,
even if you are eloquent in speech.
Ibn al-Mubarak has a lot of poetry in more than one subject. He had a short poem in rajaz-metre on the Companions and the Followers and long qasidasjihad which are famous. He has the Kitab ar-Raqa'iqJihad which is famous, and The Book of the Objectives of Jihad.


Ibn al-Mubarak was asked, "Who are the people?" "The scholars," he replied. He was asked, "Who are the kings?" He said, "The men of detachment (zuhd)." He was asked, "Who are the rabble?" "Harthima and Khuzayma ibn Hazim," he answered. It was said, "Who are the fools?" He said, "The one who sells the Next World for the worldly portion of someone else."

He used to say, "The trace of ink on the garment of the master of hadith is better than the perfume on the bride's garment."

He was asked, "Which person has the best state?" He said, "The one who devotes himself to his Lord."


Ibn al-Mubarak said, "I passed by a weaver when I had broken the throng of my sandal and he gave me with a strap. I asked, 'Did you do it for pay?' He said, 'Yes.' When I passed by him, I leaned towards him and greeted him. Then I missed him and found that he had closed his shop. I asked one of the neighbours about him. I said, 'If he is sick, I will visit him. If he is busy, I will help him. If he is poor, I will share with him.'

"They said, 'We have no knowledge of him.' I asked permission to enter his house and he came out to me. I asked him, 'What has kept you from your shop?' He said to me, 'You, Ibn al-Mubarak. People see you inclining to me, so they have put a shirt on me which I do not deserve.'

"I took his sleeve and went with him to the graves. I said, 'This is the grave of so-and-so. His business was such-and-such. This is the grave of so-and-so. His business was such-and-such.'

"He said to me, 'Ibn al-Mubarak, I do not know what you are saying. The man is not all the man whom the tongues describe and the man is not all the man whom the eyes see. The man is the one whom Allah veils in his life and makes him enter the grave veiled and then He brings him out on the Day of Rising when there is no abasement or rebellion on him. That is the man.'"


Abu Bakr al-Khatib related that al-Hasan ibn 'Isa ibn Masrajis used to pass by Ibn al-Mubarak while he was a Christian. Al-Hasan had a very beautiful face. Ibn al-Mubarak asked about him and was told, "He is a Christian." He said, "O Allah, provide him with Islam." Allah answered his supplication and al-Hasan became an excellent Muslim. He was one of the scholars of the Community and one of those who travelled in quest of knowledge and the Sunna in all regions and people studied with him. He possessed scrupulousness, intellect and reliability.


One of the men who kept the company of Ibn al-Mubarak inclined to this world and kept the Sultan's company. He met him one day and greeted him. He said to him:

"My brother!

All is from rice, wheat and barley bread,
And it crushes. O person! Allah has guided you from the amir's abode,

So do not visit it! Avoid it it! They are false sparks.
It takes away the deen and brings you near to great wrong action."

The man was ashamed and left the Sultan's company and returned to his company.

- Qatada -
06-03-2007, 05:27 PM
Concerning his position in riwaya and hadith

One of the Sufis who had heard him say that one of the transmitters of hadith was weak, said to him: "Abu 'Abdur-Rahman, do you slander?" He said: "Be quiet. If we do not clarify, who will know the true from the false?"

Ibn al-Mubarak died in Hit, returning from a naval expedition and was buried in Hit in Ramadaan in 181 AH.

Al-Bukhari said that he was born in 118 AH.

When he was near death, he told Nasr, his client, "Put my head on the earth." Nasr wept. He said, "Why do you weep?" He said, "I remember what you had in it of blessing and now you are dying a stranger and a pauper." He told him, "Be quiet. I asked Allah to let me live the life of the rich and to make me die the death of the poor." Then he said, "Put me down and do not address me again unless I speak again. Put me down so that it is my last words."

May Allah have mercy upon 'Abdullah Abu 'Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn al-Mubarak, and reward him for his good deeds and grant us scholars and offspring’s from the likes of him.


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- Qatada -
06-03-2007, 05:31 PM

'O Abdullah, do not mention..."

"I was with ibn al-Mubarak and Mu'tamir ibn Sulayman in Tarasus and suddenly people were called to arms (for war). When the two armies (the muslim and the roman) took their positions, a roman fighter came forward and asked for a one-to-one fight. A muslim fighter went forward to fight the roman but was killed. Another one volunteered but was killed as well. The roman fighter manged to kill six muslim fighters and was walking betwen the lines arrogantly asking for a fight and no one dared approach him. Then, ibn al-Mubarak looked at me and said 'If I am killed do so and so.' He, then, approached the roman fighter with his horse and killed him after an hours skirmish and asked for a fight. He manged to kill six roman fighters; and when he asked for a fight , no one dared come forward, they were all afraid. Ibn al-Mubarak disappeared for a while in the rows and then came to his position near me and said to me 'O Abdullah, do not mention what you have just seen to anyone as long as I am alive'".



10-26-2007, 03:35 PM
‘Abdullah ibn alMubarak (d.181AH)’s Letter to Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad (d.187AH)

يا عابد الحرمين


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يا عابد الحرمين

يا عابدَ الحرمين لو أبصرتْـَنا … لعلمتَ أنَّكَ في العبادةِ تلعبُ
مَنْ كانَ يخضبُ خدَّه بدموعِه … فنحورنُـا بدمـائِنا تَتَخْضَبُ

أوكان يتعبُ خيله في بـاطل … فخيـولنا يوم الصبيحة تتعبُ

ريحُ العبيرٍ لكم ونحنُ عبيرُنا … رَهَجُ السنابكِ والغبارُ الأطيبُ

ولقد أتـانا مـن مقالِ نبيِنا … قولٌ صحيحٌ صادقٌ لا يَكذبُ

لا يستوي غبـارُ أهلِ الله في … أنفِ أمرئٍ ودخانُ نارٍ تَلهبُ

هذا كتابُ الله ينـطقُ بيننا … ليسَ الشهيدُ بميـتٍ لا يكذبُ

This is an amazing poem written by the Imam, Zaahid, and Mujahid ‘Abdullah ibn alMubarak (d. 181 AH) to another great Imam and Zaahid Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad (d. 187 AH). Both from amongst the Imams of the salaf.

The audio above starts off by quoting the narration of this poem/letter found in the Tafseer of alHafidh Ibn Katheer (d. 774 AH) which is quoted below:

Al-Hafiz ibn `Asakir mentioned in the biography of `Abdullah bin al-Mubarak, that Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Abi Sakinah said,

“While in the area of Tarsus, `Abdullah bin al-Mubarak dictated this poem to me when I was greeting him goodbye. He sent the poem with me to al-FuDayl bin`Iyad in the year 170,

‘O ye who worships in the vicinity of the Two Holy Masjids!

If you but see us, you will realise that you are only jesting in worship.

He who brings wetness to his cheek with his tears should know that our necks are being wet by our blood.

He who tires his horses without purpose, now that our horses are getting tired in battle.

Scent of perfume is yours, while ours is the glimmer of spears and the stench of dust [in battle].

We were narrated about in the speech of our Prophet, an authentic statement that never lies.

That the dust that erupts by Allah’s horses and which fills the nostrils of a man shall never be combined with the smoke of a raging Fire.

This, the Book of Allah speaks among us that the martyr is not dead, and the truth in Allah’s book cannot be denied.’

“I met al-Fudayl ibn `Iyad in the Sacred Masjid and gave him the leter. When he read it, his eyes became tearful and he said, ‘Abu `Abdur-Rahman (`Abdullah bin al-Mubarak) has said the truth and offered sincere advice to me.’ He then asked me, ‘Do you write the Hadeeth?’ I said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘Write this Hadeeth as reward for delivering the letter of Abu `Abdur-Rahman to me.’ He then dictated,

‘Mansur bin al-Mu`tamir narrated to us that Abu Saalih narrated from Abu Hurayrah that a man asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Teach me a good deed that will earn me the reward of the Mujahideen in Allah’s cause.’

The Prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Are you able to pray continuously and fast without breaking the fast?’ The man said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! I cannot bear it.’

The Prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

‘By He in Whose Hand is my soul! Even if you were able to do it, you would not achieve the grade of the Mujahideen in Allah’s cause. Did you not know that the horse of the Mujaahid earns rewards for him as long as it lives?’”


‘Abdullah ibn Al-Mubarak said,

“Whomsoever is given something of love and is not given its equivalent of awe and veneration (khashyah), then he is deceived.”

'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak, said:

"The beginning of knowledge is the intention, then listening, then understanding, then action, then preservation and then spreading it."


- Qatada -
12-21-2008, 02:13 PM

When knowledge really benefits its seeker

Suwayd ibn Sa'id: 'I saw 'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak in Makkah as he went to the (water of) zamzam and drank from it. Then he faced the Ka'bah and said,

'O Allah, Ibn al-Mawali narrated to us from Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir, from Jabir from the Prophet (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) that he said, 'The water of Zamzam is for whatever it's drank for [1]' and here I am drinking it to prevent the thirst of the Day of Judgement.' Then he drank it.

[Sifat al-Safwah, vol. 2; pg 325]

I think more than anything, what was impressive is that Ibn al-Mubarak the muhaddith, utilised his knowledge of the hadith as well as its isnad before acting upon it. He narrated the riwayah back to Allah and then asked Allah based on it. Subhanallah, this is when knowledge really benefits...

[1] Sahih, Ibn Majah 3062


- Qatada -
12-21-2008, 02:15 PM

Al Qaasim Ibn Muhammed said: "We used to travel with Abdullah ibn al Mubarak alot. I used to think to myself, how has this man been given a better status than us and become more famous than us? If he used to pray, then so did we. And if he used to fast, so did we. And if he used to do Jihad, so did we. And if he used to go on hajj, so did we....

One night we were travelling through ash-shaam and stayed in a house overnight. Suddenly the light went out, so some of us went in search of someone to relight the lantern. After a while they came back and relighted the fire. I looked to the face of Ibn al Mubarak and saw that his beard was soaked in tears. Then i said to myself, It is by this fear of his of Allah that makes him better than us. When the light went out and became dark he most likely remembered the Qiyaamah".

There is a book titled Anyna Nahnu min akhlaaq as-Salaf (Where are we from the Akhlaaq of the Salaf by Abdul Azeez ibn Naasir al Jaleel & Bahaa'uddeen ibn Faaith 'Aqeel. A brother translated part of Chapter 2 the Title the Salafs Fear of Allah.


12-21-2008, 02:32 PM
OMG i got scared when the poem started.nice thread JazakALlah for sharing

03-10-2009, 12:32 PM
Ten Lessons Ibn al-Mubarak Taught Us

‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak was a scholar known for simultaneously combining numerous traits of virtue. In fact, his friends would sit and count all of the good things that were part of his character and personality. adh-Dhahabi related that they said: “Let’s sit and count the good traits that Ibn al-Mubarak has.” So, they ended up listing: “Knowledge, Fiqh, literature, grammar, language, zuhd, eloquence, poetry, praying at night, worship, Hajj, Jihad, bravery, instinct, strength, speaking little in what doesn’t concern him, fairness, and lack of conflict with his companions.”

Reading through his life story, one sees exactly this and cannot help but to derive brief yet heavy lessons from how this man lived:

1- No matter how bad you think you are, you can always become better.

In ‘Tartib al-Madarik’ (1/159), al-Qadi ‘Iyad mentioned that Ibn al-Mubarak was asked about the circumstances in which he began studying. He replied: “I was a youth who drank wine and loved music and singing while engaging in these filthy acts. So, I gathered some friends to one of my gardens where there were sweet apples, and we ate and drank until we passed out while drunk. At the end of the night, I woke up and picked up the stringed oud and began singing:

Isn’t it time that you had mercy on me * And we rebel against those who criticize us?
And I was unable to pronounce the words as I intended. When I tried again, the oud began speaking to me as if it were a person, saying the verse: {“Isn’t it time for the hearts of those who believe to be affected by Allah’s reminder?”} [al-Hadid; 16] So, I said: “Yes, O Lord!” And I smashed the oud, spilled the wine, and my repentance with all its realities came by the grace of Allah, and I turned towards knowledge and worship.”

2 - You should associate with honorable people.

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/323), Ibn al-Jawzi mentioned: “Ibn al-Mubarak’s home in Marw was vast. It measured fifty square yards. There was no person known for knowledge, worship, manhood, or high status in Marw except that you saw him in this house.”

3 - You should be a helpful guest.

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/324), it is narrated that when an-Nadr bin Muhammad’s son got married, he invited Ibn al-Mubarak, “and when he arrived, Ibn al-Mubarak got up to serve the guests. an-Nadr did not leave him and swore that he would tell him to leave until he finally sat down.”

4 - You should give money to the poor.

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/327), Ibn al-Jawzi mentions that Ibn al-Mubarak “would spend a hundred thousand dirhams a year on the poor.”

5 - You should always return borrowed items to their owners.

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/329), al-Hasan bin ‘Arafah said that ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak told him: “I borrowed a pen from someone in Sham, and I intended to return it to its owner. When I arrived in Marw (in Turkmenistan!), I saw that I still had it with me. Abu ‘Ali (al-Hasan’s nickname), I went all the way back to Sham to return the pen to its owner!”

6 - You should be brave, and hide your good deeds:

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/329), ‘Abdah bin Sulayman said: “We were on an expedition in the lands of the Romans with ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak. We met the enemy, and when the two armies met, a man came out from their side calling for a duel. One of our men went out to him and dueled with him for an hour, injuring him and killing him. Another came out, and he killed him. He called for another duel, and another man came out. They dueled for an hour, and he injured and killed him as well. The people gathered around this man, and I was with them, and saw that he was covering his face with his sleeve. I took the edge of his sleeve and pulled it away to find that it was ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak,” and in the version reported by adh-Dhahabi, he made him swear not to reveal his identity until the day he died.

7 - You should have a tender heart.

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/330), al-Qasim bin Muhammad said: “We were on a journey with Ibn al-Mubarak, and I was always asking myself: what is so special about this man that he is so famous? If he prays, so do we. If he fasts, so do we. If he fights, so do we. If he makes Hajj, so do we.
One night, we spent the night in a house travelling on the way to Sham. The lamp went out, and some of us woke up. So, he took the lamp outside to light it, and stayed outside for a while. When he came back in with the lamp, I caught a glimpse of Ibn al-Mubarak’s face, and saw that his beard was wet with his tears. I said to myself: “This fear of Allah is what has made this man better than us. When the lamp went out and we were in darkness, he remembered the Day of Resurrection.”"

8 - You should be generous to your friends.

In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/329), Isma’il bin ‘Ayyash said: “I don’t know of a single good trait except that Allah has placed it in ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak. My friends told me that they were travelling with him from Egypt to Makkah, and he was serving them khabis (a sweet flour dish) while he was fasting the entire trip.”

9 - You should not give in to Satan’s whispers.

In ‘Tartib al-Madarik’ (1/159), it is related that Ibn al-Mubarak was making ablution, and Satan came to him and said: “You did not wipe over this part of your body.” Ibn al-Mubarak said: “I did.” Satan said: “No, you didn’t.” So, Ibn al-Mubarak said: “You are the one making the claim, and you must therefore bring proof to back the claim up.”

10 - You should sincerely pray for people to accept Islam.

In ‘Tartib al-Madarik’ (1/162), it is related that al-Hasan bin ‘Isa bin Sirjis would walk by Ibn al-Mubarak, and he was a Christian. Ibn al-Mubarak asked who he was, and was told: “He is a Christian.” So, Ibn al-Mubarak said: “O Allah, grant him Islam.” So, Allah answered his supplication and al-Hasan became an excellent Muslim, and he travelled to seek knowledge and became one of the scholars of the Ummah.”

08-07-2009, 11:57 AM
Heard that name really first time.
JazakALLah khair for sharing.

06-06-2010, 06:24 AM
Al-salaamu alaykum wa rahmat-Allaahi wa barakaatuhu

thanks for posting

12-27-2011, 03:44 AM
one of my favourites!

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