07-07-2007, 10:31 PM
The Belief in Allah comprises of Four Matters:Reply
First : the Belief in The Existence of Allah :
The evidence for the existence of Allah is established by :
3- Ash-Shar'a ( revealed texts of the Quran and Sunnah )
4. And Al-Hiss ( Literally: sensory perception, sensation. It pertains to the evidences about Allah's existence. Al-Hiss means, that which is perceptible through the senses.
1- Pertaining To The Proof of The Fitrah:
Every creature has been created in a state of belief in his Creator without preceding thought or education. No one dissuades from what is necessitated by this Fitrah ( i.e. the belief in Allah), except the one whose heart has been subjected to what averts it from its ( natural course of) Fitrah, as the Prophet sallallahu alayhe was salaaam explained when he said :
" Each child is born in a state of " Fitrah " , but his parents make him a Jew or a Christian." ( Related by Imaam al-Bukhaaree in his Saheeh, V.8, pp.389-90, Hadeeth # 597.)
2- The Evidence of " Reasoning ":
All of the creatures, the first and the subsequent ones, must have a Creator Who brought them to existence because they neither can bring themselves into existence, nor could they have come into existence by coincidence! the creatures could not have brought themselves to existence because a thing does not not create itself-since prior to its existence it was nothing-so how can it be a creator? And it cannot accidentally bring itself into being, because every occurance ( novelty, etc.) must need an originator. Also it becomes its existence in such highly magnificent order and homogenous coordination, and due to the coherant relationship between the means and their causes, and the creatures with one another, it is absolutely impossible that its very being is coincidental. ( In Fact), what is ( believed) to exist as a result of coincidence, does not follow an ordered pattern at the beginning of its existence. So how could it remain to be ordered during its course of survival and development?
So, if it possible that the creatures have neither brought themselves into existence nor did they come to exist buy coincidence , then it becomes evident that they must have a creator, and He is Allah, the Rabb of the Worlds.
Allah ta'alaa stated the above rational and desicive proof in Soorat At-Tur, saying :
" Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators?"( Quran 52:35), which means that they were neither created without a Creator, nor they were the creators of themselves. It becomes clear, therefore, that their Creator is Allah ta'alaa. That is why when Jubair bin Mut'im radiallahu anhu heard Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhe was salaam reciting Soorat At-Tur, and when he sallallahu alayhe was salaam reached the Aayaat:
" Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay , but they have no firm belief. Or are the treasures of yoru Rabb with them? Or are they the tyrants with the authority to do as they like?"( Quran 52:35-37)
Jubair , who was then a Mushrik ( polytheist),commented:
" My heart was about to fly (i.e. upon hearing this firm argument) ( Saheeh Al-Bukharee, V. 6, pp. 356-358, Hadeeth # 377)In another separate narration , he said : " And that was the time when Eemaan was first settled in my heart . " ( Saheeh Al-Bukharee, V.5, p. 236, hadeeth #358)
Let us give a parablle that clarifies this matter: If someone tells you about a lofty palace, surrounded by gardens with rivers flowing in between, fully furnished with beds and mattresses , and decorated with all kinds of ornamnets, the basics, and the luxurious, then he says to you : " This palace in all of its perfection, has founded itself, or that it came to exist by coincidence, without a founder!"Immediately you will deny and reject his argument , and you will consider his talk as ridiculous. ( With this in mind), is it, therefore, possible that this universe with its extended earth, skies, planets, conditions, wonderful and splendid order could have brought itself into existence? Or that it came to exist without a creator?
3- The Ash-Shar'a Evidence For The Existence of Allah:
The Ash-Shar'a is evidence for the existence of Allah because all of the revealed Scriptures state so. The laws that address welfare of creation and which are provided by these Scriptures, constitute an evidence that they came from an All-Wise Rabb Who knows about the welfare and interests of His Creation. The information about the universe brought forth by the Scriptures and whose manifestation testifies for their truthfulness, is a proof that they came from ( One ) Rabb Who is Able to bring into being whatever He already informed about.
4- The " Physical" Evidence For The Existence of Allah Comprises Two Aspects:
One of them is that we hear and witness ( Allah's) response to the call of those who supllicate and those who are distressed and grieved. this constitutes an unequivocal evidence for the existence of Allah ta'alaa. He ta'alaa says :
"And (remember) Nûh (Noah), when he cried (to Us) aforetime. We listened to his invocation...". (Al-Anbiya 21:76)
He ta'alaa also says :
"( Remember) when you sought help of your Rabb and He answered you.... "( Quran 8:9)
In Saheeh Al-Bukharee , it is reported that Anas bin Maalik radiallahu anhu said that :
"Once in the lifetime of the Prophet (SallAllaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) the people were afflicted with drought (famine). While the Prophet was delivering the Khutba on a Friday, a Bedouin stood up and said, "O, Allah's Apostle! Our possessions are being destroyed and the children are hungry; Please invoke Allah (for rain)". So the Prophet raised his hands. At that time there was not a trace of cloud in the sky. By Him in Whose Hands my soul is as soon as he lowered his hands, clouds gathered like mountains, and before he got down from the pulpit, I saw the rain falling on the beard of the Prophet. It rained that day, the next day, the third day, the fourth day till the next Friday. The same Bedouin or another man stood up and said, "O Allah's Apostle! The houses have collapsed, our possessions and livestock have been drowned; Please invoke Allah (to protect us)". So the Prophet I raised both his hands and said, "O Allah! Round about us and not on us". So, in whatever direction he pointed with his hands, the clouds dispersed and cleared away..." ( Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V.2, Hadeeth #55)
Responding to the invocations of the supplicants who sincerely resort to Allah ( alone) and fulfill the required conditions for Ijaabah ( Answering the Du'aa of the supplicant by Allah) is a matter that is still being witnessed nowadays.
The second aspect is that the Signs of the Prophets which are called Mu'Jizaat ( miracles) and which people see or hear about, constitute an ireevocable evidence for the existence of the One who dispatched them: that is Allah ta'alaa. Certainly these matters ( Mu'jizaat) are beyond the capability of mankind and that Allah manifests them to help and support His Messengers. For Example , the Sign given to Musa alayhis salaam when Allah commanded him to strike the sea with his stick. He struck it and the sea parted into twelve dry roads seperated by water which became like huge mountains. Allah ta'alaa says :
Then We inspired Mûsa (Moses) (saying): "Strike the sea with your stick." And it parted, and each separate part (of that sea water) became like the huge, firm mass of a mountain. (Ash-Shu'ara 26:63)
Another example is the Sign given to Eesaa ( Jesus alayhes salaam) by which he was able to bring life to the dead and bring forth the dead from their graves by Allah's leave. Allah spoke about him, saying :
" And I bring the dead to life by Allah's leave." ( Quran 3:49)
" And when you brought forth the dead by My Permission .." ( Quran 5:110)
A third example is that of Muhammad sallallahu alayhe was salaam when the tribe of Qureish asked him to show them a Sign ( a miracle as a proof for his Prophethood). He sallallahu alayhe was salaam pointed to the moon and ( behold!) it split asunder and the people saw it. regarding this ( Sign ) Allah ta'laa said :
" The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft, and if they see a sign, they turn away, and say : " This is continuous magic." ( Quran 54:1-2)
All of these Physical signs ( miracles) whish Allah ta'alaa puts into effect to help and support His Messengers constitute an irrevocable proof for His Existence.
Taken from Explaining The Fundamentals of Faith
Sheykh Muhammad Ibn Saleh Al-Uthaymeen
Translated by Dr. Saleh As-Saleh
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