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madeenahsh
09-11-2005, 09:45 PM
Categories and Aspects of Shirk
Imaam Shah Ismail Shaheed

It is necessary to gain knowledge about the characteristics which Allaah has peculiarised for Himself so that none of them be attributed to any other else. Such things are countless. We, on our part, shall be mentioning some of those things and prove them in the background of Qur'aan and Hadith so that the people may understand the other pertinent things also with their help.

Shirk in knowledge:

The first thing is that Allaah is present everywhere by His Knowledge which means that His Knowledge encompasses everything. This is why He has a complete cognizance of everything, every time, whether a thing happens to be far or near, hidden or apparent, up in the heavens or inside the earth, on the tops of the mountains or at the bottom of an ocean. This magnificence belongs to none but Allaah. If a person calls upon someone (by invoking his name) other than Allaah, while doing his everyday routine chores, so that the one called upon may help him obviate his distress, or attacks an enemy by invoking his name, or keeps pronouncing his name on the beads of a rosary, or makes a vow in his name or conjures up his picture in his imagination by nursing a faith that whenever he invokes his name, or think of him vividly in his mind or contemplate on his grave, he gains cognizance of him; none of his affairs is hidden from him, and whatever circumstances he goes through, namely, sickness and good health, abundance and distress, life and death, sadness and happiness etc., are all known to him; any word which his mouth utters is heard by him and he knows about his thoughts and imaginations. All the above things and acts prove the presence of the elements of Shirk. This is called a Shirk in knowledge which means one is trying to prove that someone other than Allaah possesses a similar kind of knowledge which is only the prerogative of Allaah.

By nursing this kind of faith, a man undoubtedly turns into a Mushrik (polytheist) whether he nurses such a faith in regard to an honorable human being or any of the exalted angels, or whether such a knowledge which is attributed to him, happens to be a personal one or granted by Allaah. Whatever the situation may be, this is an absolutely polytheistic faith.

Shirk in disposing:

Disposing the matters of the universe with intention, exercising authority, killing at will and resuscitating, awarding abundance and giving distress, giving healthiness and sickness, giving victory and defeat, succeeding and preceding, fulfillment of one's desires, obviating calamities, providing help in distress situations and whenever one stands in need of it, are all attributed to Allaah and none but Him Alone. None but Allaah can have this magnificence. A human being or an angel, despite acquiring great ranks, may never have these characteristics. A person who seeks to prove that an entity other than Allaah may have an authority of this nature, makes vows to this entity or makes an animal sacrifice for the purpose of fulfillment of his wishes, and invokes it's name in distress so that it can obviate his troubles, such a person is called 'Mushrik' and this kind of act is called 'Shirk in authority' or disposing. It means that cherishing a belief that any entity other than Allaah may have this authority, whether as the one granted by Allaah or as one of it's personal traits, is a polytheistic faith anyway.

Shirk in worship:

Allaah has particularized all acts of worship for Him Alone which are defined as Ibadat like prostrating, bowing, standing with folded hands, giving charity in the Name of Allaah, fasting in His Name and undertaking long journeys to visit His Sacred House by putting on such a clothing that the people may distinguish them as the visitors of His Sanctified House, invoking Allaah's Name on the way, avoiding indecent talk and hunting, circumambulating His House with an utmost caution, making prostrations in its direction, carrying the animals of sacrifice towards it, making vows there, putting a covering on Ka'bah, making supplications while standing on the threshold of Ka'bah, asking for the virtuosity in the religious as well as worldly matters, kissing of the Black-Stone, touching the walls of Ka'bah by one's mouth and chest, making supplications by getting hold of the fringes of its covering, illuminating its surroundings, taking up residence there as one of its servants, sweeping and cleaning it, offer drinking water to the pilgrims, providing water for Wudu (ablution) and bathing, partaking of Zamzam water by considering it as a sanctified act, getting oneself drenched with it, drinking it to one's heart content, distributing it among themselves, carrying it to be presented to one's relatives, venerating the forest surrounding it, to refrain from hunting there, not to cut trees there, not to pull out grass from there, not to graze animals there: these are acts which Allaah has prescribed for Muslims to be observed as His worship.

Now, if a person makes, bow or prostration before the grave of a Prophet, saint, ghost, apparition, jinn, fairy or any of the real or fake graves or a specified place inside a tomb, or a certain sign or house, or , Eucharist and coffin; observes fast in their names; stands in front of them with folded hands; makes offerings to them or hoisting a flag in their name or walking backwards (with a reverse motion of feet); kisses a grave or undertakes along journey to visit graves and other places; lights earthen lamps there or makes arrangements for illuminating them; or Puts coverings on their walls or offers a sheet as a covering on the grave, manually fanning the air by hand(by using a Morchhal, a fanning contrivance); erects a tent there; kisses it's threshold; offers supplications there with folded hands; asks for the fulfillment of wishes there; serves the shrine by becoming its servant and venerates the forest around it: anyone doing any of the above acts commits a clear and manifest Shirk.

In brief, all the above acts and the alike, are called Shirk in worship." It implies paying one's respect to an entity other than Allaah in a manner which is prescribed for Allaah Alone either by believing that this particular entity is personally entitled to such a veneration or by believing that Allaah becomes pleased if any of these entities are held in high esteem or with the blessing of their veneration, troubles are warded off and done away with. Whatever may be the case, such faith is purely polytheistic in its nature.

Shirk in one's daily routine chores:

Allaah the Exalted has taught His slaves the norms of respect to the effect that they should remember Allaah while performing their everyday worldly chores and pay Him their tributes for the enhancement of their Faith and to secure Allaah's blessing in day-to-day assignments. These norms include:

(1) making vows to Allaah and calling upon Him Alone whenever a catastrophe befalls his slave;

(2) invoking His Name for His blessing whenever commencing an assignment;

(3) slaughtering animals to express one's gratitude to Allaah in the case of having been blessed with a child;

(4) giving one's children such names as Abdullah, Abdur-Rahman, Ilahi Bakhsh, Allaah Diya, Amatullah, Allaah Di etc.;

(5) taking out a small portion of the crop produce and giving it away in the Name of Allaah;

(6) apportioning some of the fruits to His name out of the total produce;

(7) specifying some of the animals and allocating them for the purpose of sacrifice in the Name of Allaah;

(8) treating the animals which are carried to the House of Allaah with due respect by neither riding them nor mounting any load on them;

(9) observing Divine Instructions in the manners concerning food and dress;

(10) restricting oneself to the use of permissible things only and avoiding the ones that are not allowed;

(11) considering that all the different conditions and situations which one comes across in this world, like expensive and inexpensive rates and prices, health and sickness, victory and defeat, succeeding and preceding, sadness and happiness, are all commanded by Allaah;

(12) pronouncing a standard formula of Insha'Allaah while making an intention to perform an assignment;

(13) pronouncing the Name of Allaah the Exalted One in such a manner that His Greatness is conspicuously highlighted and one's slavery is clearly exhibited, by using such words like, our Rubb, our Master, our Creator or Ma'btid (the object of our worship) etc.;

(14) in case a need arises on a certain occasion to administer an oath at all, undertaking an oath only in the Name of Allaah.

These and the other similar things have been singled out by Allaah as His own and personal prerogative for the sake of His veneration and magnificence. Anybody showing such kind of respect to an entity other than Allaah, commits Shirk; as for example: making a vow to it with the intention of facilitating a difficult assignment; giving one's children names like Abdun- Nabi, Imam Bakhsh, Peer Bakhsh etc.; apportioning part of the produce of one's farm or orchard to it's name; separating part of the fruits and keeping them aside (in the name of a deity) immediately after they are picked up from trees and then only putting the rest to one's use; dedicating some animals from among the whole herd to a deity and then treating those animals with respect by not removing them from the fodder and water and not to strike them with stick or stone; observing customs and traditions in terms of dress and food to the effect that a specified group of people should not eat such and such food and should not wear such and such dress; attributing the virtues and evils of the world to them by making such statements that as long as that particular person has been cursed by that particular deity, he has gone mad or that certain person has turned into a handicapped person due to the fact that he was driven away by that deity or by saying that as long as that person was blessed by a certain saint, he is now on a flood tide of success; or that famine was wrought by that star or by observing that this assignment was not accomplished as long as the same was commenced at a certain time and on a certain date or by observing that if Allaah and His Prophet will it, one would be coming; or by saying that it will happen if one's religious mentor wishes it to take place or using such adjectives like, the Sustainer, Independent, Lord of lords, the Master of the universe or the King of kings etc.; the undertaking of an oath in the name of the Prophet or the Qur'aan or 'Alee (may Allaah be pleased with him) or an Imam, or a religious mentor or their graves or one's own self etc.

All the above practices generate Shirk which is called a 'Shirk in day-to-day chores', which implies paying one's respect to an entity other than Allaah exactly in the same manner as the one prescribed for Allaah.
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Rose
09-12-2005, 06:18 PM
:sl:

Please can you advise me about wearing a pendant bearing just the name of Allah swt for no other reason than for decor. Is this shirk? and if so do I need to discard the item? Please let me know since I am aware that amulats and charms are generally haram because a muslim must never rely on them for luck, healing or protection as this would consitute a major shirk.

Jazakullah khair

:w:
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M H Kahn
01-15-2006, 07:21 AM
:w:

In true sense of the term a "peer" or saint is supposed to be a spiritual mentor or a guide to teach his disciples the spiritual path of proximity with Allah.

But now-a-days, the 'peerism' or 'sainthood' has become a very lucrative profession for earning money as the disciples believe that their socalled (fake ) saints will spiritually do good to them in this world as well as the world hereafter. So,they pay them money, lick their toes and sometimes prostate before them believing that he or she (in case of lady peer) has influence on Allah. These look-alike saints are wolves in sheep-clothing; they pillage the Imaan of unwary and innocent people for their mundane pleasure.

Rasulullah (sm) said that there would dawn an age when some men would don long garments, their tongues would be sweeter than sugar, but their hearts would be the hearts of wolves. In one narration, he described such religious frauds as devils in human bodies.These devils cast numerous unwary persons into the dregs of shirk and kufr by prevailing on them to execute acts of worship to graves and also to themselves.

:hiding:
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madeenahsh
01-19-2006, 10:17 AM
What Is Shirk?
Author: Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen
Source: Majmoo Fataawa wa Rasaa’il Ibn Uthaymeen, and al-Qawl ul-Mufeed Sharh Kitaab at-Tawheed



Shirk is of two types, major shirk which puts a person beyond the pale of Islaam, and lesser shirk.

The first type, major shirk, is, every type of shirk which the Lawgiver described as such and which puts a person beyond the pale of his religion – such as devoting any kind of act of worship which should be for Allaah to someone other than Allaah, such as praying to anyone other than Allaah, fasting for anyone other than Allaah or offering a sacrifice to anyone other than Allaah. It is also a form of major shirk to offer supplication (du’aa) to anyone other than Allaah, such as calling upon the occupant of a grave or calling upon one who is absent to help one in some way in which no one is able to help except Allaah.


The second type is minor shirk, which means every kind of speech or action that Islaam describes as shirk, but it does not put a person beyond the pale of Islaam – such as swearing an oath by something other than Allaah, because the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said,



“Whoever swears an oath by something other than Allaah is guilty of kufr or shirk.”

The one who swears an oath by something other than Allaah but does not believe that anyone other than Allaah has the same greatness as Allah, is a mushrik who is guilty of lesser shirk, regardless of whether the one by whom he swore is venerated by people or not. It is not permissible to swear by the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam), or by the president, or by the Ka’bah, or by Jibreel, because this is shirk, but it is minor shirk which does not put a person beyond the pale of Islaam.


Another type of minor shirk is showing off, which means that a person does something so that people will see it, not for the sake of Allaah.


The ways in which showing off may cancel out acts of worship are either of the following,


The first is when it is applies to an act of worship from the outset, i.e., the person is not doing that action for any reason other than showing off. In this case, the action is invalid and is rejected, because of the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah which was attributed to the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam), which says that Allaah said,



“I am so self-sufficient that I am in no need of having an associate. Thus he who does an action for someone else’s sake as well as Mine will have that action renounced by Me to him whom he associated with Me.” [Muslim, Kitaab az-Zuhd, no. 2985]

The second is when the showing off happens later on during the act of worship, i.e., the action is originally for Allaah, then showing off creeps into it. This may be one of two cases,


The first is when the person resists it – this does not harm him.


For example, a man has prayed a rak’ah, then some people come along during his second rak’ah and it occurs to him to make the rukoo’ or sujood longer, or makes himself weep, and so on. If he resists that, it does not harm him, because he is striving against this idea. But if he goes along with that, then every action which stemmed from showing off is invalid, such as if he made his standing or prostration long, or he made himself weep – all of those actions will be cancelled out. But does this invalidation extend to the entire act of worship or not?


We say that either of the following must apply,


Either the end of his act of worship was connected to the beginning (with no pause); so if the end of it is invalidated then all of it is invalidated.


This is the case with the prayer – the last part of it cannot be invalidated without the first part also being invalidated, so the whole prayer is invalid.


Or if the beginning of the action is separate from the end of it, then the first part is valid but the latter part is not. Whatever came before the showing off is valid, and what came after it is not valid.


An example of that is a man who has a hundred riyals, and gives fifty of them in charity for the sake of Allaah with a sound intention, then he gives fifty in charity for the purpose of showing off. The first fifty are accepted, and the second fifty are not accepted, because the latter is separate from the former.
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Helena
01-19-2006, 10:30 AM
:sl:
Yet another form of shirk is to believe that certain things can bring benefit, while the Creator has not made them to do so. For example, some people believe in amulets and spells, or wearing certain types of pearls, seashells or metal earrings and so on. They do so upon hearing the advice of fortune-tellers, magicians or in accordance with inherited customs. They hang them around their own or their children’s necks to ward off the evil eye - or so they claim - or they tie them onto their bodies, hang them in their cars and homes, or wear rings with special stones, thinking that these things can relieve or ward off distress. This, without a doubt, is contrary to the idea of relying on Allah, and will only result in making a person even more weak. It comes under the heading of seeking cures in things, which are haraam. These amulets obviously contain much shirk, such as seeking the help of some jinns and devils, or vague drawings and illegible writing. Some of these liars even write aayaat from the Qur’aan or mix them with words of shirk, or write them with impure substances such as menstrual blood. Hanging these amulets or tying them to one’s body is harram. Because the Prophet (saas) said: “Whoever hangs an amulet is guilty of shirk.” 1

If the one who does this believes that these things can cause benefit or harm instead of Allah, he is a mushrik who is guilty of ash-shirk al-akbar (the greater shirk). 2 If he believes that they are a means of causing benefit or harm while Allah has not, then he is a mushrik who is guilty of ash-shirk al-asghar, which come under the heading of the shirk in attributing cause to things other than Allah.

1) Reported by Ahmad, 4/156; see also Silsilat al-Saheehah, no. 492
2) Shirk is of two types, greater and lesser. If one commits the greater shirk, he has left the fold of Islaam. If one commits the lesser shirk, he has not left its fold, but has committed one of the greatest sins
:w:
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aZn_pLayGurL
01-19-2006, 10:51 AM
SaLaaMz

MasHaLla sUm gOOd StUfF THERe VeRi bEnEfIcIAl :)

WaSLaMz x x x
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iqbal_ibn_adam
01-21-2006, 09:45 PM
:sl:

i agree with u there brother, since i came back to Al-Islam i saw this in my family that they would not let anyone say bad bout their so-called peer.

Alhumdulillah i have made them understand the true nature of these ppl. saying this one of the br went to pakistan last year and he was talking to a taxi driver about peers etc and the taxi driver told this br if u gonna say sumfing bad bout peers i will kill u.


The followers of these saint wherever they might be they lack islamic knowledge big time. we should pray to Allah (swt) to open their eys and see the truth inshA

:w:
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DaSangarTalib
01-21-2006, 11:26 PM
:sl:

Shah Ismail Shaheed
From 'Taqwiyaat ul-Eemaan' (Stregthening of the Faith)


It is necessary to gain knowledge about the characteristics which Allaah has peculiarised for Himself so that none of them be attributed to any other else. Such things are countless. We, on our part, shall be mentioning some of those things and prove them in the background of Qur'aan and Hadith so that the people may understand the other pertinent things also with their help.

Shirk in knowledge:

The first thing is that Allaah is present everywhere by His Knowledge which means that His Knowledge encompasses everything. This is why He has a complete cognizance of everything, every time, whether a thing happens to be far or near, hidden or apparent, up in the heavens or inside the earth, on the tops of the mountains or at the bottom of an ocean. This magnificence belongs to none but Allaah. If a person calls upon someone (by invoking his name) other than Allaah, while doing his everyday routine chores, so that the one called upon may help him obviate his distress, or attacks an enemy by invoking his name, or keeps pronouncing his name on the beads of a rosary, or makes a vow in his name or conjures up his picture in his imagination by nursing a faith that whenever he invokes his name, or think of him vividly in his mind or contemplate on his grave, he gains cognizance of him; none of his affairs is hidden from him, and whatever circumstances he goes through, namely, sickness and good health, abundance and distress, life and death, sadness and happiness etc., are all known to him; any word which his mouth utters is heard by him and he knows about his thoughts and imaginations. All the above things and acts prove the presence of the elements of Shirk. This is called a Shirk in knowledge which means one is trying to prove that someone other than Allaah possesses a similar kind of knowledge which is only the prerogative of Allaah.

By nursing this kind of faith, a man undoubtedly turns into a Mushrik (polytheist) whether he nurses such a faith in regard to an honorable human being or any of the exalted angels, or whether such a knowledge which is attributed to him, happens to be a personal one or granted by Allaah. Whatever the situation may be, this is an absolutely polytheistic faith.

Shirk in disposing:

Disposing the matters of the universe with intention, exercising authority, killing at will and resuscitating, awarding abundance and giving distress, giving healthiness and sickness, giving victory and defeat, succeeding and preceding, fulfillment of one's desires, obviating calamities, providing help in distress situations and whenever one stands in need of it, are all attributed to Allaah and none but Him Alone. None but Allaah can have this magnificence. A human being or an angel, despite acquiring great ranks, may never have these characteristics. A person who seeks to prove that an entity other than Allaah may have an authority of this nature, makes vows to this entity or makes an animal sacrifice for the purpose of fulfillment of his wishes, and invokes it's name in distress so that it can obviate his troubles, such a person is called 'Mushrik' and this kind of act is called 'Shirk in authority' or disposing. It means that cherishing a belief that any entity other than Allaah may have this authority, whether as the one granted by Allaah or as one of it's personal traits, is a polytheistic faith anyway.

Shirk in worship:

Allaah has particularized all acts of worship for Him Alone which are defined as Ibadat like prostrating, bowing, standing with folded hands, giving charity in the Name of Allaah, fasting in His Name and undertaking long journeys to visit His Sacred House by putting on such a clothing that the people may distinguish them as the visitors of His Sanctified House, invoking Allaah's Name on the way, avoiding indecent talk and hunting, circumambulating His House with an utmost caution, making prostrations in its direction, carrying the animals of sacrifice towards it, making vows there, putting a covering on Ka'bah, making supplications while standing on the threshold of Ka'bah, asking for the virtuosity in the religious as well as worldly matters, kissing of the Black-Stone, touching the walls of Ka'bah by one's mouth and chest, making supplications by getting hold of the fringes of its covering, illuminating its surroundings, taking up residence there as one of its servants, sweeping and cleaning it, offer drinking water to the pilgrims, providing water for Wudu (ablution) and bathing, partaking of Zamzam water by considering it as a sanctified act, getting oneself drenched with it, drinking it to one's heart content, distributing it among themselves, carrying it to be presented to one's relatives, venerating the forest surrounding it, to refrain from hunting there, not to cut trees there, not to pull out grass from there, not to graze animals there: these are acts which Allaah has prescribed for Muslims to be observed as His worship.

Now, if a person makes, bow or prostration before the grave of a Prophet, saint, ghost, apparition, jinn, fairy or any of the real or fake graves or a specified place inside a tomb, or a certain sign or house, or , Eucharist and coffin; observes fast in their names; stands in front of them with folded hands; makes offerings to them or hoisting a flag in their name or walking backwards (with a reverse motion of feet); kisses a grave or undertakes along journey to visit graves and other places; lights earthen lamps there or makes arrangements for illuminating them; or Puts coverings on their walls or offers a sheet as a covering on the grave, manually fanning the air by hand(by using a Morchhal, a fanning contrivance); erects a tent there; kisses it's threshold; offers supplications there with folded hands; asks for the fulfillment of wishes there; serves the shrine by becoming its servant and venerates the forest around it: anyone doing any of the above acts commits a clear and manifest Shirk.

In brief, all the above acts and the alike, are called Shirk in worship." It implies paying one's respect to an entity other than Allaah in a manner which is prescribed for Allaah Alone either by believing that this particular entity is personally entitled to such a veneration or by believing that Allaah becomes pleased if any of these entities are held in high esteem or with the blessing of their veneration, troubles are warded off and done away with. Whatever may be the case, such faith is purely polytheistic in its nature.

Shirk in one's daily routine chores:

Allaah the Exalted has taught His slaves the norms of respect to the effect that they should remember Allaah while performing their everyday worldly chores and pay Him their tributes for the enhancement of their Faith and to secure Allaah's blessing in day-to-day assignments. These norms include:

(1) making vows to Allaah and calling upon Him Alone whenever a catastrophe befalls his slave;

(2) invoking His Name for His blessing whenever commencing an assignment;

(3) slaughtering animals to express one's gratitude to Allaah in the case of having been blessed with a child;

(4) giving one's children such names as Abdullah, Abdur-Rahman, Ilahi Bakhsh, Allaah Diya, Amatullah, Allaah Di etc.;

(5) taking out a small portion of the crop produce and giving it away in the Name of Allaah;

(6) apportioning some of the fruits to His name out of the total produce;

(7) specifying some of the animals and allocating them for the purpose of sacrifice in the Name of Allaah;

(8) treating the animals which are carried to the House of Allaah with due respect by neither riding them nor mounting any load on them;

(9) observing Divine Instructions in the manners concerning food and dress;

(10) restricting oneself to the use of permissible things only and avoiding the ones that are not allowed;

(11) considering that all the different conditions and situations which one comes across in this world, like expensive and inexpensive rates and prices, health and sickness, victory and defeat, succeeding and preceding, sadness and happiness, are all commanded by Allaah;

(12) pronouncing a standard formula of Insha'Allaah while making an intention to perform an assignment;

(13) pronouncing the Name of Allaah the Exalted One in such a manner that His Greatness is conspicuously highlighted and one's slavery is clearly exhibited, by using such words like, our Rubb, our Master, our Creator or Ma'btid (the object of our worship) etc.;

(14) in case a need arises on a certain occasion to administer an oath at all, undertaking an oath only in the Name of Allaah.

These and the other similar things have been singled out by Allaah as His own and personal prerogative for the sake of His veneration and magnificence. Anybody showing such kind of respect to an entity other than Allaah, commits Shirk; as for example: making a vow to it with the intention of facilitating a difficult assignment; giving one's children names like Abdun- Nabi, Imam Bakhsh, Peer Bakhsh etc.; apportioning part of the produce of one's farm or orchard to it's name; separating part of the fruits and keeping them aside (in the name of a deity) immediately after they are picked up from trees and then only putting the rest to one's use; dedicating some animals from among the whole herd to a deity and then treating those animals with respect by not removing them from the fodder and water and not to strike them with stick or stone; observing customs and traditions in terms of dress and food to the effect that a specified group of people should not eat such and such food and should not wear such and such dress; attributing the virtues and evils of the world to them by making such statements that as long as that particular person has been cursed by that particular deity, he has gone mad or that certain person has turned into a handicapped person due to the fact that he was driven away by that deity or by saying that as long as that person was blessed by a certain saint, he is now on a flood tide of success; or that famine was wrought by that star or by observing that this assignment was not accomplished as long as the same was commenced at a certain time and on a certain date or by observing that if Allaah and His Prophet will it, one would be coming; or by saying that it will happen if one's religious mentor wishes it to take place or using such adjectives like, the Sustainer, Independent, Lord of lords, the Master of the universe or the King of kings etc.; the undertaking of an oath in the name of the Prophet or the Qur'aan or 'Alee (may Allaah be pleased with him) or an Imam, or a religious mentor or their graves or one's own self etc.

All the above practices generate Shirk which is called a 'Shirk in day-to-day chores', which implies paying one's respect to an entity other than Allaah exactly in the same manner as the one prescribed for Allaah.

:w:
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Tasneem
01-26-2006, 04:16 PM
MashAllah very good articles

SaLaMz
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M H Kahn
01-26-2006, 05:38 PM
Some common shirk are:
***
Believing that dead saints have power to do good, by themselves or by their nearness with Allah, to the visitors of the graves.
***
Visiting any grave and address the dead buried therein for help.
***
Prostrating before or circumambulating the grave.
***
Arranging, attending or otherwise participating in any mass gathering around the grave believing it to be an act of relogion.
***
Believing that any live person has spiritual power to do good, by himself or by his nearness with Allah, to his visitors.
***
Prostrating before or circumambulating him.
***
Asking Allah to do good or forgive sin for the sake of prophets or other good people.
***
Asking Allah to send one's prayer for peace, that is durud, on the prophet(sm) to the latter's grave.
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M H Kahn
01-27-2006, 05:27 AM
Shirk refers to associating partners with Allah not only in faith but also in ibadah.
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Halima
01-31-2006, 02:00 PM
Assalam Alaykum.

Threads merged.

:w:
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mizan_aliashraf
01-31-2006, 02:11 PM
Salams
Shirk can take many forms. I think it is too deep a subject to be discussed by people who do not have the appropriate knowledge. I am speaking for myself, so if there are any scholars amongst us, please do not be offended, and by all means share your knowledge.
Wassalam
Reply

M H Kahn
01-31-2006, 05:26 PM
Originally Posted by mizan_aliashraf
Salams
Shirk can take many forms. I think it is too deep a subject to be
discussed by people who do not have the appropriate knowledge.
Wassalam
:sl:
It is of vital necessity for every one to know what faiths and actions fall within the ambience of ascribing partnership with Allah, and as such,however deep the subject be, we should invite those who are acquainted with the subject to come forwad and take part in the discussion so that others may know the real truth and escape Allah's punishment.

:hiding:
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DaSangarTalib
02-14-2006, 04:25 PM
:salamext:

Categories and Aspects of Shirk

Shah Ismail Shaheed
From 'Taqwiyaat ul-Eemaan' (Stregthening of the Faith)

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It is necessary to gain knowledge about the characteristics which Allaah has peculiarised for Himself so that none of them be attributed to any other else. Such things are countless. We, on our part, shall be mentioning some of those things and prove them in the background of Qur'aan and Hadith so that the people may understand the other pertinent things also with their help.

Shirk in knowledge:

The first thing is that Allaah is present everywhere by His Knowledge which means that His Knowledge encompasses everything. This is why He has a complete cognizance of everything, every time, whether a thing happens to be far or near, hidden or apparent, up in the heavens or inside the earth, on the tops of the mountains or at the bottom of an ocean. This magnificence belongs to none but Allaah. If a person calls upon someone (by invoking his name) other than Allaah, while doing his everyday routine chores, so that the one called upon may help him obviate his distress, or attacks an enemy by invoking his name, or keeps pronouncing his name on the beads of a rosary, or makes a vow in his name or conjures up his picture in his imagination by nursing a faith that whenever he invokes his name, or think of him vividly in his mind or contemplate on his grave, he gains cognizance of him; none of his affairs is hidden from him, and whatever circumstances he goes through, namely, sickness and good health, abundance and distress, life and death, sadness and happiness etc., are all known to him; any word which his mouth utters is heard by him and he knows about his thoughts and imaginations. All the above things and acts prove the presence of the elements of Shirk. This is called a Shirk in knowledge which means one is trying to prove that someone other than Allaah possesses a similar kind of knowledge which is only the prerogative of Allaah.

By nursing this kind of faith, a man undoubtedly turns into a Mushrik (polytheist) whether he nurses such a faith in regard to an honorable human being or any of the exalted angels, or whether such a knowledge which is attributed to him, happens to be a personal one or granted by Allaah. Whatever the situation may be, this is an absolutely polytheistic faith.

Shirk in disposing:

Disposing the matters of the universe with intention, exercising authority, killing at will and resuscitating, awarding abundance and giving distress, giving healthiness and sickness, giving victory and defeat, succeeding and preceding, fulfillment of one's desires, obviating calamities, providing help in distress situations and whenever one stands in need of it, are all attributed to Allaah and none but Him Alone. None but Allaah can have this magnificence. A human being or an angel, despite acquiring great ranks, may never have these characteristics. A person who seeks to prove that an entity other than Allaah may have an authority of this nature, makes vows to this entity or makes an animal sacrifice for the purpose of fulfillment of his wishes, and invokes it's name in distress so that it can obviate his troubles, such a person is called 'Mushrik' and this kind of act is called 'Shirk in authority' or disposing. It means that cherishing a belief that any entity other than Allaah may have this authority, whether as the one granted by Allaah or as one of it's personal traits, is a polytheistic faith anyway.

Shirk in worship:

Allaah has particularized all acts of worship for Him Alone which are defined as Ibadat like prostrating, bowing, standing with folded hands, giving charity in the Name of Allaah, fasting in His Name and undertaking long journeys to visit His Sacred House by putting on such a clothing that the people may distinguish them as the visitors of His Sanctified House, invoking Allaah's Name on the way, avoiding indecent talk and hunting, circumambulating His House with an utmost caution, making prostrations in its direction, carrying the animals of sacrifice towards it, making vows there, putting a covering on Ka'bah, making supplications while standing on the threshold of Ka'bah, asking for the virtuosity in the religious as well as worldly matters, kissing of the Black-Stone, touching the walls of Ka'bah by one's mouth and chest, making supplications by getting hold of the fringes of its covering, illuminating its surroundings, taking up residence there as one of its servants, sweeping and cleaning it, offer drinking water to the pilgrims, providing water for Wudu (ablution) and bathing, partaking of Zamzam water by considering it as a sanctified act, getting oneself drenched with it, drinking it to one's heart content, distributing it among themselves, carrying it to be presented to one's relatives, venerating the forest surrounding it, to refrain from hunting there, not to cut trees there, not to pull out grass from there, not to graze animals there: these are acts which Allaah has prescribed for Muslims to be observed as His worship.

Now, if a person makes, bow or prostration before the grave of a Prophet, saint, ghost, apparition, jinn, fairy or any of the real or fake graves or a specified place inside a tomb, or a certain sign or house, or , Eucharist and coffin; observes fast in their names; stands in front of them with folded hands; makes offerings to them or hoisting a flag in their name or walking backwards (with a reverse motion of feet); kisses a grave or undertakes along journey to visit graves and other places; lights earthen lamps there or makes arrangements for illuminating them; or Puts coverings on their walls or offers a sheet as a covering on the grave, manually fanning the air by hand(by using a Morchhal, a fanning contrivance); erects a tent there; kisses it's threshold; offers supplications there with folded hands; asks for the fulfillment of wishes there; serves the shrine by becoming its servant and venerates the forest around it: anyone doing any of the above acts commits a clear and manifest Shirk.

In brief, all the above acts and the alike, are called Shirk in worship." It implies paying one's respect to an entity other than Allaah in a manner which is prescribed for Allaah Alone either by believing that this particular entity is personally entitled to such a veneration or by believing that Allaah becomes pleased if any of these entities are held in high esteem or with the blessing of their veneration, troubles are warded off and done away with. Whatever may be the case, such faith is purely polytheistic in its nature.

Shirk in one's daily routine chores:

Allaah the Exalted has taught His slaves the norms of respect to the effect that they should remember Allaah while performing their everyday worldly chores and pay Him their tributes for the enhancement of their Faith and to secure Allaah's blessing in day-to-day assignments. These norms include:

(1) making vows to Allaah and calling upon Him Alone whenever a catastrophe befalls his slave;

(2) invoking His Name for His blessing whenever commencing an assignment;

(3) slaughtering animals to express one's gratitude to Allaah in the case of having been blessed with a child;

(4) giving one's children such names as Abdullah, Abdur-Rahman, Ilahi Bakhsh, Allaah Diya, Amatullah, Allaah Di etc.;

(5) taking out a small portion of the crop produce and giving it away in the Name of Allaah;

(6) apportioning some of the fruits to His name out of the total produce;

(7) specifying some of the animals and allocating them for the purpose of sacrifice in the Name of Allaah;

(8) treating the animals which are carried to the House of Allaah with due respect by neither riding them nor mounting any load on them;

(9) observing Divine Instructions in the manners concerning food and dress;

(10) restricting oneself to the use of permissible things only and avoiding the ones that are not allowed;

(11) considering that all the different conditions and situations which one comes across in this world, like expensive and inexpensive rates and prices, health and sickness, victory and defeat, succeeding and preceding, sadness and happiness, are all commanded by Allaah;

(12) pronouncing a standard formula of Insha'Allaah while making an intention to perform an assignment;

(13) pronouncing the Name of Allaah the Exalted One in such a manner that His Greatness is conspicuously highlighted and one's slavery is clearly exhibited, by using such words like, our Rubb, our Master, our Creator or Ma'btid (the object of our worship) etc.;

(14) in case a need arises on a certain occasion to administer an oath at all, undertaking an oath only in the Name of Allaah.

These and the other similar things have been singled out by Allaah as His own and personal prerogative for the sake of His veneration and magnificence. Anybody showing such kind of respect to an entity other than Allaah, commits Shirk; as for example: making a vow to it with the intention of facilitating a difficult assignment; giving one's children names like Abdun- Nabi, Imam Bakhsh, Peer Bakhsh etc.; apportioning part of the produce of one's farm or orchard to it's name; separating part of the fruits and keeping them aside (in the name of a deity) immediately after they are picked up from trees and then only putting the rest to one's use; dedicating some animals from among the whole herd to a deity and then treating those animals with respect by not removing them from the fodder and water and not to strike them with stick or stone; observing customs and traditions in terms of dress and food to the effect that a specified group of people should not eat such and such food and should not wear such and such dress; attributing the virtues and evils of the world to them by making such statements that as long as that particular person has been cursed by that particular deity, he has gone mad or that certain person has turned into a handicapped person due to the fact that he was driven away by that deity or by saying that as long as that person was blessed by a certain saint, he is now on a flood tide of success; or that famine was wrought by that star or by observing that this assignment was not accomplished as long as the same was commenced at a certain time and on a certain date or by observing that if Allaah and His Prophet will it, one would be coming; or by saying that it will happen if one's religious mentor wishes it to take place or using such adjectives like, the Sustainer, Independent, Lord of lords, the Master of the universe or the King of kings etc.; the undertaking of an oath in the name of the Prophet or the Qur'aan or 'Alee (may Allaah be pleased with him) or an Imam, or a religious mentor or their graves or one's own self etc.

All the above practices generate Shirk which is called a 'Shirk in day-to-day chores', which implies paying one's respect to an entity other than Allaah exactly in the same manner as the one prescribed for Allaah.


:wasalamex
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Najiullah
04-19-2006, 04:24 AM
jazakullah
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salafiah
04-20-2006, 04:44 PM
Mashalalh i really love it.
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madeenahsh
04-28-2006, 06:01 PM
Asallam alykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh

Afwaan sis Rose I cant answer your question best to ask ppl of knowledge .
Do you have paltalk ? if so ,there is a reliable Akhi who is well known Student of knowledge and was student of Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Ibn 'Uthaymeen(Rahimahu Allah), who gives lessons and answers questions,best to ask him .. InshAllah if you need more info how to reach him let me know inshAllah.
Wasalaam alykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh
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